Prehistory Overview & Study Guide

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1 Name Prehistory Overview & Study Guide Big Picture: Peopling the Earth: The first big event in this course is the spread of humans across the earth. This is the story of how communities of hunters, foragers, or fishers adapted to their changing environments in Africa, Eurasia, Australia and the Americas. Agricultural/ Neolithic Revolution: Over a period of thousands of years, humans learned how to grow crops and domesticate plants and animals. As a result of their development of agriculture, some human groups became sedentary with the earliest settlements developing in the present-day Middle East and Turkey. Human population rose, cultural patterns came more complex, and opportunities for innovation increased. Agriculture spread as societies came into regular contact with each other over long distances. Unit Vocabulary Students need to know the definitions and be able to use the following terms in appropriate historical contexts. Agriculture Artifact Archaeology Anthropology Artisan B.C.E. Bronze Carbon Dating Cave Art Climate C.E. Domesticate Fossil Historian Homo sapiens Hominid Irrigation Migration Nomad Neolithic Paleolithic Pottery Prehistory Specialization Technology Students of History Unit 1 page 1

2 Key Concepts: 1. Paleolithic versus Neolithic. Compare the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age by placing an X in the correct column. Aspect of Society Paleolithic Era Neolithic Era Means old stone age Means new stone age Created cave art Developed oral language (speech) Developed weaving skills Development Agriculture Domesticated animals Invented the first tools and simple weapons Lived in clans Made and used fire Made pottery Use advanced tools Were nomadic 2. Paleolithic versus Neolithic: In the boxes below, draw a scene from the Paleolithic Era and Neolithic Era. You must use at least THREE (3) aspect s from the above chart to create your illustration Paleolithic Era Neolithic Era Students of History Unit 1 page 2

3 VOCABULARY: Write the definition for each word AND draw an illustration or picture of the word. Word Definition Illustration Artifact Archeologist Someone who studies and what they did in the past from the things they left behind Domestication Taming of Fossil Nomads (job) Specialization Neolithic Revolution Carbon dating A scientific technique used to determine the of an object Students of History Unit 1 page 3

4 GEOGRAPHY: For this unit, you must know the location of the continents and major bodies of water and regions of the world. On the map, NEATLY label the following locations. A. Africa B. Antarctica C. Asia D. Australia E. Europe F. North America G. South America H. Atlantic Ocean I. Indian Ocean J. Mediterranean Sea K. Pacific Ocean L. Arabian Sea Students of History Unit 1 page 4

5 GEOGRAPHY of HUMAN MIGRATION or JUST HOW DID HUMANS MOVE ALL OVER the EARTH? On the map below, trace the route of human migration: Use 2 colors to label the different times of migrations. Draw a LARGE star to mark the oldest know humans found (hint: modern-day Ethiopia!) Use color 1 for Early Human Migration. Use color2 for Later Human Migration. What do the migration routes of Homo sapiens reveal (tell us) about their survival skills and ability to adapt? Students of History Unit 1 page 5

6 Timeline: Part I: Write the name of following eras (AGES) in the correct space BELOW the timeline: Paleolithic Age (2,500,000 8,000 BCE) Neolithic Age (8,000 3,000 BCE) Bronze Age (3000 BCE c. 1,000 BCE) Part 2: Complete the timeline. Write the following EVENTS and DATES above the timeline. Follow the example. Ardi hominid (4,400,000 BCE) Lucy (Australopithecines) hominid (2,000,000 BCE) Abraham founds Judaism (1800 BCE) Cro-Magnon hominids (10,000 BCE) Farming begins (8,000 BCE) First stone tools made (2,500,000 BCE) Hammurabi Code (1790 BCE) Homo Erectus homonids (1,000,000 BCE) Neanderthal hominids (50,000 BCE) Otzi, the Ice Man lives (3300 BCE) Stonehenge built (3,100 BCE) Ardi hominid 4,400,000 BCE AGE AGE AGE 2,500,000 BCE 8,000 BCE 3,000 BCE 1,000 BCE Students of History Unit 1 page 6

7 VISUAL LITERACY: 1. The name of this archeological site is S, located in England. It was built during the Paleolithic Era / Neolithic Era (circle 2. This farmer is using domesticated oxen. These animals could be used as B and as a constant source of F. one) 3. This image shows prehistoric people hunting animals with special hunting tools. These H - G were nomads who moved from place to place searching for new sources of F. The tools of the Paleolithic Ages explain how they ADAPTED to their environment and met their S needs. 4. This agricultural village in Turkey, called C H had rectangular-shaped house make of B and were arranged side-byside like a H. Students of History Unit 1 page 7

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