Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Blood Serum Biochemical Parameters Broiler Chicks at 29 and 49 days of age

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Blood Serum Biochemical Parameters Broiler Chicks at 29 and 49 days of age"

Transcription

1 Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Blood Serum Biochemical Parameters Broiler Chicks at 29 and 49 days of age Safdar Dorri * (1), Sayed Ali Tabeidian (2), majid Toghyani (2), Rahman Jahanian (3), Fatemeh Behnamnejad (1) (1) M.Sc Student, Department of Animal Science, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran (2) Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, Khorasgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran (3) Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology * Corresponding E- mail address: ABSTRACT The present trial was conducted to investigate the effect of grape pomace on blood biochemical parameters in broiler chicks. A total of 450 day-old mixed sex broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly allotted to 6 dietary treatments with 5 replicates of 15 birds in a completely randomized design. Dietary treatments consisted of a control diet and diets contain in 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15% grape pomace which fed during a 39 d trial period. At 25 and 42 days of age, sera samples were analyzed to quantify triacylglycerol, cholesterol, and high- (HDL) and low- (LDL) density lipoproteins concentrations. At day 29 of age, the highest concentrations of total triacylglycerol were allotted to control-supplemented birds and least values for 15% grape pomace birds (P<0.01). Also, there was significant (P<0.05) difference between experimental groups in the light of sera concentrations of LDL in blood samples, so that grape pomace led to decrease in LDL concentration and controldiet increased LDL contents of serum samples. while At day 49 of age, there was significant (P<0.05) difference between experimental groups in the light of sera concentrations of HDL in blood samples, so that grape pomace led to increase in HDL concentration and control-diet reduced HDL contents of serum samples. From the present results, it seems that dietary utilization of grape pomace could improve lipid and lipoprotein profiles of blood. Key words: broilers chicks, grape pomace and blood biochemical parameters. 1. INTRODUCTION Grape (Vitis vinifera) is one of the largest fruit crops in the world, with an approximate annual production of 61 million metric tons. The main by-products are collected during destemming (stems), grape crushing, and pressing (skins, seeds, and lees). Grape pomace consists mainly of peels, stems, and seeds and accounts for about 20% of the weight of the grape processed into wine. Recent investigations have stressed the importance of by-products from wine processing as plant materials particularly rich in a wide range of polyphenols Grape skins and

2 seeds are rich sources of flavonoids including monomeric phenolic compounds, such as (+)- catechins, ( )-epicatechin, and ( )-epicatechin-3-o-gallate and dimeric, trimeric, and tetrameric procyanidins. Studies have shown flavonoids have the capacity to act as powerful antioxidants by scavenging free radicals and terminating oxidative reactions (Brenes et al, 2008). The composition of grape pomace major constituents, Peels and seeds, has been reported by several authors, with high polyphenolic as well as dietary fibre (DF) contents. The seed oil has high unsaturated fatty acid levels, over 80%, linoleic acid being predominant (Llobera & Canellas, 2007). Goni et al (2007) at his reports showed that, increasing concentration of GP in the chicken diets did not impair growth performance (BW, feed consumption, and feed efficiency) compared with those birds fed the unsupplemented and supplemented vitamin E diets. The objective of current experiment was to investigate the effects grape pomace as corn and soybean alternatives on blood lipoprotein of broiler chickens. 2. MATERIALS AND METHODS All experimental procedures were approved by the Animal Research Ethics Committee of the Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan branch, Isfahan, Iran. Grape Pomace Grape pomace was obtained from Koohrang juicer factory, shahrekord, Iran, in fall The grape pomace was provided after milling added to dietary treatments. Bird Management and Diets This study was carried out in experimental farm of Islamic Azad University Khorasgan Branch, Isfahan, Iran. The day-old mixed sex broiler chicks (Ross 308) were purchased from a commercial hatchery. The chicks were housed in floor pens ( m) containing pine shavings throughout the trial. A total of 450 chicks were randomly allocated to 30 pens of 15 birds in a completely randomized design and fed experimental diet from 10 to 49 day of age. The chicks were assigned to pens so that initial BW and weight distributions were similar among different dietary treatments. Five replicate pens were assigned to each of the 6 experimental diets. The commercial basal diets were formulated to meet the nutritional requirement Ross 308 of broiler chicks in different phases of growth. Dietary treatments consisted of a control diet and diets contain in 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15% grape pomace, which fed during a 39 day trial period. Feed and water were provided for ad libitum consumption and chicks had access to 24 h lighting schedule during the experiment. Temperature was 32 C during the first week of age and was reduced by 2 C/week until the birds were 5 weeks old.

3 Recording and Chemical Analysis At 29 and 49 days of age, two birds from each replicate (close to mean body weight of that pen) were selected randomly for blood parameter measurements. The sera samples were analyzed for triglycerides, cholesterol, and high- (HDL) and low- (LDL) density lipoproteins according to standard procedures of AOAC (1995). Statistical Analysis Data were subjected to analysis of variance in a completely randomized design using the General Linear Models (GLM) procedure of SAS (SAS Institute, 2004), and when treatment means were significant (P<0.05), Duncan's multiple range test (Duncan, 1955) was used. Single degree of freedom contrasts were made among treatment means to compare control versus grape pomace-fed groups. 3. RESULTS AND DISSCUSION The effects of treatments on blood lipoprotein of broiler chickens at days 29 and 49 of age are shown in Tables 1&2. Table 1: Effect of different levels of grape pomace in comparison with control on blood lipoprotein broiler chicks at 29 day of age (mg dl -1 ) treatment Triacylglyc Total erol cholesterol HDL LDL a a Grape Pomace 3% ab a Grape Pomace 6% ab b Grape Pomace 9% cb ab Grape Pomace 12% c b Grape Pomace 15% Independent comparison c b a a b Grape Pomace b b a P-value Treatment of the Grape Pomace SEM P-value was calculated for studied treatments on broiler birds. a c within each column Means with no common superscript are significantly (P < 0.05) different.

