Az. Agr. La Torraccia S.r.l.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Az. Agr. La Torraccia S.r.l."

Transcription

1 The organic farm Torraccia di Chiusi, currently has 50 hectares of land, is built around the path nr. 1 of Via Francigena described by Sigeric Bishop in the 987 who passed by here on his pilgrimage to Rome. His village has developed over the centuries from a tower of the year 1000 (the Torraccia di Chiusi ), who exercised control over this ancient pilgrimage route. The property, of great historical interest and scenic, consist of the main house, the farmhouse converted in receptive structure (of 11 rooms) and agricultural outbuildings, all surrounded by a park of the nineteenth century, forests, pastures, vineyards and olive trees, all carefully cultivated with organic techniques. The grape varieties in the estate s area are ten, seven red grape, Sangiovese, Merlot, Barsaglina, Alicante Bouschet, Colorino, Ancellotta and Pinot Noir, three white grape, Verdicchio, Chardonnay and Gewurztraminer. All the grapes are vinified here and are harvested by hand and taken to the cellar by small boxes. Currently Torraccia di Chiusi has 6.5 hectares of vineyards, divided into three distinct fields: Chiusi, Vallisi and Renzano. Az. Agr. La Torraccia S.r.l. Torraccia di Chiusi San Gimignano (Siena) Italia - Tel

2 RASNA PINOT NERO Dedicated to the first grape growers of this land the Etruscans Altitude: 250 mt a.s.l. Vine variety: Pinot Noir 100% % Harvest: in the first ten days of September Vinification: vinified in white in stainless steel vat temperature-controlled, light grape pressing and must clarification. Maturation: in stainless steel vat with finishing on fermentation s noble lees for 5 month around. 3 months. Alcohol: 13,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: recommended as aperitif, this wine goes with appetizers, risottos, seafood or white meat. Color: coppery with live reflections of red gold. Perfume: floral of yellow flowers and fruity of pineapple, papaya and mango, fresh sensations of citrus fruits in the background mixed with a slight balsamic note. Taste: very smooth and sweet with good structure and personality. Sweet floral and fruity sensations. Sweet aftertaste, long and persistent acidity in balance with the wine's structure.

3 RASNA VERDICCHIO Dedicated to the first grape growers of this land the Etruscans Altitude: 250 mt a.s.l. Vine variety: Verdicchio 100% Harvest: in the first ten days of October Vinification: vinified in stainless steel vat temperaturecontrolled after skins maceration, light grape pressing and must clarification. Maturation: in stainless steel vat with finishing on fermentation s noble lees for 5 month around. 3 months. Alcohol: 13,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: this wine goes well with fish dishes in general and in particular with appetizers, grilled fish or white meat. Colour: straw yellow with golden hues. Perfume:. fresh floral of white flowers and citrus fruit, mixed with hints of white peach, plum, passion fruit, orange peel and honey; intense minerals feelings blended with balsamic hints of sage. Taste: fresh, lively, sweet and soft, with floral sensations and intense sweet sensations of citrus. Aftertaste sweet and fresh, long and persistent, with acidity in perfect balance with the wine's structure. RASNA GEWURZTRAMINER Dedicated to the first grape growers of this land the Etruscans Altitude: 250 mt a.s.l. Vine variety: Gewurztraminer 100% Harvest: in the first ten days of September Vinification: vinified in stainless steel vat temperaturecontrolled after skins maceration, light grape pressing and must clarification. Maturation: in stainless steel vat with finishing on fermentation s noble lees for 5 month around. 3 months. Alcohol: 13,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: It goes well with appetizers in general, with cheeses, with fish dishes, especially with seafood, spicy and tasty dishes and with the foie gras. Colour: canary-yellow with golden reflections. Perfume: intense sweet muscat aroma, sensation of yellow flowers, rose yellow peach, apple, pink grapefruit and intense balsamic notes of boxwood. Taste: ample, soft, very sweet. Fruity sensations are mixed with a fresh sweetness, good tannic structure in perfect balance with the acidity. Aftertaste very sweet and soft, long and persistent.

4 CVER Dedicated to an Etruscan bronze buckle (VII sec. a. C.) found near the vineyard Altitude: from 250 to 280 mt a.s.l. Vine variety: Verdicchio 100% Harvest: in the second-third ten days of October Prefermentative operations: pellicular maceration at controlled temperature for about 24 hours; follows the elimination of the lees at low temperature. Vinification: in french oak barrels Maturation: in barriques sur lies in total for 8-9 months. 7 months. Alcohol: 13,50 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: this wine goes with first courses and main courses of fish. Colour: intense canary yellow with light green flashes. Perfume: very intense, complex, mineral, spicy and balsamic. Clear feelings of yellow flowers and flint, mixed with notes of eucalyptus, sage, passion fruit, honey and hints slightly of vanilla. Taste: entry with large volume and structure. Mineral and balsamic taste in evidence, with great power and personality. Long fruity aftertaste extremely persistent. RASNA ROSATO Dedicated to the first grape growers of this land the Etruscans Altitude: 250 mt a.s.l. Vine variety: Sangiovese 100% Harvest: in the first ten days of September Vinification: vinified in rosé in stainless steel vat temperature-controlled, light grape pressing and must clarification. Maturation:in stainless steel vat with finishing on fermentation s noble lees for 5 month around. 3 months. Alcohol: 13,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: recommended as aperitif, this wine goes with appetizers, first courses and risotto, flans fish or white meats dishes. Colour: raspberry brilliant rosé with intense pink reflection. Perfume: sweet, fresh, floral of white flowers, net sensations of eglantine, scents of fresh vegetables and balsamic mixed with sweet notes of white peach, cherry and raspberry. Taste: fresh, lively, with sweet tannins, velvety with good and elegant structure. Fresh aftertaste with a long, sweet and fruity persistent feeling.

