1 GLOBAL DAIRY Market Outlook June 23, PRICE TREND - SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTER, WHEY* ($/MT) WHEY SMP WMP CHEESE BUTTER Europe Whey Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q Oceania WMP, SMP, cheese, butter *Indicative prices. Milk powder, cheese and butterfat are Oceania; whey is western Europe. Source: USDEC and commercial sources. More milk coming, but fat rally persists By Alan Levitt and Marc Beck After nearly three years of oversupply and limited upside price risk, buyers have been lulled into a sense of supply security. Thus traders were caught by surprise by a global shortage of butterfat this spring, sending hand-to-mouth buyers into a panic to cover current and second-half needs. Low SMP prices have incented processors to divert milk away from butter/powder. In Europe, where milk production has lagged year-ago levels and butterfat content is off as well, butter production in the first four months of the year was down 5%. Australian production was down 19% in the first 10 months of the season and U.S. butter production in the year JUNE INDICATIVE PRICES - USDEC sources $/MT, FOB SHIP (with change from May) SMP WMP Cheddar Butter Dry whey WPC-34% Lactose EUROPE OCEANIA 2213 (+175) 2158 (+123) 3354 (+212) 3154 (-116) 3758 (+153) 3983 (+368) 6258 (+893) 5700 (+528) 1054 (+32) 2250 (+125) 1150 (NC) Source: USDEC. ending April 2017 was off 2%. New Zealand butterfat exports August 2016-April 2017 were down 7% vs. prior year, suggesting lower butter production there too. We estimate production among the four suppliers is down 15,000-20,000 tons per month while global butterfat demand, particularly from the bakery sector, remains very good and inventories outside of the United States are non-existent. Global butter prices have increased $900-$1300/ton in the last six weeks, rising to record highs. In Europe, butter topped $6100/ton for the first time. Where can we go from here? The cure for high prices is high prices, but in the U.S./EU summer months there s little scope to increase butter production. Further, history tells us not to expect a break for a while. This is the fourth time EU butter has traded above $5500/ton. In the previous three run-ups, the average price six months after crossing the $5500 threshold was still nearly 90% of the peak price. Intuitively, one would expect to see price resistance from end users. But while wholesale butterfat prices have doubled in the last year, retailers and ingredient users have been reluctant to pass along the full, higher cost to consumers. This lag stalls a demand response in the marketplace. Continued on p Wilson Blvd., Suite 600 Arlington, VA USA PHONE FAX usdec.org Managed by Dairy Management Inc.
2 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 2 From p. 1 Still, record butter prices are rationing the existing supply among the buyers who can afford to pay the most. In the case of Europe and the United States, that s generally the domestic market, leaving less available for export. To wit: butterfat shipments to the Middle East/North Africa region were down 42% in the first four months of the year and overall global butterfat trade from the major suppliers was down 17%. The butter wake-up call has brought buyers of other commodities off the sidelines as well. With scarce supply in the off season, Oceania cheddar prices saw bids that approached three-year highs. European whey prices are the highest in more than two years and European WMP hasn t topped these levels since August Even European SMP, intervention stocks notwithstanding, is up more than 20% in the last two months. Milk powder orders have been lackluster over the last year. In the 12 months to April 2017, SMP trade was down about 1% and WMP trade was down about 3% from the prior year, including double-digit losses in April. WMP sales to Southeast Asia were off 8% over the last year, and exports to Venezuela dwindled to almost nothing after averaging 12,500 tons per month from 2009 to In contrast, Algeria went on a buying spree to compensate for a shortfall in domestic milk production. WMP and SMP imports were up 71% in the six months to April 2017, an increase of nearly 100,000 tons over the prior year, though purchases have recently slowed. Global cheese demand remains good. In the 12 months to April 2017, exports from the major suppliers were up 6%, with a boost in buying from South Korea (+11% in the year to May 2017), China (+25% year to April), Southeast Asia (+12% year to March) and South America (+42% year to March). TOTAL MILK PRODUCTION FROM MAJOR EXPORTERS (000 MT) 25,500 24,700 23,900 23,100 22,300 21,500 Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture. Demand for whey products is exceptional, running 10% higher in the