4 Table 2: Effect of different levels of grape pomace in comparison with control on blood lipoprotein broiler chicks at 49 day of age (mg dl -1 ) treatment Triacylglyc Total erol cholesterol HDL LDL b Grape Pomace 3% a Grape Pomace 6% a Grape Pomace 9% ab Grape Pomace 12% a Grape Pomace 15% Independent comparison a a a b Grape Pomace b b a P-value Treatment of the Grape Pomace SEM P-value was calculated for studied treatments on broiler birds. a c within each column Means with no common superscript are significantly (P < 0.05) different. Results of this study indicated that at day 29 of age, the highest concentrations of triacylglycerol were allotted to control-supplemented birds and least values for 15% grape pomace birds (P<0.01). Also, there was significant (P<0.05) difference between experimental groups in the light of sera concentrations of LDL in blood samples, so that 6, 9, 12 and 15 levels of grape pomace led to decrease in LDL concentration and control-diet and 3% level of grape pomace increased LDL contents of serum samples (P<0.05). While at age 49 days grape pomace led to increase HDL concentration and control-diet decrease HDL contents of serum samples (P<0.05). These results are in line with those of some researchers (Emmons et al, 1999) These effects can be due to the combination of grape seed oil available and on the other hand, due to decreased crude fat is absorbed. 4. CONCLUSIONS From the present results, it seems that dietary utilization of grape pomace could improve lipid and lipoprotein profiles of blood.

5 REFERENCES AOAC Official Method of Analysis. 16th edn, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC. Brenes A, Viveros A, Goni I, Centeno C, Sayago-Ayerdy S G, Arija I, Saura- Calixto F Effect of grape pomace concentrate and vitamin E on digestibility of polyphenols and antioxidant activity in chickens. Poultry Science, 87: Duncan DB Multiple Range Test and F-test. Biometrics, 11:1-42. Emmons CL, Peterson DM, Paul GLC Antioxidant capacity oat extracts. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 42: Goni I, Brenes A, Centeno C, Viveros A, Saura-Calixto F, Rebole A, Arija I, Estevez R Effect of dietary grape pomace and vitamin E on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and susceptibility to meat lipid oxidation in chickens. Poultry Science, 86: Llobera A, Canellas J Dietary fibre content and antioxidant activity of Manto Negro red grape (Vitis vinifera): pomace and stem. Food Chemistry, 101: SAS Institute SAS User s Guide Statistics. Version 9.1. SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, NC.

Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Performance Broiler Chicks

Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Performance Broiler Chicks Effect of Different Levels of Grape Pomace on Performance Broiler Chicks Safdar Dorri * (1), Sayed Ali Tabeidian (2), majid Toghyani (2), Rahman Jahanian (3), Fatemeh Behnamnejad (1) (1) M.Sc Student,

More information

Step 1: Brownie batter was prepared for each oil variation following the recipe on the Betty Crocker brownie mix box.

Step 1: Brownie batter was prepared for each oil variation following the recipe on the Betty Crocker brownie mix box. Title: The effects of substituting coconut oil in brownies Abstract: In baking brownies, canola oil was replaced with coconut oil in the same amount to test the effect on texture, flavor and overall satisfaction.

More information

The Effect of Green Tea on the Texture, Taste and Moisture of Gharidelli Double Chocolate Brownies

The Effect of Green Tea on the Texture, Taste and Moisture of Gharidelli Double Chocolate Brownies Katie Mitsch Madison Moore FN 453 The Effect of Green Tea on the Texture, Taste and Moisture of Gharidelli Double Chocolate Brownies Introduction: The Center for Disease Control states that cancer and

More information

The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers

The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers Authors: Michael Carus, Luis Sarmento April 2016 Hemp is a multi-purpose crop, delivering fibres,

More information

Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology

Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology Mj. Int. J. Sci. Tech., 2007, 01, 88-94 Full Paper Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology ISSN 1905-7873 Available online at www.mijst.mju.ac.th Agro-industrial by-products as roughage source

More information

200 Trop Anim Prod :3

200 Trop Anim Prod :3 00 Trop Anim Prod 977 : FATTENING CATTLE WITH SUGAR CANE: EFFECT OF SUPPLEMENTATION WITH FINAL MOLASSES R Silvestre, F D DeB Hovell and T R Preston CEDIPCA, CEAGANA, Apartado 56, Santo Domingo, Dominican

More information

Annual Grasses Preserved as Silage: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality

Annual Grasses Preserved as Silage: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality Annual Grasses Preserved as Silage: Fermentation Characteristics, Nutritive Value, and Quality North Carolina Cooperative Extension North Carolina Agricultural Research Service Technical Bulletin November

More information

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS ON FRUIT YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF STRAWBERRIES CULTIVATED UNDER VAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION ABSTRACT

THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS ON FRUIT YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF STRAWBERRIES CULTIVATED UNDER VAN ECOLOGICAL CONDITION ABSTRACT Gecer et al., The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences, 23(5): 2013, Page: J. 1431-1435 Anim. Plant Sci. 23(5):2013 ISSN: 1018-7081 THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS ON FRUIT YIELD CHARACTERISTICS OF

More information

Development of Value Added Products From Home-Grown Lychee

Development of Value Added Products From Home-Grown Lychee Development of Value Added Products From Home-Grown Lychee S. Ahammed 1, M. M. H. Talukdar 1, M. S. Kamal 2 1 Department of Food Engineering and Technology Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology

