1 GLOBAL DAIRY Market Outlook September 26, PRICE TREND - SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTER, WHEY* ($/MT) WHEY SMP WMP CHEESE BUTTER Europe Whey Oceania WMP, SMP, cheese, butter 530 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q *Indicative prices. Milk powder, cheese and butterfat are Oceania; whey is western Europe. Source: USDEC and commercial sources. Pipelines sufficient, as sentiment softens By Alan Levitt and Marc Beck The impact of Europe s summer heat-wave hasn t been as bad as earlier feared. Coupled with a record start to New Zealand s production season, ample inventories around the world, and mild overall import demand, global dairy market sentiment has softened heading into the fourth quarter. SEPTEMBER INDICATIVE PRICES - USDEC sources $/MT, FOB SHIP (with change from August) EUROPE SMP 1878 (+88) 2013 (+13) WMP 3281 (+71) 2775 (-158) Cheddar 3956 (+46) 3622 (-58) Butter 6219 (-134) 4328 (-442) Dry whey 891 (+44) European commodity prices improved from mid-august to mid- WPC-34% 2025 (+25) September but have since backed off. Likewise, U.S. prices have pulled Lactose 875 (+75) back in recent weeks, despite solid domestic demand and seasonally lower milk supplies. Oceania prices, in contrast, have trended weaker since June, with the GDT composite price down 19% in the last four months and falling to a two-year low. OCEANIA Prices are monthly averages. Source: USDEC. As a result, Oceania prices are now discounted to EU and U.S. offerings, except on SMP, where heavy Northern Hemisphere inventories are keeping a lid on price increases. Buyers are comfortable with their holdings and pipelines are stocked up. Suppliers have plenty to sell relative to orders. Still, the buyers are out there, keeping a floor on the markets. Sine-wave demand trend During the five-month stretch from last December to April, import demand increased 7%, led by a surge in buying from the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region and, to a lesser extent, Southeast Asia, Japan and South Korea. Lower commodity prices helped bring buyers off the sidelines. Then orders slowed in May and June, before recovering in July. Continued on p Wilson Blvd., Suite 600 Arlington, VA USA PHONE FAX usdec.org Managed by Dairy Management Inc.
2 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 2 From p. 1 This has been a reoccurring pattern over the last three years: call it a sine-wave demand trend (see chart below). Import volume has steadily expanded by about 2%/year-over-year during that stretch, but the increases are characterized by cyclical fits and starts. The pattern has played out in a tactical buying cycle of about six months of good orders, followed by about three months of lighter orders. We expect this pattern to continue. Resilient supply On the supply side, milk production growth from the top 5 suppliers (EU, United States, New Zealand, Australia and Argentina) was up 1.6% in the first half of the year, led, as usual, by Europe (+2.1%). EU production still posted a solid 1.4% growth rate in July, as farmers dipped into stored feed to keep milk flowing. Now that the calendar has turned to autumn, weather concerns have faded. Still, Europe s year-over-year production growth has begun to stall, and high feed costs will create margin EXPORTS FROM TOP 5, ROLLING 12-MONTHS (000 MT) 7,800 7,660 7,520 7,380 7,240 7, Includes SMP, WMP, cheese, butterfat and whey. Source: USDEC, Global Trade Atlas. TOTAL MILK PRODUCTION FROM MAJOR EXPORTERS (000 MT) 25,500 24,760 24,020 23,280 22,540 21,800 J F M A M J J A S O N D Includes EU-28, U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Argentina. EU and Argentina are milk deliveries. 30-day months. Aug.-Dec is USDEC forecast. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture. pressures throughout the winter. Look for EU production to be near flat over the second half of the year. Australia also is now dealing with drought, and tighter margins have reined in expansion in the United States. Argentina growth has slowed as well. The only outlier in New Zealand, where excellent pasture conditions and strong milk payout projections have sent farmers to their best start ever, with production up 5% in the first three months of the 2018/19 season. All told, production growth from the top 5 should only be around half a percent in H2 just the third slowest growth rate we ve seen in the last 12 halves. Supply growth may not get better in the first half of 2019, either. We expect production to be flat to slightly higher there as well. Slow production growth for an extended period normally would be Continued on p. 3 ABOUT THIS ISSUE Global Dairy Market Outlook is written and distributed by the U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC), 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22201, USA, (703) , FAX (703) , website Data is compiled and analyzed by Alan Levitt, vice president of communications and market analysis, and Marc Beck, executive vice president of strategy and insights. Analysis is supported by USDEC's network of 10 international offices. Copyright 2018 U.S. Dairy Export Council. All rights reserved by copyright owners. Reproduction of all portions of this newsletter is permitted with proper credit to U.S. Dairy Export Council. This issue of Global Dairy Market Outlook covers conditions in late September For up-to-date market data and commentary, visit the USDEC website at USDEC uses sources believed to be reliable but cannot warrant the accuracy of the information herein. Global Dairy Market Outlook is solely for information purposes and is not to be construed as commercial trading advice. The U.S. Dairy Export Council, primarily funded by Dairy Management Inc. through the producer checkoff, works closely with its member processors, trading companies and others to build global demand for U.S. dairy products.
