1 LAOGAI FORCED LABOR CAMPS LISTED IN DUN & BRADSTREET DATABASES JUNE 19, 2008 The Laogai Research Foundation 1109 M St., NW Washington, D.C (202) Harry Wu, Executive Director
2 INTRODUCTION This publication contains a listing of Chinese forced labor camps ( Laogai ) found in two Dun & Bradstreet ( D&B ) databases, Duns Worldbase (Lexis-Nexis) and Duns Records Plus (Westlaw). Dun & Bradstreet is, in its own words, the world s leading source of commercial information and insight on businesses. It further states that Our global commercial database contains more than 125 million business records.this quality information is the foundation of our global solutions that customers rely on to make critical business decisions. In plain language, D&B gathers information on businesses throughout the world enabling companies to check on one another before conducting transactions requiring one company to extend credit to the other. In other words, companies are trying to determine if the company they are about to do business with is likely to make the payment it agrees upon. Dun & Bradstreet is a publicly-traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol DNB. Its headquarters is at 103 JFK Parkway, Short Hills, N.J Its telephone number is The Chairman and CEO of D&B is Steven W. Alesio. D&B subsidiaries and joint ventures in China are: D&B International Consultant (Shanghai) Co. Ltd.; and Shanghai Huaxia Dun & Bradstreet Business Information Consulting Co., Ltd. We do not know which operation is responsible for gathering the information we have found on Laogai camps in China. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Laogai Research Foundation ( LRF ) staff used the Laogai Handbook edition as its source of information. The Handbook is available at The staff searched each camp in the Handbook by both name and address in two D&B online databases B-TRAK-D&B Global Market Identifiers Worldbase (Lexis- Nexis) and D&B Business Records Plus (All) (Westlaw). Only the results which revealed an address match or contained the word Prison were included in the final listing. A number of the camps are known by their commercial names. In China, nearly all camps have an official prison name and one or more commercial names. We have included in the listing only those forced labor camps whose names appear in the Laogai Handbook. Our research revealed numerous new commercial names for many prisons. They are not included in this listing. After further research, these names will be included in the next edition of the Laogai Handbook to be published in the near future.
3 The following is an example of the raw data on a prison found in both the Handbook and one of the D&B databases: Dun & Bradstreet Business Records Plus COMPANY INFORMATION DUNS: Name: HEBEI BAODING PRISON Address: NO.77, QIYI (E) RD., BEISHI DIST. BAODING Country: CHINA Telephone: Fax: BUSINESS DESCRIPTION Line of Business: CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONS Primary SIC: 9223 CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION FINANCIAL INFORMATION Net Worth (US): $NOT AVAILABLE Net Worth (Local): NOT AVAILABLE Profit (US): $NOT AVAILABLE Profit (Local): NOT AVAILABLE SALES INFORMATION Annual Sales (US): $NOT AVAILABLE Annual Sales (Local): NOT AVAILABLE EMPLOYEE INFORMATION Total Employees: 150 Employees Here: 150 COMPANY HISTORY/OPERATIONS/RELATIONSHIPS & OTHER INFORMATION This Company's Specifics: DUNS: Legal Status: UNKNOWN Business Is A: SINGLE LOCATION
4 Laogai Handbook Edition Baoding District Xinsheng Machine Works; Baoding Xingguang Printing Works 保定地区新生机械厂保定星光印刷厂 Baoding Prison 保定监狱 Location: #77 East Qiyi Rd., Baoding City Postal Code: Tel: (switchboard) (printing works) Fax: Orig. called Prov. No. 1 Prison. Produces model AB-1 infrared alarm equipment, model JZJ-50 welders, electronic controllers, ceramic and machine tools. Printing factory est. 1957, covers area of 31,500 sq. m., 12,200 sq. m. floor area. Have 100 sets of compound and auxiliary printing equipments. Net fixed assets value 60 million, annual printed 100 million (70,000 orders) copies of examination sheets. 2002/ 2006 the State Secrets Bureau issued the People's Republic of China national secret reproduction license. 地点 : 保定市七一东路 77 号邮编 : ( 接上 ) 电话 : ( 总机 ) ( 印刷厂 ) 传真 : 原称省第一监狱 生产模型 1 AB 红外警报设备, 模型 50 JZJ 焊工, 电子控制器 陶器和机床 星光印刷厂建于 1957 年, 占地面积 多平方米, 建筑面积 多平方米, 固定资产值 6000 多万元, 年试卷印量一亿份以上 (7 万令纸以上 ) 2002/2006 年取得国家保密局颁发的国家统一考试试卷类 中华人民共和国国家秘密载体复制许可证 The next page of this publication is a Google Earth photograph of Hebei Baoding Prison dated February 14, 2006.
6 FINDINGS 1. A total of 314 separate entries were found for Laogai camps in D&B databases. 2. The 314 entries in the D&B databases represent 256 different Laogai camps or approximately 25% of the total known camps as of A total of 65 entries in the D&B databases contain the word "Prison" in the name. 4. The 314 entries in the D&B databases cover Laogai camps in 28 of 31 province level divisions (including provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions in mainland China only). 5. The 314 entries for Laogai camps found in the D&B databases represent 72 different products (specific) and/or product categories (broad).
