China s First Dynasties

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "China s First Dynasties"

Transcription

1 Preview China s First Dynasties Main Idea / Reading Focus China s Geography The Shang Dynasty The Zhou Dynasty Map: Shang and Zhou Dynasties New Philosophies Faces of History: Chinese Philosophers

2 Preview, continued China s First Dynasties Visual Study Guide / Quick Facts Video: The Impact of Hinduism as a World Religion

3 Main Idea Reading Focus China s First Dynasties China s river valley civilizations built the foundations of a longshared Chinese culture. The achievements of the Shang and Zhou dynasties can be felt to this day. How did China s geography affect its early civilization? What were the achievements of the Shang dynasty? How did China change during the Zhou dynasty? What new philosophies were introduced in China?

4 China s Geography The development of civilization in early China was aided by features like long rivers, fertile soils, temperate climates, and isolated valleys. Rivers, Soils, Climates China s first civilizations developed in river valleys Two major rivers supplied water for earliest civilizations Chang Jiang, also called Yangzi Huang He, or Yellow River Loess Annual floods deposited rich soil, loess, on flood plains Valley of Huang He particularly fertile due to loess Fine dusty soil Carried into China by desert winds Both flow east from Plateau of Tibet to Yellow Sea

5 Crops Most of eastern China covered with fertile soils; some regions better suited than others for growing certain crops Southern China warm, receives plenty of rainfall, excellent region for growing rice Further north climate cooler, drier; suitable for grains, wheat, millet Isolation Combination of rivers for irrigation, fertile soil for planting allowed Chinese to thrive, as did China s relative isolation Mountains, hills, desert protected China from invasion Himalaya Mountains separate southern China from India, rest of southern Asia; vast Gobi Desert prevented reaching China from west

6 Beginnings of Civilization Archaeological discoveries suggest Chinese civilization began in Huang He valley People started growing crops there 9,000 years ago China s Geography Xia Legend says earliest Chinese ruled by Xia dynasty No written, archaeological evidence Xia dynasty existed Most historians date beginning of Chinese civilization to rise of Shang dynasty

7 Summarize What geographic features influenced life in early China? Answer(s): Rivers deposited rich soil for farming; mountains, hills, and desert isolated the area.

8 According to ancient Chinese records, the Shang dynasty formed around 1766 BC, although many archaeologists believe it actually began somewhat later than that. Government and Society China ruled by strong monarchy At capital city, Anyang, kings surrounded by court Rituals performed to strengthen kingdom, keep safe The Shang Dynasty Order King s governors ruled distant parts of kingdom King also had large army at disposal Prevented rebellions, fought outside opponents Agricultural Society Shang China largely agricultural Most tended crops in fields Farmers called on to fight in army, work on building projects tombs, palaces, walls

9 Leisure Ruling elite had free time to pursue leisure activities, hunting for sport Wealthy enjoyed collecting expensive bronze, jade objects Shang Elite Artifacts Much of what is known comes from studying royal tombs Contained valuable items made of bronze, jade Afterlife Tombs held remains of sacrificed prisoners of war Believed in afterlife where ruler would need riches, servants Ancestor Worship Shang offered gifts to deceased ancestors to keep them happy in afterlife Steam from ritual meals nourished ancestors spirits

10 Oracle Bones As part of worship, Shang asked ancestors for advice Sought advice through use of oracle bones Inscribed bits of animal bone, turtle shell Living person asked question of ancestor Hot piece of metal applied to oracle bone resulting in cracks on bone s surface Specially trained priests interpreted meaning of cracks to learn answer

11 Writing Development of Chinese writing closely tied to use of oracle bones Earliest examples of Chinese writing, questions written on bones themselves Early Shang texts used picture symbols to represent objects, ideas Bronze End of Dynasty Shang Achievements and Decline Shang religion led to great advances in working with bronze Highly decorative bronze vessels, objects created for religious rituals Also built huge structures like tombs; created calendar, first money systems Shang ruled for more than 600 years, until about 1100 BC Ruling China s growing population proved too much for Shang Armies from nearby tribe, Zhou, invaded, established new ruling dynasty

12 Summarize How did religion influence other aspects of Shang culture? Answer(s): ritual meals for ancestors; oracle bones connected to early writing; bronze work for rituals; built stable tombs