5

6 NĔRO TOSCANA ROSSO Dedicated to a bronze coin of Nero Emperor (I sec. d.c.) found near the vineyard Altitude: da 250 a 280 mt a.s.l. e south-west Vine variety: Sangiovese 75%, Merlot 15%, Barsaglina 5%, Ancellotta 5% Harvest: last ten days of September first ten days of October Vinification: in stainless steel vat temperature-controlled Maturation: in stainless steel vat with finishing on fermentation s noble lees for 6 month around and after in 225 lt third wine oak barrels for 3-4 month.. 8 months. Alcohol: 14,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: it goes well with pasta dishes with meat, red meat, game and cheese mildly and very matured. Colour: Ruby red with purple hues. Perfume: sweet, fruity and floral, with balsamic fresh notes. Taste: good sweetness, smooth, with very intense fruity sensations. Aftertaste very long and persistent, pleasant. Acidity in good balance with the structure of the wine. IL GROSSO TOSCANA ROSSO Dedicated to a silver coin (Grosso Senese, XIII sec.) found near the vineyard Altitude: 300 mt a.s.l. e south-west Vine variety: Sangiovese 70%, Merlot 30% Harvest: first-second ten days of October Vinification in open-top oak barrels and stainless steel vat temperature-controlled. Maturation: in 225 lt oak barrels for 14 month.. 6 months. Alcohol: 13,50 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: it goes well with all meats and matured cheese. Colour: deep red, with light violet notes and reflections scarcely garnets. Perfume: elegant, complex, ample, sweet of red fruit, spicy, with hints of white pepper, black pepper and sweet notes of vanilla and cloves fused to intense minerals feelings. Taste: Intense, smooth, with good volume, very dynamic, sweet and fruity intense sensations, fine grained and very elegant tannin. Sweet, very long and persistent. Good acid balance.

7 TITO TOSCANA ROSSO Dedicated to a coin of Titus Flavius Vespasian (I sec. d.c) found near the vineyard Altitude: 295 mt a.s.l. Exposure: north-west Vine variety: Merlot 100% Harvest: in the last ten days of September Vinification: in open oak barrels Maturation: in 2.25 hl barriques for months. 8 months. Alcohol: 14,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: it goes well with pasta dishes with meat, red meat, game and cheeses average or very seasoned. Colour: dark ruby red, intense, with bright violet hues. Perfume: sweet, intense, rich, fruity of fruit blacks (blackberries, blueberries), with mineral sensations of flint, notes of wild berries and spicy sensations of coffee, vanilla, black pepper and cloves. Taste: sweet and fruity. Large entrance, soft, velvety, large volume, with very fine tannins very soft and sweet. Aftertaste sweet, fruity, balsamic long and persistent. TURMS TOSCANA ROSSO Etruscan god Turms: the messenger of gods. Altitude: 295 mt a.s.l. Exposure: north-west Vine variety: Sangiovese 100% Harvest: in the last ten days of October Vinification: in open oak barrels Maturation: in 2.25 hl barriques for 16 months. 8 months. Alcohol: 14,00 % vol. Service: serve at C. Gastronomy: it goes well with all red meats, game and cheeses and dried cured Colour: ruby red, with just a slight garnet reflection. Perfume: sweet, intense, complex, floral of violet mixed with fruity sensations of cherry and plum. Sensations of black pepper, white pepper and chocolate blended with minerals and balsamic hints in the background. Taste: Ample, sweet and fruity. Entrance with big volume, dynamic. Tannin with strong structure, medium-grained, sweet, soft and sturdy. Long aftertaste, fruity and spicy, very persistent.

8 OUR VINEYARDS Our vineyards are cultivated according to the principles of organic farming with tight integration between all farming techniques. Currently Torraccia di Chiusi has 6.5 ha of vineyards, divided into three distinct fields: Chiusi, Vallisi, Renzano. The grape varieties in our vineyards are ten, seven red grape: Sangiovese, Merlot, Barsaglina, Alicante Bouschet, Colorino, Ancellotta, and Pinot Noir, three white grape: Verdicchio, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer. Vallisi 2 hectares vineyard, east located from the center of the estate at 280 mt a.s.l., has a slope facing south. The vineyard consists of two varieties, both spurred cordon reared: 1.7 hectares of Sangiovese and 0.3 hectares of Colorino. The soil, loamy with alkaline reaction, slightly calcareous, rich in phosphorus and low in organic matter. Renzano 2.5 hectares vineyard, located south of the center of the estate at 295 mt a.s.l., has a double slope with north-east and south-west exposure. Chiusi 2 hectares vineyard north-east located from the estate at 250 mt a.s.l. altitude, has a slight slope facing north. The vineyard consists of four grape varieties grown in guyot: 1 hectares Verdicchio, 0.5 hectares Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer 0.25 hectares and 0.25 hectares Pinot Noir. The soil, sandy-loam with alkaline reaction, is rich in active limestone and organic matter. The vineyard consists of 5 varieties all spurred cordon reared: 225 m² Ancellotta, 625 m² Alicante Bouschet, 825 m² Barsaglina, 0.8 hectares Merlot and 1.52 hectares Sangiovese. The soil is sandy-loam, sub-alkaline reaction, it is quite rich in active limestone, phosphorus, and less rich in organic matter. Tastings and visits to the winery on request

Chardonnay. Trentino Alto Adige.

Chardonnay. Trentino Alto Adige. Chardonnay Appellation: CHARDONNAY VALLAGARINA IGT Cru: n/a Vineyard extension (hectares): 1.5 Blend: 100% Chardonnay Vineyard age (year of planting): Chardonnay 1972,1976,1982,2000 Soil Type: Calcarous,

More information

1

1 www.corbuccichianti.it 1 PASSION AND TRADITION Among wonderful hills of Gambassi Terme, in the province of Florence, we cultivate our vineyards with love and dedication. The passion of the grandfather

More information

Bolgheri DOC Mosaico. Tuscany.