3 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 3 From p. 2 enough to drive prices out of their recent ranges. But there s just not the kind of broad buying support we saw several years ago to absorb the overhang. Rising oil prices topping $80/barrel for the first time in four years are encouraging. This is supportive of continued import strength from the MENA region. And generally stable and moderate prices should continue to drive good import volume from Southeast Asia and Mexico. But once-big buyers Russia and Venezuela, of course, are still mostly out of the market and aren t coming back anytime soon. More importantly, China, which accounted for most of the growth in world trade over the last two years, saw import volumes retreat slightly in the first half of the year. China: The biggest wild card China s import appetite is the biggest variable in where the markets go from here. Without a pick-up in volume from the world s single biggest buyer, it ll be difficult to see much tightening of the market balance. China milk production was reportedly up 1% in the first half, after dropping more than 5% in the previous two years. Increased local supply mitigates the need for imports. Further, inventories are said to be sufficient, and the plentiful supply out of New Zealand is allowing buyers to rest easy. The weakening yuan doesn t help either. China s currency is down 8% vs. the U.S. dollar since mid-april, undercutting Chinese purchasing power. (The strong U.S. dollar may be starting to weigh on Southeast Asia imports as well.) However, a very hot summer could put a dent in China s domestic supply in the second half. In addition, consumer demand still appears to be healthy, based on strong sales reports from leading Chinese dairy companies. Of course, concern about escalating U.S.-China trade wars adds to the trepidation. The impact of higher tariffs on China s economy is a big unknown, as is any spill-over effect on regional economic growth. Compounding the uncertainty, the July trade data showed a clear shift in purchasing patterns following the implementation of tariffs on most U.S. dairy products. China imports of basic commodities improved in July up about 8% but the United States lost business, primarily to EU suppliers, but also to New Zealand and Argentina. (Note that these figures exclude trade of infant formula, which was up significantly in the first half of the year, as well as fluid milk/cream, which was slightly lower.) Among the top 5 suppliers, U.S. share of basic commodity imports fell from 24% in the first half of the year, to 12% in July. U.S. volumes of milk powder plunged, and U.S. share of cheese imports dropped from 17% in H1 to just 4% in July. More significantly, U.S. share of whey and whey protein concentrate imports declined from 54% in H1 to 41% in July. On whey products, U.S. volume declined by more than 5,000 tons during the month, while EU volume increased by an almost identical amount. With little prospect for a quick resolution to the U.S.-China spat, expect trade flows to continue to shuffle. A few more bearish supply indicators Buyers also are accounting for intervention stocks, South American supply and Indian SMP in the supply mix. The European Commission has been successful in selling 132,500 tons of SMP out of intervention since April, cutting inventory by a third. But less than 9,000 tons moved in this month s tender, still leaving about 245,000 tons of old powder in storage that must eventually come back on the market. In addition, U.S. NDM holdings are sitting at record levels 28,000 tons higher than the five-year average for end of July. Rebounding supply out of South America this year also has kept downward pressure on the market. With more favorable weather and higher milk prices (in local currency) in 2018, milk production is up in both the exporting and importing countries in the region. In Argentina and Uruguay, the two main exporters, milk deliveries are estimated to be up about 8% this year. In recent years, their main customer was Brazil, but Brazil s imports of WMP were down 37% in the first eight months of the year. Instead, Argentina and Uruguay WMP exports outside the continent primarily to Algeria are up more than three-fold this year (+50,000 tons), taking share from European suppliers and forcing them to find sales elsewhere. In addition, the government of India agreed to subsidize SMP exports an estimated 100,000 tons by March to alleviate its own inventory overhang. Historically most of India s exports have gone to Pakistan and Bangladesh. Assuming those trade channels resume, it will displace powder exports from the United States and Europe, respectively. Looking ahead With sufficient milk powder inventory, strong New Zealand supply and tentative demand growth, there s not much scope for a commodity market breakout either way in the fourth quarter. The benchmark WMP price should remain in the $2,800-$3,200 range for the foreseeable future. Below $2,800 brings buyers back into the market, providing a floor. Above $3,200 gives buyers pause. The whey derivatives markets remain strong, as suppliers have seen robust demand all year, particularly for export, and not a lot of new production. In the United States, inventories of WPC and lactose have plunged throughout the year and supplies are tight. These markets are expected to remain strong for the balance of the year, barring a trade-war-related decline in China imports. Global butterfat supplies remain structurally tight, though prices retreated significantly in the third quarter as buyers pushed back. Tightening EU milk supply will change the complexion of the market, but not until we get past the New Zealand flush. Culling is up in Europe, the United States and New Zealand. By the first quarter of 2019, for the first time in years, we could see little to no milk supply growth from all five of the major exporters at the same time. That could make for improved market balance in 2019.