13 Beginning around 1100 BC, the Zhou rules China for several centuries. The Zhou dynasty is divided into two periods. During the Western Zhou, kings ruled from Xian in a peaceful period. Later conflict arose, kings moved east to Luoyang, beginning the Eastern Zhou period. Government When Zhou conquered Shang, leaders worried Chinese people would not accept them Introduced idea they ruled by Mandate of Heaven Gods would support just ruler, not allow anyone corrupt to hold power The Zhou Dynasty Dynastic Cycle Zhou said Shang overthrown because they lost gods favor Later rulers used Mandate of Heaven to explain dynastic cycle, rise and fall of dynasties in China If dynasty lost power, it obviously had become corrupt In that case, they said, it was the will of the gods that that dynasty be overthrown and a new one take power.

14 Zhou Achievements Before Zhou, Chinese metalwork done almost exclusively in bronze Zhou learned to use iron, became backbone of economy Iron was strong, could be cast more cheaply, quickly than bronze Iron weapons strengthened Zhou army, as did new weapons like catapult and creation of China s first cavalry Growth Population grew under Zhou Farmers learned new techniques, increased size of harvest, created food surpluses; cities also grew Roads, canals allowed better transportation, communication Introduced coins, use of chopsticks Decline of the Zhou Conflict arose during latter part of Zhou dynasty Clan leaders within China rose up against king As time passed, more and more local leaders turned against Zhou, further weakening rule

15 Small States Fight Result of rebellions was Warring States Period 403 BC to 221 BC, number of small states fought each other for land, power Zhou still nominally in charge, but power almost nonexistent by mid-200s BC Qin, new dynasty, arose to bring end to Warring States Period, Zhou dynasty

16

17 Analyze How did China change under the Zhou? Answer(s): iron technology, population grew, new farm techniques, more food, cities grew, roads and canals built, coins and chopsticks introduced

18 New Philosophies The conflicts of the late Zhou period led many Chinese thinkers to question the nature of society and people s roles in it. Effort to make sense of chaos led to creation of many new Chinese philosophies, or ways of looking at the world Of many philosophies created during late Zhou period, two became influential in later Chinese history: Confucianism Daoism

19 Confucius Confucianism based on teachings of scholar named Kongfuzi, better known as Confucius, who thought people should treat one another humanely Should express love, respect for others, honor one s ancestors Love and Respect Analects Confucianism Believed that love, respect had disappeared and was responsible for violence in society; restoring respect for tradition would make society stable Thoughts on how to improve society collected in book, Analects Ruler should treat subjects fairly; subjects reward ruler with respect, loyalty People should respect members of family, devote selves to public service Confucian ideas spread elsewhere in Asia, including Korea, Japan, Vietnam

20 Definition Daoism Yin and Yang Unlike Confucianism, which focuses on improving society, Daoism encourages people to retreat from laws of society, yield to law of nature Heart of Daoism is concept of the dao, or the way Dao is the limitless force that is part of all creation Through the dao, all things in nature connected Finding one s place in nature allows person to achieve harmony with universe Daoism embraced Chinese concept of yin and yang, representing balancing aspect of nature male, female; dark, light; hot, cold Neither can exist without other Important for two to remain balanced for perfect harmony Origins of Daoist teachings attributed to philosopher named Laozi Wrote book called Dao De Jing Laozi worshipped by some as a god

21 Some Lasting Effects Daoism eventually proved less influential than Confucianism in Chinese history Still played major role in later dynasties Idea of balance key concept in China for centuries as result of Daoist teaching Daoist philosophy led many followers to work for preservation, protection of natural environment

22

23 Contrast What is one difference between Confucianism and Daoism? Answer(s): Daoism retreat from society and commune with nature; Confucianism improve society

24

25

26

27 Video The Impact of Hinduism as a World Religion Click above to play the video.

True of most river valley civilizations.

True of most river valley civilizations. True of most river valley civilizations. China under the Shang Dynasty Chinese legend says that Pan Gu the first man created the universe. The first legendary dynasty was the Xia. Scholars are not sure

More information

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China Ancient China Map of Ancient China Name: Date: In this unit, you will learn about ancient China. Look carefully at the map. Trace the length of the Huang River in black. Put an orange star next to Anyang.

