World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade"

Transcription

1 World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade

2 During the Medieval Period (500 to 1500 A.D.), several major trading routes developed in the Eastern Hemisphere. These trading routes connected the continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia.

3 Major trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500 A.D. (see map): The Silk Roads crossed Asia and reached all the way to the Mediterranean basin. They connected China, India, and the Eastern Mediterranean.

4 Maritime routes across the Indian Ocean connected Asia to Africa.

5 Trans-Saharan routes across North Africa connected the Niger River valley to the Mediterranean basin.

6 Northern European links with the Black Sea allowed Europe to connect with markets in Asia. The Black Sea region was a crossroads between Europe and Asia.

7 Western European sea and river trade created connections between European cities.

8 South China Sea and the lands of Southeast Asia were connected by maritime routes.

9 Where were the major trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500 A.D. (C.E.)?

10 Regional trade networks and long-distance trade routes in the Eastern Hemisphere aided the diffusion and exchange of technology and culture between Europe, Africa, and Asia.

11 Goods: Gold from West Africa

12 Spices from lands around the Indian Ocean

13 Textiles from India, China, the Middle East, and later Europe

14 Porcelain from China and Persia

15 Amber, from the Baltic region, was used to make jewelry and other ornaments.

16 Technology: Paper, from China, diffused through the Muslim world to Byzantium and Western Europe.

17 Waterwheels and windmills from the Middle East became important labor saving technologies as they diffused into Europe. Wind and water power could be used to grind grain into flower.

18 Navigation technology like the compass from China, and the lateen sail from the Indian Ocean region would make long distance sea travel possible.

19 Ideas: Spread of religions across the hemisphere Buddhism from China to Korea and Japan Hinduism and Buddhism from India to Southeast Asia Islam into West Africa, Central and Southeast Asia

20 Printing and paper money from China

21 How did trade facilitate the diffusion of goods and ideas among different cultures?

22 African Civilizations Geography African civilizations developed in Sub- Saharan west and east Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa refers to parts of the African continent south of the Sahara Desert.

23 African geography includes a broad range of environments that can make life there difficult.

24 Most of the African coastline is narrow and has few harbors. It is difficult to travel to the interior of the continent by boat.

25 Deserts: Sahara (north) Kalahari (south)

26 Dense rain forests make agriculture and development difficult.

27 Savannas (grassy plains) cover 40% of the continent.

28 Mediterranean climates are found on the northern coast and southern tip on Africa.

29 African Civilization Trade brought important economic, cultural, and religious influences to African civilizations from other parts of the Eastern Hemisphere.

30 States and empires flourished in Africa during the medieval period, including Ghana, Mali, and Songhai in west Africa, Axum in east Africa, and Zimbabwe in southern Africa.

31 East African Kingdom of Axum Geography Axum was located on the upper Nile River near the Ethiopian Highlands of East Africa.

32 The kingdom of Axum was made up of many people groups, and they conquered their Nubian neighbors who also lived on the upper Nile.

33 Access to the Red Sea and the Nile, gave connected Axum to trade from across the Eastern Hemisphere. Merchants of Axum traded with Egypt, Arabia, Persia, India and the Roman Empire.

34 Religion Christianity also diffused into Axum when king Ezana became a Christian and made it the official religion.

35 The establishment of Christianity was the longest lasting achievement of Axum. Today, Ethiopia is home to millions of Christians.

36 West African Kingdoms Geography Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires were on the Niger River, south of the Sahara Desert.

37 Trans-Saharan Trade The gold salt trade was the most important on the Trans-Saharan trade routes across North Africa.

38 Gold was mined in the forest region around the Niger River and was traded for salt from the Sahara Desert.

39 Religious Influences The native African religion of Animism was practiced early in West African history. Animism is a diverse religion that honors spirits believed to be present in animals, plants, and other natural objects.

40 Islam diffused to West Africa along the Trans Saharan gold salt trade routes. Islam spread through trade, rather than conquest, through Sub- Saharan Africa. Many people who converted to Islam blended their new faith with Animistic practices. Mansa Musa is an example of a prosperous Islamic king of Mali.

