Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley. Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley. Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture"

Transcription

1 Growing Quinoa in the Willamette Valley Heather Stoven OSU Extension Horticulture

2 Today s Topics Introduction Origins Economic facts Nutrition/uses Agronomic characteristics Growing Quinoa

3 Quick Facts Chenopodium quinoa Closely related to spinach, beets and weeds such as lambsquarters and pigweed (Amaranthaceae family aka goosefoot family) pseudocereal Annual life cycle

4 Origins Native to South America Northern Columbia to central Chile Center of origin in Bolivia and Peru Five major ecotypes Evidence of cultivation up to 8000 years ago Grown by pre-columbian civilization Staple crop for Incas important culturally Replaced by cereals when Spanish arrived agriwaterpedia *Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production, 2015

5 Nutrition Gluten free Natural balance between oils, protein and carbohydrates About 16% protein, containing all essential amino acids High levels of Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn and Cu Rich with vitamins A, B2 and E Superior antioxidants, vitamins, minerals and fiber to traditional grains

6 Uses Has a high starch content and can be made into flour like cereals Gluten free Baking Grain mixes

7 Economics One of the fastest growing commodities in world trade Bolivia grows 250,000 acres which is 90% of world s cultivation Exports were at $13 million in 2012 US is importing 53% of quinoa Exports have increased 28% on average since 1992 FAO: International Quinoa Trade

8 Agronomic attributes In South America cultivated from 2 N to 47 S 4000m to sea level Precipitation from 6 to 110 annually Tolerant of saline soils and irrigation water Mildly frost tolerant Tolerates cold soil Tolerant of a wide range of soil ph and soil types Good crop for marginal environment Low input crop agriwaterpedia *Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production, 2015

9 Growing Quinoa Choose the right seeds Seed Company Wild Garden Seed Salt Spring Seeds Bountiful Gardens One-Garden Sustainable Seed Co. Location Oregon BC Canada California Missouri Colorado

10 Willamette Valley Climate Mediterranean climate 40 rain annually Average annual high 63.6 F Average annual low 42.4 F

11 Growing Quinoa in the WV Collaboration with Marion-Polk Food Share Quinoa used as a protein source for Better Burger Distributes burgers to food banks in area

12 Growing Quinoa in the WV Multiple seasons of experience in Salem, OR area Grown in small plots and up to 15 acres Contracted work to Iverson Family Farms Range of results

13 Seeding Seed from Wild Garden Seed Oro d Valle Cherry Vanilla Red Head seed head sprouting less common Brightest Brilliant Rainbow diverse plants Planted lb/a (8-12lb/A recommended) 1 g/12-20 row ft (~350 seeds/g) between rows Planted with grain drill in mid-april (last frost May 1)

14 Plant Growth Fertility Used from 35-40lbs N per A (40-100lbs/A typical range) Irrigation Fairly drought tolerant crop Drip is best Weekly or less based on weather Stop irrigation late in the season Rain or overhead irrigation as seed is matures can cause seed sprouting in seed head Lodging can occur with excess irrigation or fertility

15 Plant Growth Germinate quickly within first week (mid- Apr) End of May plants were 4-12 tall Inflorescence development by late June Flowering early July Maximum height around 4 in July Plants begin to dry down mid-july Inflorescence development June 25th Seed head development August 4 th

16 Botany Inflorescences are panicles Tiny 0.15 flowers without petals Self-fertile Can cross pollinate need over 300 apart seeds can vary in color Photo: Wikimedia

17 Pests Lygus is a major crop pest Feed on immature seeds causing aborted seeds Can result in severe loss if high populations No pesticides are registered for this crop Photo: Utah State Univ

18 Pests Secondary pests Mirid plant bug Orthotylus coagulatus? Aphids Cucumber beetles Insectary plants and conservation biocontrol Big eyed bugs and damsel bugs, parasitic wasps

19 Disease Downy mildew Reduces phytosythetic capacity Leaves can die Overhead irrigation can be problematic Wild Garden Seed cultivars have some resistance Disease can be seed-borne Can surface sterilize with 70% ethanol for 2 min or rinse with bleach Fusarium

20 Weeds Can plant in rows and cultivate between Lambsquarters can cross pollinate Mayweed chamomile

21 Harvesting Important for plants and seed to be dry Check for firmness of seed with fingernail Cut with combine Seed cleaned by a local specialty seed company Harvested Aug 27 th in 2014 (134 days to harvest) Yield was 900lb/A before cleaning, 400lb/A after

22 Processing Quinoa has an outer coating containing saponins Give it a bitter taste Can have negative health effects Saponins need to be removed This is a major hurdle for large production Abrasion or washing

23 Challenges 2015 no seed was produced High temps can cause pollen sterility 27 days above 90, days Extremely dry Lygus? Downy mildew? Fusarium?

