History Alive!-Chapter 20. The Shang Dynasty Introduction (p.195)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "History Alive!-Chapter 20. The Shang Dynasty Introduction (p.195)"

Transcription

1 The Shang Dynasty 20.1 Introduction (p.195) The Shang Dynasty ruled the area around the Huang He from 1700 to 1122B.C.E. Ancient China was not one country, but a number of clans, or extended families, led by warrior kings o Rival clans often fought each other o Occasionally, one clan became powerful enough to control all of ancient China and start a dynasty The Shang (pronounced shung) was one such clan For hundreds of years, the Shang dynasty was considered to be a myth by western scholars o Stories about mysterious markings on animal bones hinted that the Chinese might have been the first Chinese to learn to write o Until 1899, there was no solid evidence that they had existed In 1899, a Chinese scholar found some bones with writing on them he thought they might be Shang oracle bones Oracle bones are animal bones and turtle shells with inscriptions carved by engravers; they were thought to tell the future o Later, in the 1920s, the ruins of a Shang city were found at Anyang 20.2 A Shang Capital City (p.196) Archeologists learned a lot about the Shang when they began excavating the ruins at Anyang in 1928 o The remains were of one of the royal cities of the Shang o The city included a palace, a temple, houses, and workshops for artisans who worked with bronze, pottery, stone, and jade o The king s palace sat on a platform It was made of mud-plastered walls help up by wooden posts Under its foundation, archeologists found human bones the bones suggest that the Shang performed human sacrifices (a person who is killed as part of a religious ritual) when they built a new royal house Human sacrifices were also part of Shang burials o When a king was buried, slaves, servants, and animals were sacrificed so that, the Shang believed, they could serve the needs of the king in the afterlife

2 Because of their belief in the afterlife, Shang kings were also buried with or near bronze vessels and containers of food 20.3 Shang Government (p.197) The Shang government was led by a powerful king who controlled the land o To expand his power, the king set up smaller kingdoms under his younger brother and nephews o Power sometimes passed to a younger brother when a king died o Sometimes a son inherited the kingdom Shang kings depended on strong armies to maintain their rule o The kings engaged in almost constant war with their enemies o They fought to keep other clans (a large group of friends and family) under control and to defend and expand their kingdoms o They also captured prisoners in war to use as laborers in human sacrifices The king s armies were especially powerful because Shang nobles had weapons made of bronze o The Shang were among the first people in the world to discover how to make bronze from a mixture of copper and tin Shang armies were made up of large numbers of foot soldiers, archers cavalry riding horses and elephants, and fighters in chariots 20.4 Shang Social Classes (p ) Shang society can be divided into six social classes: the king and his relatives were at the top; below them were nobles, craftspeople, traders, farmers, and slaves Nobles o The nobles made up the highest-ranking social class after the ruling family o They fought in the king s army and provided weapons, foot soldiers, and chariots o In exchange for their military help, the king did not interfere with their control over the land o Shang nobles enjoyed a life of luxury They lived in great palaces and spent time hunting o The king often gave nobles symbols of power, such as jade discs The discs might show a lucky creature such as a dragon or tiger Nobles often mounted the discs on posts in their homes Craftspeople o Craftspeople formed a small social class that included bronze and jade workers, potters, and stonemasons

3 o These skilled workers had lower status than nobles but higher status than farmers o Bronze workers were especially valued they made the weapons used by Shang warriors; they also made and decorated containers for the king and nobles to use in religious ceremonies or simply as symbols of their wealth Traders o Traders ranked below nobles but above farmers in Shang society o Scholars believe that the Shang traded extensively because the modern Chinese word for merchant is shang ren, which could also mean Shang man o During the Shang dynasty, people mostly traded goods o They used cowrie shells, a type of seashell, as money The shells were valuable because they came from far away the Shang had to trade with neighboring regions to get them Farmers o Farmers were the largest social class in Shang society o They worked small plots of land, growing millet, wheat, barley, rice, fruit, vegetables, and nuts o They did not own the land they farmed the land was under the control of either the king or the nobles o The farmers did not even keep most of their crops they kept only enough to feed themselves and their families; they gave the rest to the nobles, who sent some to the king o Even after the Chinese became good at making bronze and iron weapons, many farmers used simple wooden and stone tools o In addition to growing crops, farmers may have raised pigs and chickens, as well as cattle Slaves o o o At the very bottom of Shang society were slaves, who had often been captured in wars They spent their lived building tombs and palaces When their masters died, slaves were sometimes sacrificed so they could serve their masters in the afterlife 20.5 Religion Under the Shang (p.200) The religion of the Shang centered on ancestor worship (honoring ancestors through rituals, such as offering food and wine to the dead) The Shang believed in a life after death