41 Trading Cities The cities of Timbuktu and Gao grew along the Niger River of West Africa to facilitate Trans Saharan trade. Timbuktu and Gao were centers of trade and Islamic learning. Timbuktu attracted Muslim doctors, judges, religious leaders, and scholars to its mosques and universities.

42 East African Coast and Southern Trading Centers By 1100, port cities on the east coast of Africa were growing in population and wealth. Muslim and African culture blended in these cosmopolitan trade centers.

43 Raw materials from Africa included: ivory gold leopard skins

44 Products sold in Africa: porcelain bowls (China) jewels (India) cotton cloth (India)

45 Great Zimbabwe Gold and ivory that enriched the coastal cities came from the interior of Southern Africa. The Shona people of southeastern Africa established the city of Great Zimbabwe on an important trade route.

46 Geography of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe was located on a fertile, well watered plateau. The region was between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers.

47 Trade Empire Between 1200 and 1400, the city of Great Zimbabwe was the capital of an empire built on the gold trade. Leaders of Zimbabwe taxed the traders who traveled the region.

48 The city of Great Zimbabwe was the economic, political and religious center of its empire. The walled city covered many acres. The population was more than 10,000.

49 By 1450, Great Zimbabwe was abandoned. Possibly because resources in the area had been exhausted.

50 What were the characteristics of civilizations in sub-saharan Africa during the medieval period?

51 Geography Japanese Civilization Japan is made up of a 4,000 island archipelago located off the coast of China and Korea. An archipelago is a large group or chain of islands.

52 The Japanese archipelago consist of four main islands. Honshu Hokkaido Kyushu Shikoku

53 The Japanese islands have steep volcanic mountains. Only 12% of the land is suitable for farming.

54 Japan s geographic location has shaped the development of its culture. The islands of Japan lie 120 miles from Korea and 500 miles from China.

55 The Sea of Japan or East Sea separates Japan and the Asian mainland. Japan is close enough to China to be influenced by their culture, but far enough away to be safe from invasion.

56 How has Japan s geography influenced its development?

57 Japanese Religion Shinto is an early Japanese religion. Shinto means way of the gods. Shinto is an ethnic religion unique to Japan. Shinto emphasizes the importance of natural features, forces of nature, and ancestors.

58 In Shinto religion, the Japanese emperor and his family were considered direct descendants of the gods. Emperor worship led to a deep loyalty to the state and a belief in Japanese supremacy. (The land was sacred too.)

59 Chinese Cultural Influence on Japan Buddhism Diffuses into Japan Korean travelers first brought Chinese ideas and customs to Japan. In the mid-700s Buddhism was officially accepted in Japan.

60 The teachings of Buddhism were compatible with ancient Shinto practices. Buddhism coexisted with Shinto in Japan and Shinto gods were even worshiped in Buddhist temples. Buddhism helped to shape Japanese aesthetics, politics, literature, philosophy and medicine.

61 Why were Shinto and Buddhism important to the development of Japanese culture?

62 Architecture Chinese architecture has had a major influence on the structures of Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

63 Written Language The Japanese adopted the Chinese system of writing. Over time, Japanese, and Korea have modified the Chinese characters.

64 How did Chinese culture influence Japan?

Eastern Hemisphere African Empires

Eastern Hemisphere African Empires Eastern Hemisphere African Empires Eastern Hemisphere in the Middle Ages Europe Asia Africa India Background: During the Medieval Period several major trade routes developed in the Eastern Hemisphere.

More information

African History. Return

African History. Return Kingdoms of Africa African History Africa produced many great civilizations. During the time of the Middle Ages of Europe, the African kingdoms of Mali, Ghana and Songhai were places of advanced learning

More information

Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange. Key Concept 2.3

Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange. Key Concept 2.3 Emergence of Transregional Networks of Communication and Exchange Key Concept 2.3 Breaking down the standard With the organization of large-scale empires, the volume of long-distance trade increased dramatically

More information

Chapter Summary. Section 2: Kingdoms of West Africa. Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa

Chapter Summary. Section 2: Kingdoms of West Africa. Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa Geography affected migration, cultural development, and trade during the time of early civilizations in Africa. The civilization

More information

Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources.

Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources. Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources. The earliest evidence of human beings comes from Africa.

More information

Note Taking Study Guide EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA

Note Taking Study Guide EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA SECTION 1 EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA Focus Question: How did geography and natural resources affect the development of early societies throughout Africa? As you read this section in your textbook, complete

More information

African Kingdoms and Salt

African Kingdoms and Salt African Kingdoms and Salt 1 While it may look like snow, it is not. This precious commodity is salt! 2 And you may not believe this but the human body needs salt. 3 Salt is needed by the human body to

More information

Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa

Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa Journal A Journal 11-03-17 What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa Journal B A. metal goods, salt, and cloth B. gold, cloth, and salt C. gold, slaves, and crops D. cloth, cattle hides,

More information

SOL Review - Geography

SOL Review - Geography SOL Review - Geography I. Review Reading and Interpreting Maps, Diagrams & Pictures on the SOL A. Examine any chart, graph, map or other illustrations that accompanies the question. Examine the illustration

More information

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief.

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. GHANA Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. By the 700s, Ghana was a kingdom, and its rulers were growing

More information

African Civilizations 1500 BC-AD 700

African Civilizations 1500 BC-AD 700 African Civilizations 1500 BC-AD 700 Setting the Stage Africa spreads across the equator. It includes a broad range of Earth s environments-from coastal plains to mountains. Some parts of Africa suffer

More information

The Earliest Americans. Chapter 1 Section 1

The Earliest Americans. Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans Chapter 1 Section 1 Terms to Know Migration a movement of people or animals from one region to another Environments--climates and landscapes that surround living things Culture--

More information

Indian Ocean. Routes from India to the Arabian Peninsula and Africa

Indian Ocean. Routes from India to the Arabian Peninsula and Africa Major Trades Routes Six Major Routes on or crossing three continents. Africa Asia Europe Trade routes connected most major civilizations. Major Trades Routes All of these routes would connect with others

More information

WEST AFRICAN TRADING EMPIRES

WEST AFRICAN TRADING EMPIRES WEST AFRICAN TRADING EMPIRES DATE: AIM: Students will be able to compare and contrast the three major trading empires in Ancient West Africa. DO NOW: A Voice from the Past Pliny, a scholar and naturalist,

More information

The Qin and Han Dynasties

The Qin and Han Dynasties The Qin and Han Dynasties Four Chinese Dynasties Section Overview This section describes the first civilizations in China and how the geography of the region, especially its rivers, mountains, and deserts,

More information

Areas of Heavy Rainfall around 7000 B.C. present

Areas of Heavy Rainfall around 7000 B.C. present CHAPTE 8 EOAPHY APPLICATION: EION Desertification and Migration in Africa Directions: ead the paragraphs below and study the maps carefully. Then answer the questions that follow. Human migration usually

More information

AP World Map Packet Part 1 (World History from the 1 million BCE to 1500 CE)

AP World Map Packet Part 1 (World History from the 1 million BCE to 1500 CE) AP World Map Packet Part 1 (World History from the 1 million BCE to 1500 CE) Please read the directions at the top of each map. Please be sure to label everything with the proper name, and not just number

More information

Chapter 1: Beginnings in Africa Notes

Chapter 1: Beginnings in Africa Notes Page 1 Chapter 1: Beginnings in Africa Notes Section 1: Human Origins and early Civilizations Human history began in Africa o appeared in East Africa about 3 million years ago Early hominids learned to

More information

Unit 3: European Explorers

Unit 3: European Explorers Unit 3: European Explorers http://mryoungtms.weebly.com/european-explorers.html https://quizlet.com/class/5155476/ 1 E x p l o r e r s Motivations, Obstacles, and Accomplishments of European Explorers

More information

Unit Two: Early African Kingdoms and Arabic Trade Routes, 7-16 th centuries

Unit Two: Early African Kingdoms and Arabic Trade Routes, 7-16 th centuries Unit Two: Early African Kingdoms and Arabic Trade Routes, 7-16 th centuries Grade Level: Grades 6-12 National World History Standards: Era Four: Standard 5A The student understands state-building in...