year to April China imports in the year to April were up 11%, while Southeast Asia imports were up 10%. But, the second half looks a little different. Milk production from the five major suppliers was down 1.6% in the nine-month stretch from June 2016 to February 2017 an unprecedented period of contraction going back 20 years. Note that production posted a negative number in only two years over the previous two decades. It speaks to how severely the world was oversupplied that production pulled back so dramatically and yet the market is still looking for firm footing. Now production is back in expansion mode. J F M A M J J A S O N D Includes EU-28, U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Argentina. EU and Argentina are milk deliveries. 30-day months. May-December 2017 is USDEC forecast. In March and April, production from the top five was up 1.1% Continued on p. 3 ABOUT THIS ISSUE Global Dairy Market Outlook is written and distributed by the U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC), 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22201, USA, (703) , FAX (703) , website Data is compiled and analyzed by Alan Levitt, vice president of communications and market analysis, and Marc Beck, executive vice president of strategy and insights. Analysis is supported by USDEC's network of 10 international offices. Copyright 2017 U.S. Dairy Export Council. All rights reserved by copyright owners. Reproduction of all portions of this newsletter is permitted with proper credit to U.S. Dairy Export Council. This issue of Global Dairy Market Outlook covers conditions in mid- June For up-to-date market data and commentary, visit the USDEC website at USDEC uses sources believed to be reliable but cannot warrant the accuracy of the information herein. Global Dairy Market Outlook is solely for information purposes and is not to be construed as commercial trading advice. The U.S. Dairy Export Council, primarily funded by Dairy Management Inc. through the producer checkoff, works closely with its member processors, trading companies and others to build global demand for U.S. dairy products.
3 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 3 From p. 2 SMP/NDM EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 6 (JAN-APR) year-over-year, on top of 1.9% growth last year. What s more, farmer confidence is relatively high, weather has been decent in the world s supply regions and input costs promise to remain low setting up a scenario of strong supply growth in the second half of the year. Initial payout forecasts for the 2017/18 season in New Zealand are NZ$ /kg MS, 60% better than the 2014/15 and 2015/16 payouts. Pastures are in good shape and imports of supplemental feed (PKE, soybean meal) are up significantly this year. After two years of declines, we look for production to increase 2-3% in the second half of Payouts are better for beleaguered Australian dairy farmers as well and the El Niño threat has been rescinded. After heavy culling pushed production down 9% in the second half of 2016, we expect a 2-3% gain in the second half of Argentina, Uruguay and Brazil have been non-factors in the world market over the last year; the exit of major customer Venezuela was offset by significantly lower milk production by the exporters in 2016 (-7% in H2). This year, while Venezuela is still out of the market, production is shaping up to be better. Here, too, we look for a 2-3% production increase by the major suppliers over the last half of the year, potentially leaving excess milk in the region. In Europe, higher commodity prices have brought higher farmgate milk prices this summer. Production growth among the exporting countries is mixed: higher in Ireland and Poland, flat in the Netherlands and Denmark, and down in France and Germany. Still, after the deep contraction in the second half of 2016, we look for EU milk production to be up 1.5% to 2% in H The major caveat on this projection is whether the heat wave now blanketing Europe has a more lasting impact on the farm. % share US EU-28 NZ Australia Argentina India CHEESE EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 5 (JAN-APR) % share EU-28 NZ US Australia Argentina WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 6 (JAN-APR) % share EU-28 US Switzerland Argentina Australia NZ BUTTERFAT EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 5 (JAN-APR) In the United States, where cow numbers have increased almost 200,000 head since November 2013, production is forecast to grow 1.5% in the July-December period. Meanwhile, domestic consumption is significantly lower this year than in recent years, leaving a greater exportable surplus. % share NZ EU-28 Australia US Argentina Put them together, and milk production from the major suppliers could increase close to 2% in the second half of the year. We estimate this 2% growth over six months would generate close to 200,000 tons of product for the export market. World import demand would have to increase 5 or 6 percent, year-over-year, to absorb that volume an ambitious task. This doesn t even take into consideration the 352,000 tons of SMP still sitting in EU intervention stores, which could limit further SMP price moves despite its increasing age, or the growing export supply available out of Canada and Turkey. Continued on p. 4
