2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs."

Transcription

1

2

3 2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs. $152,835,858

4 Crawfish Biology Life Cycles evolved in nature, adapted to farming cycle Burrows & Burrow Ecology evolved for refuge/survival/reproduction Population Dynamics reproduction/growth/survival Molting the growth process Nutrition food sources and the food web in crawfish ponds

5

6

7 Both species are adapted to conditions commercial crawfish ponds. Both respond well to low input production system used in Louisiana. Abundance of one species or the other may vary among and within culture ponds over time. Red swamp crawfish most often dominates and is the most desired in the marketplace. No major difference in growth rate and survival has been observed under typical culture conditions. Later pond flooding (late October through November) may favor the white river crawfish because of its tendency to spawn later and its slightly larger hatchlings.

8 Life Cycle of Crawfish (Procambarus sp.) Most individuals live < 2 years Adults Form I Sexual maturity (3-6 months, 6-11 cm) molts Juvenile Form II Mating Young crawfish Stocked Adults Form I Burrow

9 Burrows Crawfish (RSC & WRC) of all ages and sizes, mature or immature and male or female, will dig or retreat to burrows. In the spring, most mature crawfish burrow near the waterline. Crawfish ponds are usually drained during the summer months to allow for planting and growth of vegetation. As the water level drops, additional crawfish burrows appear lower on the levee and sometimes on the pond bottom. Burrows on the pond floor often contain non-reproductive crawfish, such as males and immature juveniles.

10 Water levels in burrows vary with soil moisture conditions. Free water at the bottom of the burrow is more often trapped water than the actual water table of the soil. Walls and terminal chambers are extensively worked by the crawfish, possibly to ensure good seals. The entrance of the burrow is eventually closed with a mud plug, sometimes with a chimney or stack of the soil removed during excavation. Burrows usually contain a single female, or sometimes a male and female together, and occasionally additional crawfish.

11 Survival and reproduction depend on factors such as severity and length of dry periods, burrow depth, soil type and moisture and health of the animal. Soil types with limited clay content or soil with very high clay content that cracks when dry also may limit crawfish survival while in burrows.

12

13 Number of Animals Population Structure Recruitment Patterns Size Frequency - Winter Crawfish Length (in mm) Significant rainfall events, October through December 3 in.

14

15 Permanent Pond Scenario full flood X rice growth YOY and adult harvest J A S O N D J F M A M J Can manage for maximum crawfish production without concerns such as pesticide exposure, seasonal limitations and other constraints associated with crop rotation. Disadvantages: (1) need to construct dedicated ponds (2) land, overhead and operating costs must be amortized over one crop only and (3) crawfish overcrowding frequently occurs after several annual cycles, particularly in smaller ponds; therefore, yields become composed of small (stunted), low priced crawfish that are difficult to market.

16 Forage Management Under Rotational Cropping Systems Planting and Harvest Date Dictates amount of regrowth and growth stage at 1 st frost Water Management Critical! (Don t worry about flushing out crawfish) Fertilizer At least some N is usually required Pest Management Armyworms are the main concern

17 Early September August Planting June Planting Mid October Mid April

18

19 LOCATION flat, open areas with all-weather access (but limited and controllable). Soils should have sufficient amounts of clay to hold water and to maintain the integrity of crawfish burrows: clay loams, sandy clay loam and silty clay loams are satisfactory. Generally, soils that can be rolled into a ball. Adequate water sources should be accessible and economical. Sufficient elevation so the pond bottom remains above water levels in surrounding ditches and canals. Between producing agronomic fields, or downwind from a field where aerial application of an insecticide is planned is not prudent.

20 Water Sources Surface Water: Well Water:

21 Surface Water The Good: Cheaper to Pump The Bad: Unreliable? Wild Fish The Ugly: Pesticides? Hydrogen Sulfide, Ammonia

22 Well Water The Good: No Fish! The Bad: Limited Capacity Higher Pumping Costs NO OXYGEN Iron? Hydrogen Sulfide?

23 HOW MUCH Oxygen is ENOUGH? At 2 ppm, crawfish stop feeding Below 1 ppm, newly-hatched juveniles and molting crawfish will die

24 Maximizing Oxygen in Crawfish Ponds Forage Quality

25 HOW MUCH WATER is enough? gpm was historical recommendation: 7 to 9 exchanges per year! 10 to 16 feet of water per year! Approaches to reduce requirements: Flooding date Flooding strategy Water management Nowadays, more like 2.5 to 3 feet of water per year

26 Maximizing Oxygen in Crawfish Ponds Flooding Strategies: flood to a level you can manage 8 to 10 partially drain sour water to depth of 4 re-flood with new water to dilute repeat as needed Water Re-use & Recirculation: A 5-hp paddlewheel aerator can move 6000 gpm

27 % of Annual Harvest Monocropping Ponds Rotational Ponds Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

28 Highest Cost in Producing Crawfish Bait ~ 33-40% Labor ~ 21%

29 12 to 15 traps per acre with square mesh traps with lbs/ac 18 to 22 traps per acre with square mesh traps with 1,000 lbs/ac +

30 What is the best Bait for Crawfish? Fish? Manufactured or Artificial?

31 Crawfish Catch (lb/trap/day) < 70 F > 70 F FORMULATED SHAD 0 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY

32 3 to 4 Days Per Week Trapping is More Profitable Than 5 to 6 days Per Week

33 ???