24 On A Small Scale MPFS Youth Farm 11 beds 100 x 30 wide Red Head and Brightest Brilliant Rainbow Planted Apr 22 nd and May 20 th 2016 Hand harvested Aug 27 th and Sept 29th Let dry couple days 8 bushels Wet weather was a challenge at harvest

25 Saving Seed Cross pollination can occur Need more than 300 ft between varieties Can cross pollinate with lambsquarters Can save the seed from plants that do best in your area

26 Conclusions Quinoa is a unique crop with unique requirements Low input crop Start small Use seed that is best for your region Have processing figured out beforehand Results can be variable

27 Resources Kevin Murphy, WSU Quinoa: Improvement and Sustainable Production Effect of Irrigation, intercrop and cultivar on agronomic and nutritional characteristics of Quinoa. J. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems (alternative field crops manual UW Madison, U of M) SARE report for Cornell Small Farms Adopting Quinoa in Southeastern Idaho

28 Questions?

29

Quinoa Protocol. Integrated Plant Growth Facility. Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO. Created September 2017 by: Bill Kezele

Quinoa Protocol. Integrated Plant Growth Facility. Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO. Created September 2017 by: Bill Kezele Integrated Plant Growth Facility Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, St. Louis, MO Created September 2017 by: Bill Kezele Quinoa Protocol Quinoa ( Chenopodium quinoa) is a grain crop of the Amaranthaceae

More information

2013 Safflower Irrigation Research Results

2013 Safflower Irrigation Research Results 2013 Safflower Irrigation Research Results Presentation by L. Niel Allen Extension Irrigation Specialist Earl Creech, Clark Israelsen, Mike Pace Students Holly Kent and Phillip Castro Logan, Utah February

More information

Response of Camelina Varieties to NaCl Salinity

Response of Camelina Varieties to NaCl Salinity Response of Camelina Varieties to NaCl Salinity By Ms. Monica Effi Mentor: Dr. Josekutty Discussion Paper Camelina Production in Montana McVay, K. A. Montana State University Extension - Bozeman Montana.

More information

Spring & Winter Safflower as a Potential Crop South Plains Region, Texas

Spring & Winter Safflower as a Potential Crop South Plains Region, Texas Spring & Winter Safflower as a Potential Crop South Plains Region, Texas Calvin Trostle, Ph.D. Extension Agronomy, Lubbock (806) 746-6101, ctrostle@ag.tamu.edu Updated March 2014 Mid-spring stand (Irrig.)

More information

Collaborators: Emelie Swackhammer, Horticulture Educator Penn State Cooperative Extension - Lehigh/Northampton County

Collaborators: Emelie Swackhammer, Horticulture Educator Penn State Cooperative Extension - Lehigh/Northampton County Disease Resistant Pumpkin Variety Evaluation - 2011 Timothy Elkner, Regional Horticulture Educator Penn State Cooperative Extension Lancaster County 1383 Arcadia Rd., Rm. 140 Lancaster, PA 17601 Collaborators:

More information

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1 Blackberries for the Home Garden Dr. Bernadine Strik, Professor of Horticulture Extension Berry Crops Specialist Oregon State University Wild Blackberries Rubus ursinus The only true PNW native Rubus laciniatus

More information

Chapter 7 -New World Grains. The New World has provided only one major domesticated cereal, corn (Zea mays). Corn has the advantage of:

Chapter 7 -New World Grains. The New World has provided only one major domesticated cereal, corn (Zea mays). Corn has the advantage of: Chapter 7 -New World Grains The New World has provided only one major domesticated cereal, corn (Zea mays). Corn has the advantage of: Corn paired with beans formed the basis of all the major New World

More information

GRAINS AND LEGUMES OF THE WORLD

GRAINS AND LEGUMES OF THE WORLD GRAINS AND LEGUMES OF THE WORLD By: Grains 1. Grains are the seeds or fruits of plants from the grass family, including barley, corn, oats, rice, and wheat. 2. Early agriculture arose with the cultivation

More information

Succession Planting is planting two or more different vegetables in the same garden space within one growing season.

Succession Planting is planting two or more different vegetables in the same garden space within one growing season. Succession Planting: Getting the Most you Can Succession Planting is planting two or more different vegetables in the same garden space within one growing season. Following one crop with another Donna

More information

Quality of western Canadian peas 2017

Quality of western Canadian peas 2017 ISSN 1920-9053 Quality of western Canadian peas 2017 Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Grain Research Laboratory Canadian Grain Commission 1404-303 Main Street Winnipeg MB R3C 3G8 www.grainscanada.gc.ca

More information

Influence of fungicides and cultivar on development of cavity spot of carrot.

