Flemish Red Brown Beers CBC San Diego US 2012 Rudi Ghequire Brewmaster - Brewery Rodenbach Belgium

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1 Flemish Red Brown Beers CBC San Diego US 2012 Rudi Ghequire Brewmaster - Brewery Rodenbach Belgium Palm Breweries

2 Belgium = rich in regional beer styles based on 4 types of fermentation: spontaneous, mixed, top and bottom fermented beers

3 Flemish Red Brown Beer Area of mixed fermentation Flemish Red Brown Beer area BELGIUM

4 Roots and production philosophy of the Flemish Red Brown Beers (1) In the county of Flanders: Availability of hops in the early Middle Ages Lack of knowledge of beer preservation by hops Genetic disaffection for bitterness Brewers used herbs and spices to flavor their beers in our county To preserve and stabilize their beers, the beer matured constantly a long period in oak wooden vats to realize a natural acidification.

5 Roots and production philosophy of the Flemish Red Brown Beers (2) Brewers used only kiln colored malts based on the reduction capacity for aging their beers on wood. Brewers made a blend of old matured beers and young mild beers to obtain a longer shelf life => Flemish Red Brown ph reduction in the blend back to ph 3.5 => protection against bad beer bacteria ensure a stable consumable beer with a longer shelf life obtaining a more refreshing taste in the beer

6 Definition of Mixed Fermentation: Mixed fermentation is the beer production proces in which differents micro-organisms (Saccharomyces Cerevisiae; Lactobaccilus sp.; Brettanomyces sp.) realize the taste and flavor of the beer, in symbiosis during the fermentation and maturation proces of the beer on wooden vats. Definition Professor Doctor F. Delvaux KU - Leuven

7 Tasting notes: Arome: Complexe fruitiness of appel & red currant/ winy / caramel Taste: soft up to sharp acidity/ some sweetness/ winy/ no hopbitterness Mouth feel: no hopbitterness/ soft up to sharp acidity / low carbon dioxide. After taste: refreshing/ midsize up to long after taste

8 Four Regional Brewers of mixed fermented Flemisch Red Brown Beers Brouwerij Rodenbach: Owner of the Flemisch regional label Streekproduct.be - Regio en Traditie Brouwerij Verhaeghe: Owner Streekproduct.be Brouwerij Bockor: Owner Streekproduct.be Brouwerij Bavik: application request pending

9 The different brands of Flemish red brown beers: Petrus Oud Bruin VanderGhinste Oud Bruin

10 Comparison Lambic, Flemisch Redbrown & old brown beer: COMPARISON LAMBIC & GUEUZE FLEMISCH RED BROWN FLEMISCH OLD BROWN Fermentation spontaneous mixed top fermented Raw materials Pils malt colored malts colored malts wheat unmalted cereals unmalted cereals or sugar old hops local hops hops herbs & spices herbs & spices Wort production brewhouse brewhouse brewhouse Wort cooling cool ship heat exchanger heat exchanger Fermentation spontaneous fermentation mixed yeast culture top fermented yeast Oak barrels fermentation tanks fermentation tanks Maturation wood aging > 2 year wood aging +/- 2 year no oak laying barrels wooden stading up vats no top up no top up no Target making Geuze or Kriek making red brown making old brown oxidative aging oxidative aging no longer shelf life longer shelf life no refreshing refreshing no Taste brettanomyces karamel malt flavors karamel malt flavors horse blanket apple tart fruitiness yeast flavors fruity tobaco, red currant tobaco, coffee natural lactic acid natural lactic acid x natural little acetic natural acetic x ethyl acetate ethyl acetate no ph: less than +/- 3,7 ph: less than 3.5 ph: more than 4 little hopbitterness no hopbitter <15 IBU hopbitterness Colour beer pale to amber red brown beer brown beer

11 Specifications of Flemisch Red Brown beer: Original gravity Colour of the beer Alcohol Bitterness CO2 Content > 11 PL 50EBC < x < 80EBC > 4.5 Vol% Alc < 15 IBU 4.0 < x < 7,0 g/l Acidity Sweetness Total Acidity : > 40milli-equivalent NaOH/L Volatile acids: > 10 milli-equivalent NaOH/L < 35g saccharose equivalent / Liter in the beer. Esters > 50 ppm Ethylacetaat Colored malts Hops and herbs > 70% of the malt has a coloration between 7-8 EBC till 160 EBC Regional hops and typical herbs Maturation on wood The Flemisch red brown beer of mixed fermentation is totaly or partial matured on standing up oak wooden vats