Robert W. Boucher and Jeffrey M. Gillespie

Robert W. Boucher and Jeffrey M. Gillespie 2015 Projected Commodity Costs And Returns Crawfish Production in Louisiana Robert W. Boucher and Jeffrey M. Gillespie Farm Management Research & Extension Department of Agricultural Economics & Agribusiness

More information

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Jay Subramani 1 and Shawna Loper 2 1 Maricopa Ag Center, University of Arizona 2 University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Pinal County Abstract Information

More information

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Shawna Loper 1 and Jay Subramani 2 1 University of Arizona of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Pinal County 2 Maricopa Ag Center, University of Arizona Abstract

More information

Cultivation Pattern:

Cultivation Pattern: Introduction: Cumin seed commonly know as Jeera (Cuminum cyminum) belongs to Apiacae family. Though Cumin is a native of Egypt, it now mostly produced in India. India is the largest producer and consumer

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT 1 E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT March 2014 Ongoing uncertainty over the Brazilian coffee crop has caused significant fluctuations in coffee prices during March, with monthly volatility of the International

More information

Sugar scenario in CIS countries:

Sugar scenario in CIS countries: Sugar scenario in CIS countries: on the way to self-sufficiency Andrey Bodin Eurasian Sugar Association Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) consists of 11 countries CIS Moldova Belarus Population

More information

Coriander.

Coriander. Coriander Place of origin: Southern Europe Umbellifer leaf and seed Coriander is a popular herb used in many Middle-Eastern and Asian recipes. Well worth growing as it is best used soon after harvesting,

More information

CMG GardenNotes #746 Climate Summary: Fort Collins, Greeley, and Estes Park, Colorado

CMG GardenNotes #746 Climate Summary: Fort Collins, Greeley, and Estes Park, Colorado CMG GardenNotes #746 Climate Summary: Fort Collins, Greeley, and Estes Park, Colorado Monthly Temperatures Jan Feb Mar Apr Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Annual Estes Park average extreme high 53 55 60 69

More information

Corn Earworm Management in Sweet Corn. Rick Foster Department of Entomology Purdue University

Corn Earworm Management in Sweet Corn. Rick Foster Department of Entomology Purdue University Corn Earworm Management in Sweet Corn Rick Foster Department of Entomology Purdue University Pest of sweet corn, seed corn and tomato Two generations per year where it overwinters 2 nd is usually most

More information

MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS. Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department

MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS. Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department RASPBERRIES TO START ORANGE TORTRIX ON RASPBERRY Raspberry Crown Borer RASPBERRY

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT December 2011 In December 2011 Arabica prices underwent significant downward corrections while Robusta prices increased slightly. The average of the 2 nd and 3 rd positions

More information

World coffee consumption increases but prices still low

World coffee consumption increases but prices still low World coffee consumption increases but prices still low The coffee market stabilised slightly in February, but prices remain at very low levels. A lack of news regarding fundamentals with expectations

More information

LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR

LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR E LETTER FROM THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR COFFEE MARKET REPORT December 2008 Price levels in December confirmed the downward trend recorded in the coffee market since September 2008. The monthly average of

More information

Growing strawberries in tunnels

Growing strawberries in tunnels Growing strawberries in tunnels Wenjing Guan Clinical & Engagement Assistant Professor Jan 12, 2017 Matted row and Annual plastic systems June-bearing and day-neutral varieties June-bearing: Require short

More information

SFR Condo Residential Lot Sales Inventory Sales Inventory Sales Inventory. Month YTD Month Month YTD Month Month YTD Month

SFR Condo Residential Lot Sales Inventory Sales Inventory Sales Inventory. Month YTD Month Month YTD Month Month YTD Month Grand Strand Market Report 2017 Grand Strand market activity took a slight step back in after 3 months of steady growth. SFR sales volume dropped 5.7% for the month but is still up 7.2% year-to-date. The

More information

Brazil. Citrus Semi-annual. Fresh Oranges and Orange Juice

Brazil. Citrus Semi-annual. Fresh Oranges and Orange Juice THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report

More information

Raw Materials Usage and Feed Production Returns

Raw Materials Usage and Feed Production Returns Exhibition Park, Samora Machel Avenue West, Belvedere P. O. Box BE209, Belvedere, Harare Phone: 04-756 600, 772 915, 777391 Email: admin@lit.co.zw Raw Materials Usage and Feed Production Returns September

