Ancient China History Flow Chart

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2 L85 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

3 First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? One of the first great emperors of China was Yu the Great. According to legend, he chased away a dragon that caused floods. He then dug canals with the help of other dragons. Legend states that the Yu started the first empire the Xia (Shyah) about 2000 years ago Because archeologists can not find any historical evidence to support this legend, based on written records most consider the fist Chinese Dynasty to be the Shang Dynasty and consider the story of Yu and the Xia dynasty a myth. The Shang established many of the practices still practices today in China During the Shang Dynasty, they developed Bronze and carved many arti which are in museums around the world today

4 According to legend, he dug the first channels to control flood water with the help of a Dragon's tail Yu the Great

5 Whose number one? Shang Dynasty or Xia??

6 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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8 Zhou (Joh) Dynasty According to legend the last Shang ruler was a wicked man A man named Wu Wang overthrew the Shang government and began the first emperor of the Zhou dynasty They were the longest dynasty and ruled China for almost 800 years The Zhou Kings believed that their right to rule came from god (Mandate of Heaven) Zhou set up government workers to carry out tasks for the government (bureaucracy) and divided the kingdoms into aristocrats who would inherit that part of China from their ancestors (hereditary) Under the Zhou, China grew into a powerful empire

9 an aristocrat who overthrew the last Shang king with help from rebels and started the Zhou dynasty Wu Wang

10 China s longest dynasty / kings ruled with help from bureaucracy / developed irrigation and expanded trade Zhou Dynasty

11 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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13 Period of Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Eventually however, the aristocrats (wealthy rulers) of China fought with each other over land and China went into a Civil War. This is called the Period of Warring States in which no one dynasty had control of China During this time 3 major Chinese Philosophers/Philosophies formed 1. Confucius- Confucianism (each person has certain duties) 2. Laozi- Daoism (people shouldn t be greedy and live a simple life) 3. Hanfeizi-Legalism (people should have harsh punishments to force people to do their duty) During this time, the tradition of filial piety (the responsibility of children to obey their parents started in china and is still practiced in many parts of China today

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15 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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17 Qin (Chin) Dynasty Around 200 B.C one dynasty rose up and defeated the rest of the fighting Aristocrats They were called the Qin (Chin) The first ruler off the Qin called himself Qin Shi Huangdi He was a harsh ruler who would control every aspect of his people s lives. He hired censors whose job it was to make sure people were following the rules, he burned books he did not like, and made a unified currency (something used as a way to exchanged goods He also constructed the Great Wall of China to keep invaders out of China and ordered the construction of Terra Cotta warriors (life size statues that were supposed to protect him in his after life)

18 1st Shi Huangdi- founder of the Qin dynasty

19

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21 If you started in Orlando, and went north, how far do you think the Great Wall would travel? 1,500 miles is enough distance to get from Orlando, Florida to Toronto Canada

22 Ancient China s Currency-established by Shi Huangdi Currency- the type of money used by a group or a nation

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24 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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26 Han Dynasty The Qin Dynasty thought they would last forever, but when their first emperor died, their dynasty was over and a new dynasty arose called the Han The first emperor of the Han was a guy named Liu Bang. He was a farmer who turned into a soldier The first strong emperor of China was a guy named Han Wudi He expanded the Great Wall of China, recruited talented people to work for the government by giving tests, allowed the poor to work as tenant farmers (works the land but pays the owner a share of the crop), made inventions such as the water wheel, acupuncture, and established a network of trade with civilizations of the West called the Silk Road

27

28 founder of the Han dynasty, a farmer turned soldier Liu Bang

29 30. Han ruler who recruited people for the civil service, workers chosen on ability Han Wudi

30 Acupuncture- a Chinese practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to treat disease or relieve pain

31 The Silk Road No matter which way they traveled it was not an easy route they had to travel mountains, rivers, deserts, sea, and many uncomfortable weather patterns like monsoons and sandstorms,

32

33 Why did they call it the Silk Road?

34 Silk Worms making Silk

35 The Silk Road Ideas also spread along the Silk Road Buddhism which originated in India spread into China

36 Approximately 4,000 miles the same distance of the Silk Road

37 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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39 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty Han Dynasty Pgs Pgs Pgs

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