4 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 4 From p. 3 Demand growth is fragile. Import growth, as always, depends on China, where purchases have been just moderate in Milk production in China was estimated to be down 2-3% in the first half of the year and powder inventories are in line. But in the first four months of the year, China imports (milk equivalent) were up just 4% and milk powder imports were down fractionally. We still believe China dairy import growth could reach 10% this year, but it ll take 14% growth in the last eight months of the year to achieve that mark. Other importers have picked up some of the slack. Mexico (+11% year ending March 2017), Algeria (+18% year ending April), the Philippines (+31% year ending March), Indonesia (+15% year ending February) and South Korea (+13% year ending May) have increased purchases over the last year. Facing a shortage of local milk, Japan will expand SMP import tenders by 21,000 tons over the next nine months. Even Russia s imports outside of Belarus have improved, up 49% in the year to April. However, this has been offset by reduced trade with Venezuela and parts of the Middle East (such as Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates), Southeast Asia (Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand), and Sub-Saharan Africa. With little prospect for stronger oil prices anytime soon, buying appetite in the Middle East could be subdued. The indicators suggest a supply recovery on top of fragile demand growth, combining to pressure the market in the second half of the year. We expect the market to pull back by August or September as the New Zealand flush starts to come on. The weaker U.S. dollar since December has made imports more affordable, but higher commodity values make dairy relatively expensive in the price-sensitive regions of the world. With record butterfat prices and softening WMP prices, returns are now more favorable to produce butter/powder. Likewise in the United States the economics suggest more milk should move to the butter churn vs. the cheese vat. We expect more butter production in Europe, the United States and Oceania in H2. That may alleviate some of the butter shortage, but it also could create problems in disposing of the extra skim that s produced along the way. In the meantime, U.S. pricing is favorable relative to benchmark prices from Oceania and Europe, setting up U.S. suppliers to expand sales in the months ahead. MILK PRODUCTION VS. EXPORTS (ME) FROM TOP 5 SUPPLIERS MILK PRODUCTION EXPORTS ROLLING 12 MONTHS 73.0 Milk production (million MT) Exports (ME, million MT) Exports from the Top 5 suppliers (shown here as a indicator of global trade) have stagnated since mid Milk production has contracted since mid-2016, but has begun to expand again. Exports include SMP, WMP, cheese, butterfat and whey. Source: USDEC, Global Trade Atlas, USDA and other government agencies.
5 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 5 World Dairy Exports SMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 65,213 56,155 73, EU , , , U.S.* 55,089 41,180 48, U.S.* 181, , , NZ 40,694 29,311 26,568-9 NZ 154, , , Australia 18,006 16,342 9, Australia 73,426 62,294 48, Argentina 4,109 2, Argentina 9,427 7,804 4, TOTAL OF 5 183, , , TOTAL OF 5 672, , , WMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 159,052 94, , NZ 511, , ,144-5 EU-28 36,816 30,951 39, EU , , , Argentina 12,146 10,838 6, Argentina 43,637 39,410 21, Australia 5,532 6,015 4, Australia 22,356 21,319 18, U.S.* 3,852 1,886 2, U.S.* 15,803 8,493 8,158-4 TOTAL OF 5 217, , , TOTAL OF 5 727, , ,747-5 CHEESE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 59,368 68,853 76, EU , , , NZ 35,380 31,594 29,153-8 NZ 117, , ,098-7 U.S. 34,657 25,488 31, U.S. 119,768 92, , Australia 14,647 13,300 15, Australia 52,079 52,631 56, Argentina 3,161 4,016 3, Argentina 12,389 14,976 12, TOTAL OF 5 147, , , TOTAL OF 5 524, , , BUTTERFAT EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 48,617 37,760 35,253-7 NZ 173, , ,843-9 EU-28 15,594 20,161 19,504-3 EU-28 56,962 84,467 61, U.S. 2,565 3,217 1, U.S. 9,895 11,069 6, Australia 2,955 1, Australia 11,766 9,160 4, Argentina 1, Argentina 3,609 2,221 1, TOTAL OF 5 71,417 63,360 57,420-9 TOTAL OF 5 255, , , * USDA data for U.S for NDM/SMP and WMP adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