More information

West Africa. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/mansa_musa.jpg/240px-mansa_musa.jpg

West Africa. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/mansa_musa.jpg/240px-mansa_musa.jpg West Africa https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c1/mansa_musa.jpg/240px-mansa_musa.jpg Geography Africa is located in the middle of the globe and is the second largest of the seven continents.

More information

In addition to salt list two other products a North African trader might bring to trade in West Africa.

In addition to salt list two other products a North African trader might bring to trade in West Africa. List three things that show the power of the ruler. In addition to salt list two other products a might bring to trade in West Africa. List five products the people of the southern forest areas brought

More information

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the Name Class Date The Early Americas BIG IDEAS 1. The Maya developed a civilization that thrived in Mesoamerica from about 250 until the 900s. 2. The strong Aztec Empire, founded in central Mexico in 1325,

More information

The Age of European Explorations

The Age of European Explorations The Age of European Explorations 1400-1800 By the 1400 s Europeans were in contact with Africans, Asians, and Americans. This is known as the GLOBAL AGE. Wherever Europeans went, they brought their culture

More information

Who Where the Mongols?

Who Where the Mongols? 11/5/14 The Yuan and Ming Dynasties The Chinese were ruled by foreigners during the Yuan dynasty, but they threw off Mongol rule and prospered during the Ming dynasty. Who Where the Mongols? The Mongols

More information

Holt African American History Chapter 1

Holt African American History Chapter 1 Beginnings in Africa Section 1 Human Origins and Early Civilizations Section 2 Great Empires of West Africa Section 3 Kingdoms of East and South Africa Section 1: Human Origins and Early Civilizations

More information

Early and. Medieval African Kingdoms. Timeline Cards

Early and. Medieval African Kingdoms. Timeline Cards Early and Medieval African Kingdoms Timeline Cards ISBN: 978-1-68380-138-2 Subject Matter Expert David Owusu-Ansah, PhD, Department of History, James Madison University Illustration and Photo Credits Title

More information

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 1: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Exploration and the Colonial Era CHAPTER OVERVIEW Native Americans develop complex societies. Starting in 1492, Europeans

More information

Ancient Civilizations Project

Ancient Civilizations Project Ancient Civilizations Project Step One: Choose and research an early civilization with your group members. Step Two: Create a Power Point document to use during your presentation. Bibliography to be included

More information

The Age of Exploration. Europe Encounters the World

The Age of Exploration. Europe Encounters the World The Age of Exploration Europe Encounters the World Why did explorations happen when they did? A variety of factors all came together to make the time period (1450-1700) the age of exploration Some of these

More information

Creating America (Survey)

Creating America (Survey) Creating America (Survey) Chapter 1: The World in 1500, Beginnings to 1500 Section 1: Crossing to the Americas Main Idea: Ancient peoples came from Asia to the Americas and over time developed complex

More information

Chapter 2 NOTES. RPC: What role did the Nile River play in the development of Egyptian civilization?

Chapter 2 NOTES. RPC: What role did the Nile River play in the development of Egyptian civilization? Chapter 2 NOTES Lesson 1 Classifying: Use the following graphic organizer to identify people's social roles in Egyptian society. Upper: pharoah, nobles, priests. Middle: merchants,artisans,scribes,tax

More information

Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties

Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties Sui Dynasty (589-618) After collapse of the Han Dynasty (220AD), no emperor strong enough to hold China together. centuries of fragmented power; who in society enjoys more

More information

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River)

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) Early China The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) starts in the TIBETAN Plateau and flows 2,900 miles to the Yellow Sea carries LOESS - a dusty yellow soil called "China's SORROW due to devastating

More information

Tuesday, February 7, 17 THE SILK ROAD

Tuesday, February 7, 17 THE SILK ROAD THE SILK ROAD THE SILK ROAD The Silk Road was actually a network of smaller trade routes that reached over 4,000 miles across Asia. The Silk Road reached from Louyang (China) to Antioch (Syria). The Silk

More information

I. Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia

I. Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia 1 I. Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia A. The Growth of the Silk Roads 1. Inner and Outer Eurasia: The Eurasia land mass, home to the majority of the world s population and many of its most economically

More information

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism.

