1 GLOBAL DAIRY Market Outlook March 23, PRICE TREND - SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTER, WHEY* ($/MT) WHEY SMP WMP CHEESE BUTTER Europe Whey Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q Oceania WMP, SMP, cheese, butter *Indicative prices. Milk powder, cheese and butterfat are Oceania; whey is western Europe. Source: USDEC and commercial sources. Global markets cool ahead of flush By Alan Levitt and Marc Beck After staging a significant rally in the second half of 2016, the global dairy markets hit a wall in early Since mid-january, SMP prices are down near $500/ton and cheese prices are down more than $200/ton. WMP from Oceania is off about $700/ton since mid-december. Prices overshot last fall on speculation of much larger production contraction and tighter supplies. Those assumptions, however, haven t materialized, compounded by a slowdown in global demand. MARCH INDICATIVE PRICES - USDEC sources $/MT, FOB SHIP (with change from February) SMP WMP Cheddar Butter Dry whey WPC-34% Lactose EUROPE OCEANIA 1913 (-200) 2281 (-313) 2975 (-213) 2994 (-331) 3575 (-131) 3669 (-188) 4466 (+147) 4656 (+244) 928 (+28) 2175 (+75) 975 (+50) Signals of greater supplies offered on GDT in December along with steady inventory build-up were the first signs that many pundits had over-exaggerated potential supply contractions. Though still below a year ago, production in Europe and Oceania is better than what was articulated and had been projected. And output in the United States continues to expand. Meanwhile, global import demand, while steady, has not expanded to absorb the past year s pent up supply and continued milk production growth. Recent price declines also reflect a realignment of prices across products and regions. Premiums on Oceania product relative to offerings from Europe and the United States have narrowed. That is not to say that markets are weak across the board. While milk powder and cheese are under pressure, the butterfat market remains tight, with Oceania prices approaching record highs. In fact, the disparity in value between milkfat and milk powder has never been this great. At the same time, the market for whey proteins has been very strong, though oversupply of milk powder is now a drag. Source: USDEC. But in general, there s a weaker sentiment in the world market heading in the second quarter. A strong spring flush is unfolding in the Northern Hemisphere. Meanwhile, buyers perceive little upside price risk, and are content to delay forward purchases in a declining market. Continued on p Wilson Blvd., Suite 600 Arlington, VA USA PHONE FAX usdec.org Managed by Dairy Management Inc.
2 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 2 From p. 1 On the supply side European milk production has been lower since mid output was down 2.6 percent in H2-2016, and is expected to be down about 2 percent in Q During the nine-month period, that s about 3.2 million tons less milk than the year before. Processors directed more of this shrinking milk supply to the cheese vat (production +0.2 percent in the July-January period) and to drinking milk (+0.4 percent), and less to SMP (-6.8 percent) and butter (-4.7 percent). While many presumed that stronger exports, coupled with lower production, would begin to clear Europe s backlog of SMP, that hasn t been the case. EU SMP exports were down 17 percent in the July-January period. That s left the European Commission with 352,000 tons of SMP in Intervention storage equivalent to 1.6 percent of annual EU milk production, or about 17 percent of annual global trade of SMP. Meanwhile, milk production is improved heading into spring. With prices drifting lower and supplies building seasonally, new sales into Intervention are becoming more and more likely perhaps within the coming weeks. The one factor that will mitigate some of Europe s supply growth is the mandated herd-reduction measures in the Netherlands, where 100,000 to 150,000 cows could be removed this year. This measure is expected to cut approximately 5 percent off Dutch milk production in 2017, following 7-percent growth in both 2015 and Culling has already begun and is expected to ramp up in the second half of the year. New Zealand milk production is on track to decline for the second straight season. Output was down 2.6 percent in the first eight months of the 2016/17 season, and TOTAL MILK PRODUCTION FROM MAJOR EXPORTERS (000 MT) 25,500 24,700 23,900 23,100 22,300 21,500 J F M A M J J A S O N D Includes EU-28, U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Argentina. EU and Argentina are milk deliveries. 30-day months is USDEC forecast. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture. exports were down 8 percent in the peak November-January months. But improved pasture conditions and better-than-breakeven payout forecasts have boosted farmer confidence and extended the flush. Production for the full season is expected to be down just 1-2 percent. Though USDEC had warned last fall that projections of large milk deficits were overstated, it wasn t until recently that Fonterra revised its production forecast higher and made more milk powder available on the GDT auction, contributing to the price downturn. Australia s production is headed for a 21-year low down 8.2 percent in the first seven months of the season. With less to ship overseas, exports were off about 3 percent, year-over-year, during this stretch, with double-digit declines in sales of SMP and butter. Meanwhile, Australia s cheese imports are up 25 percent in the last two years. Supply out of South America is significantly lower. Argentina Continued on p. 3 ABOUT THIS ISSUE Global Dairy Market Outlook is written and distributed by the U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC), 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22201, USA, (703) , FAX (703) , website Data is compiled and analyzed by Alan Levitt, vice president of communications and market analysis, and Marc Beck, executive vice president of strategy and insights. Analysis is supported by USDEC's network of 10 international offices. Copyright 2017 U.S. Dairy Export Council. All rights reserved by copyright owners. Reproduction of all portions of this newsletter is permitted with proper credit to U.S. Dairy Export Council. This issue of Global Dairy Market Outlook covers conditions in mid- March For up-to-date market data and commentary, visit the USDEC website at USDEC uses sources believed to be reliable but cannot warrant the accuracy of the information herein. Global Dairy Market Outlook is solely for information purposes and is not to be construed as commercial trading advice. The U.S. Dairy Export Council, primarily funded by Dairy Management Inc. through the producer checkoff, works closely with its member processors, trading companies and others to build global demand for U.S. dairy products.
3 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 3 From p. 2 SMP/NDM EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 5 (JAN-DEC) milk production was down 15 percent in 2016 and Uruguay production was off 10 percent. Argentina got off to a slow start in 2017 as heavy rains pounded milk-producing regions of the country for the second straight year. Argentina s exports have decreased for five straight years, and the loss of sales to one-time top customer Venezuela hasn t helped. Increased shipments to Brazil and Russia haven t made up the difference. And revelations of a growing financial crisis at SanCor, Argentina s largest processor and exporter, threaten to disrupt the industry further. In the United States, low feed costs ensure decent margins, leading to steady milk production growth. Output was up more than 2 percent in H and was up 2.4 percent in the first two months of 2017 (adjusted for leap day). The U.S. dairy herd has grown to its largest number in 20 years. On the demand side Global dairy trade volumes were very good from July- October last year as prices started to move, buyers came back in the market. But importers secured good forward coverage and higher prices met resistance, particularly in Southeast Asia and Africa. Sales slowed in November- December, and orders likewise have been light in Q % share US EU-28 NZ Australia India CHEESE EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 5 (JAN-DEC) % share EU-28 NZ US Australia Argentina WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 6 (JAN-DEC) The majority of the growth in world dairy trade last year came from China. Imports by the world s largest buyer were up 13 percent in 2016 versus However, purchases from the rest of the world were down marginally the second-worst performance in the last 11 years. % share EU-28 US Switzerland Argentina Australia NZ Shipments to the Middle East, Japan, sub-saharan Africa and Central America were all lower, offsetting gains from Mexico and the Philippines. But the biggest factor is the lost demand from Venezuela, once an importer of more than 2 million tons, milk equivalent, per year, and now buying just a fraction of that amount. In 2016, global trade of milk powder was down 4 percent, while sales of cheese and butterfat were up 5 percent and shipments of whey products were up 9 percent. However, exports of cheese and butterfat slowed toward the end of the year. Once again, prospects for continued global demand growth and market balance will depend on China. Import growth in 2016 was due, in part, to a decline in milk production (down 4 percent vs. prior year). With a relatively light