4 They believed that dead ancestors had power to help or harm the living they believed it was important for people to honor their ancestors o They did through offerings of wine and food, and sometimes through human sacrifices The king s relationship to ancestral spirits was especially important to the Shang o In Shang belief, kings had the power to rule because they were descended from powerful ancestors But kings also had responsibilities, including a duty to follow the wishes of their ancestors Kings used oracle bones to ask their ancestors advice on such important matters as when to hunt, where to build new cities, and whether to go to war o The oracle bones were made from turtle shells or the shoulder blade of a cow o To ask a question (read on p. 200) 20.6 Writing Under the Shang (p. 200) The inscriptions on oracle bones are among the earliest known examples of Chinese writing In Shang writing, as in modern Chinese, characters stand for words rather than sounds At first, Chinese writing contained only pictographs, images that stand for objects By the Shang dynasty, people also used logographs (characters that stand for words) Having a written language helped to unify the Chinese people Although spoken language varied from place to place, people of the upper classes used the same written language 20.7 Art Under the Shang (p.201) Shang artists showed great skill in working with bronze Some bronze vessels had geometric designs and pictures of mythical creatures o The most common creature was an animal mask, later known as a taotie It might have had the horns of an ox, the ears of an elephant, the talons of a bird, the eye of a man, and the crest of a dragon Some scholars say it was a symbol of all the beings in the world o The Shang also produced outstanding jade pieces Jade is a very hard stone Jade workers made objects by sawing, filing, and sanding the stone

5 The Chinese may have believed that the qualities of jade represented the qualities of a superior person the harness of the jade stood for wisdom; jade was also smooth and shiny these qualities stood for kindness 20.8 Technology Under the Shang (p.202) Working with bronze was an important technology for the Shang Craftspeople used bronze to make many tools of war, including arrowheads, spearheads, ax heads, and helmets The bronze-making skill of the Shang is one of the reasons they were able to remain in power for more than 500 years 20.9 The End of the Shang Dynasty (p.202) The Shang excelled in war, and the ruling classes built up great wealth o But in time these very strengths helped to bring about the end of the dynasty Fighting so many wars eventually weakened the military power of the Shang The Shang king and his nobles spent enormous amounts of money of their palaces, furnishings, clothing, and even their tombs In time, this lavish spending may have weakened the economy (a system of managing the wealth of a country or region) A later king would say the final blow was the corruption of the last Shang king instead of looking after his people, he spent all his time on pleasurable activities like hunting [no one knows if this is true] Around Zhou (pronounced joh) rose up against the dynasty o Zhou armies under King Wu caught the Shang unaware, defeating and overthrowing them o One story says that the last Shang king ran from the battlefield, put on all his jewelry, and threw himself into the flames of a fire as Zhou rebels stormed his capital city QUESTIONS: 1. Although spoken language varied from place to place, people of the upper classes used the same.

6 2. What did the King and the nobles do that might have weakened their economy? 3. When Shang kings died, what were they buried with and why were they buried with such items? 4. What made Shang armies especially powerful? 5. What did the scholars believe about traders? 6. What did Shang craftspeople and traders have in common? 7. What did the Shang dynasty accomplish? 8. Why does it take longer to learn to read Chinese than learn to read English?

Government city-states

Government city-states Government All Maya people shared the same religious beliefs, had the same social structure, and used the same written language. However, they lived in different city-states (a Maya city and the land it

More information

Lesson 2: China s Past. Ancient China

Lesson 2: China s Past. Ancient China Lesson 2: China s Past Ancient China Vocabulary ancestor - a relative who lived longer ago than a grandparent civil service - the practice of using skills and talents to work in the government middleman

More information

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China

Ancient China. Map of Ancient China Ancient China Map of Ancient China Name: Date: In this unit, you will learn about ancient China. Look carefully at the map. Trace the length of the Huang River in black. Put an orange star next to Anyang.

More information

ADVANCED CITIES: The people who established the world's first civilization around 4000 B.C. in southern Mesopotamia were known as the Sumerians.

ADVANCED CITIES: The people who established the world's first civilization around 4000 B.C. in southern Mesopotamia were known as the Sumerians. ADVANCED CITIES: Caption: This artifact is huge and can only be viewed if a picture of it is placed on a piece of paper like the one to the left. It is a picture of the first major city in Mesopotamia:

More information

THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION

THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION MESOPOTAMIA THE CRADLE OF CIVILIZATION GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESCENT I. Rivers support early civilizations A. Early people settled where crops would grow. B. Many civilizations began near rivers. 1.