More information

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences Pak. j. life soc. sci. (2003), 1(2): 149-154 Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences Nutritional and Quality Assessment of Peanut Milk Blend Saleem-ur-Rehman, Muhammad Mushtaq Ahmad 1, Asma Almas

More information

Ripening stage effect on nutritional value of low fat pastry filled with sweet cherries (P. avium, cv. Ferrovia )

Ripening stage effect on nutritional value of low fat pastry filled with sweet cherries (P. avium, cv. Ferrovia ) Food Technology 2014 Conference, July 21-23, 2014 at Las Vegas, USA Department of Science of agriculture, Food and Environment (S.A.F.E.) Via Napoli, 25 71122 Foggia, Italy Ripening stage effect on nutritional

More information

Materials and Methods

Materials and Methods Objective OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY SEED LABORATORY SUMMIT SEED COATINGS- Caldwell ID Final Report April 2010 Effect of various seed coating treatments on viability and vigor of two blends of Kentucky bluegrass

More information

DEVELOPMENT OF MILK AND CEREAL BASED EXTRUDED PRODUCTS

DEVELOPMENT OF MILK AND CEREAL BASED EXTRUDED PRODUCTS International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 3, No 5, 2014, 1797 1802 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) DEVELOPMENT OF MILK AND CEREAL BASED EXTRUDED PRODUCTS Thejaswini, M. L and H.G. Ramachandra

More information

Studies on the preparation of chapatti and biscuit supplemented with potato flour

Studies on the preparation of chapatti and biscuit supplemented with potato flour J. Bangladesh Agril. Univ. 8(1): 153 160, 2010 ISSN 1810-3030 Studies on the preparation of chapatti and biscuit supplemented with potato flour Khaliduzzaman, M. Shams-Ud-Din and M. N. Islam Department

More information

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences

Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences Pak. j. life soc. sci. (2004), 2(2): 104-108 Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences Sensory and Nutritional Evaluation of Coconut-Natural Milk Blend Saleem-ur-Rehman, M. Mushtaq Ahmad, Amna Yameen

More information

Use of Duckweed as a Protein Supplement for Breeding Ducks

Use of Duckweed as a Protein Supplement for Breeding Ducks 866 Use of Duckweed as a Protein Supplement for Breeding Ducks Bui Xuan Men, Brian Ogle 1, * and Jan Erik Lindberg Department of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, Cantho University, Cantho City,

More information

Effect of Inocucor on strawberry plants growth and production

Effect of Inocucor on strawberry plants growth and production Effect of Inocucor on strawberry plants growth and production Final report For Inocucor Technologies Inc. 20 Grove, Knowlton, Quebec, J0E 1V0 Jae Min Park, Dr. Soledad Saldías, Kristen Delaney and Dr.

More information

Quality of Canadian non-food grade soybeans 2014

Quality of Canadian non-food grade soybeans 2014 ISSN 1705-9453 Quality of Canadian non-food grade soybeans 2014 Ann S. Puvirajah Chemist, Oilseed Services Contact: Ann S. Puvirajah Chemist, Oilseeds Services Tel: 204-983-3354 Email: ann.puvirajah@grainscanada.gc.ca

More information

QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF CHEESE PRODUCED FROM THREE BREEDS OF CATTLE IN NIGERIA

QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF CHEESE PRODUCED FROM THREE BREEDS OF CATTLE IN NIGERIA QUALITY CHARACTERISTICS OF CHEESE PRODUCED FROM THREE BREEDS OF CATTLE IN NIGERIA Yunusa, A. J. Depatment of Animal Science Kabba College of Agriculture, Kabba. Kogi State. Nigeria E-mail: alabajolaoye@yahoo.com

More information

The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers

The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers The European Hemp Industry: Cultivation, processing and applications for fibres, shivs, seeds and flowers Authors: Michael Carus 2017-03-26 Introduction Hemp is a multi-purpose crop, delivering fibres,

More information

Influence of Cultivar and Planting Date on Strawberry Growth and Development in the Low Desert

Influence of Cultivar and Planting Date on Strawberry Growth and Development in the Low Desert Influence of Cultivar and Planting Date on Strawberry Growth and Development in the Low Desert Michael A. Maurer and Kai Umeda Abstract A field study was designed to determine the effects of cultivar and

More information

Effects of Different Packaging Materials on the Shelf Stability of Ginger Juice

Effects of Different Packaging Materials on the Shelf Stability of Ginger Juice ISSN: 2276-7835 ICV 2012: 5.62 Submission Date: 10/03/014 Accepted: 20/08/014 Published: 21/08/014 Effects of Different Packaging Materials on the Shelf Stability of Ginger Juice By Akande E.A. Adeyanju

More information

Effects of Acai Berry on Oatmeal Cookies

Effects of Acai Berry on Oatmeal Cookies Jessica Dooley and Jennifer Gotsch FN 453 Team Project Written Report Effects of Acai Berry on Oatmeal Cookies Abstract: Oxidative stress can cause many diseases such as cancer, heart disease, and stoke.