Influence of fungicides and cultivar on development of cavity spot of carrot. Influence of fungicides and cultivar on development of cavity spot of carrot. Mary Ruth McDonald, Kevin Vander Kooi, Michael Tesfaendrias and Catarina Saude Muck Crops Research Station, Ontario, Canada

More information

Specialty Cantaloupe Variety Performance

Specialty Cantaloupe Variety Performance Specialty Cantaloupe Variety Performance Petrus Langenhoven, Ph.D. Horticulture and Hydroponics Crops Specialist February 13, 2018 1 Outline of Presentation Background Materials and Methods Results Conclusion

More information

2012 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences

2012 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Extension Series No. E-12-2 November, 2012 2012 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences College

More information

2012 Organic Broccoli Variety Trial Results

2012 Organic Broccoli Variety Trial Results 2012 Organic Broccoli Variety Trial Results The following tables present the results of organic broccoli variety trials that took place on research stations and cooperating farms in Washington, Oregon,

More information

Physiology, Orchard Establishment, Cultivars, Training/Pruning. Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture

Physiology, Orchard Establishment, Cultivars, Training/Pruning. Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture Pecan Production 101: Physiology, Orchard Establishment, Cultivars, Training/Pruning Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture Chilling/Heating As more chill hrs accumulate, less heat units required to stimulate

More information

TARGETED WEED CONTROL IN POTATO

TARGETED WEED CONTROL IN POTATO TARGETED WEED CONTROL IN POTATO Pamela J.S. Hutchinson Potato Cropping Systems Weed Scientist University of Idaho Aberdeen R&E Center What s up for today? Know your nightshades Witch s Brews targeted control

More information

HISTORY USES AND HEALTH BENEFITS. Figure 31. Nanking cherries

HISTORY USES AND HEALTH BENEFITS. Figure 31. Nanking cherries nanking cherries Nanking cherries (Prunus tomentosa) are shrubs that grow from three feet up to ten feet tall with twigs that usually occupy an area twice as wide as the plant is tall. Up to 20 canes can

More information

2017 Annual 4-H Plant Sale

2017 Annual 4-H Plant Sale NAME ADDRESS EMAIL PHONE 2017 Annual 4-H Plant Sale Fruit Variety Cost Number Ordered Apple Arkansas Black $ 16.00 Stamen-Winesap $ 16.00 Pink Lady (new this year) $ 18.00 Red Delicious $ 16.00 Yates $

More information

VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION. Seed production. Seed Production. Seed production areas. Seed production 12/11/2013

VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION. Seed production. Seed Production. Seed production areas. Seed production 12/11/2013 VEGETABLE SEED PRODUCTION Areas of Production Seed production U.S. vegetable seed production is located in the Pacific Northwest. Seed production is expensive and requires greater inputs and hand-labor.

More information

Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2011

Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2011 ISSN 1920-9096 Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2011 Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Contact: Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Tel : 204 983-2154 Email: ning.wang@grainscanada.gc.ca

More information

FRUIT TREES/SHRUBS 2014

FRUIT TREES/SHRUBS 2014 APPLE TREES: Cortland - 5 Gallon $32.00 Standard Size Zn 4-6, full sun, Large ruby red fruit. Ripens mid September Soil ph 6.0-7.0, Crisp, tart, with white flesh and slightly sweet Great for pies and cider.

More information

Hop Farming in Ontario

Hop Farming in Ontario Hop Farming in Ontario - Humulus lupulus is a species of flowering plant in the Cannabaceae family, native to Europe, western Asia and North America. - The plants that we grow are the female of the species

More information

2019 Annual 4-H Plant Sale

2019 Annual 4-H Plant Sale NAME ADDRESS EMAIL PHONE 2019 Annual 4-H Plant Sale Fruit Variety Cost Number Ordered Apple Arkansas Black $ 16.00 Horse Apple $ 16.00 Mutzu $ 16.00 Pink Lady $ 16.00 Red Delicious $ 16.00 Stamen-Winesap

More information

Kevin Long Craig County OSU Extension Educator AG/4-H Youth Development

Kevin Long Craig County OSU Extension Educator AG/4-H Youth Development Kevin Long Craig County OSU Extension Educator AG/4-H Youth Development Vegetables can be divided into two categories based on temperature requirements: Cool-season Warm-season The time at which vegetables

More information

Cassava. Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc

Cassava. Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc Photo Credit: flickr.com/photos/ciat Cassava Also called yuca (in Spanish) and manioc What is it? The cassava plant is a tall woody shrub. Many people eat its starchy root, called a tuber (the part of

More information

2013 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences

2013 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Extension Series No. E-13-2 November, 2013 2013 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS William J. Cox, Phil Atkins, and Mike Davis Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences College

More information

Corn Growth and Development

Corn Growth and Development Corn Growth and Development Outline Stress and yield loss Growth staging Vegetative stages Reproductive stages Conclusions Stress and crop yield loss At each growth stage of corn, certain aspects of management

More information

Apples. References: New York Apple Association, Rutgers University, University of Georgia, Washington Apple Commission.

Apples. References: New York Apple Association, Rutgers University, University of Georgia, Washington Apple Commission. Apples TYPES, VARIETIES & CUTS There are several types of apples. All apples are for fresh consumption, but some varieties are better for making pies and sauces, or pickling and baking. Some of the more

More information

Westlock Tree Makers 2018 Tree Species

Westlock Tree Makers 2018 Tree Species Westlock Tree Makers 2018 Tree Species Acute Willow Very fast growing (6ft feet per year) under good growing conditions Prefer moist, well drained soil Best tree for a quick establishing shelterbelt Max

More information

What is Saffron? Saffron is the dry stigma of Crocus sativus L. flowers. Flowering: autumn. In cultivation for over 3,500 yr