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. Standard 7.3.4: Standard 7.3.4 Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. The Mongol Empire Who were the Mongols? Nomadic peoples

More information

Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World

Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World Section 4.3 - Ocean Crossing When sailors cross the ocean, they need a way to stay on course. They have no landmarks to guide them in the open sea.

More information

Unit #2- Classical Period. Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE

Unit #2- Classical Period. Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE Unit #2- Classical Period Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies c. 600 BCE to c. 600 CE Period #2: 600 BCE to 600 CE Large empires appear in Eurasia & Americas These empires would grow in

More information

African Cultural Characteristics

African Cultural Characteristics African Societies African Cultural Characteristics Certain common features Show an underlying cultural unity Some scholars have called Africanity One common cultural feature Concept of kingship Kings ritually

More information

Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources Second Edition

Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources Second Edition Robert W. Strayer Ways of the World: A Brief Global History with Sources Second Edition Chapter 8 Commerce and Culture, 500 1500 Copyright 2013 by Bedford/St. Martin s I. Silk Roads: Exchange across Eurasia

More information

Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere

Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere China covers an area of nearly 4 million square miles, about the same size as the United States. One of the physical barriers that separates China from its neighbors

More information

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America?

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? 2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? Objective you are going to analyze 10 native cultures of North and South America. The Many Native groups in America had a wide variety of beliefs

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Summarize how Mongol armies built an empire. Describe China under Mongol rule. Understand how the Ming restored Chinese rule. Explain why the Ming explored the high seas for only a brief period.

More information

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans Focus Question: How did early civilizations develop in the Americas? The First Americans There are various theories to how humans made their way to America The

More information

True of most river valley civilizations.

True of most river valley civilizations. True of most river valley civilizations. China under the Shang Dynasty Chinese legend says that Pan Gu the first man created the universe. The first legendary dynasty was the Xia. Scholars are not sure

More information

Lesson 1: The Voyages of Columbus

Lesson 1: The Voyages of Columbus Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: The Voyages of Columbus Use with pages 134 138. Vocabulary expedition a journey made for a special purpose colony a settlement far from the country that rules it Columbian Exchange

More information

Geography & Early Civilizations in Africa

Geography & Early Civilizations in Africa MR. Cegielski Geography & Early Civilizations in Africa Preview Starting Points Map: Environments of Africa The Geography of Africa Early African Societies Africa s Iron Age Map: Bantu Migrations Three

More information

ONLY CONNECTION TO COUNTRY CONNECTION TO COUNTRY FACT!

ONLY CONNECTION TO COUNTRY CONNECTION TO COUNTRY FACT! 4 CONNECTION TO COUNTRY 1.2 FIRST HCONTACTS CONNECTION TO COUNTRY For Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people the word country means the area from which they and their family come. But connection

More information

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Name Date Block Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Directions: Answer the questions using www.mesopotamia.co.uk AND YOUR OWN background knowledge! Click on Mesopotamia, then Geography from the left

More information

Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25

Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25 Due Date: I. PREHISTORY 1. Define prehistory: A. Archaeology and Anthropology 1. Define archaeology: Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25 Name: 2. Define artifacts:

More information

Ghana: A West African Trading Empire

Ghana: A West African Trading Empire Lesson 13 Ghana: A West African Trading Empire Overview In this lesson, students learn why trade moving through Ghana and Mali resulted in the growth of these kingdoms. In an Experiential Exercise, they

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT The Land Between the Rivers: The first civilization in the fertile crescent was Mesopotamia. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Sumer, as in Egypt,

More information

Table of Contents. World History Detective. Table of Contents

Table of Contents. World History Detective. Table of Contents Table of Contents Table of Contents Teacher Overview... iv About the Author... vi 1. The Fertile Crescent and the Sumerians...1 2. Babylonian Empire...5 3. Hittites and Phoenicians...9 4. Religious History

More information

Commerce and Culture

Commerce and Culture Commerce and Culture 500 1500 CHAPTER OVERVIEW PERIOD 3: REGIONAL AND INTERREGIONAL INTERACTIONS, CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES To consider the significance of trade in human history To explore the interconnections

More information

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Name Date Mastering the Content Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. What caused Chinese farmers to move from northern to southern China during the Tang

More information

The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.