build-up of milk powder inventories and continued financial pressure on China farmers, greater imports should again be needed to supplement domestic supply in Note, however, that China typically buys 40 percent of its WMP needs for the year in Q1. Therefore, they ll be less active the rest of the year. In addition, China s retail sales figures revealed their slowest growth in 11 years in January-February, suggesting underlying softness in consumer demand amid rising debt levels. As for other buyers, the most important one to U.S. exporters is Mexico, where milk powder imports are slowing. In the last four months of 2016, SMP/NDM imports were down 7 percent from a year earlier. U.S. export data suggests lower sales in January 2017 as well. Heavy powder buying in the first eight months of 2016 brought stocks to their highest level in years. Local milk supply has grown sharply in recent months. The peso has recovered a bit in the last two months, but remains at a historically low exchange rate, heightening the nation s economic vulnerability. Continued on p. 4
4 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 4 From p. 3 Though the United States has historically accounted for close to 80 percent of Mexico imports, tense cross-border political rhetoric has led Mexican buyers to look elsewhere. New grain purchases from South America and a recent deal for 15,000 tons of SMP from Europe more than Mexico usually buys from the EU in a year underscore the shifting trade dynamics. Imports from the oil-dependent Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region are uneven; some countries continue to buy, others have pulled back. Crude oil prices stalled near $55/barrel and rising U.S. and OPEC production has tempered forecasts for higher prices in A third straight year of depressed oil prices will pressure the treasuries of MENA countries as well as Venezuela, Mexico, Nigeria and Russia. Demand also faces headwinds from the strongest U.S. dollar exchange rate since late 2002, which impacts importers' purchasing power. Outlook and key drivers As milk production in the Northern Hemisphere builds toward what looks like a good flush, we see little prospect of higher prices over the next few months. A bumper crop harvest projected for the United States and South America will keep feed prices low, enabling farmers to keep producing milk even at lower prices. Current milk supply will tighten in the second half of the year, but the extent will depend on New Zealand s 2017/18 season and summer weather in Europe and the United States. Of course, buyers can only pause for so long, and lower prices should help bring them off the sidelines. We still expect global trade to grow at least 2 percent this year, a bit slower than the historical annual average of 3 percent. Look for more activity after the EU/U.S. flush. That will probably give a (mostly psychological) boost to the markets later this year, but as in 2016 the upside of the rally will be limited. Primarily, the disposition of European SMP stocks are weighing heavily. These inventories are off the market, so in that sense they don t impact current supply. But their presence prevents buyers from feeling the scarcity that fuels market rallies. If these stocks come out this year, they ll also compete with whey in the animal feed market. And even now, weaker SMP prices put a cap on the WPC-34 market, and they re starting to pressure the dry whey market as well. We also note that as butterfat prices continue to rise, the premium of dairy fat vs. vegetable fat is near a record high. This could encourage substitution and prevent butterfat prices from climbing much further. In addition to the Northern Hemisphere spring flush and EU SMP stocks, we re keeping a close eye on the resilience of China buying; milk powder demand from Southeast Asia and the MENA region; and any pullback in buying from Mexico. All these factors will have an impact on global markets over the balance of the year. Going forward, we re reminded that global dairy commodities remain thinly traded, and changes in sentiment or even small variations in fundamentals can lead to an outsized change in market direction. This, combined with the herd mentality that pervades the dairy complex, should give us continued volatility (within a range) throughout MILK PRODUCTION VS. EXPORTS (ME) FROM TOP 5 SUPPLIERS MILK PRODUCTION EXPORTS ROLLING 12 MONTHS 73.0 Milk production (million MT) Exports (ME, million MT) Exports from the Top 5 suppliers (shown here as a indicator of global trade) have stagnated since mid Milk production has been contracting since mid-2016, but remains excessive. Exports include SMP, WMP, cheese, butterfat and whey. Source: USDEC, Global Trade Atlas, USDA and other government agencies.