More information

Pea Leaf Weevil : Sitona lineatus Linnaeus Monitoring Protocol

Pea Leaf Weevil : Sitona lineatus Linnaeus Monitoring Protocol Pea Leaf Weevil : Sitona lineatus Linnaeus Monitoring Protocol Host plants: Plants belong to the family Leguminaceae including cultivated and wild legume species and specifically dry beans, faba beans

More information

Cassava. Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc

Cassava. Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc Photo Credit: flickr.com/photos/ciat Cassava Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc What is it? The cassava plant is a tall woody shrub. Many people eat its starchy root, called a tuber (the part of

More information

Presentation for: 2018 Eastern KY Beekeeping School Kevin Hale

Presentation for: 2018 Eastern KY Beekeeping School Kevin Hale Presentation for: 2018 Eastern KY Beekeeping School 1-20-18 Kevin Hale www.haleshoney.com Apiary location Know when the flow starts in your area Strong bee populations Nutrition and feeding Control disease

More information

2009 Barley and Oat Trials. Dr. Heather Darby Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, and Amanda Gervais

2009 Barley and Oat Trials. Dr. Heather Darby Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, and Amanda Gervais 2009 Barley and Oat Trials Dr. Heather Darby Erica Cummings, Rosalie Madden, and Amanda Gervais 802-524-6501 2009 VERMONT BARLEY AND OAT VARIETY PERFORMANCE TRIALS Dr. Heather Darby, University of Vermont

More information

COURGETTE KING COURGETTE 2 KING COURGETTE

COURGETTE KING COURGETTE 2 KING COURGETTE COURGETTE KING COURGETTE BRANDING ECourgettes provide only 17 calories per 100 g and Contain no saturated fats or cholesterol. They are rich in vitamin A, antioxidant vitamin-c and their peel is good source

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT February 2014 February 2014 has seen significant developments in the coffee market, with prices shooting upwards at a startling rate. The ICO composite daily price has increased

More information

Hawaii Sharwil Avocado Systems Approach to Northern-tier States, D.C.,

Hawaii Sharwil Avocado Systems Approach to Northern-tier States, D.C., Hawaii Commercial Sharwil Avocado Systems Approach to Northern-tier States, D.C., November 1-March 31 X X Hawaii Sharwil Avocado Systems Approach to Northern-tier States, D.C., Application for Registration

More information

The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry

The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry Tony B. Shaw Department of Geography and Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute Brock University Climate Change Most scientists

More information

WEEKLY MAIZE REPORT 13 DECEMBER 2017

WEEKLY MAIZE REPORT 13 DECEMBER 2017 90/91 91/92 92/93 93/94 94/95 95/96 96/97 97/98 98/99 99/00 00/01 01/02 02/03 03/04 04/05 05/06 06/07 07/08 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 13/14 14/15 15/16 16/17 17/18 WEEKLY MAIZE REPORT 13 DECEMBER 2017

More information

GREEN ONIONS. Presented by

GREEN ONIONS. Presented by Presented by This production summary provides an overview of green onion growing, harvesting, and post harvesting practices. There are some common practices that many large commercial growers use when

More information

Drosophila suzukii: Local infestation patterns and monitoring around Wädenswil. Stefan Kuske

Drosophila suzukii: Local infestation patterns and monitoring around Wädenswil. Stefan Kuske Eidgenössisches Departement für Wirtschaft, Bildung und Forschung WBF Agroscope Drosophila suzukii: Local infestation patterns and monitoring around Wädenswil Stefan Kuske COST FA 1104, WG 3 Meeting, Wädenswil

More information

Grapevine Mineral Nutrition

Grapevine Mineral Nutrition Grapevine Mineral Nutrition Peter Christensen Viticulture Specialist, Emeritus Department of Viticulture and Enology University of California, Davis UC Kearney Agricultural Center Parlier, CA Vineyard

More information

SOLUTIONS IN BRIX MEASUREMENT

SOLUTIONS IN BRIX MEASUREMENT SOLUTIONS IN BRIX MEASUREMENT APPLICATIONS OF DT301-TOUCHÉ IN SUGAR & ALCOHOL INDUSTRIES I ABSTRACT: Based on the success of the product, concentration and density transmitter SMAR, DT301- Touché, close

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson:

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson: Unit D: Production of Field Crops Lesson 3: Cereal Crops: Rice, Millet, Barely, and Rye Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives:

More information

GRAPE GAINS: GETTING ACCESS TO THE BEST VARIETIES. By Mr. Manik Patil

GRAPE GAINS: GETTING ACCESS TO THE BEST VARIETIES. By Mr. Manik Patil GRAPE GAINS: GETTING ACCESS TO THE BEST VARIETIES By Mr. Manik Patil Climatic Conditions for Grapes Grapes are grown under a variety of soil and climatic conditions in three distinct agro-climatic zones