More information

Techno-economic evaluation of an integrated biorefinery using dairy and winery by-products for the microbial oil production

Techno-economic evaluation of an integrated biorefinery using dairy and winery by-products for the microbial oil production Techno-economic evaluation of an integrated biorefinery using dairy and winery by-products for the microbial oil production Aikaterini Papadaki, Anestis Vlysidis, Nikolaos Kopsahelis, Seraphim Papanikolaou,

More information

Sequential Separation of Lysozyme, Ovomucin, Ovotransferrin and Ovalbumin from Egg White

Sequential Separation of Lysozyme, Ovomucin, Ovotransferrin and Ovalbumin from Egg White AS 662 ASL R3104 2016 Sequential Separation of Lysozyme, Ovomucin, Ovotransferrin and Ovalbumin from Egg White Sandun Abeyrathne Iowa State University Hyunyong Lee Iowa State University, hdragon@iastate.edu

More information

Red Clover Varieties for North-Central Florida

Red Clover Varieties for North-Central Florida Red Clover Varieties for North-Central Florida J.C.B. Dubeux, Jr. 1, P. Munoz 2, A.R.S. Blount 1, K.H. Quesenberry 2, L.E. Sollenberger, E.R.S. Santos 1 Synopsis Red clover varieties are an option for

More information

Determination of the concentration of caffeine, theobromine, and gallic acid in commercial tea samples

Determination of the concentration of caffeine, theobromine, and gallic acid in commercial tea samples Determination of the concentration of caffeine, theobromine, and gallic acid in commercial tea samples Janna Erickson Department of Chemistry, Concordia College, 901 8 th St S, Moorhead, MN 56562 Abstract

More information

Vibration Damage to Kiwifruits during Road Transportation

Vibration Damage to Kiwifruits during Road Transportation International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology. ISSN 2249-3050, Volume 4, Number 5 (2013), pp. 467-474 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ ijafst.htm Vibration Damage

More information

Flowering and Fruiting Morphology of Hardy Kiwifruit, Actinidia arguta

Flowering and Fruiting Morphology of Hardy Kiwifruit, Actinidia arguta Flowering and Fruiting Morphology of Hardy Kiwifruit, Actinidia arguta Chantalak Tiyayon and Bernadine Strik Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University 4017 ALS, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA Email:

More information

Wine and Health. Mickey Parish, Ph.D. Professor and Chair Dept of Nutrition and Food Science College of Agriculture and Natural Resources

Wine and Health. Mickey Parish, Ph.D. Professor and Chair Dept of Nutrition and Food Science College of Agriculture and Natural Resources Wine and Health Mickey Parish, Ph.D. Professor and Chair Dept of Nutrition and Food Science College of Agriculture and Natural Resources "Nothing more excellent or valuable than wine was ever granted by

More information

To study the effects of four different levels of fertilizer NPK nutrients, applied at a ratio of N:P 2

To study the effects of four different levels of fertilizer NPK nutrients, applied at a ratio of N:P 2 98 E4 Effect of different levels of fertilizer NPK nutrients on growth, yield and economic parameters of coffea arabica (V. catimor) grown on the ferralitic soils of entral ighlands, Vietnam Objective

More information

Comparison of the OTAKE and SATAKE Rice Mills Performance on Milled Rice Quality

Comparison of the OTAKE and SATAKE Rice Mills Performance on Milled Rice Quality Research article erd Comparison of the OTAKE and SATAKE Rice Mills Performance on Milled Rice Quality MENG BUN* Email: mengbun99@gmail.com DYNA THENG LYHOUR HIN VARY VUN SAVATH SENG Department of Agricultural

More information

Evaluation of quality characteristics of soy based millet biscuits

Evaluation of quality characteristics of soy based millet biscuits Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com Advances in Applied Science Research, 2010, 1 (3): 187-196 ISSN: 0976-8610 CODEN (USA): AASRFC Evaluation of quality characteristics of soy based millet

More information

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE AND TIME OF STORAGE ON AMOUNT OF VITAMIN C IN STRAWBERRIES

INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE AND TIME OF STORAGE ON AMOUNT OF VITAMIN C IN STRAWBERRIES Original scientific paper UDC 634.75:577.164.2(497.776) 2014 INFLUENCE OF TEMPERATURE AND TIME OF STORAGE ON AMOUNT OF VITAMIN C IN STRAWBERRIES Gorica Pavlovska 1*, Emilija Dukovska 1, Vesna Antoska Knights

More information

Preparation of Lassi from safflower milk blended with buffalo milk

Preparation of Lassi from safflower milk blended with buffalo milk RESEARCH PAPER Visit us: www.researchjournal.co.in Research Journal of Animal Husbandry and Dairy Science e ISSN-2231-6442 Volume 5 Issue 2 December, 2014 68-73 DOI: 10.15740/HAS/RJAHDS/5.2/68-73 Preparation

More information

Missing Data Treatments

Missing Data Treatments Missing Data Treatments Lindsey Perry EDU7312: Spring 2012 Presentation Outline Types of Missing Data Listwise Deletion Pairwise Deletion Single Imputation Methods Mean Imputation Hot Deck Imputation Multiple

More information

UTILIZATION OF OKARA IN BREAD MAKING

UTILIZATION OF OKARA IN BREAD MAKING Cey. J. Sci. (Bio.Sci.) Vol. 31,2003,29-33 UTILIZATION OF OKARA IN BREAD MAKING G. L. Wickramarathna and P. C. Arampath * Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of

More information

Addressing Research Issues Facing Midwest Wine Industry

Addressing Research Issues Facing Midwest Wine Industry Addressing Research Issues Facing Midwest Wine Industry 18th Annual Nebraska Winery and Grape Growers Forum and Trade Show at the Omaha Marriott March 7 th, 2015 Murli R Dharmadhikari Department of Food

More information

Using Chia Seed Gel as a Substitution for Eggs in Pumpkin Muffins to Enhance Protein and Fiber Values

Using Chia Seed Gel as a Substitution for Eggs in Pumpkin Muffins to Enhance Protein and Fiber Values Using Chia Seed Gel as a Substitution for Eggs in Pumpkin Muffins to Enhance Protein and Fiber Values NUTR 453 Written Report Cody Long Lindsay Swartz November 22, 2014 Abstract: In today s time, people