More information

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River)

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) Early China The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) starts in the TIBETAN Plateau and flows 2,900 miles to the Yellow Sea carries LOESS - a dusty yellow soil called "China's SORROW due to devastating

More information

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 5 Early Society in East Asia 1 The Yellow River Huang He 3000 Miles: Tibet to the Yellow Sea Deposits fertile, light colored soil Periodic flooding: China s sorrow 2 Prehistoric Society: Yangshao

More information

History Alive!-Chapter 20. The Shang Dynasty Introduction (p.195)

History Alive!-Chapter 20. The Shang Dynasty Introduction (p.195) The Shang Dynasty 20.1 Introduction (p.195) The Shang Dynasty ruled the area around the Huang He from 1700 to 1122B.C.E. Ancient China was not one country, but a number of clans, or extended families,

More information

Ancient China History Flow Chart

Ancient China History Flow Chart R78 L85 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs 280-283 Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs 283-285 Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty

More information

Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China

Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c. 3100 B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China World History Bell Ringer #9 9-7-17 1. Religion and political power were closely linked in early Indian civilization,

More information

Chinese Dynasties. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang. Key Details. Zhou. Warring States. Qin. Han. Name Hour

Chinese Dynasties. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang. Key Details. Zhou. Warring States. Qin. Han. Name Hour Chinese Dynasties Name Hour Use the readings to fill in the chart below with each dynasty s date and the key details of the period. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang Zhou Warring States Qin Han Key Details Shang

More information

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST SECTION Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST Focus Question: What have scholars learned about the ancestors of humans, and how have they done so? A. As you read Studying the Historical Past and

More information

City-States in Mesopotamia

City-States in Mesopotamia Name CHAPTER 2 Section 1 (pages 29 34) City-States in Mesopotamia BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about the earliest humans and the first civilization. In this section, you will learn more

More information

Ancient Civilizations Project

Ancient Civilizations Project Ancient Civilizations Project Step One: Choose and research an early civilization with your group members. Step Two: Create a Power Point document to use during your presentation. Bibliography to be included

More information

Ancient Chinese Dynasties BCE Shang Zhou

Ancient Chinese Dynasties BCE Shang Zhou Ancient Chinese Dynasties 1700 221 BCE Shang Zhou Shang Dynasty 1766-1050 BCE Important Because: First Chinese Dynasty historians have evidence of Called the Yellow River Civilization Bronze Civilization

More information

The Qin and Han Dynasties

The Qin and Han Dynasties The Qin and Han Dynasties Four Chinese Dynasties Section Overview This section describes the first civilizations in China and how the geography of the region, especially its rivers, mountains, and deserts,

More information

Section 2. Objectives

Section 2. Objectives Objectives Summarize how Mongol armies built an empire. Describe China under Mongol rule. Understand how the Ming restored Chinese rule. Explain why the Ming explored the high seas for only a brief period.

More information

CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization?

CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization? CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization? Geography Historians believed that one of the first civilizations arose in Sumer, a region that is now

More information

Chapter 2 Notes New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, B.C.E.

Chapter 2 Notes New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, B.C.E. Chapter 2 Notes New Civilizations in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres, 2200-250 B.C.E. Chapter Thesis: During the second millennium B.C.E. more complex civilizations than the early Mesopotamian or Egyptian

More information

Mesopotamia - The Land Between Two Rivers

Mesopotamia - The Land Between Two Rivers Mesopotamia - The Land Between Two Rivers Mesopotamia was a place where many ancient cities were established. The word Mesopotamia means located between two rivers. The two rivers were the Tigris River

More information

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to 500 BC. SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins,

More information

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism.

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. Standard 7.3.4: Standard 7.3.4 Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. The Mongol Empire Who were the Mongols? Nomadic peoples

More information

The two civilizations were isolated for years, with this they faced many challenges. They faced environmental challenges such as polar

The two civilizations were isolated for years, with this they faced many challenges. They faced environmental challenges such as polar The two civilizations were isolated for 15000 years, with this they faced many challenges. They faced environmental challenges such as polar extremes, high mountain ranges, deserts, and prairies. These

More information

Government city-states

Government city-states Government All Maya people shared the same religious beliefs, had the same social structure, and used the same written language. However, they lived in different city-states (a Maya city and the land it

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT The Land Between the Rivers: The first civilization in the fertile crescent was Mesopotamia. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Sumer, as in Egypt,

More information

The Han Dynasty. By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson.