4 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 4 World Dairy Exports SMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 43,317 73,135 80, EU , , ,498-1 U.S.* 48,388 41,873 54, U.S.* 306, , , NZ 40,067 42,897 26, NZ 257, , , Australia 8,622 18,225 11, Australia 95,979 96,742 89,756-7 Argentina 2,895 1,808 1, Argentina 14,112 11,525 6, TOTAL OF 5 143, , ,567-2 TOTAL OF 5 1,030,763 1,184,916 1,233, WMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 91, , , NZ 769, , , EU-28 35,233 34,692 27, EU , , , Argentina 7,808 4,357 7, Argentina 64,639 32,415 52, Australia 6,339 2,954 4, Australia 39,493 31,504 37, U.S.* 1,965 1,871 4, U.S.* 15,901 12,596 26, TOTAL OF 5 142, , , TOTAL OF 5 1,131,053 1,111,609 1,122, CHEESE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 63,419 67,005 66,981-0 EU , , ,819-0 NZ 29,592 36,058 39, NZ 210, , ,246-4 U.S. 23,985 27,241 27, U.S. 163, , , Australia 11,416 11,233 13, Australia 97,924 97,644 99, Argentina 4,639 4,770 3, Argentina 26,913 25,519 21, TOTAL OF 5 133, , , TOTAL OF 5 954,094 1,025,512 1,025, BUTTERFAT EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 46,044 48,273 57, NZ 290, , , EU-28 17,373 15,632 10, EU , ,448 97, U.S. 1,244 2,063 3, U.S. 13,954 14,033 24, Australia 2,459 1,443 1, Australia 19,690 9,532 8,799-8 Argentina Argentina 3,240 2,029 1, TOTAL OF 5 67,462 67,772 73, TOTAL OF 5 463, , , * U.S. government data for U.S for NDM/SMP and WMP adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. Source: Global Trade Atlas and U.S. Bureau of Census.
5 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 5 World Dairy Exports WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 52,510 43,834 53, EU , , , U.S. 42,641 42,630 39,273-8 U.S. 274, , , Switzerland 5,903 5,836 3, Switzerland 50,165 44,962 31, Argentina 7,271 4,564 3, Argentina 39,947 29,709 27,067-9 NZ 4,025 4,783 5, NZ 27,832 27,806 24, Australia 2,936 2,830 3, Australia 32,945 22,933 25, TOTAL OF 6 115, , , TOTAL OF 6 770, , , LACTOSE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG U.S. 29,445 29,376 33, U.S. 204, , , EU-28 14,509 15,261 21, EU-28 95, , ,451-2 NZ 2,255 1,207 2, NZ 13,591 12,984 11,811-9 TOTAL OF 3 46,209 45,844 57, TOTAL OF 3 314, , , AGGREGATE EXPORT VOLUME - MAJOR SUPPLIERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY EU NZ US AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA 3,000,000 2,400,000 (MT) 1,800,000 1,200, , Source: Global Trade Atlas and U.S. Bureau of Census. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
6 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 6 World Dairy Imports SMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Mexico June 30,149 26, Mexico June 163, , China March 21,260 17, China March 74,343 82, Philippines June 14,850 15, Philippines June 78,586 76,675-2 Indonesia April 8,148 13, Indonesia April 53,054 47, Algeria June 14,773 13,538-8 Algeria June 79, , Malaysia June 11,156 9, Malaysia June 63,595 62,809-1 WMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China March 33,515 28, China March 196, , Algeria June 12,022 14, Algeria June 147, , Brazil August 5,345 7, Brazil August 61,992 39, Sri Lanka July 5,011 5, Sri Lanka July 48,068 49, Singapore August 5,908 5,766-2 Singapore August 50,205 42, Hong Kong July 6,874 8, Hong Kong July 43,441 62, CHEESE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Japan Jul 18 22,242 25, Japan Jul 156, , U.S. Jul 18 14,007 14, U.S. Jul 101,669 95,422-6 So. Korea Aug 18 11,029 11,014-0 So. Korea Aug 88,075 86,676-2 Mexico Jun 18 11,218 14, Mexico Jun 64,674 66, China Mar 18 8,914 6, China Mar 28,132 26,721-5 Russia Jun 18 3,455 3,423-1 Russia Jun 15,933 19, BUTTERFAT IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Mar 18 6,286 9, China Mar 24,011 31, Egypt Jun , Egypt Jun 12,160 23, Mexico Jun 18 3,357 2, Mexico Jun 26,542 12, Russia Jun 18 3,099 1, Russia Jun 20,021 7, Iran Aug 18 1,116 1, Iran Aug 22,503 23, Morocco Jul 18 1, Morocco Jul 10,939 12, Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