12 Specifications of Flemisch Old brown beer: Original gravity Colour of the beer Alcohol Bitterness CO2 Content 11 PL < x < 14 PL 50EBC < x < 80EBC 4.8 % Alc by Vol.< x < 6,4 % Alc by Vol. 15 IBU < x < 25 IBU 4.0 < x < 7,0 g/l Acidity Sweetness No natural aciditifcation on wood Varies with style Esters Colored malts No definition of esters Using of colored malts Aging No maturation of the beer on wooden vats!

13 History of the Rodenbach Brewery Brewers of the world s most famous Red Brown sweet-sour beer made by Mixed Fermentation. 294 oak vats in 10 vat cellars, some of them are more then 150 years old Owner of the Label: Vlaams STREEKPRODUCT.be Regio & Traditie Protected industrial patrimony: Malt Kiln and Entry, Vat rooms, Old Brew House, Rodenbach Castle Tourist attraction, museum about the history of the extraordinary Rodenbach family: more than visitors/year

14 Unique Flemish Red Brown is a unique beer brewed by the method of mixed fermentation since more than 200 years combined with state-of-the-art equipment

15

16 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Rodenbach s new brew house

17 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Rodenbach s new brew house Ultra-modern new brew house Capacity: 250hl/brew, up to 12 brews/day Equipment: Hydromill Mashtun Cereal Cooker Meura Filter 2001 Wort buffer tank Cooking vessel Whirlpool Wort cooler

18 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Primary Fermentation Primary fermentation in Cylindroconical fermentation tanks Capacity: 10 CCT s x 1128hl Storage Rodenbach mixed yeast culture for more than 150 years

19 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Secondary fermentation Secondary fermentation 4 weeks in horizontal tanks of 330hl Reduction of the yeast flavors Sedimentation of the yeast cells Development of the lactic acid bacteria

20 Maturation Without wooden vats Rodenbach wouldn t exist! 2 years of maturation and patience

21 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (1) Maturation of the beer during +/- 2 years in standing up wooden vats 294 oak wooden vats between 120hl and 650hl in 10 different vat cellars with a total storage capacity of 65000hl on wood

22 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (2) Vat room 4 18 vats of 650hl built in 1936 At that time the biggest wooden maturation vats in the world Not the ideal size for beer maturation Maturation takes more than 2 years

23 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (3) Vat room 5 & 6 33 vats in each cellar of 180hl built in 1955

24 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (4) Vat room 7 & 8: 33 vats in each of 180hl built in 1960

25 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (5) Vat room 10: 51 vats content between 140hl and 210hl Purchased from other breweries in the neighborhood of Roeselare and rebuilt at the Rodenbach brewery in 1982

26 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Maturation (details) 1. Closed manhole 2. Numbering of the staves 3. View in an open vat 4. Bacteria and yeast culture on the top of the beer in maturation 5. View on the bottom of the vat 6. View on the top of the closed vats

27 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Blending and Filtration (1) Beer blending and filtration: Beer blender Beer cooler Centrifuge to separate the cold haze

28 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Blending and Filtration (2) Carbonization with CO2 Flash pasteurization => Bright Beer RODENBACH Filtered beer storage in bright beer tanks

29 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Rodenbach Cooperage (historical pictures)

30 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Rodenbach Cooperage today Two Rodenbach coopers wood processing machines

31 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Rodenbach Cooperage Cooper Pol at work in the cooperage Building up a Rodenbach foeder Wood storage: French oak Reeds for the foeders

32 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant Keg filling line External keg cleaning and internal pre-washer Double keg filling line capacity of 120 kegs/hour

33 Rodenbach Brewery Production Plant One Way Bottle filler Bottle filler : capacity of 1200 bottles 75cl/hour Labeling Rinsing Filling double vacuum Corking with TCA free corks Wire hood capper

34 Rodenbach Brewery Showing respect for ENVIRONMENT & SAFETY Good management of the human being and of the environment ISO OHSAS = Social acceptance of the brewery = Continuity

