1 Geography Boot Camp Quiz 1 5 minutes to study, then we begin! You ll have 15 minutes to complete the quiz. Remain seated and quiet until I collect the quiz. There is absolutely NO talking during the quiz, if I see you talking or peeking at your
2 Student Activity: What Goes in the Time Capsule? Divide into groups of 3 and select 2 objects to put in a time capsule not to be opened until the year Your groups should use the objects to explain 21stcentury teenagers to people of the future. What 2 objects will give future people the most complete picture of teenagers today?
3 A Day in the Life of an Archaeologist 20 mins.
4 Early Human Origins: Paleolithic Age to Neolithic Age Prehistoric- Time Before Facebook?
5 Pre-history What does pre-history mean? The period of time before people started writing things down.
6 Anthropology The study of human life (past/present) and culture (beliefs, values, practices) Fossils The remains of ancient plants and animals. Studying fossils we can learn about what people ate, what animals they had around, and their way of life. Carbon Dating Used to date organic fossils, or things that were once alive All living things contain a radioactive isotope of Carbon called Carbon 14 which they absorb from the sun while they are alive.
7 Archaeology Artifacts The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind (human remains, settlements, fossils, artifacts). Artifacts are man-made things that people left behind, they can include: Tools and Weapons Art and Sculpture Pottery Jewelry Human Remains Ancient Buildings and Monuments
8 Scientists search for Human Origins Prehistory dates back to the time before the invention of writing roughly 5,000 years ago. Archaeologists work like detectives to uncover the story of prehistoric peoples. Anthropologist s study culture, or a people s unique way of life. Paleontologists study fossils. They all work as a team studying artifacts (humanmade objects, such as tools and jewelry) to make new discoveries about how prehistoric people lived.
9 Hominids Humans and other creatures that walk upright
10 Between 100, ,000 years ago Homo sapiens emerged in Africa. Homo sapiens means Wise Person. This group split into two distinct groups: Neanderthals and Homo sapiens sapiens Migrated from Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas Homo Sapiens Sapiens Neanderthals
11 Neanderthals Neander s Valley, Germany Remains date 200,000 to 30,000 years ago Europe & Southwest Asia Physically built Cold climates Adapted 1 st to have ritual beliefs Extinct! Why?
12 Homo sapiens sapiens Wise, wise human beings A.k.a modern human beings Began to migrate outside of Africa 100,000 years ago During the last ice age between 100,000 B.C. and 8,000 B.C. the water level in the oceans dropped revealing a land bridge over the Bering Strait connecting Asia
13 Human Origins Dr. Spencer Wells Genographic Project You and I, in fact everyone all over the world, we re literally African under the skin; brothers and sisters separated by a mere two thousand generations. Old-fashioned concepts of race are not only socially troublesome, but scientifically wrong. Questions What are genomes? What is genography? What does this quote mean?
14 Human Origins After DNA revealed his ancestors, American traveler Donovan Webster decided to meet his relatives around the world. Africa Tanzania ME Lebanon Asia Uzbekistan
15 Geography Boot Camp Quiz 2 5 minutes to study, then we begin! You ll have minutes to complete the quiz. Remain seated and quiet until I collect the quiz. Same Rules Apply!!! Absolutely NO talking during the quiz, if I see
16 Why might people from different places and cultures treat other people differently even when 99.9% of our genetic makeup is the Discussion In groups of 3, Answer the following questions. Do you think the evidence that we are all related could affect the ways people from different places and cultures treat one another? Why or why not? Do you think it could lead to better relationships among different governments? Explain.
18 Stone Age: Includes Paleolithic and Neolithic Paleolithic Age Old Stone Age Neolithic Age New Stone Age
19 Paleolithic Communities Paleolithic humans were huntergatherers who wandered from place to place in search of food (wild animals and plants), water and shelter. These huntergatherers were nomads who traveled
20 The role of men was to do the hunting The role of women was gathering and caring for children Fun Fact: Women dominated Society!!!
21 Paleolithic Achievements Paleolithic people created simple tools made out of wood, bone, and stone. They invented fire! Why is that important?
22 Paleolithic people had oral language (spoken) and cave art.
23 Neolithic Age When people developed agriculture and made permanent settlements, the Neolithic Age (NEW Stone Age) began.
24 Neolithic Achievements Domesticated animals- Made advanced tools Made pottery to store food Could now weave cloth
25 Neolithic Revolution Agricultural Revolution A shift from food-gathering to food-producing culture Why did this happen? Change in climate Longer growing season & drier land cultivate grasses (grain) supported a small population boom Population growth Hunter-gatherers pressured to find new food sources to support
26 Neolithic Revolution Slash and burn farming A method where they cut trees/grasses and burned them to clear a field. Why use this method? To clear land for farming What did this do to the soil? Fertilized
27 Neolithic Archaeological Cities Jericho Found in ancient Palestine near the Dead sea Ҫatal Hüyük Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey) Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people. Aleppo Located in Modern- Day Syria
28 Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic Age and completed during the Bronze Age.
30 Archeological discoveries are changing presentday knowledge of early peoples. Ҫatal Hüyük Found in Anatolia (Modern Day Turkey) Its walls enclosed 32 acres and up to 6,000 people. Stonehenge:is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic Age and completed during the Bronze Age. Aleppo: Located in Modern-Day Syria Jericho: Found in ancient Palestine near the Dead sea. *Locations are approximate*
31 Student Activity Ҫatalhüyük 15 Minutes
32 Bell-Ringer You do NOT need to write the question, however you MUST write your answers in complete sentences. Q.1 On which continent do scientists believe early man began? Q.2 What is the period known as that contains both the Paleolithic and Neolithic Ages? Q.3 Explain one theory for why early man painted cave art. What s the significance? What did the use of pictures to communicate information help to initiate? Do you believe this to be true? If so, why? If not, why?
33 Rise of Civilizations Agricultural Surplus Specialization of Labor Trade As farming technology improved people were able to grow the food they needed. Because of this not everyone had to work on providing food anymore and so people could do other things. People could focus on one particular thing, so technology and skills improved. As artisans made goods they began to exchange goods with other villages, and later cities, who had different goods. This was a barter system.
34 What do you need to be Civilized? Advanced Cities How close were you? Advanced Tools What makes you Civilized? Complex Institutions Record Keeping Specialized Labor
35 What is a civilization? A form of human culture in which some people live in cities, have complex social institutions, use some form of writing, and are skilled at using science and technology
36 Exploring the Five Characteristics of Civilization Activity 15 mins
37 Advanced Cities More food = more people As populations grew, cities were formed. Cities Areas that do not farm!
38 Complex Institutions Government The need for government emerged because there was a need to regulate many aspects of city life including the food supply and the defense of the city. As people had more contact with each other, conflicts also emerged, government helped to regulate these as well. Most early governments were monarchies.
39 Complex Institutions Religion Religion developed originally as a way to explain natural phenomena. This gave priests special power and make them important figures.
40 Specialized Labor Food surplus allowed for an opportunity to specialize in labor. Rise of Artists Farmers Priests Scribes
41 Record Keeping/Writing Writing developed as a way to keep records. The first written language developed in Sumer in Mesopotamia, it became known as Cuneiform (wedgeshaped writing)
42 Advanced Technology As work became more specialized, humans made advances in their fields. Wheel Plow Sailboat Bronze Weapons
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