The alps of the Julian Alps

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1 The alps of the Julian Alps Špela Ledinek Lozej Saša Roškar SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF MOUNTAIN AREAS Experiences, challenges and perspectives Žabljak, 16 th September 2016

2 Source of the map:

3 Almen Alpen mont alpi alpeggi malghe p l a n š a r i j e p l a n i n e Source of the map:

4 topographic location: on plateaus, in basins, on slopes or ridges; altitude: from the nowadays abandoned summer village of Predrobac at 226 m in the Valley of Natisone ( the Julian Prealps) to the abandoned Zgornji Tosc alp at 1,812 m (the Bohinj alps); position in successive pasture grades : higher meadows, lower-pastures, and high- or upper alps; type of the livestock: cattle, sheep and goat, mixed, and occasionally also horse and in the past oxen alps; dairy alps, alps for dry or barren livestock; ownership: alps owned by individual private owners: benefited by themselves, rented to others beneficiaries or other beneficiaries could enjoy servitude rights/easements in those alps; alps in common property: commons or possession of shares of land tenure; alps in public property: local, regional or national public authority; management: individual or common management; urbanistic and arhitectural features: one common building or settlement ; dispersed huts or allotted in a lump, line or circle; building materials: stone, wood, other building materials.

5 The Bohinj alps The Montasio alps The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region Source of the map:

6 The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region Zapleč alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2015

7 The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region The Tolminc Cheese, Kuhinja alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2011

8 The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region Sleme alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2011

9 The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region Gathering of the whey cheese from the cauldron, Sleme alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2011

10 The alps of the Tolmin and Kobarid region Milking parlour, Sleme alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2011

11 The Bohinj alps Laz alp, photo by Saša Roškar, 2011

12 The Bohinj alps Laz alp, photo by Saša Roškar and Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2012

13 The Bohinj alps Krstenica alp, photo by Saša Roškar, 2011

14 The Bohinj alps Children assisting at the work in the alp, Krstenica alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 1998

15 The Bohinj alps Young generation taking over the Krstenica alp in the grazing season 2016, source:

16 Source:

17 Source:

18 The Montasio alps Pecol alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2011

19 The Montasio alps Traces of the 2013 Tour of Italy stage still resent, Pecol alp, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2016

20 The Montasio alps Cattle drive from Montasio alp to the Nevea pass, photo by Špela Ledinek Lozej, 2016

21 Conclusion 1)The Tolmin and Kobarid alps: Modernisation of infrastructure and transformation of common property regimes 2) The Bohinj alps: Dissolving of the past practices and the polyphony of the individual, communal and local authorities driven solutions 3) The Montasio alps: Tertiarization of the alp by non-locals

22 Thank you for your attention! Špela Ledinek Lozej University of Udine & Scientific Research Centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Saša Roškar Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia Regional Unit of Kranj