Bolgheri DOC Mosaico. Tuscany. Bolgheri DOC Mosaico Appellation: BOLGHERI DOC Blend: 60% Merlot - 30% Cabernet franc - 10% Petit Verdot Vineyard age (year of planting): Merlot 2003,2011 - Cabernet franc 2003,2011 - Petit Verdot 2003,2011

More information

Pinot Grigio Provincia di Mantova IGT

Pinot Grigio Provincia di Mantova IGT Pinot Grigio Provincia di Mantova IGT Appellation: MANTOVA IGT Cru: Casina/Prendina Vineyard extension (hectares): 25 Blend: 100% Pinot grigio Vineyard age (year of planting): Pinot grigio 1980,2000 Soil

More information

Fiano di Avellino Sequenzha

Fiano di Avellino Sequenzha Fiano di Avellino Sequenzha Appellation: FIANO DI AVELLINO DOCG Zone: n/a Vineyard extension (hectares): 1 Blend: 100% Fiano Vineyard age (year of planting): Fiano 1990 Soil Type: Sandy, clayey Exposure:

More information

Alto Adige Chardonnay S. Pietro

Alto Adige Chardonnay S. Pietro Alto Adige Chardonnay S. Pietro Appellation: ALTO ADIGE CHARDONNAY DOC Vineyard extension (hectares): 3 Blend: 100% Chardonnay Vineyard age (year of planting): Chardonnay 1989,1996 Soil Type: Heavy soils

More information

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Monday, November 19, 2018 Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Monday, November 19, 2018 R SERIES VINIFICATION & MATURATION = Vinification takes place after delicate crushing

More information

Brunello di Montalcino

Brunello di Montalcino Brunello di Montalcino Appellation: BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO DOCG in Montalcino 1975,1989,1998,2000 Soil Type: Medium textured, calcareous-clayey (lower Exposure: South-East/West-East/East-West/North- South

More information

Barbaresco Bricco Spessa

Barbaresco Bricco Spessa Barbaresco Bricco Spessa Appellation: BARBARESCO DOCG Zone: Neive Cru: Bricco Spessa Vineyard extension (hectares): 0.5 Blend: 100% Nebbiolo (Michet) Vineyard age (year of planting): Nebbiolo (Michet)

More information

Umbria Bianco Colle di Giove

Umbria Bianco Colle di Giove Bianco Colle di Giove Appellation: UMBRIA BIANCO IGT Vineyard extension (hectares): 0.8 Blend: 60% Grechetto - 25% Trebbiano - 15% Chardonnay Vineyard age (year of planting): Grechetto - Chardonnay Soil

More information

SAN FELICE. IL GRIGIO Chianti Classico Riserva Docg 1997 Vintage

SAN FELICE. IL GRIGIO Chianti Classico Riserva Docg 1997 Vintage SAN FELICE Vineyards location Altitude Soil profile Training system IL GRIGIO Chianti Classico Riserva Docg 1997 Vintage selection of the best grapes among Chianti Classico Docg vineyards in San Felice

More information

Chianti Colli Senesi. Tuscany.

Chianti Colli Senesi. Tuscany. Chianti Colli Senesi Appellation: CHIANTI COLLI SENESI DOCG Cru: n/a Vineyard extension (hectares): 5.2 Blend: 100% Sangiovese Vineyard age (year of planting): Sangiovese 1973,1999,2005 Soil Type: Medium

More information

Garbì. Marche.

Garbì. Marche. Garbì Appellation: MARCHE BIANCO IGT Zone: Civitanova Vineyard extension (hectares): 5 Blend: 40% Chardonnay - 40% Sauvignon Blanc - 20% Verdicchio Vineyard age (year of planting): Chardonnay - Sauvignon

More information

Alto Adige Lagrein. Trentino Alto Adige.

Alto Adige Lagrein. Trentino Alto Adige. Alto Adige Lagrein Appellation: ALTO ADIGE LAGREIN DOC Vineyard extension (hectares): 1.8 Blend: 100% Lagrein Vineyard age (year of planting): Lagrein 1990,2005 Soil Type: porphiric, sandy, clayey Altitude:

More information

CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION

CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION WWW.2VELITTI.COM CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION CLAUDIO & EUGENIO Velitti & Velitti is an Italian Winery Brand Ambassador and Export management company working ONLY for the Japanese market. Our portfolio

More information

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano Riserva Bossona

Vino Nobile di Montepulciano Riserva Bossona Vino Nobile di Montepulciano Riserva Bossona Appellation: VINO NOBILE DI MONTEPULCIANO DOCG Zone: Bossona (Montepulciano) Cru: Vigneto Bossona Vineyard extension (hectares): 13 Blend: 100% Sangiovese Vineyard

More information

Barbera d Alba Superiore

Barbera d Alba Superiore Barbera d Alba Superiore Appellation: BARBERA D ALBA SUPERIORE DOC Vineyard extension (hectares): 1.5 Blend: 100% Barbera Vineyard age (year of planting): Barbera 1995 Soil Type: Calcarous-clayey Exposure:

More information

CERASUOLO D.O.P. FOOD PAIRING RED GRAPES AGEING IN STAINLESS STEEL 13% VOL.. SERVICE TEMPERATURE 10/12 C

CERASUOLO D.O.P. FOOD PAIRING RED GRAPES AGEING IN STAINLESS STEEL 13% VOL.. SERVICE TEMPERATURE 10/12 C CERASUOLO D ABRUZZO SUPERIORE RED GRAPES AGEING IN STAINLESS STEEL 13% VOL.. SERVICE TEMPERATURE 10/12 C Vinification The must produced from soft crushing of grapes after a short contact with the skins

More information

Giuseppe savini. Cabernet Colli Apprutini-IGT RONDINETO. Wine: Cabernet Rondineto Colli Aprutini IGT. Winery: Fattoria Giuseppe Savini

Giuseppe savini. Cabernet Colli Apprutini-IGT RONDINETO. Wine: Cabernet Rondineto Colli Aprutini IGT. Winery: Fattoria Giuseppe Savini Cabernet Colli Apprutini-IGT RONDINETO Wine: Cabernet Rondineto Colli Aprutini IGT - Italy Grape variety: 100% Cebernet Sauvignon Grape harvest and vinification: Grapes are harvest at the end of September.

More information

The company s eco-friendly attitude is also reflected into the choice of lightweight bottles, as well as the limited use of sulphur dioxide.

The company s eco-friendly attitude is also reflected into the choice of lightweight bottles, as well as the limited use of sulphur dioxide. the Story The Schiena Vini project was started in 1991 by Giuseppe Schiena, born and raised in a family of winegrowers. In 1993 he bought 30 hectares of vineyards in the countryside of Francavilla Fontana,

More information

Having been born of the land in Italy, both Cosimo and Antonietta shared a deep appreciation and knowledge of farming.