The Han Dynasty. By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson. The Han Dynasty By Kevin Meyer, Avery Weber, Hayden Weis, Zach Rademacher, Phillip Petersen, and Jason Johnson. Origins of the Dynasty The Han Dynasty became known in 206 BCE and the first emperor came

More information

Slide 1. Slide 2. Slide 3

Slide 1. Slide 2. Slide 3 Slide 1 Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Slide 2 Paleo-Indians Paleo from palaios ( ancient in Greek) Indians from Columbus mistake Beringia Ice sheet across the Bering Strait that connected

More information

Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25

Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25 Due Date: I. PREHISTORY 1. Define prehistory: A. Archaeology and Anthropology 1. Define archaeology: Chapter 1 Reading Guide/Study Guide Section One Early Humans (pages 19 25 Name: 2. Define artifacts:

More information

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America?

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? 2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? Objective you are going to analyze 10 native cultures of North and South America. The Many Native groups in America had a wide variety of beliefs

More information

African History. Return

African History. Return Kingdoms of Africa African History Africa produced many great civilizations. During the time of the Middle Ages of Europe, the African kingdoms of Mali, Ghana and Songhai were places of advanced learning

More information

Chinese Society and Culture

Chinese Society and Culture Chinese Society and Culture Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus Han Society Trade and Buddhism Map: The Silk Roads Han Achievements Main Idea Chinese Society and Culture The Han dynasty was a time of social

More information

The Ming and Qing Dynasties

The Ming and Qing Dynasties Preview The Ming and Qing Dynasties Main Idea / Reading Focus The Ming Dynasty The Qing Dynasty Ming and Qing Culture Map: Ming and Qing Dynasties Main Idea The Ming and Qing Dynasties During the Ming

More information

Unit 1 A New World Rising Grade 5 Social Studies/ELA Curriculum Lesson 3: Great Civilizations Emerge in the Americas.

Unit 1 A New World Rising Grade 5 Social Studies/ELA Curriculum Lesson 3: Great Civilizations Emerge in the Americas. Aztec Religion One of the most important aspects of Aztec religion was the sun. The Aztecs called themselves the "People of the Sun". They felt that in order for the sun to rise each day the Aztecs needed

More information

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent BC

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent BC Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent 7000-500 BC Lesson 1: Geography of the Fertile Crescent Rivers People settled near rivers because crops would grow here. Floods kept the soil fertile. The

More information

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt People settled in Nile River Valley of Egypt around 3200 B.C. Water, fertile land and geography allowed the Egyptians to become rich, powerful, and unified. Egypt is referred to

More information

Mesopotamia: Land Between the Rivers. Mesopotamia

Mesopotamia: Land Between the Rivers. Mesopotamia Mesopotamia: Land Between the Rivers Mesopotamia The many people of Mesopotamia 1. Sumerians (ancient Sumer s city-states) (3000 B.C. - 1800 B.C.) 2. Babylonians (Babylonian Empire) (1800 B.C. - 1200 B.C.

More information

Were the Aztecs really that brutal? Basic Introduction to the Aztecs. The Aztecs

Were the Aztecs really that brutal? Basic Introduction to the Aztecs. The Aztecs Basic Introduction to the Aztecs The Aztecs Were the Aztecs really that brutal? found their city. Who were they? The Aztecs were a very successful ancient civilisation who lived in what is now central

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction. Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. 450 B.C.