More information

Grinding and Pelleting Responses of Pearl Millet-Based Diets 1

Grinding and Pelleting Responses of Pearl Millet-Based Diets 1 2005 Poultry Science Association, Inc. Grinding and Pelleting Responses of Pearl Millet-Based Diets 1 W. A. Dozier, III,*,2 W. Hanna, and K. Behnke *United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture

More information

Tea Research Foundation Central Africa

Tea Research Foundation Central Africa TwinN as source of nitrogen in tea Abstract Field experiments, which were set up in 2010 at Nsuwadzi tea research station in Mulanje and Makandi tea estate in Thyolo to establish yield and quality response

More information

OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES. Abstract

OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES. Abstract OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES K.M. Bennett 1, M.K. Mullenix 1, J.J. Tucker 2, J.S. Angle 3, R.B. Muntifering 1, and J. Yeager 4 Abstract Overseeding Eastern

More information

CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN INDIA (ISSN ): VOL. 7: ISSUE: 2 (2017)

CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN INDIA (ISSN ): VOL. 7: ISSUE: 2 (2017) FINGERMILLET AS A NUTRITIONAL INGREDIENT IN BAKERY PRODUCTS Mushtari Begum J 1, Shamshad Begum. S 2, Anupama Pandey 3 and Shivaleela. H. B 4 1 Former Professor and Principal Investigator (NATP-RNPS1),

More information

INGREDIENTS: almond / macadamia nut butter, sliced banana, full-cream yoghurt, cinnamon, honey, toasted artisan bread

INGREDIENTS: almond / macadamia nut butter, sliced banana, full-cream yoghurt, cinnamon, honey, toasted artisan bread ALMOND BUTTER TOAST INGREDIENTS: almond / macadamia nut butter, sliced banana, full-cream yoghurt, cinnamon, honey, toasted artisan bread Almond and Macadamia nut butter is rich in healthy fats which help

More information

Adrizal*, A. Suprapto, & Mirzah. Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang Indonesia, *

Adrizal*, A. Suprapto, & Mirzah. Faculty of Animal Science, Andalas University, Padang Indonesia, * Abstract The Potency of Sugar Cane Waste Product for Supporting Sustainable Beef Cattle Feed Resouces at Integrated Farming Center in Solok Regency, West Sumatra Adrizal*, A. Suprapto, & Mirzah Faculty

More information

Evaluation of Quality Characteristics and Microbial Contamination of Saffron Samples Dried by Microwave

Evaluation of Quality Characteristics and Microbial Contamination of Saffron Samples Dried by Microwave Evaluation of Quality Characteristics and Microbial Contamination of Saffron Samples Dried by Microwave Marzieh Hosseini Nejad Department of Food Technology, Iranian Research Organization for Science and

More information

Statistics & Agric.Economics Deptt., Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, Jorhat , Assam. ABSTRACT

Statistics & Agric.Economics Deptt., Tocklai Experimental Station, Tea Research Association, Jorhat , Assam. ABSTRACT Two and a Bud 59(2):152-156, 2012 RESEARCH PAPER Global tea production and export trend with special reference to India Prasanna Kumar Bordoloi Statistics & Agric.Economics Deptt., Tocklai Experimental

More information

DERIVED DEMAND FOR FRESH CHEESE PRODUCTS IMPORTED INTO JAPAN

DERIVED DEMAND FOR FRESH CHEESE PRODUCTS IMPORTED INTO JAPAN PBTC 05-04 PBTC 02-6 DERIVED DEMAND FOR FRESH CHEESE PRODUCTS IMPORTED INTO JAPAN By Andreas P. Christou, Richard L. Kilmer, James A. Stearns, Shiferaw T. Feleke, & Jiaoju Ge PBTC 05-04 September 2005

More information

CHARACTERIZATION OF BEEF AT RETAIL: OKLAHOMA MARKET STUDY. C. L. NickI, H. G. Dolezal2, F. K. Ray3 and L. W. Hand4. Story in Brief

CHARACTERIZATION OF BEEF AT RETAIL: OKLAHOMA MARKET STUDY. C. L. NickI, H. G. Dolezal2, F. K. Ray3 and L. W. Hand4. Story in Brief CHARACTERIZATION OF BEEF AT RETAIL: OKLAHOMA MARKET STUDY C. L. NickI, H. G. Dolezal2, F. K. Ray3 and L. W. Hand4 Story in Brief Thiny-three retail outlets were surveyed in Oklahoma (n =24), Kansas (n

More information

RESEARCH ON AVOCADO PROCESSING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS

RESEARCH ON AVOCADO PROCESSING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS California Avocado Society 1970-71 Yearbook 54: 79-84 RESEARCH ON AVOCADO PROCESSING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS Lloyd M. Smith Professor Food Science and Technology, U.C. Davis Frank H. Winter

More information

THE EFFECTS OF FINAL MOLASSES AND SUGAR PURITY VALUES ON THE CALCULATION OF 96 0 SUGAR AND FACTORY RECOVERY INDEX. Heera Singh

THE EFFECTS OF FINAL MOLASSES AND SUGAR PURITY VALUES ON THE CALCULATION OF 96 0 SUGAR AND FACTORY RECOVERY INDEX. Heera Singh THE EFFECTS OF FINAL MOLASSES AND SUGAR PURITY VALUES ON THE CALCULATION OF 96 0 SUGAR AND FACTORY RECOVERY INDEX BY Heera Singh Worthy Park Estate Ltd. INTRODUCTION The objective of this paper is not

More information

Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Title: BACON STUDY - PHASE II NPB #00-147 Investigator: Institution: Dr. Roger W. Mandigo, Professor Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Date Submitted: 9/30/2004 Introduction: The

