Roanoke and Jamestown. Essential Question: How Does Geography Affect the Way People Live?

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1 Roanoke and Jamestown Essential Question: How Does Geography Affect the Way People Live?

2 The Mystery of Roanoke Question: What problems did the Roanoke settlers encounter? The great powers of Europe were all interested in the rich opportunities available on the other side of the Atlantic. Late 1500s, English pirate, Sir Francis Drake stole Spanish treasure on its way from the Americas to Europe. Some efforts made early on to start an English colony in North America, not successful. 1584, Queen Elizabeth gave Sir Walter Raleigh the right to claim land in North America. Raleigh sent scouts across the ocean to find a good place for a colony. Reports favored Roanoke Island - just off the coast of what is now North Carolina. Raleigh called this area Virginia.

3 Describing Roanoke (Potential art project here?) Artist John White explored the area and drew pictures of what he saw. In a book illustrated by White, another colonist described the Native American towns: "Their townes are but small, & neere the sea coast but few, some containing but 10 or 12 houses: some 20, the greatest that we [have] seene [have] bene but of 30 houses: if they be walled it is only done with barks of trees made fast to stakes." from A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia, 1588

4 John White John White was an English artist and one of the early English colonists on Roanoke Island. He sailed on the 1585 expedition that established a settlement there and served as its governor for a time. While at Roanoke, White created many works of art focusing on the lands and native peoples of North America. White s chosen medium was watercolor, and his works are considered some of the most significant illustrations of Native American societies on the Eastern seaboard. White s surviving original paintings are on display at the British Museum in London.

5 Mystery at Roanoke The 1585 expedition produced some valuable information, but it did not survive. Difficult winter, the colonists gave up and returned to England. SECOND COLONY: 1587, Raleigh sent 91 men, 17 women, and 9 children to Roanoke. John White led this group. White's daughter, who was part of the expedition, gave birth. Virginia Dare = the first English child born in North America. White returned to England for supplies, but was delayed by Britain s war with Spain Found, the colony deserted. The only clue he found was a tree with the word Croatoan carved on it. Had they gone to Croatoan Island, (50 miles south?) Bad weather = no search party. The Roanoke colonists were never seen again. Explaining Why did the English decide to settle in Roanoke?

6 Success at Jamestown Guiding Question: Why did the Jamestown settlement succeed? The failure at Roanoke was a discouragement to the English. 1610, England has new king, James I. Several merchants pressed him for a charter a document that granted the right to form a colony.

7 The Virginia Company (Hook: Pocahontas song) The Virginia Company = a joint-stock company, in which investors bought shares, or part ownership. Goal = make profits The plan = company's settlers to find gold and establish trade in fish and furs. James I granted a charter to the Virginia Company of London. December 1606, the company sent 144 settlers in three ships to build a new colony in North America. In April 1607, the ships entered Chesapeake Bay. They sailed up a river flowing into the bay. The colonists named the river the James and their new settlement Jamestown to honor their king.

8 Jamestown Survives The colonists did not find gold or riches in Virginia. Instead - severe hardships - disease and hunger. 27-year-old Captain John Smith forced the settlers to work. Also built ties with and got food from the local Powhatan people and their chief. Late, 1609, Smith was injured and had to return to England. The colony struggled. The Powhatan stopped providing food. The winter of was called The Starving TIme. Somehow they survived. The colonists also found a way to make money for the investors. They began growing a type of tobacco using seeds from the West Indies. Soon planters all along the James River were raising this valuable crop.

9 More Settlers Come to Virginia The colony of Virginia expanded. John Rolfe, married the chief's daughter, Pocahontas improving relations. The Virginia Company sent women to Jamestown. Marriage and children became a part of life in the colony. VC gives headright (land grant) of 50 acres to settlers who paid their own way to the colony. The headright system helped the colony succeed. Many settlers came to Virginia and gave them a reason to work LAND!!!!!

10 Participation in Government 1619, land-owning male colonists cast ballots for burgesses (representatives). The burgesses helped make laws for the colony. The first legislature in North America elected by the people. Virginia Colony was growing in size, but not making any money for the shareholders of the Virginia Company. King James despises tobacco. Does not trust the burgesses. 1624, King James took away the company's charter under control of the crown). Virginia became a royal colony. Question: Why was the House of Burgesses Important?

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