More information

Gavin Quinney s Bordeaux Report

Gavin Quinney s Bordeaux Report Gavin Quinney s Bordeaux Report THE WEATHER 214 To understand the weather is to understand the vintage - and the wines. My first vintage was in 1964 and I can honestly say that, since then, no two vintages

More information

Record exports from Brazil weigh heavy on the coffee market

Record exports from Brazil weigh heavy on the coffee market Record exports from Brazil weigh heavy on the coffee market Coffee exports from Brazil reached a record high of 36.8 million bags in crop year 2014/15 (April to March), fuelled by domestic stocks and encouraged

More information

HUNTINGTON PRECIPITATION Water Accumulation in Inches

HUNTINGTON PRECIPITATION Water Accumulation in Inches 0 6/30/2017 6/2/2017 5/5/2017 AVERAGE 4/7/2017 3/10/2017 HUNTINGTON PRECIPITATION Water Accumulation in Inches 2/10/2017 1/13/2017 12/16/2016 11/18/2016 10/21/2016 9/23/2016 8/26/2016 7/29/2016 7/1/2016

More information

Cool Climate Deep Dive

Cool Climate Deep Dive Cool Climate Deep Dive What does cool climate mean? Let s start at the beginning: (Still THE text book for UC Davis Viticulture 101) What does cool climate mean? Climate directly influences grape quality:

More information

UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA THE BUTTER MARKET AND BEYOND

UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA THE BUTTER MARKET AND BEYOND UPPER MIDWEST MARKETING AREA THE BUTTER MARKET 1987-2000 AND BEYOND STAFF PAPER 00-01 Prepared by: Henry H. Schaefer July 2000 Federal Milk Market Administrator s Office 4570 West 77th Street Suite 210

More information

Food in South Asia and China. Food is playing a significant role in people s lives. In China, there is a

Food in South Asia and China. Food is playing a significant role in people s lives. In China, there is a Zhao 1 Food in South Asia and China Introduction: Food is playing a significant role in people s lives. In China, there is a famous quote Food is the first necessity of the people. It means that people

More information

Harvest Aids in Soybeans - Application Timing and Value. J.L. Griffin, C.A. Jones, L.M. Etheredge, Jr., J. Boudreaux, and D.Y.

Harvest Aids in Soybeans - Application Timing and Value. J.L. Griffin, C.A. Jones, L.M. Etheredge, Jr., J. Boudreaux, and D.Y. Harvest Aids in Soybeans - Application Timing and Value J.L. Griffin, C.A. Jones, L.M. Etheredge, Jr., J. Boudreaux, and D.Y. Lanclos Need For Harvest Aids? Vines in Sugarcane Vines in Corn Desiccation

More information

Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday. Interpretative Summary

Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday. Interpretative Summary Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, 2000 Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday Interpretative Summary The highest yielding early tomato hybrid in both spring and

More information

Import Export of fresh fruit & vegetables 2007

Import Export of fresh fruit & vegetables 2007 Import Export of fresh fruit & vegetables 2007 Prepared by: Luan Hoti Pristina, March 2008 Project financed by the Swiss and Danish governments Intercooperation: Imports & Exports of fresh fruits and vegetables

More information

Do you know us? A word from the chairman

Do you know us? A word from the chairman Galina-Agrofreez, a leading company In the field of agricultural productions, was founded In Egypt 2004. One of the main reasons for the success and prosperity of this company is the fact that Egypt is

More information

Southern California Strawberry Research Update. Kirk Larson Pomologist/Strawberry Specialist UC Davis/UC South Coast REC

Southern California Strawberry Research Update. Kirk Larson Pomologist/Strawberry Specialist UC Davis/UC South Coast REC Southern California Strawberry Research Update Kirk Larson Pomologist/Strawberry Specialist UC Davis/UC South Coast REC 2012-2013: A Difficult Production Season in Southern California Late Sept - early

More information

Top 10 financial planning mistakes

Top 10 financial planning mistakes 2017 Annual TWGAA Conference Top 10 financial planning mistakes Presented by: Amanda Sims, Associate, Silicon Valley Bank # 10 Improper sourcing strategies 2015 Annual Wine Conditions Survey 21 February

More information

LAKE ONTARIO BEAMSVILLE BENCH VINEMOUNT RIDGE STATISTICS

LAKE ONTARIO BEAMSVILLE BENCH VINEMOUNT RIDGE STATISTICS APPELLATION MAP Appellation Overview Diverse terroir, vine friendly micro climates, remarkably complex wines The Niagara Peninsula has the largest planted area of all viticulture areas in Canada. Situated

More information

Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley. Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture

Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley. Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture Today s Topics Introduction Origins Economic facts Nutrition/uses Agronomic characteristics Growing Quinoa Quick Facts

More information

YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION

YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION MSC, YOUR PARTNER IN THE JOURNEY OF COCOA If there s one product loved the world over and forever in favour, it s chocolate. This global obsession means a constant demand

More information

APPENDIX Thirty Trees Sampling Method for CBB Monitoring

APPENDIX Thirty Trees Sampling Method for CBB Monitoring APPENDIX Thirty Trees Sampling Method for CBB Monitoring Based on a Presentation by Luis F. Aristizábal (University of Florida) Revised: January 2014 by CBB Summit Committee I t is not enough to know that

More information

Sustainable Sweet Corn Production?

