1 GLOBAL DAIRY Market Outlook October 27, PRICE TREND - SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTER, WHEY* ($/MT) WHEY SMP WMP CHEESE BUTTER Europe Whey Oceania WMP, SMP, cheese, butter 530 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q *Indicative prices. Milk powder, cheese and butterfat are Oceania; whey is western Europe. Source: USDEC and commercial sources. EU supply weighing on global markets By Alan Levitt and Marc Beck Heavy European milk production and fresh concern about the European Commission s handling of burgeoning skim milk powder (SMP) stocks, plus the crash of the butter market from record-high prices, have turned market sentiment sour heading into the final stretch of After a year of declining milk production among the five major exporters (EU, United States, New Zealand, Australia and Argentina), supply began to expand this summer. Output was up more than 2% in the June-August period, and is projected to run 2.0% to 2.5% higher in September- December. Output in the first half of 2018 is expected to be up near 2% as well. OCTOBER INDICATIVE PRICES - USDEC sources $/MT, FOB SHIP (with change from September) EUROPE SMP 1819 (-150) 1872 (-72) WMP 3294 (-344) 3075 (-31) Cheddar 4325 (+19) 4000 (-31) Butter 7163 (-1094) 5825 (-203) Dry whey 725 (-97) WPC-34% 1800 (-163) Lactose 750 (-150) OCEANIA Prices are monthly averages. Source: USDEC. For context, growth in global import demand can typically support exporter milk-production growth of about 1.5%, year-overyear. Faster expansion and the market usually has too much milk. Increases across Europe are the big driver. EU milk production was up nearly 3% in Q3, and is expected to be up even more in Q4. Ireland and Poland have led the pack all year, and now Germany, France and the Netherlands are expanding as well. Meanwhile, New Zealand initially had been set up for a very strong flush, with lower slaughter, record PKE imports, greater use of blended supplements and better-than-break-even milk checks. But a deluge of rain fell on the major milk sheds and took the top off the flush. Production in Q3 was down 1%. Warmer weather the last couple weeks is drying out pastures and there is still plenty of time to recover. We still look for New Zealand output growth of +2-3% in 2017/18.. Continued on p Wilson Blvd., Suite 600 Arlington, VA USA PHONE FAX usdec.org Managed by Dairy Management Inc.
2 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 2 From p. 1 U.S. producers are contributing to the gains, too. U.S. milk production was up nearly 2% in the first threequarters of the year. Slower growth is expected in the months ahead, though probably not much lower than the historical annual growth rate of 1.6%. And Australia has returned to modest growth after dropping to a 20-year low in the 2016/17 season. Output was up 1% in the June-September period; an increase of 1-3% is forecast for the full 2017/18. In both Europe and New Zealand, processors are encouraging production with farmgate milk prices 30-40% more than what they paid the last three years. Product prices have softened, so eventually milk prices will come down. But lags in the transmission process mean farmers will keep getting the signal to push production for another 6-9 months. EU intervention On top of this growing supply sits the long shadow of EU intervention stocks now about 380,000 tons of aging SMP. Intervention is closed until March, so the price floor ( 1698/ton, or about $2000/ton) is gone. European prices have already drifted $200 to $300 below that level. Last year the EU extended the intervention period and increased the volumes accepted. It would be very difficult to justify doing that this year with milk prices so much higher. Now the big concern is the potential for additional selling into intervention when it re-opens in March. The regulations say the Commission is supposed to take 109,000 tons/year at the fixed price of 1698/ton. Earlier this month, however, Commissioner Hogan floated the idea of eliminating the fixed price and going to a tender system to avoid further build-up. Meanwhile, the EC TOTAL MILK PRODUCTION FROM MAJOR EXPORTERS (000 MT) 25,500 24,700 23,900 23,100 22,300 21,500 J F M A M J J A S O N D Includes EU-28, U.S., New Zealand, Australia and Argentina. EU and Argentina are milk deliveries. 