Having been born of the land in Italy, both Cosimo and Antonietta shared a deep appreciation and knowledge of farming. story of a family Perhaps it was a coincidence or maybe it was a twist of fate, that in 1983, Cosimo Loia, purchased the Palazzo estate, which carried the same family name as his wife Antonietta. A picturesque

More information

the sign of Italian wine and lifestyle CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION

the sign of Italian wine and lifestyle CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION the sign of Italian wine and lifestyle CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SELECTION CLAUDIO & EUGENIO SPECIAL WINE SELECTION OCILIEGIO CILIEGIOLO TOSCANA I.G.T. Grapes: Training system: Vine density: Type of soil: Altitude:

More information

PINOT BIANCO Collio D.O.C.

PINOT BIANCO Collio D.O.C. PINOT BIANCO Collio D.O.C. VINEYARD LOCATION - Plessiva and Novali, in Cormons. ALCOHOL - 13,5% vol. TASTING NOTES - Straw yellow colour, with light golden shade. The bouquet is intense and persistent,

More information

the 3rd centuries BC bear witness to a winemaking tradition and wine culture that go back thousands of years.

the 3rd centuries BC bear witness to a winemaking tradition and wine culture that go back thousands of years. WINERY KORNELL Italy Dolomites Alto Adige Settequerce Spreading palm trees and hardy conifers share the same piece of land here. Mediterranean southerlies, known as the Ora, compete with dry downslope

More information

Ambreo di Grifoglietto

Ambreo di Grifoglietto Ambreo di Grifoglietto Appellation: VINO DA UVE STRAMATURE PASSI- TO Zone: District of Montalfoglio and Grifoleto (province pf Pesaro and Urbino) Cru: Grifoleto Vineyard extension (hectares): 1 Blend:

More information

CUSUMANO SINGLE ESTATE SERIES Insolia IGT 13.0% Alc PARTINICO SICILY ITALY

CUSUMANO SINGLE ESTATE SERIES Insolia IGT 13.0% Alc PARTINICO SICILY ITALY Wednesday, May 09, 2018 SINGLE ESTATE SERIES ZONE OF PRODUCTION = Ficuzza, Piana degli Albanesi (PA). EXPOSURE = South-east. AVERAGE AGE OF VINES = 15 years. CULTIVATION = Vines grown in hills at a density

More information

Gewürztraminer Alto Adige Valle Isarco

Gewürztraminer Alto Adige Valle Isarco Gewürztraminer Vineyard extension (hectares): 0.9 Blend: 100% Gewürztraminer Vineyard age (year of planting): Gewürztraminer 1986 Soil Type: Gravel made of silt and sand of morainic Exposure: South, altitude

More information

Rosso Fogliano. Marche.

Rosso Fogliano. Marche. Rosso Fogliano Appellation: MARCHE ROSSO IGT Vineyard extension (hectares): 2.2 Blend: 80% Merlot - 20% Sangiovese Vineyard age (year of planting): Merlot 2001 - Sangiovese 2001 Colour: Ruby red Nose:

More information

Tenute Maltese CAMPAIGN FINANCED ACCORDING TO (EC) REGULATION NO. 1308/2013

Tenute Maltese CAMPAIGN FINANCED ACCORDING TO (EC) REGULATION NO. 1308/2013 CAMPAIGN FINANCED ACCORDING TO (EC) REGULATION NO. 1308/2013 Among the hills of Alcamo of sweet and sinuos contours, in an enchanting landscape where agricultural reality blends with the harsh and wild

More information

SAN FELICE. VIGORELLO Toscana Igt 1995 Vintage

SAN FELICE. VIGORELLO Toscana Igt 1995 Vintage SAN FELICE VIGORELLO Toscana Igt 1995 Vintage Vineyards location Altitude Aspect Size of vineyards Capanno di Gosto and Vigna del Mugelli vineyards on the Agricola San Felice estate (Castelnuovo Berardenga,

More information

WINE Night. 23 rd March 2018 ANTIPASTO

WINE Night. 23 rd March 2018 ANTIPASTO WINE Night 23 rd March 2018 Reservation between 6pm -8.30pm 4 Course Menu with matching wines $130 ANTIPASTO Carpaccio catch of the day marinated in lemon, olive oil and chilli dressing topped with dill

More information

Amarone della Valpolicella Classico

Amarone della Valpolicella Classico Amarone della Valpolicella Classico Appellation: Amarone della Valpolicella Classico DOCG Vineyard extension (hectares): 1.30 Blend: 50% Corvina - 25% Corvinone - 10% Croatina - 10% Rondinella - 5% Oseleta

More information

Bia nc o IGT Ve ne to S e ngia ri

Bia nc o IGT Ve ne to S e ngia ri Bia nc o IGT Ve ne to S e ngia ri Grapes: garganega, sauvignon, chardonnay Alcohol Content: 12 Taste and smell: Bright yellow color with golden hues, scent of flowers and ripe fruit, dry. Served with hot

More information

Barbera d Alba. Piedmont.

Barbera d Alba. Piedmont. Barbera d Alba Appellation: BARBERA D ALBA DOC Cru: n/a Vineyard extension (hectares): 2 Blend: 100% Barbera Vineyard age (year of planting): Barbera 1990,1994,1974 Exposure: North-East Colour: Ruby red

More information

Prosecco DOC Treviso. These wines represent the best vocation of the Venetian land.

Prosecco DOC Treviso. These wines represent the best vocation of the Venetian land. Passion Respect Tradition The Cantina del Terraglio counts about 300 members who, for over fifty years, produce with dedication high quality grapes coming from lands in the provinces of Treviso and Venice.

More information

VARIETY VERDEJO TYPE WHITE WINE HARVESTING SEPTEMBER AREA D.O. RUEDA BOTTLING APRIL. PRODUCTION BOTTLES 0,75 cl. WINE ADVOCATE R.