Sustainable Sweet Corn Production? Sustainable Sweet Corn Production? A few facts Very! Crop Per capita consumption of 30 lbs. 3 rd highest consumed vegie behind potatoes and tomatoes. 73% for Processing 23% for Fresh Market Only 30% of

More information

Tea Impact Report Annual Fair Trade Supply Chain Report. BY: Fair Trade USA, CPG. Published June 2017

Tea Impact Report Annual Fair Trade Supply Chain Report. BY: Fair Trade USA, CPG. Published June 2017 Tea Impact Report 2016 Annual Fair Trade Supply Chain Report Published June 2017 BY: Fair Trade USA, CPG 1 Consumer Demand for Sustainable Products is Increasing 89% would like to see more products they

More information

Healthy Soils for a Sustainable Viticulture John Reganold

Healthy Soils for a Sustainable Viticulture John Reganold Healthy Soils for a Sustainable Viticulture John Reganold Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Pullman, W Sustainable Viticulture Economically viable Environmentally sound Socially responsible QuickTime

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT July 2012 Coffee prices rebounded in July 2012, with the ICO composite indicator increasing by 9.5% compared to June, following nine consecutive months of price falls. The

More information

Things We Need To Know About

Things We Need To Know About Things We Need To Know About SMALL HIVE BEETLES Small hive beetles (SHB) are little black bugs about the size of a Lady Bug. Originating in South Africa, SHB were found in Florida in 1998. With the sale

More information

Seed Production 101 6/21/2016. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour.

Seed Production 101 6/21/2016. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour. Find a handout of the slides in the handouts section of your gotowebinar control panel. To type in a question, use the question box

More information

for canning, ranking about fourth in total tonnage, but first of all states in

for canning, ranking about fourth in total tonnage, but first of all states in Circular of Information No. 15 AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION Oregon State Agricultural College Wm. A. Schoenfeld, Director January, 13 USE OF BORON IN CONTROLLING CANKER OF TABLE BEETS by W. L. Powers,

More information

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Name Date Mastering the Content Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. What caused Chinese farmers to move from northern to southern China during the Tang

More information

2006 Strawberry Variety Research Fresno County

2006 Strawberry Variety Research Fresno County 2006 Strawberry Variety Research Fresno County Richard H. Molinar and Michael Yang UC Cooperative Extension Fresno County A field research trial was established in a grower s field in August of 2005 to

More information

Evaluation of Caffeine and Garlic Oil as Bird Repellents

Evaluation of Caffeine and Garlic Oil as Bird Repellents Wildlife Damage Management, Internet Center for USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications University of Nebraska Lincoln Year 2007 Evaluation of Caffeine and Garlic Oil as Bird Repellents

More information

China s Export of Key Products of Pharmaceutical Raw Materials

China s Export of Key Products of Pharmaceutical Raw Materials China s Export of Key Products of Pharmaceutical Raw Materials During the period of the 62nd API China& INTERPHEX CHINA, China Pharmaceutical Industry Association released its annual Report on Analysis

More information

Lady Manners School Lunch Menu

Lady Manners School Lunch Menu The food served at Lady Manners School is all prepared from scratch every day in the kitchens in school. There are four nutritionally balanced weekly menus which are rotated. In addition, the following

More information

Giant whitefly. Perennial Crops. Biological Control Update on. Citrus Leafminer Olive fruit fly. Giant Whitefly. Release

Giant whitefly. Perennial Crops. Biological Control Update on. Citrus Leafminer Olive fruit fly. Giant Whitefly. Release Perennial Crops Biological Control Update on Giant whitefly Citrus Leafminer Olive fruit fly Provide consistent plant structure for long periods Stabilized soils & microclimates allow for greater species

More information

Module 6. Yield and Fruit Size. Presenter: Stephan Verreynne

Module 6. Yield and Fruit Size. Presenter: Stephan Verreynne Presenter: Stephan Verreynne definition Yield Yield refers to the amount of fruit produced, and can be expressed in terms of: Tree yield kg per tree kg/tree Orchard yield tons per hectare t/ha Export yield

More information

Parthenocarpic Cucumbers Are a Successful Double Crop for High Tunnels

Parthenocarpic Cucumbers Are a Successful Double Crop for High Tunnels Parthenocarpic Cucumbers Are a Successful Double Crop for High Tunnels Lewis W. Jett Commercial Vegetable Crops Specialist, West Virginia University, 2102 Agriculture Building, Morgantown, WV 26506 Introduction