More information

Wastewater characteristics from Greek wineries and distilleries

Wastewater characteristics from Greek wineries and distilleries Wastewater characteristics from Greek wineries and distilleries A.G. Vlyssides 1, E.M. Barampouti 2 and S. Mai 3 Chemical Engineering Department, National Technical University of Athens, 9 Heroon Polytechniou

More information

Leendert Dekker Snyman

Leendert Dekker Snyman Qualitative characteristics of selected Atriplex nummularia (Hatfield Select) by Leendert Dekker Snyman Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree: MSc (Agric) Animal science:

More information

Nutritional and functional value of Ecuadorian traditional legume

Nutritional and functional value of Ecuadorian traditional legume Nutritional and functional value of Ecuadorian traditional legume Ruth Martínez¹, Grace Vásquez², Elena Villacrés³, Jorge Figueroa¹, Fabiola Cornejo², Luis Cartuche¹ ¹Universidad Técnica Particular de

More information

Laboratory Research Proposal Streusel Coffee Cake with Pureed Cannellini Beans

Laboratory Research Proposal Streusel Coffee Cake with Pureed Cannellini Beans Laboratory Research Proposal Streusel Coffee Cake with Pureed Cannellini Beans Lab Unit #1 Ali Aucoin Kelly Reardon Shannon Flynn Kelly Fischl Wednesday Lab Section Purpose: The purpose of this project

More information

The effect of instant Pu-erh tea intragastric administration in mice with hydrogenated oil diet-induced obesity

The effect of instant Pu-erh tea intragastric administration in mice with hydrogenated oil diet-induced obesity Available online www.jocpr.com Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2014, 6(6):2025-2030 Research Article ISSN : 0975-7384 CODEN(USA) : JCPRC5 The effect of instant Pu-erh tea intragastric

More information

Why CACTUS PEARS? A perspective on South African spineless cactus pears: research and development

Why CACTUS PEARS? A perspective on South African spineless cactus pears: research and development A perspective on South African spineless cactus pears: research and development Maryna de Wit University of the Free State International workshop 27-28 / 01 / 2015 Why CACTUS PEARS? - Drought tolerant

More information

Tilapia Duckweed Fed

Tilapia Duckweed Fed Tilapia Duckweed Fed Table of Contents Foreword Preface Section 1 - Biology of duckweed Morphology Distribution Growth conditions Production rates Nutritional value Section 2 - Duckweed farming Land Water

More information

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT CONTENT IN SELECTED DAIRY PRODUCTS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THE NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIMS

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT CONTENT IN SELECTED DAIRY PRODUCTS FOR COMPLIANCE WITH THE NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIMS Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Sadowska-Rociek et al. 2013 : 2 (Special issue 1) 1891-1897 Food Sciences REGULAR RTICLE ASSESSMENT OF NUTRIENT CONTENT IN SELECTED DAIRY PRODUCTS FOR COMPLIANCE

More information

Cooking Club Lesson Plan

Cooking Club Lesson Plan Cooking Club Lesson Plan Fruit Grades 6-12 I. Lesson Objectives: A. Students will discuss the importance of eating a variety of colorful fruit. B. Students will identify at least two health benefits of

More information

Effect of chickling vetch (Lathyrus sativus L.) or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay in gestating ewe diets

Effect of chickling vetch (Lathyrus sativus L.) or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay in gestating ewe diets Effect of chickling vetch (Lathyrus sativus L.) or alfalfa (Medicago sativa) hay in gestating ewe diets C. Poland 1, T. Faller 2 and L. Tisor 1 1 Dickinson and 2 Hettinger RE Centers North Dakota State

More information

The effect of Ultragrain white whole wheat flour in sugar cookies.

The effect of Ultragrain white whole wheat flour in sugar cookies. The effect of Ultragrain white whole wheat flour on sugar cookies. Amanda Cummings F & N 453 Food Chemistry Dr. Daniel November 20, 2005 The effect of Ultragrain white whole wheat flour in sugar cookies.

More information

S. Kavish 1, W. S. Botheju 2, C. S. De Silva 1* 1 Department of Agricultural and Plantation Engineering, The Open. Abstract

S. Kavish 1, W. S. Botheju 2, C. S. De Silva 1* 1 Department of Agricultural and Plantation Engineering, The Open. Abstract OUSL Journal (2016) Vol. 10, (pp. 73-92) Impact of Inlet Drying Temperature in Endless Chain Pressure Dryers on the Quality Characteristics of Leafy Type of Tea Produced Using Different Leaf Standards

More information

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona

Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Silage Corn Variety Trial in Central Arizona Jay Subramani 1 and Shawna Loper 2 1 Maricopa Ag Center, University of Arizona 2 University of Arizona Cooperative Extension, Pinal County Abstract Information

More information

Suitability of reef cod (Epinephelus diacanthus) minced meat for the preparation of ready to serve product

Suitability of reef cod (Epinephelus diacanthus) minced meat for the preparation of ready to serve product Available online at www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com Advances in Applied Science Research, 2012, 3 (3):1513-1517 ISSN: 0976-8610 CODEN (USA): AASRFC Suitability of reef cod (Epinephelus diacanthus) minced

More information

1. Determine which types of fruit are susceptible to enzymatic browning.

1. Determine which types of fruit are susceptible to enzymatic browning. Food Explorations Lab I: Enzymatic Reactions STUDENT LAB INVESTIGATIONS Name: Lab Overview There are two parts to this investigation. In Part A, you will observe and compare three types of fruit for enzymatic

More information

Characterization of Gum from Durian Seed and Application in Ice Cream

Characterization of Gum from Durian Seed and Application in Ice Cream Available online http://www.ijat-aatsea.com ISSN 1686-9141 Characterization of Gum from Durian Seed and Application in Ice Cream Jiraporn Sawasdikarn *, Waritchon Nilanon and Yardrung Suwannarat Faculty

More information

ECONOMICS OF COCONUT PRODUCTS AN ANALYTICAL STUDY. Coconut is an important tree crop with diverse end-uses, grown in many states of India.