The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Fertile Crescent includes Mesopotamia, a wide, flat

More information

Kingdoms of Africa Bantu Migrations The most prominent event in Sub-Saharan Africa during ancient times were the migrations of the Bantu-speaking peoples and the establishment of agricultural societies

More information

Exploration & Colonization. Mr. Wilson AP World History Wren High School

Exploration & Colonization. Mr. Wilson AP World History Wren High School Exploration & Colonization Mr. Wilson AP World History Wren High School Motives for European Exploration Desire to gain direct access to Asian luxuries Collapse of Mongols increased price of goods Avoid

More information

GRADE 7 History Notes Term

GRADE 7 History Notes Term 1 GRADE 7 History Notes Term 1 2015 Topic The Kingdom of Mali 2 Trade across the Sahara Desert -camel caravans -goods brought to Mali -spread of Islam 9 The kingdom of Mali -Mansa Musa s rule -Mansa Musa

More information

Text One. The Silk Road

Text One. The Silk Road Text One The Silk Road The Silk Road was an extensive network of overland trade routes across the Asian continent. They connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean world, including North

More information

Chinese Society and Culture

Chinese Society and Culture Chinese Society and Culture Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus Han Society Trade and Buddhism Map: The Silk Roads Han Achievements Main Idea Chinese Society and Culture The Han dynasty was a time of social

More information

How was life along the Yellow River both similar and different from life along the Nile River?

How was life along the Yellow River both similar and different from life along the Nile River? As in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and along the Indus River, Chinese civilization began within a major river valley. Modern China itself is a huge geographical expanse. Around 4000 BC, this huge area contained

More information

Europe & the Age of Exploration Part 1

Europe & the Age of Exploration Part 1 Europe & the Age of Exploration Part 1 World Review European connections to Asia The writings of Marco Polo had increased European interest in trade with Asia. Goods, especially spices and silks, were

More information

07 Commerce and Culture,

07 Commerce and Culture, 07 Commerce and Culture, 500 1500 Introduction Modern highways are being built across Africa and Asia. part of modern process of globalization but also evoke older patterns of global commerce The roots

More information

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to 500 BC. SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins,

More information

Before Contact with Europeans

Before Contact with Europeans Before Contact with Europeans Introduction Migration to the Americas Early migrations from northern Asia to Alaska occurred 35,000 to 15,000 years ago Some contact with Polynesians possible Geography Great

More information

Section 2 Standards-Based Instruction

Section 2 Standards-Based Instruction Section 2 Ghana H-SS 7.4.2 Analyze the importance of family, labor specialization, and regional commerce in the development of states and cities in West Africa. E-LA Reading 6.2.2 Analyze text that uses

More information

The medieval empire of Ghana included several large cities, such as Walata, the remains of which can be seen today.

The medieval empire of Ghana included several large cities, such as Walata, the remains of which can be seen today. 13.1 Introduction The early West African societies of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai all created empires that gained much of their wealth from trade. In this chapter, you will learn more about the role of trade

More information

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China Ancient China Map of Ancient China Name: Date: In this unit, you will learn about ancient China. Look carefully at the map. Trace the length of the Huang River in black. Put an orange star next to Anyang.

More information

Government city-states

Government city-states Government All Maya people shared the same religious beliefs, had the same social structure, and used the same written language. However, they lived in different city-states (a Maya city and the land it

More information

The Age of Exploration

The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration A Resource to Accompany History Alive! The United States Through Industrialism Teachers Curriculum Institute 1 Introduction In this reading, you will learn about the Age of Exploration.