More information

Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) for the Cowlitz River, Nathan Reynolds Ecologist, Cowlitz Indian Tribe

Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) for the Cowlitz River, Nathan Reynolds Ecologist, Cowlitz Indian Tribe Eulachon (Thaleichthys pacificus) Spawning Stock Biomass (SSB) for the Cowlitz River, 2014-2015 Nathan Reynolds Ecologist, Cowlitz Indian Tribe Background: Eulachon are a culturally-important species for

More information

All About Madrid. Powerful solutions for powerful people

All About Madrid. Powerful solutions for powerful people All About Madrid Talking about Madrid is to talk about life, entertainment, cultural interest and sophistication. It is a city offering unexpected surprises within each cozy corner, extraordinary restaurant

More information

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT

MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT E MONTHLY COFFEE MARKET REPORT February 2012 Coffee prices presented a mixed performance in February, with Arabicas slipping and Robustas increasing by a similar amount. This resulted in a sharp narrowing

More information

CACTUS GROWN IN CANADA? YOU VE GOT TO BE JOKING?

CACTUS GROWN IN CANADA? YOU VE GOT TO BE JOKING? CACTUS GROWN IN CANADA? YOU VE GOT TO BE JOKING? Author: Richard Brzakala, President, Applewood Acres Gardening & Landscaping No Joke. A variety of cacti can be found in various regions of Canada, from

More information

Factors to consider when ripening avocado

Factors to consider when ripening avocado Factors to consider when ripening avocado Mary Lu Arpaia Univ. of CA Riverside, CA mlarpaia@ucanr.edu Why Ripen Avocados? Untreated, fruit ripening may range from a few days to even weeks within a carton

More information

The Benefits of Insecticide Use: Avocados

The Benefits of Insecticide Use: Avocados Crop Protection Research Institute The Benefits of Insecticide Use: Avocados High Quality Avocado Avocados Damaged by Avocado Thrips Avocado Thrips March 2009 Searching for Predators of Avocado Thrips

More information

% of Reference Price 190% Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Beef & Veal Production (E28 Slaughtering) - Tonnes

% of Reference Price 190% Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Beef & Veal Production (E28 Slaughtering) - Tonnes Trade Prices Production Production & Stocks DG AGRI DASHBOARD: BEEF AND VEAL Last update: 23.11217 Carcasse Live Animals 2.2% 9.3% -6.3% -4.% -1.9% -6.2% 5.2% /1 kg Tonnes cw /head /kg 14.2% 1.1% -1.7%

More information

2012 Leek Moth Survey Report

2012 Leek Moth Survey Report 6 February 2013 Prepared by Marion Paibomesai & Margaret Appleby, OMAFRA marion.paibomesai@ontario.ca 519-826-4963 What are Leek Moth? 2012 Leek Moth Survey Report Leek Moth Lifecycle The leek moth, Acrolepiopsis

More information

Hass Seasonality. Avocado Postharvest Handling. Avocado Postharvest Handling. Mary Lu Arpaia University of California, Riverside

Hass Seasonality. Avocado Postharvest Handling. Avocado Postharvest Handling. Mary Lu Arpaia University of California, Riverside Avocado Postharvest Handling Avocado Postharvest Handling Mary Lu Arpaia University of California, Riverside Major California Avocado Cultivars Bacon Fuerte Gwen Hass Lamb Hass Pinkerton Reed Zutano Hass

More information

Scientific Note. Macadamia Felted Coccid, Eriococcus ironsidei: Biology and Life Cycle in Hawaii

Scientific Note. Macadamia Felted Coccid, Eriococcus ironsidei: Biology and Life Cycle in Hawaii Eriococcus Proceedings ironsidei of the Hawaiian Biology Entomological and Life Cycle Society in Hawaii (2016) 48:51 55 51 Scientific Note Macadamia Felted Coccid, Eriococcus ironsidei: Biology and Life

More information

YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION

YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION YOUR EXPERT IN COCOA TRANSPORTATION MSC, YOUR PARTNER IN THE JOURNEY OF COCOA If there s one product loved the world over and forever in favour, it s chocolate. This global obsession means a constant demand

More information

Cocoa Prepared by Foresight December 5, 2017

Cocoa Prepared by Foresight December 5, 2017 Cocoa Prepared by Foresight December 5, 2017 TABLES Cocoa Bean Price Forecast... P. 4 World Cocoa Supply/Demand, Crop Year... P. 7 World Cocoa Production... P. 8 Cocoa Crops in Major Producing Countries...