7 Laogai Camps in Dun & Bradstreet Online Database Dun & Bradstreet Laogai Handbook 2006 Duns # 01 Shanxi Province Laogai or Enterprise Name Handbook Entry no. Laogai Name (RTL - Reform through Labor) (JOD - Juvenile Offender Detachment) SHANXI ALUMINIUM PRODUCTS PLANT SHANXI JINCHENG PRISON FENYANG VALVE SHANXI CHANGZHI PRISON SHANXI HUOZHOU WANGZHUANG COAL MINE SHANXI YONGJI WUXINGHU FARMING SHANXI YONGJI PRISON SHANXI TAIYUAN XIYU COAL MINE TAIYUAN GAS COMPRESSOR SHANXI LUCHENG GONGJIAN MACHINERY SHANXI LUCHENG PRISON SHANXI PROVINCE TAIYUAN XINXIN INDUSTRIAL COMPANY Jinzhong Prison Jincheng Prison Fengyang Prison Changzhi Prison Huozhou Prison Yongji Prison Yongji Prison Taiyuan No.1 Prison Taiyuan NO.3 Prison Lucheng Prison Lucheng Prison Provincial Reform Through Labor (RTL) 02 Guangdong Province GUANGDONG HUAJI PRISON GUANGDONG JIAYING MACHINERY SERVICE DEPARTMENT GUANGZHOU YUXIN PROCESSING GUANGZHOU HUACHENG SHOES GUANGDONG PROVINCE YINGDE PRISON GUANGDONG HEYUAN L1ANPING PRISON GUANGDONG YANGJIANG PRISON Huaiji Prison Meizhou Prison Provincial JOD Guangzhou Prison Yingde Prison Lianping Prison Yangjiang Prison 04 Tianjin Municipality TIANJIN CYLINDER LINER OIL PUMP TONGNAN HARDWARE ELECTRIC APPLIANCE PRODUCTS Gangbei Prison Xiqing Prison 05 Hebei Province HEBEl PINGYUAN MACHINERY Hengshui Prison
17 ZHENGZHOU GENERAL ELECTRICAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT HENAN RUYANG STONE FOUNDING Baimiao RTL Provincial No.2 RTL 29 Shanghai Municipality SHANGHAI XINSHOUFAN PRISON SHANGHAI BANGJIE ARTS & CRAFTS SHANGHAI QINGPU PRISON SHANGHAI LABORING MECHANICAL PLANT (INSIDE WUJIAOCHANG PRISON) SHANGHAI LAODONG STEEL TUBE SHANGHAI BEIXINJING PRISON SHANGHAI SHENGBAO COMPREHENSIVE PROCESSING SHANGHAI BAOSHAN PRISON SHANGHAI ZHOUPU PRISON SHANGHAI NANLING INDUSTRIAL GENERAL CO. SHANGHAI NANLING OPTIC MATERIAL SHANGHAI GAS VALVE GENERAL SUPPLY OFFICE HUADONG ELECTRIC WELDING MACHINERY SHANGHAI FARM CEREAL & COTTON PROCESSING SHANGHAI CHUANDONG FARM SHANGHAI LABOR CULTIVATION ASYLUM Shanghai New Criminal's (Xinshoufan) Pr Qingpu Prison Qingpu Prison Wujiaochang Prison Beixinjing Prison Beixinjing Prison Baoshan Prison Baoshan Prison Zhoupu Prison Baimaoling Prison Baimaoling Prison Jiangwan Prison Shanghai No.4 Shanghai No.1 Laogai General Brigade Shanghai No.2 RTL RTL & Asylum 31 Chongqing Municipality CHONGQING HUAYU INDUSTRIAL GENERAL COMPANY LANBO PAGING STATION CHONGQING XINSHENG MECHANICAL & ELECTRICAL CHANGSHOU 5TH CONSTRUCTION COMPANY Chongqing JOD Chongqing Prison Fengcheng Prison Total 314
18 Number of laogai camps or enterprises listed in this report: 314 Number of prison facilities represented: 256 Nu mber of records listed explicitly as prisons: 65 Nu mber of provinces represented: 28 out of 31 povince-ievel divisions (including provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions in mainland China only) Products represented: coal welding machinery cotton livestock optic materials steel pipes aluminum products valves gas compressors machinery shoes cement tarpaulins fireproof materials phosphate fertilizer printed materials metal castings sugar iron water pumps brick and tile heavy clutches knit and woven products diesel engines silk plastics cereal clothing fire engines magnetic materials medicinal materials bedding zinc machine tools light boards precasting components construction materials electric equipment cartons chemicals lead automobile parts wooden products farm metal products tea fibers metal strip pipes paper silicon farm grain and cooking oil carbon lamps ceramics automobile fittings pigs air brick orchards rice and noodles thread straps dairy products veterinary pharmaceuticals switches stone materials porcelain electrical appliances radiators tires heat pumps oil pumps thermoelectricity rubber fat and oil chemicals steel balls arts and crafts