What is Saffron? Saffron is the dry stigma of Crocus sativus L. flowers. Flowering: autumn. In cultivation for over 3,500 yr What is Saffron? The most expensive spice in the world over $3,000-9,000/lb! Saffron is the dry stigma of Crocus sativus L. flowers. Flowering: autumn In cultivation for over 3,500 yr Origin: Probably

More information

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION FINAL REPORT FUNDING CYCLE

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION FINAL REPORT FUNDING CYCLE AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FOUNDATION FINAL REPORT FUNDING CYCLE 2015 2017 TITLE: Can Pumpkins be Grown Competitively for Snack Seed Purposes in Malheur County? RESEARCH LEADER: William H. Buhrig COOPERATORS:

More information

2011 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox and Phil Atkins Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences

2011 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS. William J. Cox and Phil Atkins Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences Extension Series No. E-11-3 November, 2011 2011 NEW YORK STATE SOYBEAN VARIETY YIELD TESTS William J. Cox and Phil Atkins Dep. of Crop and Soil Sciences College of Agriculture

More information

AVOCADO FARMING. Introduction

AVOCADO FARMING. Introduction AVOCADO FARMING Introduction Avocado is an important commercial fruit in Kenya both for local and export markets. The fruit is highly nutritious - rich in proteins and cholesterol free. Both large-scale

More information

L17 Horse gram Macrotyloma uniflorum Synonym Erroneously - D. biflorus; D. uniflorus Twining annual or perennial Var. uniflorum is cultivated annual

L17 Horse gram Macrotyloma uniflorum Synonym Erroneously - D. biflorus; D. uniflorus Twining annual or perennial Var. uniflorum is cultivated annual L17 Horse gram Macrotyloma uniflorum Synonym Erroneously - D. biflorus; D. uniflorus Twining annual or perennial Var. uniflorum is cultivated annual Origin Indian, now cultivated in Asia, Africa, West

More information

Jeff Olsen OSU Extension Horticulturist

Jeff Olsen OSU Extension Horticulturist Jeff Olsen OSU Extension Horticulturist Up to Date Information is Vital for Grower Success I work with the commercial tree fruit and nut industries in Yamhill, Polk, Marion, Washington, Clackamas and Multnomah

More information

Schoolyard Edible Gardens

Schoolyard Edible Gardens This packet is a complete guide to planting your own Schoolyard Edible Garden. There are two designs for a garden with two raised planting beds. Garden One is a two phase plan which starts in the fall

More information

Seed Production 101 6/21/2016. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour.

Seed Production 101 6/21/2016. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour. Welcome to the webinar! The webinar will start at the top of the hour. Find a handout of the slides in the handouts section of your gotowebinar control panel. To type in a question, use the question box

More information

Avocado Farming. Common varieties grown in Kenya

Avocado Farming. Common varieties grown in Kenya Avocado Farming Introduction Avocado is an important commercial fruit in Kenya both for local and export markets. The fruit is highly nutritious fruit rich in proteins and cholesterol free. Both large-scale

More information

What is Canola? Basic Canola Agronomics. Heath Sanders Canola Field Specialist Great Plains Canola Assoc. March 31 st 2014

What is Canola? Basic Canola Agronomics. Heath Sanders Canola Field Specialist Great Plains Canola Assoc. March 31 st 2014 What is Canola? Basic Canola Agronomics Heath Sanders Canola Field Specialist Great Plains Canola Assoc. March 31 st 2014 1 Great Plains Canola Association GPCA is a membership organization providing research

More information

VEGETABLE CULTIVAR AND CULTURAL TRIALS

VEGETABLE CULTIVAR AND CULTURAL TRIALS VEGETABLE CULTIVAR AND CULTURAL TRIALS 2007 PREPARED BY: D. WATERER W. HRYCAN FUNDED BY: AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT FUND Department of Plant Sciences University of Saskatchewan, 51 Campus Drive Saskatoon,

More information

Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday. Interpretative Summary

Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday. Interpretative Summary Testing Tomato Hybrids for Heat Tolerance at West Tennessee Experiment Station, 2000 Jim E. Wyatt and Craig H. Canaday Interpretative Summary The highest yielding early tomato hybrid in both spring and

More information

SAFFRON. It s beautiful, tasty and expensive

SAFFRON. It s beautiful, tasty and expensive SAFFRON It s beautiful, tasty and expensive ROCO Saffron 4 Generations of Exporting Finest quality flower bulbs worldwide; Expertise on Saffron Bulbs (Crocus Sativus); Roco Saffron currently contracts

More information

Snack idea: Serve a small bowl of cherry tomatoes for a delicious snack. They go great with a low fat dip or a cheese stick!