VARIETY VERDEJO TYPE WHITE WINE HARVESTING SEPTEMBER AREA D.O. RUEDA BOTTLING APRIL. PRODUCTION BOTTLES 0,75 cl. WINE ADVOCATE R. TYPE WHITE WINE HARVESTING SEPTEMBER VARIETY VERDEJO AREA D.O. RUEDA BOTTLING APRIL PRODUCTION 50.000 BOTTLES 0,75 cl. WINE ADVOCATE R. PARKER 90 PT Verdejo grape, the queen ariety of the region. The blend

More information

Wine Tasting Saturday, November 11th Noon - 3pm

Wine Tasting Saturday, November 11th Noon - 3pm Wine Tasting Saturday, November 11th Noon - 3pm Ferrari Rosé Region: Trentino Grape Varieties: 60% Pinot Noir; 40% Chardonnay Appellation: Trento DOC Description: Ferrari was born over a century ago in

More information

TECHNICAL SH E E T S

TECHNICAL SH E E T S TECHNICAL SH E E T S W H I T E WINES MALVASIA ISTRIANA [I.G.T. delle Venezie] A straw yellow coloured wine with greenish tinges. It has a dry note, with lively hints of exotic fruits and spice, and is

More information

Pergole Basse. Liguria.

Pergole Basse. Liguria. Pergole Basse Appellation: LIGURIA DI LEVANTE ROSSO IGT Zone: Castelnuovo Magra (province of La Spezia) Vineyard extension (hectares): 0.7 Blend: 100% Merlot Vineyard age (year of planting): Merlot 1970

More information

BODEGAS DOMINIO DE BERZAL

BODEGAS DOMINIO DE BERZAL White Wine A superbly fresh, fruity wine which preserves all the primary aromas of the Viura and Malvasía grapes, hinting at citric fruits mixed with apple and pear. Varieties: 90% Viura and 10% Malvasia.

More information

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Light and Stone : that s where it all begins in the land of Salento. The Light penetrates in the secret clefts of the ground with its Mediterranean

More information

Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro Becco Rosso

Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro Becco Rosso Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro Becco Rosso Appellation: LAMBRUSCO GRASPAROSSA DI CASTELVETRO DOP Zone: Garofano and Savignano Alto (province of Modena) Vineyard extension (hectares): n/a Blend: 100%

More information

Fuligni Tuscany, Italy. Empson USA

Fuligni Tuscany, Italy. Empson USA Fuligni Tuscany, Italy Empson USA BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO : 100% Sangiovese Grosso from 20-30 year old vines grown at an altitude of 980-1,480 feet above sea level. The grapes are harvested in late September.

More information

Pinot Grigio. Alcohol (%VOL) 12,5% vol. Sizes available

Pinot Grigio. Alcohol (%VOL) 12,5% vol. Sizes available Pinot Grigio White still wine Delle Venezie D.O.C. Pinot Grigio 12,5% vol 5 g/liter 6 g/liter 8-10 C Gentle pressing of the grapes followed by a fermentation at 18 C and fining on the lees at 8 C for three

More information

Production. Tasting. Food pairing. Logistics

Production. Tasting. Food pairing. Logistics 100% Garnacha 70-100 years 1000-1500 kg/ha Slate and stony 800-1000 m Inox vats fermentation controlled at 25º. Autochthonous yeast 12 months in American, European and French oak Cherry red, very deep

More information

SANGIOVESE. Sangiovese i.g.t. TIBERIO

SANGIOVESE. Sangiovese i.g.t. TIBERIO SANGIOVESE A typical Tuscan vine. The name sangiovese is apparently derived from San Giovanni Valdarno. A really surprising grape, with juicy and sugary pulp, which gives the area s most appreciated wine.

More information

BIANCO FIORDALISO TODI GRECHETTO IGT

BIANCO FIORDALISO TODI GRECHETTO IGT Roccafiore Todi is located in Umbria, 90 miles north of Rome, in a hilly and largely forested landscape. Fields of sunflowers alternate with vineyards, olive trees and crops, with stone buildings that

More information

The culture of wise drinking.

The culture of wise drinking. The culture of wise drinking www.cantinadiortona.it The culture of wise drinking www.cantinadiortona.it All rights reserved - copyright Design: Zetaweb/ADV Photo: Tommy Della Frana ORTONA The Cantina

More information

Campogiovanni. Brunello di Montalcino Docg

Campogiovanni. Brunello di Montalcino Docg Campogiovanni VINTAGE FEATURES Cooler than previous year, with abundant rainfall in winter and spring that caused a slight delay in flowering of the vines; temperatures above average in early July have

More information

Tel: + 33 (0)

Tel: + 33 (0) CHATEAU LEOGNAN nestle in the heart of a pastoral estate, teeming with wildlife and protected from the Atlantic by pinewood forests. This estate is a small gem: prior to the acquisition of the estate by

More information

WINERY PRESENTATION. VinUS Inc. BRANCHINI PRESENTATION 1

WINERY PRESENTATION. VinUS Inc. BRANCHINI PRESENTATION 1 WINERY PRESENTATION ITALY Emilia Romagna, Dozza Emilia Romagna region is actually two regions in one: Emilia, located north of the town of Bologna, is the Lambrusco terroir area and then South of Bologna

More information

Degli Azzoni Marche. Situated in the Marche region, in

Degli Azzoni Marche. Situated in the Marche region, in Montefano, Italy Situated in the Marche region, in Central Italy, facing the Adriatic Sea, this beautiful estate has been in the deg li Azzoni family since the beginning of the 14th century. It spreads

More information

We work surrounded by nature to appraise the heritage resulting from hard work and challenges posed by the varying seasons, which have gradually

We work surrounded by nature to appraise the heritage resulting from hard work and challenges posed by the varying seasons, which have gradually We work surrounded by nature to appraise the heritage resulting from hard work and challenges posed by the varying seasons, which have gradually become intertwined with our lives of growers. Unique and

More information

droplets of dew and where healthy roots give life to lush vines. A silent world as rugged and hot as the karstic

droplets of dew and where healthy roots give life to lush vines. A silent world as rugged and hot as the karstic Castello Grassy droplets of dew and where healthy roots give life to lush vines. A silent world as rugged and hot as the karstic paths crisscross a valley at the entrance to the woods where light reflects