30-day months. September-December 2017 is USDEC forecast. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture. recently accepted a small bid to sell product out of intervention for just 1440/ton (about $1695/ton), an indication of the direction it s likely to go. In the past, intervention stock has trickled out into feed markets and into domestic donation programs. The prospect of this aging SMP hitting the feed sector this time around is depressing whey markets. WPC-34 has stayed closely tethered to SMP all year, but dry whey, which has been falling since Q2, still has to come down further to align with other ingredients on a price-per-pound-of-protein basis. Increasing EU SMP production represents another challenge. Production was up 4% in June-August. As processors moved to produce more butter to meet the market-wide shortage, they ve made more SMP too. Record-high U.S. NDM inventories add to the glut. At the end of August, stocks were 140,000 tons. That puts combined EU and Continued on p. 3 ABOUT THIS ISSUE Global Dairy Market Outlook is written and distributed by the U.S. Dairy Export Council (USDEC), 2107 Wilson Blvd., Suite 600, Arlington, VA 22201, USA, (703) , FAX (703) , website Data is compiled and analyzed by Alan Levitt, vice president of communications and market analysis, and Marc Beck, executive vice president of strategy and insights. Analysis is supported by USDEC's network of 10 international offices. Copyright 2017 U.S. Dairy Export Council. All rights reserved by copyright owners. Reproduction of all portions of this newsletter is permitted with proper credit to U.S. Dairy Export Council. This issue of Global Dairy Market Outlook covers conditions in late October For up-to-date market data and commentary, visit the USDEC website at USDEC uses sources believed to be reliable but cannot warrant the accuracy of the information herein. Global Dairy Market Outlook is solely for information purposes and is not to be construed as commercial trading advice. The U.S. Dairy Export Council, primarily funded by Dairy Management Inc. through the producer checkoff, works closely with its member processors, trading companies and others to build global demand for U.S. dairy products.
3 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 3 From p. 2 U.S. holdings, both government and commercial, at about 600,000 tons, more than triple the normal working level. Canada s new export push compounds the problems of excess powder supply on the world market. For years, Canada exported about 1,000 tons a month. Now they re shipping 8,000 to 10,000 tons of SMP per month. This is not incidental volume; it s equivalent to about 5% of world trade. They ve accomplished this with very aggressive pricing. Average export unit values are about $1850/ton this year, $200-$300 less than offerings from the United States, Europe or New Zealand. This, too, puts downward pressure on the global market. Butter The European butter market crashed hard after topping $8000/ton this summer. Prices fell near $2000/ton in a matter of weeks, an indication that buyers were sufficiently covered for near-term needs. Price-sensitive buyers balked when prices nearly doubled from February to August and they still haven t come back. Meanwhile, production has improved slightly; output was up 1% in July-August, after running a 10,500-ton-per-month deficit in the first half of the year. But the fat market isn t in all-out free-fall. It s just correcting from the summer spike. The