6 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 6 World Dairy Exports WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 48,322 48,395 55, EU , , , U.S. 41,358 32,747 44, U.S. 150, , , Switzerland 8,046 7,890 6, Switzerland 31,743 30,203 23, Argentina 4,557 5,724 3, Argentina 21,246 22,331 16, NZ 1,747 3,217 3, NZ 9,165 15,562 14,111-9 Australia 2,957 3,216 3,047-5 Australia 11,577 14,482 11, TOTAL OF 6 106, , , TOTAL OF 6 405, , , LACTOSE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG U.S. 35,369 28,855 31, U.S. 117, , , EU-28 17,584 14,170 21, EU-28 58,860 53,312 73, NZ 1,609 2,106 2, NZ 5,114 6,914 8, TOTAL OF 3 54,562 45,131 55, TOTAL OF 3 181, , , AGGREGATE EXPORT VOLUME - MAJOR SUPPLIERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY EU NZ US AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA 3,000,000 2,400,000 (MT) 1,800,000 1,200, , Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
7 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 7 World Dairy Imports SMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Mexico Mar 17 20,775 27, Mexico Mar 61,278 74, China Apr 17 13,316 17, China Apr 85,694 92, Philippines Mar 17 20,179 14, Philippines Mar 47,085 42, Indonesia Feb 17 13,872 16, Indonesia Feb 21,296 30, Algeria Apr 17 7,027 10, Algeria Apr 34,639 52, Malaysia Mar 17 10,085 13, Malaysia Mar 35,343 33,966-4 WMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Apr 17 29,902 30, China Apr 234, ,922-3 Algeria Apr 17 13,172 24, Algeria Apr 64, , Sri Lanka Apr 17 5,333 6, Sri Lanka Apr 24,420 30, Singapore Apr 17 5,626 5,389-4 Singapore Apr 20,946 24, Hong Kong Apr 17 7,140 6, Hong Kong Apr 28,651 23, Venezuela Dec 16-5,942 NA Venezuela Dec 57,345 57, CHEESE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Japan Apr 17 19,500 22, Japan Apr 86,133 86, U.S. Apr 17 14,140 15, U.S. Apr 68,267 57, So. Korea May 17 9,745 11, So. Korea May 44,940 55, Mexico Mar 17 12,498 13, Mexico Mar 33,390 31,580-5 Russia Apr 17 2,127 3, Russia Apr 9,730 9,005-7 BUTTERFAT IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Apr 17 4,853 6, China Apr 33,137 30,505-8 Mexico Mar 17 4,232 3,928-7 Mexico Mar 15,733 15,475-2 Russia Apr , Russia Apr 6,393 14, Iran Apr 17 1,376 2, Iran Apr 9,735 10, Morocco Mar 17 3,731 1, Morocco Mar 7,853 5, Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
8 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 8 World Dairy Imports WHEY PRODUCTS IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Apr 17 34,813 42, China Apr 150, , Indonesia Feb 17 9,812 8, Indonesia Feb 15,908 16, Japan Apr 17 1,357 1, Japan Apr 21,360 23, Thailand Apr 17 4,256 4, Thailand Apr 19,864 19,608-1 Malaysia Mar 17 6,049 5,563-8 Malaysia Mar 18,959 15, Mexico Mar 17 3,165 4, Mexico Mar 10,346 11, LACTOSE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Apr 17 7,457 8, China Apr 27,754 32, NZ Apr 17 5,385 6, NZ Apr 27,886 29, Japan Apr 17 4,978 7, Japan Apr 22,980 26, AGGREGATE IMPORT VOLUME - MAJOR BUYERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY 1,800 CHINA SE ASIA-5 RUSSIA MEXICO JAPAN ALGERIA UNITED STATES 1,440 (000 MT) 1, SE Asia-5 includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
9 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 9 Global Milk Production MILK PRODUCTION - CHANGE FROM PRIOR YEAR (000 MT) 1,600 EU-28 US NZ AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA , (400) J-13 M M J S N J-14 M M J S N J-15 M M J S N J-16 M M J S N J-17 M M (800) (1,200) * Feb 2012 and 2016 adjusted for leap day. EUROPEAN UNION MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) NEW ZEALAND MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q AUSTRALIA MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) ARGENTINA MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q ACCESS MILK PRODUCTION DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/milk-production Q and Q adjusted for leap day. Latest month may include USDEC estimates. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture.
10 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 10 World Prices SMP PRICES ($/MT) Prices vs. a year ago OCEANIA EUROPE US Oceania Europe U.S. SMP +19% +16% +16% WMP +48% +47% +11% Cheddar +42% +27% +12% Butter +104% +91% +13% Whey +66% +89% ACCESS PRICING DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/prices WMP PRICES ($/MT) CHEDDAR PRICES ($/MT) 5800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 5400 OCEANIA EU US BUTTER PRICES ($/MT) DRY WHEY PRICES ($/MT) 6800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 1750 EUROPE US Source: USDEC and commercial sources.