More information

mandrarossa is the clear and authentic expression of sicily s new face in wine growing.

mandrarossa is the clear and authentic expression of sicily s new face in wine growing. mandrarossa is the clear and authentic expression of sicily s new face in wine growing. Mandrarossa vineyards lie along the southwestern coast of Sicily, in Menfi, an unspoiled territory characterised

More information

PUNTO DI VISTA BIANCO TOSCANO IGT

PUNTO DI VISTA BIANCO TOSCANO IGT PUNTO DI VISTA BIANCO TOSCANO IGT clear, straw yellow fruity with scents of white peach, banana and rose fresh and savory sea food, white meat dishes with light sauces, risotto 10-12 C Extremely pleasant,

More information

FRANCE OVERSEAS BORDEAUX & Others SELECTION. The Wine with a River for Terroir

FRANCE OVERSEAS BORDEAUX & Others SELECTION. The Wine with a River for Terroir FRANCE OVERSEAS BORDEAUX & Others SELECTION The Wine with a River for Terroir CHÂTEAU HAUT-MEYREAU HISTORY Château Haut Meyreau is located to the town of Libourne's doors (10 kms), in the village of Dardenac.

More information

MARONE. The Wine: Tasting Notes: Serving / Pairing Suggestions: Technical Information: The Vineyard/Terroir: Accolades: AAFEX / NEX Shelf Label

MARONE. The Wine: Tasting Notes: Serving / Pairing Suggestions: Technical Information: The Vineyard/Terroir: Accolades: AAFEX / NEX Shelf Label The Vineyard/Terroir: Tommasi selects the best clusters of Corvina, Corvinone, Rondinella and Molinara grapes solely by hand and exclusively from hillside vineyards in the family s choicest plots in the

More information

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Monday, July 23, 2018 Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Monday, July 23, 2018 Fantini by Farnese Wines are a reflection of the colours of Abruzzo, painting wonderful landscapes

More information

I HAVE MY OWN IDEA OF WHAT A PROSECCO SHOULD TELL.

I HAVE MY OWN IDEA OF WHAT A PROSECCO SHOULD TELL. I HAVE MY OWN IDEA OF WHAT A PROSECCO SHOULD TELL. Whoever drinks one of my bottles should find in it the stories of the past, the scent that made me fall in love with it and that peculiar personality

More information

Roero Arneis DOCG MONFERRATO BACKGROUND GRAPES. VINEYARD Sandy soil with marly, calcareous veins WINEMAKING AGEING TASTING NOTES PAIRING

Roero Arneis DOCG MONFERRATO BACKGROUND GRAPES. VINEYARD Sandy soil with marly, calcareous veins WINEMAKING AGEING TASTING NOTES PAIRING Roero Arneis DOCG 100% Arneis - ARNEIS is a white varietal (grape) indigenous to Piedmont, specifically from the Roero area, north west of Alba. Over the last several years Arneis popularity has grown

More information

Pinot Grigio. Alcohol (%VOL) 12,5% vol. Sizes available

Pinot Grigio. Alcohol (%VOL) 12,5% vol. Sizes available Pinot Grigio White still wine Delle Venezie D.O.C. Pinot Grigio 12,5% vol 5 g/liter 6 g/liter 8-10 C Gentle pressing of the grapes followed by a fermentation at 18 C and fining on the lees at 8 C for three

More information

The pedoclimate conditions of the islands, allow a type of farming that is very respectful of nature.

The pedoclimate conditions of the islands, allow a type of farming that is very respectful of nature. The firm was born in 1989. From the beginning, the goal was high quality production linked to the territory. This led to an important choice right from the start: organic farming. It all began with 2 hectares:

More information

TECNICAL SHEETS 2017

TECNICAL SHEETS 2017 TECNICAL SHEETS 2017 TITOLO 2015 Aglianico del Vulture DOC Denomination Aglianico del Vulture Region Vinification Basilicata Barile (PZ) The grapes, collected in small baskets Grape Variety are taken directly

More information

GRAVES. The elegance of a vineyard PRESS BOOK. Mr and Mrs Lalanne

GRAVES. The elegance of a vineyard PRESS BOOK. Mr and Mrs Lalanne GRAVES The elegance of a vineyard PRESS BOOK Mr and Mrs Lalanne GRAVES The elegance of a vineyard Table of contents 6 7 8 History of Château Lassalle Philosophy of the Labbé Lalanne family The château

More information

Alexandra Estate. Wines to love

Alexandra Estate. Wines to love Alexandra Estate Wines to love The beginning It all started in 2012 with the purchase of 200 acres of premium vineyards in the region Sakar, proven to be one of the most famous wine regions in Bulgaria.

More information

Winery Vigne del Bosco Olmè

Winery Vigne del Bosco Olmè Winery Vigne del Bosco Olmè Ceggia - Venice In the sunny and wide Piave valley, for an expanse of about 27 hectares, it stretches the millenary Olmè wood, whose soils are well known to be rich and generous.

More information

ENGLISH PRODUTTORI DAL 1781

ENGLISH PRODUTTORI DAL 1781 ENGLISH PRODUTTORI DAL 1781 A STORY THAT BEGAN OVER TWO CENTURIES AGO the story the new generation It all began in the late 1700 s when our ancestors hand built the cellar we use today, started making

More information

FINE ITALIAN WINES FINE WIN

FINE ITALIAN WINES FINE WIN FINE ITALIAN WINES FINE WIN We think that what really characterises the land of Romagna is the sincerity and industry of its people. We steady experience it with the TerraGens wine, with daily INE WINES

More information

WINE ANALYSIS 100 % Cabernet Sauvignon PH: 3,1. HARVEST Hand picked on mid March. It was harvested early with a high level of acidity.