price could lose another $500 or so and then the market should stabilize. Product-stream valuations favor cheese production vs. butter/powder, so supplies will still be fundamentally limited in Demand On the demand side, it s telling that Global Dairy Trade prices fell in October despite declining production in New Zealand. That suggests demand may face more headwinds than previously thought. In our view, healthy demand growth numbers this spring/summer reflected some forward buying that allowed importers to move to the sidelines when the market started declining in Q3. Without seeing much upside for price in the near-term, no one wants to catch the falling knife opting to hold off to see how far prices will tumble. The summer buying binge was led by China. After a slow start in 2017, China imports (milk equivalent) in June-September were up 30%, year-over-year, led by a 79% gain in purchases of milk powder. Mexico s appetite also remains strong. Imports were up 11% in the first seven months of the year, including record purchases (+24%) of SMP/NDM. Gains are driven by low commodity prices and a stronger peso this year, which improves Mexico s purchasing power. In recent years, Mexico has bought more powder when U.S. NDM prices are below 38,000 pesos/ton. NDM is currently trading at about 34,000 pesos/ton, which bodes well for continued import strength. Keep an eye on shifts in supply lines, though. Last year, the United States supplied 94% of Mexico s SMP/NDM imports. In May-July 2017, the United States share of imports was just 77%, while Mexico bought more from Europe and Canada. Imports by South Korea, Japan and parts of Southeast Asia also are higher this year. The main outlier in recent months is Indonesia, where imports of milk powder and whey products were down 12% in May-July. Despite the potential slowdown in trade volumes in Q4, global trade this year is on track to post its strongest growth since SMP and cheese are the headliners. In the first eight months of the year, SMP exports from the top suppliers, an indicator of global trade volumes, were up 14% from last year. Cheese exports were up 7%. Improved SMP shipments are a function of low prices and the EU selling to overseas customers instead of intervention warehouses, as they did last year. Improved cheese shipments reflect ongoing robust demand, which is translating into steady/firm global prices. These trade-volume gains have been achieved without much help from the large Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region. MENA imports were down 14% in the first seven months of the year, with significantly lower purchases from Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE and Oman. Lower commodity prices could unlock some demand growth over the next year in this price-sensitive region, but oil prices don t show any sign of breaking out of the $50-$60/barrel range. Outlook Looking ahead, we expect the markets to remain oversupplied through the first half of Conditions should move toward balance in the second half of next year, but we may still be dealing with an overhang from earlier excesses. Lower prices should drive trade volume in In other words, we expect good volumes, albeit at lower prices. With production growth and a slowdown in domestic consumption, the United States will have product to sell into the world market. However, Europe will, too. The EU has increased its exports for four straight years. Incremental milk production growth will go into cheese, and Europe will need to continue to be aggressive in that market. Likewise, they ll continue to have an imbalance in powder supply, and need to clear that as well. SMP/NDM EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 6 (JAN-AUG) CHEESE EXPORTS - SHARE OF SELECTED 5 (JAN-AUG) % share % share EU-28 US NZ Australia Argentina India 11 - EU-28 NZ US Australia Argentina