5 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 5 World Dairy Exports SMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 60,507 62,234 53, EU , , , U.S.* 34,134 46,179 47, U.S.* 544, , , NZ 60,310 59,351 47, NZ 382, , , Australia 22,432 21,145 16, Australia 163, , , India 2, , India 61,301 17,111 18, TOTAL OF 5 179, , , TOTAL OF 5 1,800,286 1,878,639 1,801,957-4 WMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 190, , ,445-0 NZ 1,422,943 1,380,414 1,343,656-3 EU-28 30,985 33,574 25, EU , , ,454-5 Argentina 9,972 18,448 10, Argentina 143, , , Australia 8,564 6,844 6,393-7 Australia 80,761 65,156 70, U.S.* 4, , U.S.* 54,479 33,807 25, TOTAL OF 5 244, , ,537-6 TOTAL OF 5 2,091,641 2,017,764 1,929,243-4 CHEESE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 58,370 64,593 62,961-3 EU , , , NZ 30,752 35,030 36, NZ 277, , , U.S. 27,332 24,705 28, U.S. 368, , ,028-9 Australia 13,754 16,839 16, Australia 150, , ,041-2 Argentina 3,924 3,691 4, Argentina 56,450 43,455 52, TOTAL OF 5 134, , , TOTAL OF 5 1,573,830 1,576,567 1,662, BUTTERFAT EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 51,562 59,363 50, NZ 507, , , EU-28 10,099 18,142 9, EU , , , Australia 6,055 3,189 2, Australia 42,127 32,475 28, U.S. 3,798 1,856 2, U.S. 70,913 21,535 24, Argentina Argentina 12,944 8,572 5, TOTAL OF 5 71,757 82,940 65, TOTAL OF 5 770, , , * USDA data for U.S for NDM/SMP and WMP adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
6 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 6 World Dairy Exports WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 45,248 49,991 45,746-8 EU , , , U.S. 39,549 32,967 47, U.S. 494, , , Switzerland 8,009 7,476 5, Switzerland 88,032 89,035 75, Argentina 5,734 5,028 6, Argentina 68,177 65,509 70, Australia 3,186 2,733 4, Australia 34,819 29,923 48, NZ 3,039 3,652 4, NZ 27,963 31,571 42, TOTAL OF 6 104, , , TOTAL OF 6 1,234,007 1,213,009 1,322, LACTOSE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-DECEMBER (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG U.S. 30,946 30,362 31, U.S. 342, , , EU-28 14,342 13,858 19, EU , , , NZ 2,189 2,788 3, NZ 20,154 23,592 25, TOTAL OF 3 47,477 47,008 53, TOTAL OF 3 536, , , AGGREGATE EXPORT VOLUME - MAJOR SUPPLIERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY EU NZ US AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA 3,000,000 2,400,000 (MT) 1,800,000 1,200, , Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
7 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 7 World Dairy Imports SMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Jan 17 33,486 32,813-2 China Jan 33,486 32,813-2 Mexico Dec 16 27,073 24, Mexico Dec 258, , Malaysia Dec 16 12,922 10, Malaysia Dec 147, ,058-8 Indonesia Jul 16 7,011 7, Indonesia Jul 82,996 81,034-2 Algeria Oct 16 15,868 8, Algeria Oct 124,084 93, Philippines Dec 16 3,477 18, Philippines Dec 100, , WMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Jan , , China Jan 120, , Venezuela Dec 16-5,942 NA Venezuela Dec 57,345 57, Algeria Oct 16 16,502 18, Algeria Oct 199, ,912-8 Singapore Dec 16 7,596 6, Singapore Dec 74,520 68,482-8 Hong Kong Jan 17 7,110 6, Hong Kong Jan 7,110 6, CHEESE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Japan Jan 17 19,875 20, Japan Jan 19,875 20, U.S. Jan 17 17,516 14, U.S. Jan 17,516 14, Mexico Dec 16 10,518 12, Mexico Dec 116, , So. Korea Feb 17 9,627 12, So. Korea Feb 17,513 20, Russia Dec 16 4,126 2, Russia Dec 40,649 29, BUTTERFAT IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Jan 17 14,807 11, China Jan 14,807 11, Iran Jan 17 2,853 1, Iran Jan 2,853 1, Mexico Dec 16 4,723 7, Mexico Dec 34,989 52, Morocco Jan 17 1,665 2, Morocco Jan 1,665 2, Russia Dec 16 3,075 6, Russia Dec 21,459 27, Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