More information

earliest recorded history to today. writing art artifacts Centuries-old written records reveal a long-lasting civilization in

earliest recorded history to today. writing art artifacts Centuries-old written records reveal a long-lasting civilization in Score Chapter 4: Ancient China Lesson 2: China s Past Textbook pages 106 to 112 Name: Ms. Samuels - answers Class/Period: Date: Essential Questions Notes: The culture has been continuous, or unbroken,

More information

Chapter 5 Early Society in Mainland East Asia. pages

Chapter 5 Early Society in Mainland East Asia. pages Chapter 5 Early Society in Mainland East Asia pages 90-108 What is a civilization and what are defining characteristics of a civilization? How did the civilization of your chapter develop and grow more

More information

Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties

Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties Instructor: Amy Troolin In this lesson, we will study the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. We will pay close attention to the founding, major accomplishments and characteristics,

More information

True of most river valley civilizations.

True of most river valley civilizations. True of most river valley civilizations. China under the Shang Dynasty Chinese legend says that Pan Gu the first man created the universe. The first legendary dynasty was the Xia. Scholars are not sure

More information

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River)

The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) Early China The Huang He River (a.k.a. YELLOW River) starts in the TIBETAN Plateau and flows 2,900 miles to the Yellow Sea carries LOESS - a dusty yellow soil called "China's SORROW due to devastating

More information

China s First Dynasties

China s First Dynasties Preview China s First Dynasties Main Idea / Reading Focus China s Geography The Shang Dynasty The Zhou Dynasty Map: Shang and Zhou Dynasties New Philosophies Faces of History: Chinese Philosophers Preview,

More information

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent 1 The Rise of Sumer The Big Idea: The Sumerians developed the first civilization in Mesopotamia. The Sumerians developed the first advanced society. 2 The Appearance

More information

MAYANS. The Mayans lived on the Yucatan Peninsula (in brown, right). This civilization flourished between 300 and 900 CE.

MAYANS. The Mayans lived on the Yucatan Peninsula (in brown, right). This civilization flourished between 300 and 900 CE. MAYANS The Mayans lived on the Yucatan Peninsula (in brown, right). This civilization flourished between 300 and 900 CE. The Mayans had one of the most advanced civilizations in the Americas. They built

More information

Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China

Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China Chapter 2: The Spread of Civilization, c. 3100 B.C. c. 200 B.C. Lesson 4: The Rise of China World History Bell Ringer #9 9-7-17 1. Religion and political power were closely linked in early Indian civilization,

More information

*China s physical geography helped keep China economically and culturally isolated throughout its early dynasties *Its mountains and deserts

*China s physical geography helped keep China economically and culturally isolated throughout its early dynasties *Its mountains and deserts Gobi Desert Taklimakan Desert Huang He Xi Jiang Label: Himalayas, Gobi Desert, Taklimakan Desert, Huang He (Yellow River), Chang Jiang (Yangtze River), Xi Jiang, Tibetan Plateau teau Copyright 2017 2017

More information

Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources.

Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources. Did you know? Africa is one of the earth s seven continents. It is the second largest continent. Africa is a land of great beauty and resources. The earliest evidence of human beings comes from Africa.

More information

Fertile Crescent & Mesopotamia. Miss Genovese

Fertile Crescent & Mesopotamia. Miss Genovese Fertile Crescent & Mesopotamia Miss Genovese Geography Mesopotamia is the region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers (AKA The Land Between Two Rivers) Land was mostly flat with small plants Tigris

More information

Economy The Inca government also controlled the economy. Instead of paying taxes, Incas had to pay their government in labor (usually several weeks pe

Economy The Inca government also controlled the economy. Instead of paying taxes, Incas had to pay their government in labor (usually several weeks pe Government The Inca were ruled by one person. He was known as the Sapa Inca. The Sapa Inca was considered to be a descendant of the sun god. He owned all land and made all laws. He was responsible for

More information

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display.

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. Copyright 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc. Permission Required for Reproduction or Display. Chapter 5 Early Society in East Asia 1 The Yellow River Huang He 3000 Miles: Tibet to the Yellow Sea Deposits fertile, light colored soil Periodic flooding: China s sorrow 2 Prehistoric Society: Yangshao

More information

Ancient China History Flow Chart

Ancient China History Flow Chart R78 L85 Ancient China History Flow Chart First Civ. of China- Xia (Shyah) or Shang Dynasty? Pgs 280-283 Zhou Dynasty- Longest dynasty Pgs 283-285 Warring States- Chinese Philosophy develop Qin (Chin) Dynasty

More information

Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization?

Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization? UNIT365 CHAPTER Panels from the Standard of Ur depict scenes of war and peace in ancient Sumer. Was Ancient Sumer a Civilization? 5.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you read about the rise of Sumerian

More information

The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind.

The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind. The study of past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind. Artifacts are those things that people left behind, they can include: Tools and Weapons Pottery Jewelry Art and Sculpture

More information

Name Period Date. Big Idea: City-states in Mesopotamia developed into one of the world s first civilizations by using resources in new ways.

Name Period Date. Big Idea: City-states in Mesopotamia developed into one of the world s first civilizations by using resources in new ways. Name Period Date Chapter 3: The Tigris and Euphrates Lesson 1: Civilization in Sumer Big Idea: City-states in Mesopotamia developed into one of the world s first civilizations by using resources in new

More information

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST

Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST SECTION Note Taking Study Guide UNDERSTANDING OUR PAST Focus Question: What have scholars learned about the ancestors of humans, and how have they done so? A. As you read Studying the Historical Past and

More information

Early Civilizations of Middle America. Chapter 2, Section 1

Early Civilizations of Middle America. Chapter 2, Section 1 Early Civilizations of Middle America Chapter 2, Section 1 The Mayas and the Aztecs Map pg. 39 What color represents the Mayas? The Aztecs? What are the current day locations? Were the two civilizations

More information

11/8/2018. Big Idea. Shi Huangdi unifies China. Essential Question. How did Shi Huangdi rule during the Qin dynasty?

11/8/2018. Big Idea. Shi Huangdi unifies China. Essential Question. How did Shi Huangdi rule during the Qin dynasty? Big Idea Shi Huangdi unifies China. Essential Question How did Shi Huangdi rule during the Qin dynasty? 1 Let s Set The Stage From his base in western China, the powerful ruler of the state of Qin rose

More information

CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization?

CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization? CIVILIZATION (part 1) 1. What is Civilization? 2. How the city of UR exemplifies early civilization? Geography Historians believed that one of the first civilizations arose in Sumer, a region that is now

More information

Ancient Chinese Dynasties BCE Shang Zhou

Ancient Chinese Dynasties BCE Shang Zhou Ancient Chinese Dynasties 1700 221 BCE Shang Zhou Shang Dynasty 1766-1050 BCE Important Because: First Chinese Dynasty historians have evidence of Called the Yellow River Civilization Bronze Civilization

More information

Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere

Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere Guided Notes Mrs. Watts Eastern Hemisphere China covers an area of nearly 4 million square miles, about the same size as the United States. One of the physical barriers that separates China from its neighbors

More information

African History. Return

African History. Return Kingdoms of Africa African History Africa produced many great civilizations. During the time of the Middle Ages of Europe, the African kingdoms of Mali, Ghana and Songhai were places of advanced learning

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B.C. Humans migrate throughout much of the world and begin to develop tools, art, agriculture and cities. The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B.C. SECTION

More information

People of the Old Stone Age

People of the Old Stone Age 1 People of the Old Stone Age Neanderthals and Cro-Magnons Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period Notebook Number 2 Neanderthal People Learned Basic Skills Imagine, if you can, a muscular group of people

More information

Unit 1 A New World Rising Grade 5 Social Studies/ELA Curriculum Lesson 3: Great Civilizations Emerge in the Americas.

Unit 1 A New World Rising Grade 5 Social Studies/ELA Curriculum Lesson 3: Great Civilizations Emerge in the Americas. Aztec Religion One of the most important aspects of Aztec religion was the sun. The Aztecs called themselves the "People of the Sun". They felt that in order for the sun to rise each day the Aztecs needed

More information

The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.

The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Fertile Crescent is a region of the Middle East that stretches in a large, crescent-shaped curve from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea. The Fertile Crescent includes Mesopotamia, a wide, flat

More information

Notes: Unit 2 Chapter 5: The Rise of River Valley Civilizations

Notes: Unit 2 Chapter 5: The Rise of River Valley Civilizations Name Notes: Unit 2 Chapter 5: The Rise of River Valley Civilizations Important Ideas A. The earliest humans survived by their food. They used tools of wood, bone, and. They also learned to make. B. About,

More information

Chapter 5. Ancient Sumer ZZSXB! ^ I*!

Chapter 5. Ancient Sumer ZZSXB! ^ I*! I*! Chapter 5 Ancient Sumer 1 1.1 ZZSXB! ^ Chapter 5 Ancient Sumer Why do historians classify ancient Sumer as a civilization? 5.1 Introduction The rise of Sumerian city-states began around 3500 B.C.E.