ECONOMICS OF COCONUT PRODUCTS AN ANALYTICAL STUDY. Coconut is an important tree crop with diverse end-uses, grown in many states of India. ECONOMICS OF COCONUT PRODUCTS AN ANALYTICAL STUDY Introduction Coconut is an important tree crop with diverse end-uses, grown in many states of India. Coconut palm is the benevolent provider of the basic

More information

NAME OF CONTRIBUTOR(S) AND THEIR AGENCY:

NAME OF CONTRIBUTOR(S) AND THEIR AGENCY: TITLE OF PROJECT: Evaluation of Topaz (propiconazole) for transplant size control and earlier maturity of processing tomato. NAME OF CONTRIBUTOR(S) AND THEIR AGENCY: J.W. Zandstra, Ridgetown College, University

More information

Peppermint Tea (Bags)

Peppermint Tea (Bags) Peppermint Tea (Bags) Dried peppermint leaves make a minty, refreshing drink that is highly satisfying both hot and cold. A native of the Mediterranean, peppermint leaves were often used to crown luminaries

More information

Polly Wedlock Phytotherapy 4 Lab Report. 1. Introduction

Polly Wedlock Phytotherapy 4 Lab Report. 1. Introduction Analysis of the antioxidant activity and phenolic content of aqueous extracts of Camellia sinensis 1. Introduction Though often quoted, the story of Chinese emperor King Shen Nong (ca. 2700 BC) consuming

More information

Final Report to Delaware Soybean Board January 11, Delaware Soybean Board

Final Report to Delaware Soybean Board January 11, Delaware Soybean Board Final Report to Delaware Soybean Board January 11, 2017 Delaware Soybean Board (susanne@hammondmedia.com) Effect of Fertigation on Irrigated Full Season and Double Cropped Soybeans Cory Whaley, James Adkins,

More information

Lauren Paradiso, Ciara Seaver, Jiehao Xie

Lauren Paradiso, Ciara Seaver, Jiehao Xie Lauren Paradiso, Ciara Seaver, Jiehao Xie Abstract The amount of fat present in each pie crust had a big impact on the flavor, color and texture and overall affected the quality of each pie crust. In terms

More information

Finnish feed evaluation system and Feed Tables

Finnish feed evaluation system and Feed Tables Finnish feed evaluation system and Feed Tables 8th Nordic Feed Science Conference, 13-14 June 2017, Uppsala, Sweden M. Rinne 1), K. Kuoppala 1), A. Vanhatalo 2), T. Huhtamäki 3), J. Nousiainen 4), P. Huhtanen

More information

Grape Growers of Ontario Developing key measures to critically look at the grape and wine industry

Grape Growers of Ontario Developing key measures to critically look at the grape and wine industry Grape Growers of Ontario Developing key measures to critically look at the grape and wine industry March 2012 Background and scope of the project Background The Grape Growers of Ontario GGO is looking

More information

DEVELOPMENT AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF READY-TO- COOK IDLI MIX FROM BROWNTOP MILLET (Panicum ramosa)

DEVELOPMENT AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF READY-TO- COOK IDLI MIX FROM BROWNTOP MILLET (Panicum ramosa) International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, Vol. 5, No 2, 2016, 816 821 ISSN 2278-3687 (O) 2277-663X (P) DEVELOPMENT AND SENSORY EVALUATION OF READY-TO- COOK IDLI MIX FROM BROWNTOP MILLET

More information

Development and characterization of wheat breads with chestnut flour. Marta Gonzaga. Raquel Guiné Miguel Baptista Luísa Beirão-da-Costa Paula Correia

Development and characterization of wheat breads with chestnut flour. Marta Gonzaga. Raquel Guiné Miguel Baptista Luísa Beirão-da-Costa Paula Correia Development and characterization of wheat breads with chestnut flour Marta Gonzaga Raquel Guiné Miguel Baptista Luísa Beirão-da-Costa Paula Correia 1 Introduction Bread is one of the oldest functional

More information

Guide for preparation of papers

Guide for preparation of papers 1 sur 13 08/04/2015 17:46 Livestock Research for Rural Development 20 (supplement) 2008 Guide for preparation of papers LRRD News Citation of this paper The effect of molasses on the quality of Kudzu silage

More information

Structural optimal design of grape rain shed

Structural optimal design of grape rain shed Available online at www.sciencedirect.com Procedia Engineering 31 (2012) 751 755 International Conference on Advances in Computational Modeling and Simulation Structural optimal design of grape rain shed

More information

Optimization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilization in bacterial cellulose by adsorption- incubation method

Optimization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilization in bacterial cellulose by adsorption- incubation method (009) Optimization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae immobilization in bacterial cellulose by adsorption- incubation method Nguyen, D. N., Ton, N. M. N. and * Le, V. V. M. Department of Food Technology, Ho Chi

More information

Grains of the World Journal

Grains of the World Journal Grains of the World Journal Materials Needed: 14 4"x6" index cards per student clear tape (not transparent) string or yarn for binding hole punch, scissors, glue, and markers Materials Provided: 7 seed

More information

Quality evaluation in storage of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) juice extracted from fruits preserved by steeping in water

Quality evaluation in storage of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) juice extracted from fruits preserved by steeping in water International Food Research Journal 20(4): 1861-1865 (2013) Journal homepage: http://www.ifrj.upm.edu.my Quality evaluation in storage of aonla (Emblica officinalis Gaertn.) juice extracted from fruits