11 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 11 Currency Exchange Rates EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, EXPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 EURO NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR AUSTRALIA DOLLAR /7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 5/7 Top chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for U.S. competitiveness. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for U.S. competitiveness. EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, IMPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 JAPAN YEN CHINA YUAN MEXICAN PESO KOREAN WON /7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/7 12/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/7 12/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 Bottom chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for exports, because it increases import purchasing power. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for exports, because it decreases import purchasing power. Source: Oanda.com.
12 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 12 U.S. Exports U.S. exporters continue to gain share in April In April, U.S. dairy export volumes topped year-ago levels for the 11th straight month, with gains in most product categories and to most major destinations. Exporters shipped 162,441 tons of milk powder, cheese, butterfat, whey and lactose, up 12 percent from last April. Overseas sales were valued at $461 million, up 23 percent. Sales to Mexico were valued at $103 million in April, up 9 percent from last year. Among other top markets, sales to China (+91 percent), Southeast Asia (+23 percent) improved, while shipments to Japan were the highest in 21 months. In the first four months of 2017, U.S. exports of NDM/SMP, whey products and lactose were running at record levels. Exporters shipped 55,555 tons of NDM/SMP in April, up 9 percent year-over-year. Sales to our two largest markets Mexico and Southeast Asia were below year-ago levels, but this was offset by increased shipments to China (+2,447 tons) and Peru (+1,875 tons). In addition, exports to Japan (1,431 tons) were a five-year high. Cheese exports in April reached 26,876 tons, up 27 percent from last April s depressed volume. Shippers posted increased sales to South Korea (+1,778 tons), Australia (+1,701 tons), Mexico (+1,455 tons), Japan (+610 tons) and Southeast Asia (+593 tons). At current trends, Australia will pass Japan in the upcoming months as the United States third-largest cheese market. Exports of whey products totaled 43,294 tons in April, 11 percent greater than last year. Shipments to China were 20,169 tons, up 51 percent (+6,835 tons), led by a large jump (+5,312 tons) in sales of dry whey. Meanwhile, whey exports to Southeast Asia were off 19 percent (-1,824 tons), with loss of sales of WPC to Malaysia and Vietnam. Whey exports to Canada, Mexico and South Korea also trailed yearago levels in April. Lactose exports were up 9 percent from last year, led by a 44 percent (+1,333 tons) increase in sales to Japan. On a total milk solids basis, U.S. exports were equivalent to 14.6 percent of U.S. milk production in April. Imports were equivalent to 3.3 percent of production. U.S. Exports LATEST MONTH APRIL (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY - APRIL (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NDM/SMP* 57,998 51,131 55, NDM/SMP* 181, , , WMP* 4,181 1,904 2, WMP* 15,803 8,493 8,158-4 Cheese 31,873 21,171 26, Cheese 119,768 92, , Butterfat 2,355 1,314 1, Butterfat 9,895 11,069 6, Total Whey 45,059 39,086 43, Total Whey 150, , , Dry whey 17,650 12,699 16, Dry whey 62,763 50,312 64, WPC 9,690 12,759 10, WPC 30,248 38,452 47, Modified whey 12,872 10,761 12, Modified whey 42,287 41,121 49, WPI 4,847 2,867 2, WPI 15,068 10,772 11, Lactose 35,933 28,180 30, Lactose 117, , , MPC 3,482 2,083 1,975-5 MPC 13,295 7,698 8, Aggregate volume** 180, , , milk/cream (000 liters) 10,419 7,218 8, Aggregate volume** 608, , , milk/cream (000 liters) 34,712 29,910 34, Total Value (millions) ** $ $ $ Total Value (millions) ** $ 1,966.2 $ 1,516.5 $ 1, * USDA data for NDM/SMP and WMP for April 2016-January 2017 adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. ** Aggregate volume includes the products listed above, except fluid milk. Total value includes other products in addition to the ones listed here. Source: USDA, USDEC.