8 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 8 World Dairy Imports WHEY PRODUCTS IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Jan 17 45,618 36, China Jan 45,618 36, Indonesia Jul 16 5,990 6, Indonesia Jul 66,029 63,460-4 Mexico Dec 16 4,492 4,149-8 Mexico Dec 52,369 47, Thailand Dec 16 5,707 4, Thailand Dec 63,038 62,797-0 Japan Jan 17 5,830 5,794-1 Japan Jan 5,830 5,794-1 LACTOSE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Jan 17 6,632 7, China Jan 6,632 7, NZ Jan 17 6,690 8, NZ Jan 6,690 8, Japan Jan 17 6,083 6,053-0 Japan Jan 6,083 6,053-0 AGGREGATE IMPORT VOLUME - MAJOR BUYERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY 1,800 CHINA SE ASIA-5 RUSSIA MEXICO JAPAN ALGERIA UNITED STATES 1,440 (000 MT) 1, SE Asia-5 includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
9 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 9 Global Milk Production MILK PRODUCTION - CHANGE FROM PRIOR YEAR (000 MT) 1,600 EU-28 US NZ AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA , (400) J-13 M M J S N J-14 M M J S N J-15 M M J S N J-16 M M J S N J-17 (800) (1,200) * Feb 2012 and 2016 adjusted for leap day. EUROPEAN UNION MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) NEW ZEALAND MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q AUSTRALIA MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) ARGENTINA MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q ACCESS MILK PRODUCTION DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/milk-production Q and Q adjusted for leap day. Latest month may include USDEC estimates. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture.
10 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 10 World Prices SMP PRICES ($/MT) Prices vs. a year ago OCEANIA EUROPE US Oceania Europe U.S. SMP +30% +7% +28% WMP +55% +46% +19% Cheddar +41% +24% +11% Butter +64% +70% +5% Whey +50% +108% ACCESS PRICING DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/prices WMP PRICES ($/MT) CHEDDAR PRICES ($/MT) 5800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 5400 OCEANIA EU US BUTTER PRICES ($/MT) DRY WHEY PRICES ($/MT) 6800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 1750 EUROPE US Source: USDEC and commercial sources.
11 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 11 Currency Exchange Rates EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, EXPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 EURO NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR AUSTRALIA DOLLAR /7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 Top chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for U.S. competitiveness. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for U.S. competitiveness. EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, IMPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 JAPAN YEN CHINA YUAN MEXICAN PESO KOREAN WON /7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/7 12/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/7 12/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 Bottom chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for exports, because it increases import purchasing power. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for exports, because it decreases import purchasing power. Source: Oanda.com.