More information

Determination of Caffeine in Coffee Products According to DIN 20481

Determination of Caffeine in Coffee Products According to DIN 20481 Deteration of Caffeine in Coffee Products According to DI 81 Application ote Food Testing & Agriculture Food Authenticity Author Edgar aegele Agilent Technologies, Inc. Waldbronn, Germany Abstract This

More information

Effect of Rice Husk on Soil Properties

Effect of Rice Husk on Soil Properties International Journal of Engineering Research and Development e-issn: 2278-067X, p-issn: 2278-800X, www.ijerd.com Volume 9, Issue 11 (February 2014), PP.44-49 Effect of Rice Husk on Soil Properties Anniamma

More information

Yield and nutritive value of four Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) cultivars at different harvesting ages

Yield and nutritive value of four Napier (Pennisetum purpureum) cultivars at different harvesting ages AGRICULTURE AND BIOLOGY JOURNAL OF NORTH AMERICA ISSN Print: 2151-7517, ISSN Online: 2151-7525, doi:10.5251/abjna.2016.7.5.213.219 2016, ScienceHuβ, http://www.scihub.org/abjna Yield and nutritive value

More information

«Precision and homogeneity of barrels selected with OakScan : two examples of selection adapted to different wine profiles or aging objectives»

«Precision and homogeneity of barrels selected with OakScan : two examples of selection adapted to different wine profiles or aging objectives» «Precision and homogeneity of barrels selected with OakScan : two examples of selection adapted to different wine profiles or aging objectives» Nicolas Mourey - October 2015 WWW.RADOUX.FR Introduction

More information

Science of Life Explorations

Science of Life Explorations Science of Life Explorations The Fruit Belt: Fruits of New York It s Grape to Live in NY! New York is ranked 3rd in grape production nationwide, behind California and Washington. In 2005, the grape crop

More information

Effect of Planting Date and Maturity Group on Soybean Yield in the Texas South Plains in 2001

Effect of Planting Date and Maturity Group on Soybean Yield in the Texas South Plains in 2001 Effect of Planting Date and Maturity Group on Soybean Yield in the Texas South Plains in 2001 Calvin Trostle, Extension Agronomy, Lubbock, (806) 746-6101, c-trostle@tamu.edu Brent Bean, Extension Agronomy,

More information

Avocados. Janine Fahri BSc (Hons) MBANT. Nutritional Therapist at NutriLife Clinic. Description

Avocados. Janine Fahri BSc (Hons) MBANT. Nutritional Therapist at NutriLife Clinic.  Description Avocados by Janine Fahri BSc (Hons) MBANT Nutritional Therapist at Description Colloquially known as the alligator pear, avocados are the fruit of the Persea americana, a tall evergreen tree which flourishes

More information

UTILIZATION OF DRIED OKARA AS A FLOUR MIXTURE OF BREAD-MAKING

UTILIZATION OF DRIED OKARA AS A FLOUR MIXTURE OF BREAD-MAKING UTILIZATION OF DRIED OKARA AS A FLOUR MIXTURE OF BREAD-MAKING Violin Paramita, Agung Permana Budi International Bali Institute of Tourism Abstract Soybean residue (Okara) is a good material which be reused

More information

Effect on Quality of Cucumber (Pant Shankar Khira-1) Hybrid Seed Production under Protected Conditions

Effect on Quality of Cucumber (Pant Shankar Khira-1) Hybrid Seed Production under Protected Conditions International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 7 Number 01 (2018) Journal homepage: http://www.ijcmas.com Original Research Article https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.701.004

More information

Cool-Season Annual Forages for Hay in North Dakota

Cool-Season Annual Forages for Hay in North Dakota Cool-Season Annual Forages for Hay in North Dakota Marisol Berti 1 and Steve Zwinger 2 1 Dep. of Plant Sciences, North Dakota State University 2 Carrington Research and Extension Center Introduction Annual

More information

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report

More information

Quality attributes of stored Roselle jam

Quality attributes of stored Roselle jam (009) Quality attributes of stored Roselle jam 1* Ashaye, O.A. and Adeleke, T.O. 1 Institute of Agricultural Research and Training P.M.B 509 Moor-Plantation, Ibadan Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria,

More information

Varietal Specific Barrel Profiles

Varietal Specific Barrel Profiles RESEARCH Varietal Specific Barrel Profiles Beaulieu Vineyard and Sea Smoke Cellars 2006 Pinot Noir Domenica Totty, Beaulieu Vineyard Kris Curran, Sea Smoke Cellars Don Shroerder, Sea Smoke Cellars David

More information

Functional Properties of Chickpea Flours: Australian and Bangladeshi Varieties

Functional Properties of Chickpea Flours: Australian and Bangladeshi Varieties Functional Properties of Chickpea Flours: Australian and Bangladeshi Varieties Asgar Farahnaky, PhD Functional Grains Centre, Discipline Lead Processing & Senior Lecturer in Food Technology, CSU afarahanky@csu.edu.au

More information

Preference, yield, and forage nutritive value of annual grasses under horse grazing

Preference, yield, and forage nutritive value of annual grasses under horse grazing Preference, yield, and forage nutritive value of annual grasses under horse grazing Amanda Grev, MS; Craig Sheaffer, PhD; and Krishona Martinson, PhD University of Minnesota With one of the greatest expenditures

More information

Production of a New Drink by Using Date Syrup and Milk

Production of a New Drink by Using Date Syrup and Milk Journal of Food Biosciences and Technology, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Vol. 4, No. 2, 67-72, 2014 Production of a New Drink by Using Date Syrup and Milk F. Raiesi Ardali a *,

More information