13 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 13 U.S. Exports U.S. EXPORTS VOLUME AND VALUE AGGREGATE VOLUME, SELECTED PRODUCTS* TOTAL DOLLAR VALUE 210, , Volume (MT) 146, ,000 82, Value (million $) 50, * Volume includes SMP, WMP, MPC, whey, cheese, butterfat, lactose U.S. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS AS A PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTION 19.0 EXPORTS IMPORTS % of mik production (TSB) U.S. DAIRY EXPORTS, TOP 10 MARKETS U.S. EXPORTS AS % OF PRODUCTION (million $) Apr 17 vs. yr ago April yr ago Jan-Apr 17 yr ago Mexico $ % NDM/SMP 55% 48% 55% 49% Southeast Asia % Total cheese 5.7% 4.7% 5.8% 5.1% Canada % Butterfat 2.3% 1.7% 2.2% 3.6% China % Dry sweet whey 44% 34% 43% 34% South America % Lactose 70% 68% 70% 70% So. Korea % Total milk solids 14.6% 13.5% 14.1% 12.8% Japan % Oceania % Caribbean % Middle East/North Africa % ACCESS U.S. EXPORT DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/us-export-data Source: USDA, USDEC, National Milk Producers Federation.
14 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 14 U.S. Exports: Rolling 12-Month Volume U.S. NDM/SMP EXPORTS (MT) 660, , , , , , U.S. CHEESE EXPORTS (MT) 400, , , , , , U.S. BUTTERFAT EXPORTS (MT) U.S. TOTAL WHEY* EXPORTS (MT) 120,000 98,000 76,000 54,000 32,000 10, , , , , , , U.S. DRY WHEY EXPORTS (MT) U.S. WPC EXPORTS (MT) 260, , , , , , , , , ,000 92,000 75, U.S. WPI EXPORTS (MT) U.S. LACTOSE EXPORTS (MT) 42,000 36,000 30,000 24,000 18,000 12, , , , , , , * Total whey includes dry whey, WPC, modified whey products and WPI. Source: USDA, USDEC.
15 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 15 U.S. Market Situation Butter remains tight while cheese market softens As in the rest of the world, the U.S. butter market is very firm. Buyers are under-covered for the second half of the year. On June 23, butter closed at $5710/ton on the CME, down $254 from a week earlier, but still up $1014 since May 13. In the first four months of the year, domestic use was up 3.7% (all percentages adjusted for leap day), while production was flat relative to a year ago. Butter inventories at the end of May were 142,000 tons, 2.5% below last year and mostly committed. A record spring flush has kept cheese vats full. Weak fluid milk sales also have made more milk available for manufacturing. In the first five months of the year, U.S. milk production was up 2.1% from last year. Cow numbers totaled 9.39 million in May, a 71,000-head increase over the last year, and the most since the mid- 1990s. This has led to an oversupply of cheese, with stocks building and cheddar barrels falling to their lowest in more than a year, dragging blocks down in the process. On June 23, the benchmark CME cheddar block price settled at $3395/ton, down $452 since the end of May. Inventories remain heavy: total cheese stocks at the end of May were a record high 608,000 tons, up 10% from the prior year. Cheese production in the first four months of the year was up 2.9%, while domestic consumption was down 0.3%. The NDM market pulled back slightly in June after increasing about $275/ton throughout April and May. Product is mostly trading between $1925/ton and $2025/ton, though the CME spot price is below this range. Combined NDM/SMP production was up 3.9% in the first four months of the year. NDM stocks at the end of April were 120,800 tons, up 5.6% from a year ago. The whey market has softened since early May. Dry whey is mostly trading between $975/ton and $1025/ton, down about $125 in the last seven weeks. Likewise, WPC prices are down about $225 in the last four months. In the first four months of the year, dry whey production was up 3.5% to a five-year high. Stocks climbed to 38,500 tons, the most ever for end of April. WPC production, on the other hand, was down 1.8% and stocks had fallen to a three-year low for that date. Lactose prices have started to soften (to about $875/ton) after more than doubling from November 2015 to April Production was up 4.9% in the first four months of U.S. MILK PRODUCTION (000 MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. NDM/SMP PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. CHEESE PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 8, , ,000 8,200 94, ,000 8,000 86, ,000 7,800 78, ,000 7,600 70, ,000 7,400 J F M A M J J A S O N D 62,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 420,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D U.S. BUTTER PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. DRY WHEY PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. WPC PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 83,000 42,000 20,000 77,000 39,800 18,800 71,000 37,600 17,600 65,000 35,400 16,400 59,000 33,200 15,200 53,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 31,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 14,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D Source: USDA, USDEC.
U.S. exported 15.5% of its milk production (TSB) in November YTD volumes +17% vs. prior year: PAGE 5 U.S. Exports NDM/SMP...2 Cheese...2 Butterfat...2 Whey Products...3 Lactose...4 WMP...4 Food Preps (Blends)...4
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