Snack idea: Serve a small bowl of cherry tomatoes for a delicious snack. They go great with a low fat dip or a cheese stick! September Harvest TOMATOES! Americans eat 22-24 pounds of tomatoes per person per year! 93% of American gardeners grow tomatoes in their yards. Look for tomatoes in your meals. They are in salsa, in tomato

More information

Opportunities for strawberry production using new U.C. day-neutral cultivars

Opportunities for strawberry production using new U.C. day-neutral cultivars Opportunities for strawberry production using new U.C. day-neutral cultivars Kirk Larson Pomologist and CE Specialist Dept. of Plant Sciences, UC Davis Professor Douglas Shaw Quantitative Geneticist UC

More information

Carrot Trial 2014 Elkus Test Garden

Carrot Trial 2014 Elkus Test Garden Carrot Trial 2014 Elkus Test Garden Charlene Landreau, MG 2006 Our Plan Four varieties of carrot (Daucus carota) were planted in April 2014 at Elkus Test Garden, climate zone 17. The goal of the carrot

More information

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1 Strawberries for the Home Garden Native strawberries Dr. Bernadine Strik, Professor of Horticulture Extension Berry Crops Specialist Oregon State University Fragaria chiloensis (beach strawberry) Fragaria

More information

2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs.

2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs. www.lsuagcenter.com 2012 Estimated Acres Producers Estimated Production Units Estimated Farm Value Farm Crawfish 182,167 1,251 90,973,725 Lbs. $152,835,858 Crawfish Biology Life Cycles evolved in nature,

More information

Sustainable Sweet Corn Production?

Sustainable Sweet Corn Production? Sustainable Sweet Corn Production? A few facts Very! Crop Per capita consumption of 30 lbs. 3 rd highest consumed vegie behind potatoes and tomatoes. 73% for Processing 23% for Fresh Market Only 30% of

More information

Plant Population Effects on the Performance of Natto Soybean Varieties 2008 Hans Kandel, Greg Endres, Blaine Schatz, Burton Johnson, and DK Lee

Plant Population Effects on the Performance of Natto Soybean Varieties 2008 Hans Kandel, Greg Endres, Blaine Schatz, Burton Johnson, and DK Lee Plant Population Effects on the Performance of Natto Soybean Varieties 2008 Hans Kandel, Greg Endres, Blaine Schatz, Burton Johnson, and DK Lee Natto Natto soybeans are small (maximum of 5.5 mm diameter),

More information

GROUNDNUTS MATOKE PLANTAIN WILD POTATO OKRA CASSAVA

GROUNDNUTS MATOKE PLANTAIN WILD POTATO OKRA CASSAVA MAIZE GROUNDNUTS MATOKE PLANTAIN WILD POTATO OKRA CASSAVA BITTER MELON YAM SWEET POTATO MAIZE GROUNDNUTS MATOKE PLANTAIN WILD POTATO OKRA CASSAVA BITTER MELON YAM SWEET POTATO MAIZE GROUNDNUTS MATOKE PLANTAIN

More information

Agriculture & Natural Resources

Agriculture & Natural Resources HORTICULTURAL SERIES TIMELY INFORMATION Agriculture & Natural Resources EXTENSION HORTICULTURE, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AL 36849-5639 Pecan Cultivar Recommendations for Commercial Orchards in Alabama Monte

More information

Trees for the Home Landscape

Trees for the Home Landscape Small Native State Arboretum of Virginia Blandy Experimental Farm University of Virginia 400 Blandy Farm Lane Boyce, VA 22620 540-837-1758 blandy.virginia.edu Trees for the Home Landscape Kim Strader,

More information

GLOSSARY Last Updated: 10/17/ KL. Terms and Definitions

GLOSSARY Last Updated: 10/17/ KL. Terms and Definitions GLOSSARY Last Updated: 10/17/2017 - KL Terms and Definitions Spacing 4ETa Zone(s) Background Drill Elevation Climate Soil Ecoregion 4 Recommended base spacing between containerized, cutting, plug or sprig

More information

OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES. Abstract

OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES. Abstract OVERSEEDING EASTERN GAMAGRASS WITH COOL-SEASON GRASSES OR GRASS- LEGUME MIXTURES K.M. Bennett 1, M.K. Mullenix 1, J.J. Tucker 2, J.S. Angle 3, R.B. Muntifering 1, and J. Yeager 4 Abstract Overseeding Eastern

More information

Pecan Production 101: Sunlight, Crop Load Management, Pollination. Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture

Pecan Production 101: Sunlight, Crop Load Management, Pollination. Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture Pecan Production 101: Sunlight, Crop Load Management, Pollination Lenny Wells UGA Extension Horticulture Effect of Shading on Pecan Trees Sunlight is the most limiting factor in most Georgia pecan orchards

More information

THE THREAT: The disease leads to dieback in shoots and fruiting buds and an overall decline in walnut tree health.

THE THREAT: The disease leads to dieback in shoots and fruiting buds and an overall decline in walnut tree health. Taking Control of Botryosphaeria in California Walnut Orchards Summary THE ISSUES: Botryosphaeria, or Bot, is a fungal disease that spreads by spores that germinate and enter the tree through existing

More information

2018 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information

2018 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information 2018 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information Blueberries: Need at least 2 varieties for cross-pollination. Plant in full sun with good drainage. Plant 6-8 feet apart in a row. Plants are potted in 1-gallon

More information

Canola and Frost What happens to the seed?