4 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 4 World Dairy Exports SMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 53,879 37,291 66, EU , , , U.S.* 42,779 53,612 49,046-9 U.S.* 372, , , NZ 17,605 18,598 7, NZ 246, , , Australia 13,374 8,066 8,042-0 Australia 130, , , Argentina Argentina 14,351 13,519 7, TOTAL OF 5 128, , , TOTAL OF 5 1,241,079 1,144,706 1,311, WMP EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 54,464 45,250 35, NZ 858, , , EU-28 31,504 33,701 36, EU , , , Argentina 8,589 8,841 6, Argentina 78,279 73,480 38, Australia 3,542 5,792 4, Australia 42,963 45,285 35, U.S.* 2,894 1,868 2, U.S.* 26,090 17,826 15, TOTAL OF 5 100,993 95,452 84, TOTAL OF 5 1,280,198 1,226,555 1,196,112-2 CHEESE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 57,404 68,350 71, EU , , , NZ 19,791 20,387 15, NZ 209, , ,521-0 U.S. 22,687 22,453 30, U.S. 223, , , Australia 13,239 9,723 11, Australia 109, , , Argentina 4,837 4,556 3, Argentina 26,981 31,461 29,053-8 TOTAL OF 5 117, , , TOTAL OF 5 1,030,141 1,079,637 1,157, BUTTERFAT EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NZ 30,256 25,251 12, NZ 303, , , EU-28 12,629 17,372 12, EU , , , U.S. 2, , U.S. 17,011 14,910 16, Australia 1,612 1, Australia 23,214 21,075 10, Argentina Argentina 6,227 3,610 2, TOTAL OF 5 47,537 45,335 27, TOTAL OF 5 461, , , * USDA data for U.S for NDM/SMP and WMP adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
5 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 5 World Dairy Exports WHEY PRODUCTS EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG EU-28 41,781 54,444 52,438-4 EU , , , U.S. 32,975 47,959 47, U.S. 307, , , Switzerland 6,697 5,810 6, Switzerland 61,525 55,975 51,088-9 Argentina 4,658 6,891 5, Argentina 38,920 46,838 35, NZ 1,756 1,648 1, NZ 18,267 29,480 29, Australia 1,147 1,950 2, Australia 21,509 34,895 25, TOTAL OF 6 89, , ,930-1 TOTAL OF 6 819, , , LACTOSE EXPORTS LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY-AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG U.S. 29,440 33,059 29, U.S. 239, , ,496-2 EU-28 13,779 16,955 15,982-6 EU , , , NZ 1,846 2,295 1, NZ 14,487 15,886 14, TOTAL OF 3 45,065 52,309 47, TOTAL OF 3 369, , , AGGREGATE EXPORT VOLUME - MAJOR SUPPLIERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY EU NZ US AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA 3,000,000 2,400,000 (MT) 1,800,000 1,200, , Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
6 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 6 World Dairy Imports SMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Mexico Jul 17 24,933 28, Mexico Jul 154, , China Sep 17 9,166 16, China Sep 152, , Philippines Jul 17 13,259 16, Philippines Jul 105,491 95, Indonesia Jul 17 7,222 12, Indonesia Jul 81,034 89, Algeria Aug 17 12,442 19, Algeria Aug 77, , Malaysia Jul 17 13,918 13,861-0 Malaysia Jul 79,344 77,456-2 WMP IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Sep 17 7,214 24, China Sep 344, , Algeria Aug 17 22,237 22, Algeria Aug 148, , Brazil Sep 17 14,875 2, Brazil Sep 97,882 64, Sri Lanka Sep 17 7,000 6,662-5 Sri Lanka Sep 60,442 60,245-0 Singapore Sep 17 3,958 3, Singapore Sep 52,960 53, Hong Kong Sep 17 6,997 8, Hong Kong Sep 63,241 61,818-2 CHEESE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG Japan Aug 17 20,217 21, Japan Aug 172, , U.S. Aug 17 16,123 15,167-6 U.S. Aug 131, , So. Korea Sep 17 8,169 11, So. Korea Sep 81,465 99, Mexico Jul 17 8,894 8,882-0 Mexico Jul 72,595 73, China Sep 17 6,358 5,779-9 China Sep 70,401 84, Russia Aug 17 2,656 3, Russia Aug 19,123 22, BUTTERFAT IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Sep 17 5,015 3, China Sep 64,641 74, Egypt Jun 17 8, Egypt Jun 36,613 12, Mexico Jul 17 5,366 2, Mexico Jul 29,882 28,547-4 Russia Aug 17 1,782 1, Russia Aug 12,268 23, Iran Jun 17 5,022 3, Iran Jun 17,601 17, Morocco Aug 17 2,463 1, Morocco Aug 18,191 12, Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA.