WINE ANALYSIS 100 % Cabernet Sauvignon PH: 3,1. HARVEST Hand picked on mid March. It was harvested early with a high level of acidity. ROSÉ 100 % Cabernet Sauvignon 12,8 % BY VOL 6,8 G/L IN TARTARIC ACID 3,1 8,5 G/L Hand picked on mid March. It was harvested early with a high level of acidity. Grapes coming from vineyards located in Rapel

More information

Negrar, Italy. Azienda Agricola Ca del Monte Negrar (Verona) Italy. Tel

Negrar, Italy. Azienda Agricola Ca del Monte Negrar (Verona) Italy. Tel CA DEL MONTE Verona Negrar, Italy CA DEL MONTE is the name after the area that hooks over the village of Negrar, north of Verona, in the heart of Valpolicella. It is easy to reach the estate of Ca del

More information

Custoza. Veneto.

Custoza. Veneto. Custoza Appellation: CUSTOZA DOC Vineyard extension (hectares): 22 Blend: 40% Garganega - 30% Fernanda - 15% Trebbianello - 15% Trebbiano Vineyard age (year of planting): Garganega 1911,2011 - Fernanda

More information

QUINTA DE CHOCAPALHA ALDEIA GALEGA DA MERCEANA PORTUGAL

QUINTA DE CHOCAPALHA ALDEIA GALEGA DA MERCEANA PORTUGAL COMPANY S NAME: CASA AGRÍCOLA DAS MIMOSAS, LDA. QUINTA DE CHOCAPALHA TELEPHONE: 00351 263769317 FAX: 00351 263769316 E-MAIL: chocapalha@chocapalha.com CONTACTS: Alice and Paulo Tavares da Silva COMPANY:

More information

Pugnitello Toscana Igt

Pugnitello Toscana Igt Toscana Igt VINTAGE FEATURES Cooler than previous year, with abundant rainfall in winter and spring that caused a slight delay in flowering of the vines; temperatures above average in early July have favored

More information

a villa dated xviii century, beautiful colonial houses and a cellar arise on a spectacular hill, preciously carved by avenues of cypresses, pinewoods

a villa dated xviii century, beautiful colonial houses and a cellar arise on a spectacular hill, preciously carved by avenues of cypresses, pinewoods a villa dated xviii century, beautiful colonial houses and a cellar arise on a spectacular hill, preciously carved by avenues of cypresses, pinewoods and groups of oaks. 130 hectares of vineyards, olive

More information

The Firm. Abrigo family will be glad to receive in Berfi farmstead with traditional hospitality and simplicity of Langa

The Firm. Abrigo family will be glad to receive in Berfi farmstead with traditional hospitality and simplicity of Langa The Firm The story of Abrigo family has as background the Langhe hills but it s not started in the Berfi farmstead, nowadays seat of the farm company managed by Abrigo Ernesto and his sister Mariarita.

More information

Pacherhof. Müller Thurgau Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC. Grape variety: Müller Thurgau. Origin: Novacella / Valle Isarco.

Pacherhof. Müller Thurgau Alto Adige Valle Isarco DOC. Grape variety: Müller Thurgau. Origin: Novacella / Valle Isarco. Müller Thurgau 2015 Grape variety: Müller Thurgau Altitude: 720 m Description: white wine with brilliant straw-yellow colour with greenish shimmer. The bouquet is softly with spicy tones and impressions

More information

CHIONETTI Winery in Italy since 1912

CHIONETTI Winery in Italy since 1912 CHIONETTI Winery in Italy since 1912 THE HISTORY OF AN ITALIAN FAMILY The Chionetti winery was founded in 1912 by Giuseppe Chionetti. For more than 50 years it has been run by the legendary owner Quinto

More information

Brunello di Montalcino Le Lucere 2010

Brunello di Montalcino Le Lucere 2010 Brunello di Montalcino Le Lucere 2010 Appellation: BRUNELLO DI MONTALCINO DOCG Cru: Le Lucere Vineyard extension (hectares): 3 1979,1981 Exposure: East and north, 270/310 meters above sea level Colour:

More information

Falanghina. Campania.

Falanghina. Campania. Falanghina Appellation: FALANGHINA CAMPANIA IGT Zone: Torrecuso (Province of Benevento) Vineyard extension (hectares): 1.5 Blend: 100% Falanghina Vineyard age (year of planting): Falanghina Soil Type:

More information

Castello di Querceto is located amid green hills at an altitude of 470 meters (1,542 feet) only a few kilometers from Greve in Chianti.

Castello di Querceto is located amid green hills at an altitude of 470 meters (1,542 feet) only a few kilometers from Greve in Chianti. Castello di Querceto is located amid green hills at an altitude of 470 meters (1,542 feet) only a few kilometers from Greve in Chianti. The property amounts to a total of about 190 hectares (469 acres),

More information

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available. Method of Production

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available. Method of Production Collezione Prosecco BERLINER WINE TROPHY 2017 Punteggio: GOLD Sparkling, Extra Dry Prosecco D.O.C. Glera, other grapes 11% vol 14 g/liter 5.6 g/liter 6-8 C Cold maceration of the grapes, natural fermentation

More information

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available Collezione Prosecco Sparkling, Extra Dry Prosecco D.O.C. Glera, other grapes 11% vol 14 g/liter 5.6 g/liter 6-8 C Cold maceration of the grapes, natural fermentation at a controlled temperature of 16 C.

More information

Sardi Tool Kit. Technical sheets. Sell sheets. Training Materials

Sardi Tool Kit. Technical sheets. Sell sheets. Training Materials Sardi Tool Kit Technical sheets Sell sheets Training Materials Sangiovese, Malvasia Bianca PRODUCTION ZONE: VINEYARD ALTITUDE: 165-650 feet above sea level VINEYARD EXPOSURE: South-East facing SOIL TYPE:

More information

PASTOR DIAZ WINES FROM LA RIOJA

PASTOR DIAZ WINES FROM LA RIOJA PASTOR DIAZ WINES FROM LA RIOJA THE REGION The D.O. Rioja covers a large growing area straddling the banks of the River Ebro along a stretch of over 100 kilometres running from north-west to south-east

More information

FRIULI VENEZIA-GIULIA VENEZIA

FRIULI VENEZIA-GIULIA VENEZIA FRIULI VENEZIA-GIULIA VENEZIA THE HISTORY Paladin Family has a strong and long experience in the wine business since 1962. Founded in 1962 by Valentino Paladin, today Lucia, Carlo and Roberto (the Valentino