World History: Patterns of Interaction. Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. 450 B.C. Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C. 450 B.C. Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500

More information

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade

World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade World History and Geography to 1500 A.D. Unit VII Eastern Hemisphere Trade During the Medieval Period (500 to 1500 A.D.), several major trading routes developed in the Eastern Hemisphere. These trading

More information

The Earliest Americans. Chapter 1 Section 1

The Earliest Americans. Chapter 1 Section 1 The Earliest Americans Chapter 1 Section 1 Terms to Know Migration a movement of people or animals from one region to another Environments--climates and landscapes that surround living things Culture--

More information

Ancient China. Name Period

Ancient China. Name Period Ancient China Name Period The Location & Climate of China SLMS/12 Location China is located on the eastern portion of Asia, and is neighbor to India & the Stans in the west, Russia & Mongolia to the north,

More information

ANCIENT WORLD HOMEWORK PACKET

ANCIENT WORLD HOMEWORK PACKET ANCIENT WORLD HOMEWORK PACKET NAME: PERIOD: ANCIENT WORLD HOMEWORK PACKET TABLE OF CONTENTS I. The Sumerians and Mesopotamia a. Reading and Questions II. Ancient Egypt- The Rise of Pharaohs a. Reading

More information

Ancient China. The Shang dynasty came next. It ruled for 600 years. The Shang people worked with bronze. They made tools and wheels.

Ancient China. The Shang dynasty came next. It ruled for 600 years. The Shang people worked with bronze. They made tools and wheels. The first settlers of China lived in the Yellow River Valley. The farmers grew crops. Men made silk. They used clay to make dishes and pots. Mountains along the borders kept them apart from other nations.

More information

Before Contact with Europeans

Before Contact with Europeans Before Contact with Europeans Introduction Migration to the Americas Early migrations from northern Asia to Alaska occurred 35,000 to 15,000 years ago Some contact with Polynesians possible Geography Great

More information

Geography of the Fertile Crescent

Geography of the Fertile Crescent Geography of the Fertile Crescent The Big Idea The valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were the site of the world s first civilizations. Main Ideas The rivers of Southwest Asia supported the growth

More information

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief.

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. GHANA Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. By the 700s, Ghana was a kingdom, and its rulers were growing

More information

The Geography of China

The Geography of China Three Gorges Project The world's largest dam is being built between the dramatic granite cliffs that overlook the Yangtze River in central China. When it is completed, the dam promises to provide China

More information

Name: QHS Social Studies Period:

Name: QHS Social Studies Period: World History Quincy High Summer Reading: History of the World in 6 Glasses...Tom Standage's bright idea really is bright: "A History of the World in 6 Glasses," a book that divides world history into

More information

RULING A LARGE EMPIRE

RULING A LARGE EMPIRE RULING A LARGE EMPIRE The First Empire Builder: In 2,300B.C., Sargon, the ruler or Akkad, invaded and conquered the city-state of Sumer. He thus created the very first empire in known history when he spread

More information

Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties

Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties Sui, Tang and Song Dynasties Sui Dynasty (589-618) After collapse of the Han Dynasty (220AD), no emperor strong enough to hold China together. centuries of fragmented power; who in society enjoys more

More information

Note Taking Study Guide EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA

Note Taking Study Guide EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA SECTION 1 EARLY CIVILIZATIONS OF AFRICA Focus Question: How did geography and natural resources affect the development of early societies throughout Africa? As you read this section in your textbook, complete

More information

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Name Date Block Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Directions: Answer the questions using www.mesopotamia.co.uk AND YOUR OWN background knowledge! Click on Mesopotamia, then Geography from the left

More information

The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500

The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500 The World before the Opening of the Atlantic BEGINNINGS 1500 What you will Learn Buffalo graze on the plains in South Dakota. Millions of these animals used to roam lands from Canada to Texas. In this

More information

Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World

Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World Chapter 4: How and Why Europeans Came to the New World Section 4.3 - Ocean Crossing When sailors cross the ocean, they need a way to stay on course. They have no landmarks to guide them in the open sea.

More information

Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary

Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary Paleolithic Era DEF: Old Stone Age CONNECT: Stone Age time tools were poorly made of stone Neolithic Era DEF: New Stone Age CONNECT: time tools were carefully made

More information

Table of Contents. World History Detective. Table of Contents

Table of Contents. World History Detective. Table of Contents Table of Contents Table of Contents Teacher Overview... iv About the Author... vi 1. The Fertile Crescent and the Sumerians...1 2. Babylonian Empire...5 3. Hittites and Phoenicians...9 4. Religious History

More information

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the Name Class Date The Early Americas BIG IDEAS 1. The Maya developed a civilization that thrived in Mesoamerica from about 250 until the 900s. 2. The strong Aztec Empire, founded in central Mexico in 1325,

More information

It was during the Neolithic age that farmers emerged and changed the way people lived. This can be seen in Catalhoyuk.