7 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 7 World Dairy Imports WHEY PRODUCTS IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Sep 17 48,586 44,280-9 China Sep 387, , Indonesia Jul 17 6,366 9, Indonesia Jul 63,460 69, Japan Aug 17 5,534 5, Japan Aug 42,933 47, Thailand Sep 17 4,980 6, Thailand Sep 47,002 49, Malaysia Jul 17 5,698 10, Malaysia Jul 43,280 40,832-6 Mexico Jul 17 3,791 5, Mexico Jul 26,178 28, LACTOSE IMPORTS (VOLUME, MT) LATEST MONTH Prev Yr Latest Mo % CHG YEAR-TO-DATE Prev Yr Latest Yr % CHG China Sep 17 6,620 6, China Sep 66,175 67, NZ Sep 17 5,980 7, NZ Sep 53,582 69, Japan Aug 17 6,377 6, Japan Aug 48,784 53, AGGREGATE IMPORT VOLUME - MAJOR BUYERS - ROLLING 12 MONTHS SMP, WMP, CHEESE, BUTTERFAT, WHEY 1,800 CHINA SE ASIA-5 RUSSIA MEXICO JAPAN ALGERIA UNITED STATES 1,440 (000 MT) 1, SE Asia-5 includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Russia excludes imports from Belarus. Source: Global Trade Atlas and USDA. ACCESS TRADE DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/trade-flows
8 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 8 Global Milk Production MILK PRODUCTION - CHANGE FROM PRIOR YEAR (000 MT) 1,600 EU-28 US NZ AUSTRALIA ARGENTINA , (400) J-13 M M J S N J-14 M M J S N J-15 M M J S N J-16 M M J S N J-17 M M J S (800) (1,200) * Feb 2012 and 2016 adjusted for leap day. EUROPEAN UNION MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) NEW ZEALAND MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q AUSTRALIA MILK PRODUCTION (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) ARGENTINA MILK DELIVERIES (% CHG VS. PRIOR YEAR) Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q Q1 Q ACCESS MILK PRODUCTION DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/milk-production Q and Q adjusted for leap day. Latest month may include USDEC estimates. Source: USDA, EuroStat, DairyAustralia, DCANZ, Argentina Ministry of Agriculture.
9 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 9 World Prices SMP PRICES ($/MT) Prices vs. a year ago OCEANIA EUROPE US Oceania Europe U.S. SMP -19% -18% -12% WMP +11% +11% +8% Cheddar +15% +11% +9% Butter +49% +55% +27% Whey -21% +16% ACCESS PRICING DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/prices WMP PRICES ($/MT) CHEDDAR PRICES ($/MT) 5800 OCEANIA EUROPE US 5400 OCEANIA EU US BUTTER PRICES ($/MT) DRY WHEY PRICES ($/MT) 8500 OCEANIA EUROPE US 1750 EUROPE US Source: USDEC and commercial sources.
10 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 10 Currency Exchange Rates EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, EXPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 EURO NEW ZEALAND DOLLAR AUSTRALIA DOLLAR /7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 11/7 1/7 3/7 5/7 7/7 9/7 Top chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for U.S. competitiveness. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for U.S. competitiveness. EXCHANGE RATES RELATIVE TO U.S. DOLLAR, IMPORTING COUNTRIES INDEXED TO JAN. 1, 2015 JAPAN YEN CHINA YUAN MEXICAN PESO KOREAN WON /7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/712/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 11/712/7 1/7 2/7 3/7 4/7 5/7 6/7 7/7 8/7 9/7 10/7 Bottom chart: If line is trending up, currency is strengthening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is weakening). This is favorable for exports, because it increases import purchasing power. If line is trending down, currency is weakening vs. U.S. dollar (U.S. dollar is strengthening). This is unfavorable for exports, because it decreases import purchasing power. Source: Oanda.com.