More information

Château Couhins-Lurton Red

Château Couhins-Lurton Red Château Couhins-Lurton Red Chateau : Château Couhins-Lurton Even if Couhins-Lurton is only Cru Classé in white, André Lurton and his team make it a point to develop a very noble red wine. Château Couhins-Lurton

More information

QUAILS GATE 2016 PINOT NOIR WINE STYLE TASTING & PAIRING WINEMAKING TECHNICAL NOTES. Alc. by volume: 13.5% Residual sweetness: Sweetness code: 0

QUAILS GATE 2016 PINOT NOIR WINE STYLE TASTING & PAIRING WINEMAKING TECHNICAL NOTES. Alc. by volume: 13.5% Residual sweetness: Sweetness code: 0 2016 PINOT NOIR Winemaker Nikki Callaway continues to raise the bar with our wines and this wellcrafted Pinot is no exception. The 2016 growing season provided the ideal conditions for Pinot resulting

More information

ACTIUM. WINE SPECIALIST Château Mossé Languedoc Roussillon

ACTIUM. WINE SPECIALIST  Château Mossé Languedoc Roussillon ACTIUM WINE SPECIALIST www.worldwinesasia.com Château Mossé Château Mossé History In the heart of a small village of 80 people, a former stronghold of the Templars in the eleventh century, the Château

More information

Blessed with some of the best grape-growing land in New Zealand s Northland region, The Landing vineyard produces award-winning, sustainable wines.

Blessed with some of the best grape-growing land in New Zealand s Northland region, The Landing vineyard produces award-winning, sustainable wines. THE LANDING CHARDONNAY 2015 Grown on the coastal slopes overlooking the Bay of Islands, the 2015 Chardonnay is an expression of citrus, stonefruit and fine oak flavours, with a long and delicious finish.

More information

BODEGAS NODUS WINES RISING STARS PHOTOS AWARDS DO VALENCIA / DO UTIEL-REQUENA

BODEGAS NODUS WINES RISING STARS PHOTOS AWARDS DO VALENCIA / DO UTIEL-REQUENA DO VALENCIA / DO UTIEL-REQUENA WINES PHOTOS AWARDS volver Organic Range: ACTUM COLECCION WHITE ACTUM COLECCION RED EN LA PARRA WHITE EN LA PARRA RED EL CHAVAL WHITE EL CHAVAL RED Non O rgani c Range: NODUS

More information

EGANHOSPITALITYGROUP!

EGANHOSPITALITYGROUP! EGANHOSPITALITYGROUP! !"#$%&'()*+,-)./)0123)41,"/)5"1')6786)96:;77 Aromas of jammy fruits, spices and herbs. Blackcurrant, liquorice and black!"#$%&'()*+,-)./)0123)

More information

QUAILS GATE 2015 PINOT NOIR WINE STYLE TASTING & PAIRING WINEMAKING TECHNICAL NOTES. Alc. by volume: 13.5% Residual sweetness: Sweetness code: 0

QUAILS GATE 2015 PINOT NOIR WINE STYLE TASTING & PAIRING WINEMAKING TECHNICAL NOTES. Alc. by volume: 13.5% Residual sweetness: Sweetness code: 0 2015 PINOT NOIR Our flagship wine at Quails Gate and Nikki Callaway, our Winemaker continues to raise the bar with this enigmatic grape. This year s wine is medium bodied in style and shows great complexity

More information

Fautor Winery is a story of values, passion, courage of being different and dedication to perfectionism, bridging traditions with modern style and

Fautor Winery is a story of values, passion, courage of being different and dedication to perfectionism, bridging traditions with modern style and Fautor Winery is a story of values, passion, courage of being different and dedication to perfectionism, bridging traditions with modern style and innovation. ILLUSTRO ILLUSTRO Chardonnay Sauvignon Blanc

More information

ALAN MCCORKINDALE WAIPARA VALLEY, NZ

ALAN MCCORKINDALE WAIPARA VALLEY, NZ wines new zealand ALAN MCCORKINDALE WAIPARA VALLEY, NZ Alan McCorkindale Wines is a small family business based in the Waipara Valley, Canterbury. Our focus is on creating quality boutique wines with distinct

More information

Valpolicella as Our Origin, Wine as Our Passion, Quality as Our Choice, Hospitality as Our Calling, Excellence as Our Ambition the Buglioni Family

Valpolicella as Our Origin, Wine as Our Passion, Quality as Our Choice, Hospitality as Our Calling, Excellence as Our Ambition the Buglioni Family Valpolicella as Our Origin, Wine as Our Passion, Quality as Our Choice, Hospitality as Our Calling, Excellence as Our Ambition the Buglioni Family Why Choose Buglioni? Our Own Vineyards Dedication to Quality

More information

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017

Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Thursday, August 09, 2018 Winery Of The Year Melbourne International Wine Competition 2017 Thursday, August 09, 2018 Excellent wines of a earth between Sky and Water. The uncontaminated area of Sambuca

More information

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available

Collezione Prosecco. Glera, other grapes. Alcohol (%VOL) 11% vol. Sizes available Collezione Prosecco ASIA WINE TROPHY 2017 SILVER BERLINER WEIN TROPHY 2017 BERLINER WEIN TROPHY 2016 MUNDUS VINI 2016 SOMMELIER WINE AWARDS 2016 SILVER INTERNATIONAL WINE AND SPIRITS COMPETITION 2016 SILVER

More information

FINCA ANTIGUA. El Palomar (40 ha) in D.O. La Mancha %vol. 4 th week in September

FINCA ANTIGUA. El Palomar (40 ha) in D.O. La Mancha %vol. 4 th week in September Blanco 2006 Blanco 2006 WINE ENTHUSIAST: 86 points BEST BUY Open on the bouquet, with a pleasant spiciness. The flavors veer toward tangy nectarine and apricot Shows good citrus character and plenty of

More information

IMPORTED BY CARSON WINES

IMPORTED BY CARSON WINES C A R S O N W I N E S OVERVIEW The Lamberti winery, established in 1964, is named after one of the oldest noble families of Verona: the Lamberti, the ancient Lords of Verona who fought to gain control

More information