Canola and Frost What happens to the seed? Canola and Frost What happens to the seed? Robert Park Oilseed Specialist MAFRI Growing Degree Days 2004 Examples of low temperature impact on Growing Degree Day accumulation 1 : Location Edmonton Saskatoon

More information

What Effect do Nitrogen Fertilization Rate and Harvest Date Have on Cranberry Fruit Yield and Quality?

What Effect do Nitrogen Fertilization Rate and Harvest Date Have on Cranberry Fruit Yield and Quality? What Effect do Nitrogen Fertilization Rate and Harvest Date Have on Cranberry Fruit Yield and Quality? Bernadine Strik, Professor of Horticulture Extension Berry Crops Specialist, Oregon State University

More information

2019 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information

2019 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information 2019 Small Fruit Plant Sale Variety Information Blueberries: Need at least 2 varieties for cross-pollination. Plant in full sun with good drainage. Plant 6-8 feet apart in a row. Plants are potted in 1-gallon

More information

Ethnobotany. Lecture 4

Ethnobotany. Lecture 4 Ethnobotany. Lecture 4 Alexey Shipunov Minot State University January 16, 2013 Shipunov (MSU) Ethnobotany. Lecture 4 January 16, 2013 1 / 39 Outline 1 Main food source plants: grains Oat Rice 2 Indian

More information

Managing for Corn Silage Yield and Quality. Ev Thomas Miner Institute

Managing for Corn Silage Yield and Quality. Ev Thomas Miner Institute Managing for Corn Silage Yield and Quality Ev Thomas Miner Institute Factors Influencing the Nutritional Value of Plants Plant species and part Stage of development Harvesting procedures Climate and weather

More information

Diagnosing Vegetable Problems

Diagnosing Vegetable Problems Diagnosing Vegetable Problems by Marianne C. Ophardt WSU Extension Area Educator AGRICULTURE YOUTH & FAMILIES HEALTH ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT ENERGY COMMUNITIES Cucurbits (squash, melons, cukes) Problem:

More information

The Potential for Teff as an Alternative Forage Crop for Irrigated Regions

The Potential for Teff as an Alternative Forage Crop for Irrigated Regions The Potential for Teff as an Alternative Forage Crop for Irrigated Regions Jay Davison, University of Nevada Cooperative Extension Mike Laca, Utah State University Earl Creech, Utah State University Cooperative

More information

Ancient grains: Opportunities for amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum and teff in gluten-free products

Ancient grains: Opportunities for amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum and teff in gluten-free products Ancient grains: Opportunities for amaranth, quinoa, millet, sorghum and teff in gluten-free products Elizabeth A. Arndt Gluten-free foods: Opportunities and challenges IFT Annual Meeting, Chicago, IL July

More information

My Name: Customize your Corny by coloring it with your favorite colors.

My Name: Customize your Corny by coloring it with your favorite colors. Wisconsin My Name: Customize your Corny by coloring it with your favorite colors. Special thanks to Iowa Corn Growers Association, Kentucky Corn Growers Association, Missouri Corn Growers Association and

More information

AMARANTH. (Amaranthus spp.) enabling deployment of underutilized species. Global Facilitation Unit. for Underutilized Species

AMARANTH. (Amaranthus spp.) enabling deployment of underutilized species. Global Facilitation Unit. for Underutilized Species Global Facilitation Unit for Underutilized Species AMARANTH (Amaranthus spp.) enabling deployment of underutilized species What is Amaranth and where does it come from? Amaranthus, collectively known as

More information

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1

Bernadine Strik, Professor, Oregon State University 1 Miscellaneous Berry Crops Dr. Bernadine Strik, Professor of Horticulture Extension Berry Crops Specialist Planting Requirements: Full sun and good soil Incorporate compost/organic matter These berries

More information

Chile. Tree Nuts Annual. Almonds and Walnuts Annual Report

Chile. Tree Nuts Annual. Almonds and Walnuts Annual Report THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report

More information

Impact of a Polyethylene Liner on the Storage of Canola in Unaerated Steel Bins

Impact of a Polyethylene Liner on the Storage of Canola in Unaerated Steel Bins Impact of a Polyethylene Liner on the Storage of Canola in Unaerated Steel Bins Kevin Moore, Carol Jones Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering Oklahoma State University 2 Canola Production and Use Canola

More information

Dragon Fruit - Hylocereus undatus

Dragon Fruit - Hylocereus undatus Banana / Papaya / Mango / Passion fruit / Pineapple / Rambutan / Wood-apple / Avo cado / Grapes / Durian / Pomegranate / Carambola / Amberalla / Sweet Orange / Water Melon / Grape fruit / Guava / Mangosteen

More information

1

1 Niche Market Shell Bean Variety Trial Carol Miles, Liz Nelson, Lydia Garth, and Erin Klingler Washington State University, Vancouver Research & Extension Unit, 1919 NE 78 th Street, Vancouver, WA 98665

More information

2014 Evaluation of Sweet Corn Varieties, Jay, Florida

2014 Evaluation of Sweet Corn Varieties, Jay, Florida 2014 Evaluation of Sweet Corn Varieties, Jay, Florida Darcy Telenko, Libbie Johnson, Blake Thaxton and Barry Brecke This report includes the summary of the 2014 sweet corn variety trial at West Florida

More information

Vivekanandan, K. and G. D. Bandara. Forest Department, Rajamalwatta Road, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka.