11 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 11 U.S. Exports Cheese sales lift August export volumes U.S. dairy exports improved in August, posting the second-highest volume in the last 10 months. Cheese led the way and butterfat shipments picked up, offsetting a slowdown in sales of nonfat dry milk/skim milk powder (NDM/SMP), whey products and lactose. Suppliers shipped 164,279 tons of milk powder, cheese, butterfat, whey and lactose during the month, up 2 percent from last year. U.S. exports were valued at $469 million, up 17 percent, and slightly above the monthly average since last October. Though export volumes to most destinations were above year-earlier levels, suppliers continue to see slower ingredient sales to Southeast Asia. Shipments of NDM/SMP, whey and lactose were down 21 percent in August. Meanwhile, exports to Mexico were flat, with stronger cheese and whey sales offset by lower milk powder shipments. Cheese exports in August were 30,370 tons, exceeding last year s volume by 35 percent. For the first time, Australia was the number-two destination for U.S. cheese, taking 3,900 tons, nearly triple the volume of a year ago. Exports to Mexico (+32 percent, +2,047 tons, year-overyear) and Japan (+113 percent, +1,552 tons) were higher as well, and sales to the Middle East/North Africa region (2,075 tons) were the most since December Exports of NDM/SMP were 49,046 tons (-9 percent) in August, down for the second straight month. Sales to the top two markets were lower; Mexico was down -18 percent (-4,845 tons) and Southeast Asia was down -26 percent (-4,489 tons). (Note: these calculations reflect adjustments we ve made to the USDA data to reflect shipments misclassified as WMP.) Whey exports were flat for the second straight month. Total shipments were 47,992 tons, with gains in whey protein concentrate (WPC) and modified whey offsetting double-digit declines in dry whey and whey protein isolate (WPI). August WPC exports were the most in more than a year, while WPI sales were the lowest in nearly two years (on a daily average basis). Suppliers have seen a slowdown in whey sales to China in recent months. In the June-August period, shipments were down 7 percent from last year. Meanwhile, whey exports to Mexico were up 60 percent (+2,629 tons) in August. In the June-August period, U.S. suppliers exported 8,219 tons of butterfat, up 158 percent from last year. Canada has been the major customer, taking 4,187 tons in three months, more than triple yearearlier purchases. U.S. Exports LATEST MONTH AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) YEAR-TO-DATE JANUARY - AUGUST (VOLUME, MT) % CHG % CHG NDM/SMP* 42,779 53,612 49,046-9 NDM/SMP* 372, , , WMP* 2,894 1,868 2, WMP* 26,090 17,826 15, Cheese 22,687 22,453 30, Cheese 223, , , Butterfat 2, , Butterfat 17,011 14,910 16, Total Whey 32,975 47,959 47, Total Whey 307, , , Dry whey 13,963 20,141 18, Dry whey 131, , , WPC 8,827 13,122 14, WPC 63,805 92,849 93, Modified whey 7,765 11,743 13, Modified whey 85,858 86,834 98, WPI 2,420 2,953 2, WPI 26,997 22,064 23, Lactose 29,440 33,059 29, Lactose 239, , ,496-2 MPC 2,463 1,379 1, MPC 21,076 13,899 16, Aggregate volume** 135, , , milk/cream (000 liters) 8,950 10,598 10,151-4 Aggregate volume** 1,207,054 1,153,558 1,261, milk/cream (000 liters) 72,664 68,730 71, Total Value (millions) ** $ $ $ Total Value (millions) ** $ 3,754.6 $ 3,034.5 $ 3, * USDA data for NDM/SMP and WMP for June 2016-March 2017 adjusted to reflect shipments to Mexico misclassified as WMP. ** Aggregate volume includes the products listed above, except fluid milk. Total value includes other products in addition to the ones listed here. Source: USDA, USDEC.
12 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 12 U.S. Exports U.S. EXPORTS VOLUME AND VALUE AGGREGATE VOLUME, SELECTED PRODUCTS* TOTAL DOLLAR VALUE 210, , Volume (MT) 146, ,000 82, Value (million $) 50, * Volume includes SMP, WMP, MPC, whey, cheese, butterfat, lactose U.S. EXPORTS AND IMPORTS AS A PERCENT OF MILK PRODUCTION 19.0 EXPORTS IMPORTS % of mik production (TSB) U.S. DAIRY EXPORTS, TOP 10 MARKETS U.S. EXPORTS AS % OF PRODUCTION (million $) August 17 vs. yr ago August yr ago Jan-Aug 17 yr ago Mexico $ % NDM/SMP 59% 70% 54% 50% Canada % Total cheese 6.5% 4.9% 6.2% 5.1% Southeast Asia % Butterfat 4.5% 1.7% 2.9% 2.6% China % Dry sweet whey 42% 58% 43% 41% Japan % Lactose 67% 79% 67% 71% Oceania % Total milk solids 15.0% 15.5% 14.2% 13.6% South America % Caribbean % So. Korea % Middle East/North Africa % ACCESS U.S. EXPORT DATA ONLINE Visit usdec.org/research-and-data/market-data/us-export-data Source: USDA, USDEC, National Milk Producers Federation.