More information

Encounters with Europe THE EARLY MODERN WORLD ( )

Encounters with Europe THE EARLY MODERN WORLD ( ) Encounters with Europe THE EARLY MODERN WORLD (1450 1750) The reaction toward European exploration varied in Africa, Indian Ocean states, and in the Americas. For example, whereas some saw practical benefits

More information

The Ming and Qing Dynasties

The Ming and Qing Dynasties Preview The Ming and Qing Dynasties Main Idea / Reading Focus The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty Ming and Qing Culture Map: Ming and Qing Dynasties Main Idea The Ming and Qing Dynasties During the Ming

More information

Chapter 6: The First Chinese Empires, 221 B.C. A.D Lesson 3: The Han Dynasty

Chapter 6: The First Chinese Empires, 221 B.C. A.D Lesson 3: The Han Dynasty Chapter 6: The First Chinese Empires, 221 B.C. A.D. 220 Lesson 3: The Han Dynasty World History Bell Ringer #27 10-24-17 1. In 1974, farmers digging a well about 35 miles east of Xi an discovered A. A

More information

The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500

The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500 The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500 What you will Learn Buffalo graze on the plains in South Dakota. Millions of these animals used to roam lands from Canada to Texas. In this

More information

EUROPEAN SOCIETIES AROUND OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that led European countries to explore the world

EUROPEAN SOCIETIES AROUND OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that led European countries to explore the world EUROPEAN SOCIETIES AROUND 1492 OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors that led European countries to explore the world Factors that encouraged exploration Crusades Growth of commerce Population increase Rise

More information

China s First Dynasties

China s First Dynasties Preview China s First Dynasties Main Idea / Reading Focus China s Geography The Shang Dynasty The Zhou Dynasty Map: Shang and Zhou Dynasties New Philosophies Faces of History: Chinese Philosophers Preview,

More information

T IMELINES CIVILIZATIONS ANCIENT. film ideas, Inc. INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE TIMELINES OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS 10 PART SERIES 10 PART SERIES.

T IMELINES CIVILIZATIONS ANCIENT. film ideas, Inc. INSTRUCTIONAL GUIDE TIMELINES OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS 10 PART SERIES 10 PART SERIES. TIMELINES OF ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS 0 PART SERIES EGYPTIAN Part I & II CHINESE Part I & II GREEK Part I & II ROMAN Part I & II MESOPOTAMIAN Part I & II film ideas, Inc. Presents T IMELINES Of ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS

More information

The Silk Road CHAPTER Introduction. 4 Traders formed camel caravans to cross the desert sands along the Silk Road.

The Silk Road CHAPTER Introduction. 4 Traders formed camel caravans to cross the desert sands along the Silk Road. f > 4 Traders formed camel caravans to cross the desert sands along the Silk Road. CHAPTER The Silk Road 24.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about the achievements of the Han dynasty. Under

More information

THE COFFEE POT OF THE WORLD BRAZIL

THE COFFEE POT OF THE WORLD BRAZIL THE COFFEE POT OF THE WORLD BRAZIL Brazil lies in the north-eastern part of South America and occupies a little less than one-half the total area of the continent. In area, this is the fifth largest country

More information

Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas. World History

Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas. World History Spanish and Portuguese Colonies in the Americas World History Governing The Spanish Empire By the Mid 1500 s, Spain had an enormous Empire that spread from California to South America. This empire was

More information

The Han Dynasty. By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson.

The Han Dynasty. By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson. The Han Dynasty By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson. Origins of the Dynasty The Han Dynasty became known in 206 BCE and the first emperor came

More information

The Late Middle Ages AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( )

The Late Middle Ages AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS ( ) The Late Middle Ages AN AGE OF ACCELERATING CONNECTIONS (600 1450) In 1200 most western Europeans were serfs / peasants. Typically they were compelled to work on the manor (usually owned by nobility or

More information

Chapter 20 Section 2 European Nations Settle North America. Chapter 20 Section 2 European Nations Settle North America 3/26/13

Chapter 20 Section 2 European Nations Settle North America. Chapter 20 Section 2 European Nations Settle North America 3/26/13 Spain has success and others want in on everything. 1494 Treaty of Tordessillas divided the newly discovered lands between Portugal and Spain. Other counties ignored the treaty. Want to build own empire