Vivekanandan, K. and G. D. Bandara. Forest Department, Rajamalwatta Road, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka. Vivekanandan, K. and G. D. Bandara. Forest Department, Rajamalwatta Road, Battaramulla, Sri Lanka. LEUCAENA SPECIES RESISTANCE TO PSYLLID (H ETERO PSYLLA CUBANA CRAWFORD) IN SRI LANKA Introduction. Giant

More information

MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS. Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department

MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS. Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department MANAGING INSECT PESTS IN BERRIES AND FRUITS Small Farm School 8 September 2012 Bruce Nelson, CCC Horticulture Department RASPBERRIES TO START ORANGE TORTRIX ON RASPBERRY Raspberry Crown Borer RASPBERRY

More information

Performance of Fresh Market Snap Bean Cultivars, Plateau Experiment Station, Charles A. Mullins. Interpretative Summary

Performance of Fresh Market Snap Bean Cultivars, Plateau Experiment Station, Charles A. Mullins. Interpretative Summary Performance of Fresh Market Snap Bean Cultivars, Plateau Experiment Station, 2000 Charles A. Mullins Interpretative Summary Most cultivars performed reasonably well in the trial, and had widely varying

More information

Primocane Fruiting Blackberry Trial Results

Primocane Fruiting Blackberry Trial Results Primocane Fruiting Blackberry Trial Results Kirk W. Pomper*, Jeremiah D. Lowe, and Sheri B. Crabtree Department of Plant and Soil Science, Kentucky State University John R. Clark Department of Horticulture,

More information

Sukun, sa-ke, buen pan, masapan, kamansi, Pana, Friyapen, Seema Chakka, Banbukeyo, Uto, Yaca, Lemai, Rimas.

Sukun, sa-ke, buen pan, masapan, kamansi, Pana, Friyapen, Seema Chakka, Banbukeyo, Uto, Yaca, Lemai, Rimas. Breadfruit Artocarpus altilis Common names Sukun, sa-ke, buen pan, masapan, kamansi, Pana, Friyapen, Seema Chakka, Banbukeyo, Uto, Yaca, Lemai, Rimas. Origin Breadfruit is a traditional starch-rich crop

More information

Westlock Tree Makers 2019 Tree Species

Westlock Tree Makers 2019 Tree Species Westlock Tree Makers 2019 Tree Species Acute Willow Very fast growing (6ft feet per year) under good growing conditions Prefer moist, well drained soil Best tree for a quick establishing shelterbelt Max

More information

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson:

Recommended Resources: The following resources may be useful in teaching this lesson: Unit D: Production of Field Crops Lesson 1: Cereal Crops: Growing Wheat Student Learning Objectives: Instruction in this lesson should result in students achieving the following objectives: 1. Identify

More information

Ison s Nursery & Vineyard Planting Instructions Pakistan Mulberry Trees

Ison s Nursery & Vineyard Planting Instructions Pakistan Mulberry Trees Ison s Nursery & Vineyard Planting Instructions Pakistan Mulberry Trees The pakistan is the KING of the fruiting mulberries producing 3 ½ to 5 long maroon to black berries. Very sweet and flavorful with

More information

YIELD POTENTIAL OF NOVEL SEMI-DWARF GRAIN AMARANTHS TESTED FOR TENNESSEE GROWING CONDITIONS

YIELD POTENTIAL OF NOVEL SEMI-DWARF GRAIN AMARANTHS TESTED FOR TENNESSEE GROWING CONDITIONS YIELD POTENTIAL OF NOVEL SEMI-DWARF GRAIN AMARANTHS TESTED FOR TENNESSEE GROWING CONDITIONS Damba Yahaya, Genetics and genomics laboratory Advisor: Dr Matthew Blair Introduction Grain amaranth (Amaranthus

More information

The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry

The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry The Implications of Climate Change for the Ontario Wine Industry Tony B. Shaw Department of Geography and Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute Brock University Climate Change Most scientists

More information

BEANS FOR THE TENNESSEE VEGETABLE GARDEN

BEANS FOR THE TENNESSEE VEGETABLE GARDEN Department of Plant Sciences D 58 BEANS FOR THE TENNESSEE VEGETABLE GARDEN August 2018 Natalie Bumgarner, Residential and Consumer Horticulture Extension Specialist Department of Plant Sciences Crop Description

More information

lesson 1: what is rice?

lesson 1: what is rice? lesson 1: what is rice? TOPICS IN THIS LESSON: What is Rice? Arkansas Rice History Rice Production (Cultivation & Milling) HAND-OUTS: Color by Numbers Rice Counties Quiz Questions Combine Coloring Sheet

More information

Growing cucumbers in high tunnels

Growing cucumbers in high tunnels Growing cucumbers in high tunnels Wenjing Guan Clinical & Engagement Assistant Professor Jan 12, 2017 Cucumber market types Slicers English / Japanese cucumbers Beit alpha/ Persian cucumbers Pickle Cucumbers

More information

Breeding High Yielding Cowpea Varieties with Improved Seed Quality and Enhanced Nutritional and Health Factors.