More information

TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS AND TOLERANCE OF AVOCADO FRUIT TISSUE

TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS AND TOLERANCE OF AVOCADO FRUIT TISSUE California Avocado Society 1961 Yearbook 45: 87-92 TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS AND TOLERANCE OF AVOCADO FRUIT TISSUE C. A. Schroeder and Ernest Kay Professor of Botany. University of California, Los Angeles;

More information

VITICISION. Vineyard Microclimates: What s your ripening curve? Get a Grape s-eye View

VITICISION. Vineyard Microclimates: What s your ripening curve? Get a Grape s-eye View Vineyard Microclimates: What s your ripening curve? VITICISION Get a Grape s-eye View J. Lohr Vineyards & Wines Project Goals: To measure Cabernet Sauvignon microclimates. Find sunburn probability in different

More information

VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION. Seed production. Seed Production. Seed production areas. Seed production 12/11/2013

VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION. Seed production. Seed Production. Seed production areas. Seed production 12/11/2013 VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION Areas of Production Seed production U.S. vegetable seed production is located in the Pacific Northwest. Seed production is expensive and requires greater inputs and hand-labor.

More information

DEVELOPMENTS IN STEEL SCRAP IN 2009

DEVELOPMENTS IN STEEL SCRAP IN 2009 DEVELOPMENTS IN STEEL SCRAP IN 2009 AMERICAN SCRAP COALITION WASHINGTON, DC DEVELOPMENTS IN STEEL SCRAP 2009 The year 2009 demonstrated that the United States continues to experience a crisis with respect

More information

Svein Sundby, Geir Odd Johansen and Jan Erik Stiansen. ESSAS Annual Science Meeting 30 August 1 September, 2010 Grand Hotel, Reykjavik, Iceland

Svein Sundby, Geir Odd Johansen and Jan Erik Stiansen. ESSAS Annual Science Meeting 30 August 1 September, 2010 Grand Hotel, Reykjavik, Iceland Svein Sundby, Geir Odd Johansen and Jan Erik Stiansen ESSAS Annual Science Meeting 30 August 1 September, 2010 Grand Hotel, Reykjavik, Iceland Temperature of the Barents Sea 1978 2006 30 m depth Meeting

More information

CONTROL OF RED PALM WEEVIL, RHYNCHOPHORUS FERRUGINEUS OLIVER USING PROPHYLACTIC SPRAYING OF DATE PALMS AND TRUNK INJECTION

CONTROL OF RED PALM WEEVIL, RHYNCHOPHORUS FERRUGINEUS OLIVER USING PROPHYLACTIC SPRAYING OF DATE PALMS AND TRUNK INJECTION CONTROL OF RED PALM WEEVIL, RHYNCHOPHORUS FERRUGINEUS OLIVER USING PROPHYLACTIC SPRAYING OF DATE PALMS AND TRUNK INJECTION K. M. Azam, and S. A. Razvi Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agriculture,

More information

AGRICULTURAL EXPERINENT STATION Oregon State College Wm. A. Schoenfeld, Director Corvallis USE OF BORON IN CONTROLLING CANKER OF TABLE BEETS

AGRICULTURAL EXPERINENT STATION Oregon State College Wm. A. Schoenfeld, Director Corvallis USE OF BORON IN CONTROLLING CANKER OF TABLE BEETS AGRICLTRAL EXPERINENT STATION Oregon State College Wm. A. Schoenfeld, Director Corvallis Circular of Information No. 2L8 (Revision of No. 213) June 1941 SE OF BORON IN CONTROLLING CANKER OF TABLE BEETS

More information

THE GLOBAL PULSE MARKETS: recent trends and outlook

THE GLOBAL PULSE MARKETS: recent trends and outlook THE GLOBAL PULSE MARKETS: recent trends and outlook CICILS/IPTIC 2004 CONVENTION 10-12 12 June 2004 Beijing, China Boubaker BENBELHASSEN Commodities and Trade Division United Nations Food and Agriculture

More information

Malting barley prices Basis FOB Swedish /Danish Port Oct 14/15/16/17/18

Malting barley prices Basis FOB Swedish /Danish Port Oct 14/15/16/17/18 t 12 September 2016 General: Malting barley harvest in Scandinavia and Baltics is now very much finished. some remaining crop on fields in Mid- Sweden. Work to sort out the quality of the harvest and looking

More information

GENETICS AND EVOLUTION OF CORN. This activity previews basic concepts of inheritance and how species change over time.