7 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 7 World Dairy Imports WHEY PRODUCTS IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Mar 18 49,341 51, China Mar 128, , Indonesia Apr 18 10,672 12, Indonesia Apr 38,877 38,335-1 Japan Jul 18 6,195 6, Japan Jul 41,817 40,803-2 Thailand Jul 18 5,170 5,090-2 Thailand Jul 37,018 32, Malaysia Jun 18 5,996 7, Malaysia Jun 30,643 39, Mexico Jun 18 4,577 5, Mexico Jun 23,249 33, LACTOSE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Mar 18 8,835 11, China Mar 23,779 26, NZ Jul 18 6,615 5, NZ Jul 52,986 48,452-9 Japan Jul 18 6,316 6, Japan Jul 46,652 42,429-9 AGGREGATE IMPORT VOLUME - MAJOR BUYERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY 1,800 CHINA SE ASIA-5 RUSSIA MEXICO JAPAN ALGERIA UNITED STATES 1,440 (000 MT) 1, SE Asia-5 includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Russia excludes imports from Belarus. China and SE Asia-5 estimated for Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
8 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 8 Global Milk Production MILK PRODUCTION - CHANGE FROM PRIOR YEAR (000 MT) 1,600 EU-28 US NZ AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA , (400) J-14 M M J S N J-15 M M J S N J-16 M M J S N J-17 M M J S N J-18 M M J (800) (1,200) * Feb 2012 and 2016 adjusted for leap day. EUROPEAN UNION MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) NEW ZEALAND MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q AUSTRALIA MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) ARGENTINA MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q ACCESS MILK PRODUCTION DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/milk-production Q and Q adjusted for leap day. Latest month may include USDEC estimates. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture.
9 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 9 World Prices SMP PRICES ($/MT) Prices vs. a year ago OCEANIA EUROPE US Oceania Europe U.S. SMP +4% -5% +1% WMP -11% -10% +2% Cheddar -10% -8% -1% Butter -28% -25% -11% Whey +9% -1% ACCESS PRICING DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/prices WMP PRICES ($/MT) CHEDDAR PRICES ($/MT) 5800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 5400 OCEANIA EU US BUTTER PRICES ($/MT) DRY WHEY PRICES ($/MT) 8600 OCEANIA EUROPE US 1650 EUROPE US Source: USDEC and commercial sources.
10 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 10 Currency Exchange Rates EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, EXPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2016 EURO NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR AUSTRALIA DOLLAR /6 3/6 5/6 7/6 9/6 11/6 1/6 3/6 5/6 7/6 9/6 11/6 1/6 3/6 5/6 7/6 9/6 Top chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for U.S. competitiveness. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for U.S. competitiveness. EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, IMPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2016 JAPAN YEN CHINA YUAN MEXICAN PESO KOREAN WON /6 2/6 3/6 4/6 5/6 6/6 7/6 8/6 9/6 10/6 11/6 12/6 1/6 2/6 3/6 4/6 5/6 6/6 7/6 8/6 9/6 10/6 11/6 12/6 1/6 2/6 3/6 4/6 5/6 6/6 7/6 8/6 9/6 Bottom chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for exports, because it increases import purchasing power. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for exports, because it decreases import purchasing power. Source: Oanda.com.