It was during the Neolithic age that farmers emerged and changed the way people lived. This can be seen in Catalhoyuk. Mesopotamia The Worlds first cities began as farming villages in the Middle East. As they grew they began to trade with each other. Trade, like farming, became a very important source of wealth. Catalhoyuk

More information

Section 2: Turning Point: The Neolithic Revolution

Section 2: Turning Point: The Neolithic Revolution Chapter Review Chapter 1 Summary Section 1: Understanding Our Past Prehistory is the time before written history. Archaeologists study artifacts to learn about early humans. In the 1950s the Leakeys found

More information

North American Societies

North American Societies Name CHAPTER 16 Section 1 (pages 441 445) North American Societies BEFORE YOU READ In the last section, you read about diverse societies in Africa. In this section, you will read about diverse societies

More information

Geography Boot Camp Quiz 1

Geography Boot Camp Quiz 1 Geography Boot Camp Quiz 1 5 minutes to study, then we begin! You ll have 15 minutes to complete the quiz. Remain seated and quiet until I collect the quiz. There is absolutely NO talking during the quiz,

More information

AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT

AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT 2015 AP WORLD HISTORY SUMMER ASSIGNMENT DURING THE NEXT SCHOOL YEAR, WE WILL COVER EVERYTHING THAT S EVER HAPPENED EVER. TO GET US A BIT OF HEAD START, YOUR TASK THIS SUMMER IS TO COVER THE FIRST PERIOD

More information

Vocabulary Builder. netw rks. A. Content Vocabulary. Early Humans and the Agricultural Revolution

Vocabulary Builder. netw rks. A. Content Vocabulary. Early Humans and the Agricultural Revolution Vocabulary Builder A Content Vocabulary Directions: Select a vocabulary term from the box that best completes each sentence Write a term in each blank Paleolithic nomad technology ice age domesticate Neolithic

More information

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century)

The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) The Americans (Reconstruction to the 21st Century) Chapter 1: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Exploration and the Colonial Era CHAPTER OVERVIEW Native Americans develop complex societies. Starting in 1492, Europeans

More information

SOL Review - Geography

SOL Review - Geography SOL Review - Geography I. Review Reading and Interpreting Maps, Diagrams & Pictures on the SOL A. Examine any chart, graph, map or other illustrations that accompanies the question. Examine the illustration

More information

The Ancient World. Chapter 5 Ancient China. How did physical geography affect the growth of ancient civilizations?

The Ancient World. Chapter 5 Ancient China. How did physical geography affect the growth of ancient civilizations? Chapter 5 Ancient China Chapter 5-Guiding Questions: How did physical geography affect the growth of ancient civilizations? What historical accomplishments is each civilization known for? In the vast

More information

Aztec and Inca Review

Aztec and Inca Review Aztec and Inca Review Why take the risk? The Spanish took the great risk of exploring unknown land because: They wanted to obtain more gold and silver. They wanted to claim more land. They wanted to spread

More information

5/21/14 CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS PALEOLITHIC ERA OLD STONE AGE 2.5 MILLION -12,000 YEARS AGO

5/21/14 CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS PALEOLITHIC ERA OLD STONE AGE 2.5 MILLION -12,000 YEARS AGO CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AP World History PALEOLITHIC ERA OLD STONE AGE 2.5 MILLION -12,000 YEARS AGO The human species has existed for about 2.5 million years. Hunting

More information

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy

Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Name Date Mastering the Content Assessment: China Develops a New Economy Circle the letter next to the best answer. 1. What caused Chinese farmers to move from northern to southern China during the Tang

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Paleolithic Sites in Europe and Southwest Asia GREECE. Crete EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Paleolithic Sites in Europe and Southwest Asia GREECE. Crete EGYPT Lesson 1 Hunter-Gatherers ESSENTIAL QUESTION How do people adapt to their environment? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What was life like during the Paleolithic Age? 2. How did people adapt to survive during the