35 Rodenbach Brewery All our beers are brewed with deep respect for beer culture and craftsmanship Use of only carefully selected ingredients of the largest possible quality Only local hops (Poperinge region) for Rodenbach beers Label of regional authenticity STREEKPRODUCT.be - Regio en Traditie Brewed by century old Belgian brewing technologies and recipes, using modern, state-of-the-art equipment

36 Brand Variants: Rodenbach, Rodenbach Grand Cru & Rodenbach Vintage (ltd.ed.)

37 Rodenbach brewery Products Brand Variant: Rodenbach A beer so unique, that is hard to classify! It s a category on its own Made by mixed fermentation Red Brown Beer of 5.2% alcohol by volume. Fruity, soft-sour taste Rodenbach is a blend of 75% young beer and 25% old matured beer, aged +/- 2 years on oak wooden vats Called The most refreshing beer in the world by beer guru Michael Jackson

38 Rodenbach brewery Products Brand Variant: Rodenbach Grand Cru Rodenbach Grand Cru is an exceptional Red Brown beer of mixed fermentation 6% alcohol by volume Exceptional fruity bouquet, sour sweet taste with a very long aftertaste It is a 100% natural matured beer aged for at least 18 months on oak wooden vats, just like wine Golden medal : World Beer Cup 2006 Seattle (USA) category Belgian Style Sour Ales Golden medal: World Beer Awards (GB) 2011 World Best Ale

39 Rodenbach brewery Products Brand Variant: Rodenbach Vintage Rodenbach Vintage is an exceptional Red Brown Beer of 100% unblended beer, wood aged for 24 months Color of an old oloroso Sherry wine Taste and aroma: very complex flavor of caramel, green apple, oak wood, wild honey, 7% alcohol by volume Silver medal on the World Beer Cup 2010 in Chicago in the category Wood and Barrel Aged Sour Ale LIMITED EDITION

40 Rodenbach brewery Products AWARDS FOR RODENBACH BEERS (1) 1894 Exposition Universelle à Anvers Le Diplôme de Medaille D Or 1897 Exposition Universelle à Bruxelles Le Diplôme d Honneur 1900 Exposition Universelle à Paris Le Diplôme de Medaille D Or 1905 Exposition Universelle à Liège Le Diplôme de Grand Prix» en Economie «Diplômes de Medaille de Bronze» en Sociale 1958 Exposition Universelle à Bruxelles Grand Prix

41 Rodenbach brewery Products AWARDS FOR RODENBACH BEERS (2) 1996 AAB Magazine Gold Medal - Rodenbach Grand Cru 1996 AAB Mag. USA Platinum Medal - Rodenbach Alexander 1997 AAB Mag. Chicago USA Gold Medal - Rodenbach 94ptn 1998 AAB Mag. Chicago USA Silver Medal - Rodenbach 86ptn 1998 AAB Mag. Chicago USA Gold Medal Rod. Grand Cru 92ptn 1998 ABB Mag. Chicago USA Platinum Rod. Alexander 96ptn 1999 ABB Mag. Chicago USA Highly Recommended Rodenbach 85ptn 1999 ABB Mag. Chicago USA Exceptional Rod. Grand Cru 94ptn 1999 AAB Mag. Chicago USA Superlative Rod. Alexander 97ptn

42 Rodenbach brewery Products AWARDS FOR RODENBACH BEERS (3) 2006 World Beer Cup Seattle USA Gold Award - Rodenbach Grand Cru (Belgian Style Sour Ale) 2006 World Beer Cup Seattle USA Gold Award - Redbach (Fruit and Vegetable Beer) 2009 Stockholm Bierfestival Gold Medal Rodenbach 2010 World Beer Cup Chicago USA Silver Award - Rodenbach Vintage 2007 (Wood and Barrel Aged Sour Beer) 2010 World Beer Awards Tasting Beer.com (Great Britain) World s Best Flavoured Ale - Rodenbach Grand Cru (Dark Ale Flavoured ) 2010 Stockholm Beerfestival Gold Medal Rodenbach 2011 Stockholm Beerfestival Gold Medal Rodenbach Grand cru 2011 World Beer Awards Rodenbach Vintage Europe s Best Speciality Dark Ale 2011 World Beer Awards Rodenbach Grand Cru - World Best Ale World s and Europe s Best Dark Ale

43 Rodenbach brewery THANK YOU

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