GENETICS AND EVOLUTION OF CORN. This activity previews basic concepts of inheritance and how species change over time. GENETICS AND EVOLUTION OF CORN This activity previews basic concepts of inheritance and how species change over time. Objectives for Exam #1: 1. Describe and complete a monohybrid ( one trait ) cross of

More information

JUNE TURK S CAP PLANT OF THE MONTH. npsot.org. Flaigg, Norman G., Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center"

JUNE TURK S CAP PLANT OF THE MONTH. npsot.org. Flaigg, Norman G., Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center JUNE PLANT OF THE MONTH TURK S CAP npsot.org http://www.wildflower.org/gallery/species.php?id_plant=raco3 Flaigg, Norman G., Common Names: Turkscap, Drummond's turkscap, Drummond turkscap, Wax mallow,

More information

Performance of Cactus Pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.] Clones in Hot Arid Region of India

Performance of Cactus Pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.] Clones in Hot Arid Region of India Performance of Cactus Pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.] Clones in Hot Arid Region of India O.P. Pareek, R.S. Singh and B.B. Vashishtha Central Institute for Arid Horticulture, Bikaner 334006, India

More information

Retailing Frozen Foods

Retailing Frozen Foods 61 Retailing Frozen Foods G. B. Davis Agricultural Experiment Station Oregon State College Corvallis Circular of Information 562 September 1956 iling Frozen Foods in Portland, Oregon G. B. DAVIS, Associate

More information

Chapter II MATERIALS AND METHOD

Chapter II MATERIALS AND METHOD Chapter II MATERIALS AND METHOD 34 2.0 MATERIALS AND METHOD Experimental procedure During the study of biodeterioration of paper manuscripts and their control the following materials and methods were used.

More information

Potassium nitrate can be used for one or more of the following reasons:

Potassium nitrate can be used for one or more of the following reasons: Reasons for using potassium nitrate in a foliar spray Potassium nitrate can be used for one or more of the following reasons: - To prevent the occurrence of nutrient deficiency before the first deficiency

More information

Profit Maximizer. Pork Merchandiser s. - Retail Edition - September 5, Cash Hog Prices and the Meat Spread Implica ons for Hog/Pork Values in Q4

Profit Maximizer. Pork Merchandiser s. - Retail Edition - September 5, Cash Hog Prices and the Meat Spread Implica ons for Hog/Pork Values in Q4 Pork Merchandiser s Profit Maximizer - Retail Edition - 2017 The National Pork Board, Des Moines, IA 515-223-2600; Prepared by Steiner and Company, Manchester, NH 800-526-4612. September 5, 2017 1. Sharp

More information

and the World Market for Wine The Central Valley is a Central Part of the Competitive World of Wine What is happening in the world of wine?

and the World Market for Wine The Central Valley is a Central Part of the Competitive World of Wine What is happening in the world of wine? The Central Valley Winegrape Industry and the World Market for Wine Daniel A. Sumner University it of California i Agricultural l Issues Center January 5, 211 The Central Valley is a Central Part of the

More information

Dairy Market. April 2016

Dairy Market. April 2016 Dairy Market Dairy Management Inc. R E P O R T Volume 19 No. 4 April 2016 DMI NMPF Overview Dairy market developments during the first part of April brought slight improvements in the outlook for milk

More information

Family and Consumer Sciences 1

Family and Consumer Sciences 1 Janie Burney, PhD, RD Professor Freezing 1 Advantages of Freezing Many foods can be frozen. Good natural color, flavor and nutritive value can be retained. Texture usually better than for other methods

More information

VINIFI CATION INTÉGR ALE

VINIFI CATION INTÉGR ALE VINIFI CATION INTÉGR ALE If Tonnellerie Ermitage has chosen to offer the Integral Winemaking method, (Vinification Intégrale ) it is because this system has proved its efficacity for over ten years. Tested

More information

Vine Mealybug Biology & Control Strategies

Vine Mealybug Biology & Control Strategies Foothill Grape Day June 14, 2007 Vine Mealybug Biology & Control Strategies Monica Cooper, Kent Daane, Glenn Yokota Grape Longtailed Obscure Vine Vine Mealybug is Different from Grape Mealybug Grape mealybug

More information

Coffee Eco-labeling: Profit, Prosperity, & Healthy Nature? Brian Crespi Andre Goncalves Janani Kannan Alexey Kudryavtsev Jessica Stern

Coffee Eco-labeling: Profit, Prosperity, & Healthy Nature? Brian Crespi Andre Goncalves Janani Kannan Alexey Kudryavtsev Jessica Stern Coffee Eco-labeling: Profit, Prosperity, & Healthy Nature? Brian Crespi Andre Goncalves Janani Kannan Alexey Kudryavtsev Jessica Stern Presentation Outline I. Introduction II. III. IV. Question at hand

More information

Viking Malt Barley News Crop 2017

Viking Malt Barley News Crop 2017 Viking Malt Barley News Crop 2017 General: The 2017 crop season has shown unreliable and partly extreme weather conditions and made the life for many malting barley farmers difficult. Related to these

More information

Experiment # Lemna minor (Duckweed) Population Growth

Experiment # Lemna minor (Duckweed) Population Growth Experiment # Lemna minor (Duckweed) Population Growth Introduction Students will grow duckweed (Lemna minor) over a two to three week period to observe what happens to a population of organisms when allowed

More information