More information

Made in Mesopotamia. HistoriCool Resources

Made in Mesopotamia. HistoriCool Resources MADE IN MESOPOTAMIA Made in Mesopotamia Mesopotamia. The name sounds a bit like an alternative rock band, or a fungal infection cream. But it s neither! Mesopotamia, meaning land between rivers in Ancient

More information

CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS

CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS CHAPTER 1: FROM HUMAN PREHISTORY TO THE EARLY CIVILIZATIONS PALEOLITHIC ERA OLD STONE AGE 2.5 MILLION - 12,000 BCE The human species has existed for about 2.5 million years. Hunting and Gathering: over

More information

Text One. The Silk Road

Text One. The Silk Road Text One The Silk Road The Silk Road was an extensive network of overland trade routes across the Asian continent. They connected East, South, and Western Asia with the Mediterranean world, including North

More information

early human history and Central & South America Jeopardy

early human history and Central & South America Jeopardy early human history and Central & South America Jeopardy What You Need To Know Every team will be chosen by Joe with the intention of mixing girls and boys and grade levels. Teams can choose a name if

More information

Paleolithic Era to Mesopotamian City-States

Paleolithic Era to Mesopotamian City-States Paleolithic Era to Mesopotamian City-States Before History Prehistory = the period before written records. Archaeological information Archaeology = the study of structures of past societies by analyzing

More information

Prehistory Overview & Study Guide

Prehistory Overview & Study Guide Name Prehistory Overview & Study Guide Big Picture: Peopling the Earth: The first big event in this course is the spread of humans across the earth. This is the story of how communities of hunters, foragers,

More information

Chapter 5. Ancient Sumer ZZSXB! ^ I*!

Chapter 5. Ancient Sumer ZZSXB! ^ I*! I*! Chapter 5 Ancient Sumer 1 1.1 ZZSXB! ^ Chapter 5 Ancient Sumer Why do historians classify ancient Sumer as a civilization? 5.1 Introduction The rise of Sumerian city-states began around 3500 B.C.E.

More information

ARTIFACT A ARTIFACT B

ARTIFACT A ARTIFACT B ARTIFACT A Olmec urban development was made possible by earlier advances in agriculture. The staples of Mesoamerican diet- corn, beans and squash- were domesticated by 3500BCE. The ability of farmers to

More information

AIM. Explain how dragons played an essential role in

AIM. Explain how dragons played an essential role in CHINA AIM Explain how dragons played an essential role in Chinese culture Dragons were respected spirist, friendly beasts who brought good luck Dragon gods brought rain to make the land fertile A dragon

More information

Mesopotamia Study Guide Review STUDY GUIDES ARE DUE ON THE DAY OF THE TEST!

Mesopotamia Study Guide Review STUDY GUIDES ARE DUE ON THE DAY OF THE TEST! Mesopotamia Study Guide Review STUDY GUIDES ARE DUE ON THE DAY OF THE TEST! 1. How did the Mesopotamians use AND control the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers? Flood Control Built levees and storage basin to

More information

Chapter Summary. Section 2: Kingdoms of West Africa. Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa

Chapter Summary. Section 2: Kingdoms of West Africa. Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa Chapter Review Chapter Summary Section 1: Early Civilizations of Africa Geography affected migration, cultural development, and trade during the time of early civilizations in Africa. The civilization

More information

NAME: DATE: PER: Paleolithic People: The Paleolithic Age. Making A Connection

NAME: DATE: PER: Paleolithic People: The Paleolithic Age. Making A Connection Mr. Curzan Roots Of Civ. NAME: DATE: PER: Paleolithic People: The Paleolithic Age Key Terms: Define each term from the readings on the next few pages prehistory - civilization - migrate bands - home territory

More information

From Pre History to Civilization

From Pre History to Civilization From Pre History to Civilization The first humans: appear in Africa. The term pre-history refers to the period when written languages and records did not yet exist. How do we know about the pre-history

More information

Eastern Hemisphere African Empires

Eastern Hemisphere African Empires Eastern Hemisphere African Empires Eastern Hemisphere in the Middle Ages Europe Asia Africa India Background: During the Medieval Period several major trade routes developed in the Eastern Hemisphere.

More information

Unit 1-Part 1 From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River- Valley Civilizations B.C.