More information

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST SECTION Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST Focus Question: What have scholars learned about the ancestors of humans, and how have they done so? A. As you read Studying the Historical Past and

More information

Geography of the Fertile Crescent

Geography of the Fertile Crescent Geography of the Fertile Crescent The Big Idea The valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were the site of the world s first civilizations. Main Ideas The rivers of Southwest Asia supported the growth

More information

THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION

THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION MESOPOTAMIA THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESCENT I. Rivers support early civilizations A. Early people settled where crops would grow. B. Many civilizations began near rivers. 1.

More information

Pre-Columbian American Civilizations. Who were the people and cultures of pre-columbian America?

Pre-Columbian American Civilizations. Who were the people and cultures of pre-columbian America? Pre-Columbian American Civilizations Who were the people and cultures of pre-columbian America? Olmec Civilization (1500 BCE 400BCE) Earliest Mesoamerican civilization Olmec research is still ongoing but

More information

Explorers.notebook. October 14, 2014

Explorers.notebook. October 14, 2014 Spices and silk The History!...Royalty and merchants of Europe desired silk and spices from Asia...Merchants sent out caravans(groups of traders) to buy desired products silk road. Nov 3 11:32 AM...Problem********two

More information

Unit 4: Colonial Life. Lesson 2 : Life in the Middle Colonies

Unit 4: Colonial Life. Lesson 2 : Life in the Middle Colonies Unit 4: Colonial Life Lesson 2 : Life in the Middle Colonies SMALL GROUP ACTIVITY: The Middle Colonies What do we already know? Histo ry Geog raph y Civic s/ Gove rnme nt Econ omic s Cultu re SMALL GROUP

More information

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt People settled in Nile River Valley of Egypt around 3200 B.C. Water, fertile land and geography allowed the Egyptians to become rich, powerful, and unified. Egypt is referred to

More information

Aztec and Inca Review

Aztec and Inca Review Aztec and Inca Review Why take the risk? The Spanish took the great risk of exploring unknown land because: They wanted to obtain more gold and silver. They wanted to claim more land. They wanted to spread

More information

Mesoamerica. "Mesoamerican Art & The "Horse" Controversy." Lehis Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014.

Mesoamerica. Mesoamerican Art & The Horse Controversy. Lehis Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 June 2014. Mesoamerica \ The ancient cultures of Mesoamerica were similar to other cultures in parts of the world, yet still maintained their own unique cultural identity. The influence of these cultures can still

More information

The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade

The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade GUIDED READING The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade A. Analyzing Causes and Recognizing Effects As you read this section, note some cause-and-effect relationships relating to the European colonization

More information

RULING A LARGE EMPIRE

RULING A LARGE EMPIRE RULING A LARGE EMPIRE The First Empire Builder: In 2,300B.C., Sargon, the ruler or Akkad, invaded and conquered the city-state of Sumer. He thus created the very first empire in known history when he spread

More information

How, when, and where did we become human?

How, when, and where did we become human? How, when, and where did we become human? Meet our closest ancestor, Homo erectus. Homo erectus was one of the hominid groups that was developing increasingly large brains in both Africa and Asia between

More information

Cortes and Pizarro, Columbian Exchange, and Colonial Empires

Cortes and Pizarro, Columbian Exchange, and Colonial Empires Cortes and Pizarro, Columbian Exchange, and Colonial Empires Arrival of Spanish to Mexico Cortes came in 1519 Claimed land for Spain s king and queen He took 11 ships, 100 sailors, 500 soldiers, cannons,

More information

Chapter 1 Study Guide New World Beginnings: 33,000 B.C-A.D. 1769

Chapter 1 Study Guide New World Beginnings: 33,000 B.C-A.D. 1769 Name: Date: Per. Chapter 1 Study Guide New World Beginnings: 33,000 B.C-A.D. 1769 You need to know the historical significance of the following key terms. I suggest you make flashcards. 1. Marco Polo 2.

More information