11 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 11 U.S. Exports July exports seasonally lower, but above year-ago U.S. dairy export volumes in July were the lowest since January but remained above last year s pace. Suppliers shipped 170,100 tons of milk powders, cheese, butterfat, whey products, and lactose during the month, up 11% from July U.S. exports were worth $434.0 million, up 3%. In the first seven months of 2018, dairy exports totaled $3.34 billion, 5% more than the same period in 2017, while overall volume was up 18%. Gains in July were led by strong sales of nonfat dry milk/skim milk powder (NDM/SMP) and lactose, while whey and cheese volumes slowed. On a value basis, exports to Southeast Asia ($68 million, +24%) and Mexico ($104 million, +10%) paced the gains, offsetting a drop in sales to China ($35 million, -27%). Exports of NDM/SMP totaled 54,343 tons, a 30% increase vs. a year ago. Shipments to Mexico (24,938 tons) and Southeast Asia (19,222 tons), the two largest U.S. markets, were up 31% and 40%, respectively. (Official U.S. Bureau of Census data continues to show an increase in WMP exports to Mexico. However, Mexican import data and trade sources don t corroborate this, and we believe this volume represents SMP sales that were misclassified at the port. Therefore, we ve adjusted NDM/SMP and WMP trade data for June 2016 to June 2018 to account for this misclassification.) Lactose exports totaled 33,828 tons in July, 15% greater than levels in July Shipments to China (7,529 tons) were up 53% and exports to Southeast Asia (7,030 tons) were up 29%. Cheese exports were 27,636 tons in July, the lowest figure since January, and up just 1% from last year. Cheese shipments to Mexico (6,917 tons) were down 1%, sales to Japan (2,982 tons) were off 14%, and exports to China (494 tons) were down 56%, offsetting gains in volumes to South Korea (5,470 tons, +11%) and the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region (1,856 tons, +43%). Whey exports were just 39,273 tons, the lowest in more than two years and down 8% from a year ago. Shipments to China (14,422 tons) were off significantly (-26%), with steep declines in sales of dry whey and WPC. Whey suppliers also saw a decline in shipments to Canada (2,459 tons, - 35%), but boosted sales to Southeast Asia (7,791 tons, +22%) and South Korea (1,565 tons, +290%). U.S. Exports LATEST MONTH JULY (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-JULY (VOLUME, MT) JUNE % CHG % CHG NDM/SMP* 48,388 41,873 54, NDM/SMP* 306, , , WMP* 1,965 1,871 4, WMP* 15,901 12,596 26, Cheese 23,985 27,241 27, Cheese 163, , , Butterfat 1,244 2,063 3, Butterfat 13,954 14,033 24, Total Whey 42,641 42,630 39,273-8 Total Whey 274, , , Dry whey 16,711 17,179 15, Dry whey 100, , , WPC 11,868 12,264 10, WPC 79,727 79,450 99, Modified whey 11,035 10,328 10, Modified whey 75,090 85,135 79, WPI 3,027 2,859 3, WPI 19,110 20,716 24, Lactose 29,445 29,376 33, Lactose 204, , , MPC 1,404 1,983 2, MPC 12,517 14,545 17, Food preps (blends) 4,806 6,540 4, Aggregate volume** 153, , , Milk/cream (000 liters) 8,813 8,470 9, Food preps (blends) 36,901 37,780 38, Aggregate volume** 1,029,114 1,135,524 1,344, Milk/cream (000 liters) 58,138 60,699 66, Total Value (millions) ** $ $ $ Total Value (millions) ** $ 2,633.4 $ 3,185.9 $ 3, * U.S. Census Bureau data for NDM/SMP and WMP for June 2016-June 2018 adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. ** Aggregate volume includes the products listed above, except fluid milk. Total value includes other products in addition to the ones listed here. Source: USDEC, U.S. Bureau of Census.
12 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 12 U.S. Exports U.S. EXPORTS VOLUME AND VALUE AGGREGATE VOLUME, SELECTED PRODUCTS* TOTAL DOLLAR VALUE 230, , Volume (MT) 162, ,000 94, Value (million $) 60, * Volume includes SMP, WMP, MPC, whey, cheese, butterfat, lactose U.S. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS AS A PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTION 20.0 EXPORTS IMPORTS % of mik production (TSB) U.S. DAIRY EXPORTS, TOP 10 MARKETS U.S. EXPORTS AS % OF PRODUCTION (million $) July 18 vs. yr ago July yr ago Jan-Jul 18 yr ago Mexico $ % NDM/SMP 62% 46% 67% 53% Southeast Asia % Total cheese 5.6% 5.7% 6.3% 6.0% Canada % Butterfat 6.1% 3.4% 4.7% 2.8% China % Dry sweet whey 37% 38% 49% 43% So. Korea % Lactose 78% 66% 82% 68% Japan % Total milk solids 15.0% 13.3% 16.6% 14.1% Middle East/North Africa % South America % ACCESS U.S. EXPORT DATA ONLINE Caribbean % Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/us-export-data Oceania % Source: USDEC, National Milk Producers Federation, U.S. Bureau of Census.