12 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 12 U.S. Exports Export volume up, but sales to Mexico slower In January, U.S. dairy export volume topped prior-year levels for the eighth straight month, paced by continued gains in sales of milk powder and whey products. Suppliers shipped 149,864 tons of milk powders, cheese, butterfat, whey and lactose during the month, 11 percent greater than a year ago. Overall export value was $412 million in January, up 10 percent. January trade data confirms a slowdown in exports to Mexico. Shipments south of the border were valued at $93 million, down 2 percent from last January, and the lowest figure since August Milk powder and cheese exports to Mexico were off. Overall exports to Japan and South America also trailed year-ago levels, while suppliers had more success in China (+47 percent), Canada (+23 percent) and Southeast Asia (+15 percent). Official USDA data continues to show an increase in WMP exports to Mexico. However, we believe this volume represents SMP sales that were misclassified at the port. Therefore, we ve adjusted NDM/SMP and WMP trade data for April-January to account for this misclassification. With this adjustment, exports of nonfat dry milk/skim milk powder (NDM/SMP) were 13 percent higher than a year ago, with material increases in sales to Southeast Asia (+45 percent) and Pakistan (+333 percent). However, shipments to Mexico slipped to 19,587 tons, down 2 percent, and the lowest figure since last March. Cheese exports totaled 22,670 tons in January, up 3 percent from the depressed levels of January Shipments to Mexico were just 5,435 tons, down 28 percent and the lowest volume since January Sales to Japan and the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region also continue to lag, while exports to Australia (now the number-three cheese customer) and South Korea (+29 percent in last five months) were stronger. Whey exports remain particularly strong. Total whey shipments of 41,220 tons in January were up 24 percent from last year. Nearly half the sales went to China, which bought almost twice as much as a year ago. Over the last eight months to January, U.S. whey exports to China were up 73 percent. U.S. exports of fluid milk and cream were up 12 percent in January, but shipments to Canada began to slow. Exporters sold 3.11 million liters to Canada in January, compared with an average of 6.91 million liters/month in the fourth quarter of Note: beginning last month we separated Whey Protein Concentrate (HS ) and Modified Whey Products (HS ). This latter category is mostly whey permeate, though it likely includes some WPC and other whey products as well. We also expanded the fluid milk category to include cream exports. In addition, beginning this month, USDA/FAS changed the HS code for food preps (blends) from to However, we don t believe the new category is comparable with the old category, so we ve removed it from our table. U.S. Exports LATEST MONTH JANUARY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NDM/SMP* 34,645 42,896 48, NDM/SMP* 34,645 42,896 48, WMP* 3,993 1,696 1, WMP* 3,993 1,696 1, Cheese 23,092 21,952 22, Cheese 23,092 21,952 22, Butterfat 2,503 2,513 1, Butterfat 2,503 2,513 1, Total Whey 30,858 33,199 41, Total Whey 30,858 33,199 41, Dry whey 13,021 13,428 15, Dry whey 13,021 13,428 15, WPC 5,963 8,800 13, WPC 5,963 8,800 13, Modified whey 8,538 8,271 9, Modified whey 8,538 8,271 9, WPI 3,336 2,700 2, WPI 3,336 2,700 2,693-0 Lactose 21,705 28,395 28, Lactose 21,705 28,395 28, MPC 2,085 1,844 2, MPC 2,085 1,844 2, Aggregate volume** 118, , , milk/cream (000 liters) 7,828 7,685 8, Aggregate volume** 118, , , milk/cream (000 liters) 7,828 7,685 8, Total Value (millions) ** $ $ $ Total Value (millions) ** $ $ $ * USDA data for NDM/SMP and WMP adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. ** Aggregate volume includes the products listed above, except fluid milk. Total value includes other products in addition to the ones listed here. Source: USDA, USDEC.
13 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 13 U.S. Exports U.S. EXPORTS VOLUME AND VALUE AGGREGATE VOLUME, SELECTED PRODUCTS* TOTAL DOLLAR VALUE 210, , Volume (MT) 146, ,000 82, Value (million $) 50, * Volume includes SMP, WMP, MPC, whey, cheese, butterfat, lactose U.S. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS AS A PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTION 19.0 EXPORTS IMPORTS % of mik production (TSB) U.S. DAIRY EXPORTS, TOP 10 MARKETS U.S. EXPORTS AS % OF PRODUCTION (million $) Jan 17 vs. yr ago January yr ago Jan 17 yr ago Mexico $ % NDM/SMP 51% 50% 51% 50% Southeast Asia % Total cheese 4.8% 4.8% 4.8% 4.8% Canada % Butterfat 2.3% 3.2% 2.3% 3.2% China % Dry sweet whey 41% 36% 41% 36% South America % Lactose 69% 74% 69% 74% Oceania % Total milk solids 13.0% 12.2% 13.0% 12.2% So. Korea % Middle East/North Africa % Japan % Caribbean % ACCESS U.S. EXPORT DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/us-export-data Source: USDA, USDEC, National Milk Producers Federation.