Breeding High Yielding Cowpea Varieties with Improved Seed Quality and Enhanced Nutritional and Health Factors. Breeding High Yielding Cowpea Varieties with Improved Seed Quality and Enhanced Nutritional and Health Factors. B.B. Singh (bsingh@ag.tamu.edu), Visiting Professor, Texas A&M University and G.B. Pant University.

More information

30 Years of Strawberries. Powell Smith, PhD Extension Associate Lexington, SC USA

30 Years of Strawberries. Powell Smith, PhD Extension Associate Lexington, SC USA 30 Years of Strawberries Powell Smith, PhD Extension Associate Lexington, SC USA Time Line Beginning Middle A New Beginning Clemson Extension Service Challenges Impure Benlate Anthracnose down South Grower

More information

Effect of Phosphorus and Plant Density on Floral Yield and Corm Production of Crocus sativus

Effect of Phosphorus and Plant Density on Floral Yield and Corm Production of Crocus sativus Effect of Phosphorus and Plant Density on Floral Yield and Corm Production of Crocus sativus Presented at National Workshop on Saffron, Nov 14-16, 16, 2006, Herat Masood Sayed,, Assistant Professor Faculty

More information

Niche Market Dry Bean Variety Trial Materials and Methods

Niche Market Dry Bean Variety Trial Materials and Methods Niche Market Dry Bean Variety Trial Carol A. Miles, Jennifer Wagner, Jenn Reed, Tracy Smith, Lydia Garth, Kathryn Kolker, and Gail Becker, Washington State University, Vancouver Research & Extension Unit,

More information

Fitting bio-fumigant cover crops into intensive vegetable production systems for integrated crop management

Fitting bio-fumigant cover crops into intensive vegetable production systems for integrated crop management Fitting bio-fumigant cover crops into intensive vegetable production systems for integrated crop management Mathieu Ngouajio, Michigan State University Mathieu Ngouajio Dept. Horticulture Add N (legume)

More information

Growing strawberries in tunnels

Growing strawberries in tunnels Growing strawberries in tunnels Wenjing Guan Clinical & Engagement Assistant Professor Jan 12, 2017 Matted row and Annual plastic systems June-bearing and day-neutral varieties June-bearing: Require short

More information

YIELD, CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD LIMITING FACTORS

YIELD, CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD LIMITING FACTORS 29 National Sunflower Association Survey: YIELD, CULTURAL PRACTICES AND YIELD LIMITING FACTORS Duane R. Berglund, Professor Emeritus and former Extension Agronomist, Dept. of Plant Sciences, North Dakota

More information

Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2009

Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2009 ISSN 1920-9096 Quality of western Canadian pea beans 2009 Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Contact: Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Tel : 204-983-2154 Email: ning.wang@grainscanada.gc.ca

More information

Malting barley prices Basis FOB Swedish /Danish Port Oct 14/15/16/17/18

Malting barley prices Basis FOB Swedish /Danish Port Oct 14/15/16/17/18 t 12 September 2016 General: Malting barley harvest in Scandinavia and Baltics is now very much finished. some remaining crop on fields in Mid- Sweden. Work to sort out the quality of the harvest and looking

More information

Influence of Valor Timing and Rate on Dry Bean Injury at Scottsbluff, Nebraska during the 2009 Growing Season. Robert Wilson

Influence of Valor Timing and Rate on Dry Bean Injury at Scottsbluff, Nebraska during the 2009 Growing Season. Robert Wilson Influence of Valor Timing and Rate on Dry Bean Injury at Scottsbluff, Nebraska during the Growing Season. Robert Wilson A field study was initiated near Scottsbluff, Nebraska to examine the influence of

More information

Quality of western Canadian peas 2009

Quality of western Canadian peas 2009 ISSN 1920-9053 Quality of western Canadian peas 2009 Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Contact: Ning Wang Program Manager, Pulse Research Tel : 204-983-2154 Email: ning.wang@grainscanada.gc.ca

More information

Klamath Experiment Station

Klamath Experiment Station Spring Wheat Variety Screening in the Klamath Basin, 1995 R.L. Dovell, R.S. Karow 2, and G. Chilcote' Introduction Spring wheat is grown on approximately 8,500 acres annually in the Klamath Basin. Soft

More information

Amaranth Grain as a Cash Crop for Export from Nepal

Amaranth Grain as a Cash Crop for Export from Nepal Amaranth Grain as a Cash Crop for Export from Nepal Nov 18, 2014 Professor Raizada Mark O Brien Introduction Amaranth is a name which refer to a group of plant species which can be considered a pseudo

More information

Ethnobotany. Lecture 6

Ethnobotany. Lecture 6 Ethnobotany. Lecture 6 Alexey Shipunov Minot State University January 23, 2013 Shipunov (MSU) Ethnobotany. Lecture 6 January 23, 2013 1 / 35 Outline 1 Starch-containing plants Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatos

More information