13 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 13 U.S. Exports: Rolling 12-Month Volume U.S. NDM/SMP EXPORTS (MT) 720, , , , , , U.S. CHEESE EXPORTS (MT) 400, , , , , , U.S. BUTTERFAT EXPORTS (MT) U.S. TOTAL WHEY* EXPORTS (MT) 120,000 98,000 76,000 54,000 32,000 10, , , , , , , U.S. DRY WHEY EXPORTS (MT) U.S. WPC EXPORTS (MT) 260, , , , , , , , , ,000 95,000 75, U.S. WPI EXPORTS (MT) U.S. LACTOSE EXPORTS (MT) 42,000 37,600 33,200 28,800 24,400 20, , , , , , , * Total whey includes dry whey, WPC, modified whey products and WPI. Source: USDEC, U.S. Bureau of Census.
14 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 14 U.S. Market Situation U.S. markets steady at end of Q3 U.S. dairy markets have pulled back in recent weeks, despite seasonally declining milk production, improved domestic consumption and continued strong exports. On Sept. 25, cheddar blocks at the CME settled at $3,605/ton, down $132 from the last day of August. Blocks have traded mostly in a range of $3,300 to $3,700/ton for the last 17 months. Cheddar barrels, on the other hand, are trading for less than $3,000/ton. Cheese production was up 2.4% in the first seven months of the year, while domestic use was up 2.6%. Total cheese stocks at the end of August were 617,000 tons, up 83,000 tons from the five-year average. The butter market is steady, remaining in a range of $4,900 to $5,300/ton since March. Production is at its seasonal low point, but up 3.7% through July. Domestic use was up only 1.5% as more went to export. Inventories at the end of August were 132,000 tons, mostly in line with the previous two years. Dry ingredient markets are steady, with milk powder and dry whey coming under some price pressure, but WPC and lactose still firm. NDM/SMP prices have increased about $240/ton in the last two months to reach their highest level in more than a year. Current prices are in the range of $1,830 to $1,960/ton. Production is flat this year, while exports are up 26% and domestic use is down 21%, according to U.S. government figures. At the end of July, NDM stocks were a record-high 144,000 tons, up 28,000 tons from the five-year average. Dry whey prices are up about 70% since March, moving into a range of $875 to $975/ton. Production was down 1.7% during the April-July period, while domestic and export demand has been very good all year. As a result, July inventories were down 22% from the prior year. Prices for WPC-34 continue to tick higher: currently about $1,875/ton. Overall WPC production was up 2.5% in the first seven months of the year, but very strong export sales (+26%) pulled inventories lower. After starting the year with recordhigh stocks, July inventories were just 29,000 tons, down 9,300 tons from the first of the year. Likewise, lactose production has been flat this year, while exports are robust (+20%). Lactose prices are near $750/ton, up more than 50% since March. U.S. milk production growth remains in a slower gear, as tighter margins push farmers to more aggressive culling. Overall cow numbers, however, remain mostly steady. Production was up 0.9% in July and August. Cow numbers totaled 9.40 million head in August, unchanged since April. The outlook calls for continued moderate production growth over the final quarter of the year. U.S. MILK PRODUCTION (000 MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. NDM/SMP PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. CHEESE PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 8, , ,000 8,320 98, ,000 8,140 91, ,000 7,960 84, ,000 7,780 77, ,000 7,600 J F M A M J J A S O N D 70,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 430,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D U.S. BUTTER PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. DRY WHEY PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. WPC PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 90,000 45,000 20,500 82,000 42,200 19,400 74,000 39,400 18,300 66,000 36,600 17,200 58,000 33,800 16,100 50,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 31,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 15,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D Source: USDA, USDEC.
U.S. exported 15.5% of its milk production (TSB) in November YTD volumes +17% vs. prior year: PAGE 5 U.S. Exports NDM/SMP...2 Cheese...2 Butterfat...2 Whey Products...3 Lactose...4 WMP...4 Food Preps (Blends)...4
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