14 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 14 U.S. Exports: Rolling 12-Month Volume U.S. NDM/SMP EXPORTS (MT) 620, , , , , ,000 U.S. CHEESE EXPORTS (MT) 400, , , , , ,000 U.S. BUTTERFAT EXPORTS (MT) U.S. TOTAL WHEY* EXPORTS (MT) 120,000 98,000 76,000 54,000 32,000 10, , , , , , ,000 U.S. DRY WHEY EXPORTS (MT) U.S. WPC EXPORTS (MT) 260, , , , , , , , , ,000 90,000 75,000 U.S. WPI EXPORTS (MT) U.S. LACTOSE EXPORTS (MT) 42,000 36,000 30,000 24,000 18,000 12, , , , , , ,000 * Total whey includes dry whey, WPC, modified whey products and WPI. Source: USDA, USDEC.
15 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 15 U.S. Market Situation U.S. markets turn weaker The U.S. dairy markets softened in the first quarter, with increased supplies leading to a build-up of inventory. On March 22, the benchmark CME block price settled at $3197/ton, down $882 in just seven weeks. Orders are slower and production is seasonally heavy. Cheese production in the three months to January was up 2.9 percent from the prior year. Total commercial cheese stocks on Feb. 28 were 570,362 tons, a record high and 17 percent greater than the five-year average for the month. Butter closed at $4674 on March 22, down $248 from the first of the month, but still the highest for this date in 13 years. Production was down 6 percent in Q4-2016, but improved in early 2017 as more cream became available. Butter inventories also were an all-time high: 128,197 tons, 37 percent more than the five-year average. Stocks will continue to grow seasonally. Mild weather and improved margins have driven milk production higher. In the latest six months to February, output was up 2.4 percent (adjusted for leap day). Cow numbers totaled 9.37 million in February, up 56,000 head over the last year, and the most since the mid-1990s. USDA expects expansion to continue; the ag department projects U.S. milk production to increase another 2.4 percent in 2017, following a 1.8 percent gain in The NDM/SMP market is weak, with prices ranging between $1765 and $1875/ton. Production volume in the September-January period was up 9 percent year-overyear. Suppliers have been aggressive in trying to move loads overseas to prevent inventory build-up, though pushback from Mexico is a growing concern. The whey market has flattened over the last month. Dry whey production in the August-January period was down 5 percent from the prior year, and production of whey protein concentrate (WPC) is still well-below the 2014 peak. Dry whey prices are around $1060 to $1125/ton, a two-year high. WPC-34 prices have declined slightly over the last month, to $2160/ton, limited by weaker NDM prices. Lactose prices are steady at about $825/ton, up 65 percent from a year ago. Production was up 7 percent in the July-January period. U.S. MILK PRODUCTION (000 MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. NDM/SMP PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. CHEESE PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 8, , ,000 8,120 94, ,000 7,940 86, ,000 7,760 78, ,000 7,580 70, ,000 7,400 J F M A M J J A S O N D 62,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 420,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D U.S. BUTTER PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. DRY WHEY PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. WPC PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 86,000 42,000 20,000 79,400 39,800 18,800 72,800 37,600 17,600 66,200 35,400 16,400 59,600 33,200 15,200 53,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 31,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 14,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D Source: USDA, USDEC.
U.S. exported 15.5% of its milk production (TSB) in November YTD volumes +17% vs. prior year: PAGE 5 U.S. Exports NDM/SMP...2 Cheese...2 Butterfat...2 Whey Products...3 Lactose...4 WMP...4 Food Preps (Blends)...4
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