Chapter 2 Section 1. Paleolithic Age

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1 Chapter 2 Section 1 Paleolithic Age

2 Paleolithic Age - second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC Stone Age - the earliest known period of human culture, characterized by the use of stone implements

3 Vocabulary Prehistory the time period before written history Civilization- a time when people progresses culturally and began settling in cities. Migrate to move, mass movement

4 Bands groups of people Home Territory areas where hunters and gathers live Olduvan Pebble Tools Earliest stone tools found in Eastern Africa Homo habilis skillful man, 1 st humans Homo erectus man who walks upright

5 Homo sapiens man who thinks, modern humans developed from this group Neanderthals a group of humans that lived along the Neander River in Germany Pitfalls a large hole that was covered with leaves, branches, and dirt, when a large animal walked over it they would fall into the hole trapping it ; therefore making it easier to kill

6 Cro-Magnons A group of early humans that lived in the area of modern France, they were named after the rock shelter where archaeologists found their remains Burin Tool invented by the Cro-Magnons, similar to a chisel Spear Thrower devices that made spears fly through the air faster and farther, early form of an arrow

7 1. Where did the first humans originally live? Grasslands of eastern and southern Africca

8 2. What made it possible for humans to spread out all over the earth from this area? The global climate changed Ocean water froze into huge glaciers at the poles exposing land in the middle of the earth Land bridges that connected Africa, Asia, and Europe making it easier for humans to move into new areas

9 3. What happened to the size of the bands of humans when the food supply was good? The population grew

10 4. What happened to most children during the Paleolithic Age before their first birthday? They died from either disease or were killed by animals

11 5. What are some ways the hunters and gathers of the Paleolithic Age obtained food? Women gathered nuts, berries, honey, and roots Men small animals with rocks, stones, and their bare hands

12 6. How did humans first make fire? By rubbing two sticks or stones together or turning a stick in a hole in a dry log

13 7. What purpose did fire serve the To stay warm and dry early humans? As a weapon To clear land To cook food to make it easier to eat

14 8. What did the first humans use as clothing? They began to use animal hides It allowed them to move to cooler climates

15 9. How did the Paleolithic humans communicate? How did the invention of language change the way humans interacted with one another? Hand signals Language helped humans to be able to work together, pass on beliefs, and also to educate younger humans so that progress could be made

16 10. What two skills did the Neanderthals master? What advancements did they make in these areas? Hunting Pitfalls Building made houses out of mammoth bones and animal skins

17

18 11. What were the Neanderthals the Bury their dead first to do?

19 12. How did Cro-Magnon tools affect hunting? What effect did this have on population and culture? They were able to make better weapons for hunting that were able to take down larger animals and keep the hunter safer Hunting became less dangerous and more productive, so the population grew with the food supply

20 13. What effect did the axe have on the Cro-Magnon? It allowed them to create water going vessels such as rafts and canoes This allowed them to migrate all over the world

21 14. What is the significance of the cave paintings found in Cro-Magnon caves? Anthropologists believe that they may have had something to do with religion They may have believed that the drawing helped them to gain power over the animal s spirit This would help them to find and kill the animal

22

23 15. How did the bands of Cro-Magnon work together? They had gatherings every so often to discuss things such as herd movement and to trade with one another

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