Human Origins Unit Test

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1 Human Origins Unit Test The following test is over information we have studied from the Human Origins Unit. It assesses student knowledge on the Paleolithic and Neolithic time periods, as well as how we study the past. You are not allowed to use your notes or any other classwork. This test is worth one 100 point grade for each of the listed standards. If you do not make an 85 or above on your first attempt, you have up to three retakes. On a retake, you can only earn up to an 85. Do your best and good luck! * Required 1. First and Last Name * 2. Social Studies Class * 6th Period History Vocabulary 6.7 Recognize time designations and the abbreviations, including: B.C. B.C.E. A.D. C.E. circa (c. or ca), decades, centuries, prehistoric, historic Which of the following dates is the oldest? * 2018 AD 2000 BC 10,000 BCE 20,000 CE Which of the following dates is the most recent? * 1,000 BC 5,000 BCE 1 AD 500 CE Which of the following is correct? * Decade 10 years, Century 50 years Decade 100 years, Century 10 years Decade 50 years, Century 10 years Decade 10 years, Century 100 years "The Neolithic Revolution occurred c.10,000 BC." What does the c mean? * About or Approximately Before After During What is the main difference between history and prehistory? * History is the period of time with written records, while prehistory is the time without written records History is what is in textbooks, while prehistory is only on the internet History is what happened in the past, while prehistory is what will happen in the future History is only when humans were alive, while prehistory is only before humans existed "AD means after the death of Jesus." What is wrong with this statement? * Human Origins 6.1 Identify sites in Africa where archaeologists and historians have found evidence of the origins of modern human beings and describe what the archaeologists found In what part of the world has most of the evidence about the existence of early hominids been discovered? * Asia Africa Europe Australia

2 Which pathway describes the first human migration? * North Africa to Europe Europe to Central Asia Africa to Southwest Asia Asia to North America Which characteristic of prehistoric Africa best explains why early humans were able to survive there? * its broad grasslands and abundant water sources its absence of competition with other hominin species its isolation from regions containing dangerous animals its large jungles with abundant supplies of fruits and nuts Which trait was common to both early humans and other hominins? * the ability to travel long distances the reliance on grasses and grains for food the inability to adapt to changes in habitat the need to live near natural sources of water Which hominin lived most closely in time to modern humans? * Ardipithecus Australopithecus Homo erectus Homo habilis How do we study and learn about prehistory? * Hunter Gatherers 6.2 Provide textual evidence that characterizes the nomadic hunter gatherer societies of the Paleolithic Age (their use of tools and fire, basic hunting weapons, beads and other jewelry) The first human societies formed around which activity? * Building Bridges Raising Cattle Growing Wild Grasses Hunting Game Animals Which activity was a regular part of the lives of early hunter gatherers? * Irrigation Migration Shipbuilding Bridge Building Scholars have concluded that early cave paintings * reveal information about how many people were in the early human group reflect early humans religious or spiritual beliefs show how many sunsets the early human group had seen provide clues about the social hierarchies of the groups who painted them Which statement best explains how humans' mastery of fire changed hunting methods? * Fire made it possible to kill dangerous animals from a greater distance. Fire gave humans the ability to hunt at night when game animals were easier to catch. Fire allowed early humans to melt metals into weapons that could kill very large animals. Fire enabled humans to cook the tougher meat of smaller, less dangerous animals The first benefit humans saw from the development of spoken language was the ability to * pass on their history to others develop new artistic techniques remember earlier migration routes coordinate hunting activities better

3 How did the Neolithic time period differ from the Paleolithic time period? * Neolithic Revolution 6.3 Explain the importance of the discovery of metallurgy and agriculture. 6.4 Evaluate the climatic changes and human modifications of the physical environment that gave rise to the domestication of plants and animals and new sources of clothing and shelter. 6.5 Summarize the impact of agriculture related to settlement, population growth, and the emergence of civilization Which factor helped start the Neolithic Revolution? * climate change animal migration the construction of cities the domestication of animals Which statement best compares human life before and after the Neolithic Revolution? * Before the Neolithic Revolution, humans were largely nomadic, but after it they lived in permanent settlements. Before the Neolithic Revolution, humans lived in small cities, but after it the size of cities greatly increased. Before the Neolithic Revolution, humans used metals to make weapons for hunting, but after it they used metals to build plows and other farming tools. Before the Neolithic Revolution, humans lived primarily in hot climates, but after it they lived primarily in temperate regions Hunter gatherers worked hard to be able to abandon their nomadic lifestyle. If a group of hunter gatherers was trying to create a permanent settlement what would be the most important piece of advice they could receive to ensure their success? * "Build dams to control floodwaters" "Learn to build sturdy dwellings" "Help natural plants grow" "Domesticate wild dogs" Which advances did the most to help sustain the growing human population during the Neolithic era? * increased scientific knowledge improved hunting methods new construction techniques the development of agriculture The ability to store crops for future use solved which of the problems that Neolithic people faced? * the unpredictability of annual flooding cycles their inability to domesticate animals the danger posed by hunting animals the instability of their food supply Settled communities with stable food supplies enjoyed which advantage over previous societies? * They had more time to devote to hunting They were able to grow more quickly They could more easily move to any type of region They were better equipped to deal with invasion Many early agriculture civilizations developed near what type of geographic feature? * Rivers Mountains Savannahs Forests Which statement best explains why early nomads began to settle in the Fertile Crescent? * The region was well protected by natural defenses The region had lush vegetation and abundant animal life Numerous cities existed along the waterways of the region Numerous domesticated animals were native to the region

4 Use the following passage to answer question Based on this passage, what can you conclude about the way cattle assisted the farmers? * The farmers ate the cows, so they did not need to spend their time hunting The farmers traded the cows' milk for metals and supplies to make their tools The farmers used the cows to help plow the fields, reducing the amount of human effort and time needed The farmers used the cows to herd goats and sheep, and they lived on the milk and wool from their livestock How did the domestication of goats and sheep affect the way the people of the Neolithic Era lived? * It increased the food supply by enabling them to plow larger fields. It expanded trade by increasing the size of the market for grain crops. It slowed the growth of cities by introducing new diseases into large settlements. It improved their lifestyle by providing them with access to more natural resources. Elements of Civilization 6.6 Identify and explain the importance of the characteristics of civilizations, including: the presence of geographic boundaries and political institutions an economy that produces food surpluses a concentration of population in distinct areas or cities the existence of social classes developed systems of religion, learning, art, and architecture a system of record keeping technology Innovations that helped fulfill which basic need led to the formation of the first human civilizations? * Food Water Housing protection Which factor contributed most to the development of the first cities? * the domestication of animals trade between different civilizations the creation of surplus food supplies change brought on by warming of Earth's climate Which statement best explains why early civilizations were located in large river valleys? * Rivers contributed the resources needed for widespread agriculture to develop. River valleys provided the natural obstacles needed to protect against conquest. River valleys had the kind of temperate climate that humans are adapted to the best. Rivers made it easier for people to travel the long distances needed to trade with others.

5 Which phrase replaces the question mark in the diagram? * ethnic diversity social hierarchy advanced industry polytheistic religion A sharing and spreading of religion, art, and ideas between civilizations is known as * industrialization cultural diffusion scientific knowledge literacy How did agriculture lead to the development of civilization? Powered by

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