Unit 1-Part 1 From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River- Valley Civilizations B.C. Unit 1-Part 1 From the Origins of Agriculture to the First River- Valley Civilizations 8000-1500 B.C. ! Civilization- 1. Cities of administrative centers 2. A political system based on defined territory

More information

First Permanent English Settlement

First Permanent English Settlement First Permanent English Settlement Name: Section 1 Section 2 STUDY GUIDE SECTION: Why did the English want to establish a colony in America? What did the English think they would find in America? What

More information

Do Now. Take notes on the article on a separate sheet of paper

Do Now. Take notes on the article on a separate sheet of paper Do Now Take notes on the article on a separate sheet of paper Early Humans { Early Humans Historians rely on documents and written records to learn about the past Prehistory is the period before writing

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Paleolithic Europe and the Near East. Willendorf GREECE. Crete Cyprus EGYPT

NAME DATE CLASS. Paleolithic Europe and the Near East. Willendorf GREECE. Crete Cyprus EGYPT NAM DAT CLASS Lesson 1 Hunter-Gatherers SSNTIAL QUSTION How do people adapt to their environment? GUIDING QUSTIONS 1. What was life like during the Paleolithic Age? 2. How did people adapt to survive during

More information

PREHISTORY. Activities:

PREHISTORY. Activities: PREHISTORY Prehistory is the longest period in human history. It extends from the appearance of the first human beings to the invention of writing (between 2 million years BC and 3.500 years BC). Prehistory

More information

Civilizations of the Americas

Civilizations of the Americas Copyright 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Chapter 7, Section World History: Connection to Today Chapter 7 Civilizations of the

More information

Basic parts of a friendly letter: Heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature

Basic parts of a friendly letter: Heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature Name Grading Criteria Basic parts of a friendly letter: Heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature (10 points) Ideas: 1. Why should your family give you more resources to explore the area and civilization?

More information

Holt African American History Chapter 1

Holt African American History Chapter 1 Beginnings in Africa Section 1 Human Origins and Early Civilizations Section 2 Great Empires of West Africa Section 3 Kingdoms of East and South Africa Section 1: Human Origins and Early Civilizations

More information

UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE

UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE What is the origin of human beings? What is Prehistory? How many stages are there in Prehistory? What was life like in the Palaeolithic Age? What was life like in the Neolithic Age?

More information

Chapter 11 The Americas

Chapter 11 The Americas Chapter 11 The Americas Postclassical Mesoamerica, 1000-1500 C.E. The collapse of Teotihuacan and the abandonment of Mayan cities in the 8 th century C.E. was followed by significant political and cultural

More information

World History I SOL WH1.2 Mr. Driskell

World History I SOL WH1.2 Mr. Driskell World History I SOL WH1.2 Mr. Driskell A. Modern people are called homosapiens, meaning wise man. B. Homo-sapiens first existed in East Africa, several hundred thousand years ago. C. Home-sapiens spread

More information

Section 2 Standards-Based Instruction

Section 2 Standards-Based Instruction Section 2 Ghana H-SS 7.4.2 Analyze the importance of family, labor specialization, and regional commerce in the development of states and cities in West Africa. E-LA Reading 6.2.2 Analyze text that uses

More information

The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade

The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade GUIDED READING The Columbian Exchange and Global Trade A. Analyzing Causes and Recognizing Effects As you read this section, note some cause-and-effect relationships relating to the European colonization

More information

Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa

Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa Journal A Journal 11-03-17 What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa Journal B A. metal goods, salt, and cloth B. gold, cloth, and salt C. gold, slaves, and crops D. cloth, cattle hides,

More information

The Cradle of Civilization- Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

The Cradle of Civilization- Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent The Cradle of Civilization- Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Marshall High School Mr. Cline Western Civilization I: Ancient Foundations Unit Two AA Think of all the things that make up civilization.

More information

Fun facts about mesopotamia

Fun facts about mesopotamia P ford residence southampton, ny Fun facts about mesopotamia 7-10-2017 Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq and an area that included various, changing nations in the

More information

Light Meets Life 光壽無量

Light Meets Life 光壽無量 Light Meets Life 光壽無量 A non-profit tea center dedicated to promoting, cultivating and expressing an awakening of harmony through tea. We believe that Tea wisdom which has no connection to any financial

More information