13 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 13 U.S. Exports: Rolling 12-Month Volume U.S. NDM/SMP EXPORTS (MT) 670, , , , , , U.S. CHEESE EXPORTS (MT) 400, , , , , , U.S. BUTTERFAT EXPORTS (MT) U.S. TOTAL WHEY* EXPORTS (MT) 120,000 98,000 76,000 54,000 32,000 10, , , , , , , U.S. DRY WHEY EXPORTS (MT) U.S. WPC EXPORTS (MT) 260, , , , , , , , , ,000 92,000 75, U.S. WPI EXPORTS (MT) U.S. LACTOSE EXPORTS (MT) 42,000 36,000 30,000 24,000 18,000 12, , , , , , , * Total whey includes dry whey, WPC, modified whey products and WPI. Source: USDA, USDEC.
14 GLOBAL DAIRY MARKET OUTLOOK 14 U.S. Market Situation Cheese steady but butter and ingredients weaker Cheese and butter demand is seasonally strong, and improved exports are helping balance current production. But while the cheese market is steady, the butter and dry ingredients markets are softer. Weaker global markets are an influence. Cheddar blocks have traded mostly within a range of $3750/ton to $3880/ton at the CME over the last month. On Oct. 27, the benchmark block price settled at $3847/ton. Cheese production is heavy, resulting in record-high inventory build-up this fall. In the first eight months of the year, total cheese production was up 3.0% (all figures adjusted for leap day), while domestic use was up just 0.3%. At the end of September, U.S. commercial cheese inventories were 592,200 tons, nearly 32,000 tons greater than a year ago. The butter market has trended lower since peaking over $6000/ton in early August. The CME price fell to a 5-month low this week, settling at $5076/ton on Oct. 27. Production is increasing seasonally. Output was up more than 3% in July- August as manufacturers responded to higher prices this summer. Domestic use is up almost 4% this year, so inventories have moved slightly below year-ago levels. Dry ingredient markets remain under pressure. The NDM/SMP market has moved lower in recent months, in line with the global trend. Prices have fallen to $1650- $1775/ton. Production was up a whopping 11% in August, and inventories swelled to a record 139,600 tons. The whey market has plunged over the last six months, with dry whey prices falling to $725-$775/ton. Dry whey production was up 19% in the June-August period, sending inventories to a record-high 45,200 tons, 70% more than a year ago. WPC-34 prices have continued to fall as well, dropping $450 since February to about $1750/ton. Lactose prices have fallen to a 16-month low of about $575/ton, down $325 since mid-june. Production was up 4% in the first eight months of the year and inventories are very heavy. Fluid milk consumption was down 1.8% in the first eight months of the year, the eighth straight year of decline, making more milk available for manufacturing. Milk production growth slowed in September due to weather issues in various parts of the country, especially extreme heat on the west coast. Production for the month was up just 1.1% from a year ago, bringing the year-to-date increase to 1.9%. Cow numbers totaled 9.40 million in September, 69,000 head more than last year. U.S. MILK PRODUCTION (000 MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. NDM/SMP PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. CHEESE PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 8, , ,000 8,200 94, ,000 8,000 86, ,000 7,800 78, ,000 7,600 70, ,000 7,400 J F M A M J J A S O N D 62,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 420,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D U.S. BUTTER PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. DRY WHEY PROD. (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) U.S. WPC PRODUCTION (MT; 30-DAY MOS.) 83,000 45,000 20,000 77,000 42,200 19,000 71,000 39,400 18,000 65,000 36,600 17,000 59,000 33,800 16,000 53,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 31,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D 15,000 J F M A M J J A S O N D Source: USDA, USDEC.
U.S. exported 15.5% of its milk production (TSB) in November YTD volumes +17% vs. prior year: PAGE 5 U.S. Exports NDM/SMP...2 Cheese...2 Butterfat...2 Whey Products...3 Lactose...4 WMP...4 Food Preps (Blends)...4
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