More information

China Before it was China. September 10, 2013

China Before it was China. September 10, 2013 China Before it was China September 10, 2013 Review How do we define Asia? How has geography influenced Asian history? Which religion spread across most of Asia? How much linguistic diversity is there

More information

made it seem like a bad location at first glance)

made it seem like a bad location at first glance) Early Americas ! Yucatan Peninsula (modern day Guatemala)! Dense rainforest blocked out the sun (which made it seem like a bad location at first glance)! Swamps and sinkholes provided the Maya with a

More information

Chapter 2 NOTES. RPC: What role did the Nile River play in the development of Egyptian civilization?

Chapter 2 NOTES. RPC: What role did the Nile River play in the development of Egyptian civilization? Chapter 2 NOTES Lesson 1 Classifying: Use the following graphic organizer to identify people's social roles in Egyptian society. Upper: pharoah, nobles, priests. Middle: merchants,artisans,scribes,tax

More information

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to

SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins, structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BC to 500 BC. SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins,

More information

Fertile Crescent Empires

Fertile Crescent Empires Preview Main Idea / Reading Focus The Hittites Maps: Conquering the Fertile Crescent The Assyrians and the Chaldeans Faces of History: Nebuchadnezzar II The Phoenicians Map: Phoenician Trade Quick Facts:

More information

Ancient Civilizations Project

Ancient Civilizations Project Ancient Civilizations Project Step One: Choose and research an early civilization with your group members. Step Two: Create a Power Point document to use during your presentation. Bibliography to be included

More information

WHI.02: Early Humans

WHI.02: Early Humans WHI.02: Early Humans WHI.2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of early development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the agricultural revolution by a) explaining the impact of geographic environment

More information

The First Civilizations Unit 1. Ancient and Classical Civilizations AP World History

The First Civilizations Unit 1. Ancient and Classical Civilizations AP World History The First Civilizations Unit 1. Ancient and Classical Civilizations AP World History Essential Question How did the first civilizations form and what were their achievements? Specific Objectives " Identify

More information

City-States in Mesopotamia

City-States in Mesopotamia Name CHAPTER 2 Section 1 (pages 29 34) City-States in Mesopotamia BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about the earliest humans and the first civilization. In this section, you will learn more

More information

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the

Name Class Date. Down 1. The Maya built these buildings to. 2. The Aztec leader killed by the. 4. He and his troops conquered the Name Class Date The Early Americas BIG IDEAS 1. The Maya developed a civilization that thrived in Mesoamerica from about 250 until the 900s. 2. The strong Aztec Empire, founded in central Mexico in 1325,

More information

Mesopotamia ancient civilization river Afterlife Ur ancient city in Mesopotamia India Hittites-empire used iron weapons

Mesopotamia ancient civilization river Afterlife Ur ancient city in Mesopotamia India Hittites-empire used iron weapons What do you suppose life was like five thousand years ago in the first river valley civilizations for everyday people? Below is a list of terms associated with that time period. We are going to examine

More information

World History: Patterns of Interaction

World History: Patterns of Interaction The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B.C. Humans migrate throughout much of the world and begin to develop tools, art, agriculture and cities. The Peopling of the World Prehistory 2500 B.C. SECTION

More information

Mesopotamia Mesopotamia = the land between two rivers Geography

Mesopotamia Mesopotamia = the land between two rivers Geography Mesopotamia Mesopotamia = the land between two rivers Geography * About 9,000 years ago, wandering tribes settled in the river valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. * This area, also known as

More information

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 10: THE FIRST SETTLERS

4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 10: THE FIRST SETTLERS 4th GRADE MINIMUM CONTENTS-SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIT 10: THE FIRST SETTLERS WHAT IS PREHISTORY? Prehistory is the first period of history. It began about 2.5 million years ago when the first humans appeared.

More information

SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America.

SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America. SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America. a. Explain the rise and fall of the Olmec, Mayan, Aztec, and Inca empires. Olmecs were

More information

emerge. It s estimated that the Shang ruled the Yellow River Valley of China for most of the second millennium BCE so about 1766 to 1046 BCE.

emerge. It s estimated that the Shang ruled the Yellow River Valley of China for most of the second millennium BCE so about 1766 to 1046 BCE. Shang Dynasty civilization Google Classroom Facebook Twitter Email Overview The Shang had a number of religious practices, one of which was veneration of dead ancestors; Shang people made sacrifices to

More information

DO NOW: What is a City-State? What are some of the necessary features that all city states possess.

DO NOW: What is a City-State? What are some of the necessary features that all city states possess. Name: Date: Period: Learning Targets and INTENTIONS OF THE LESSON I Want Students To: 1. KNOW how to complete a P.E.R.S.I.A.N. Charts for the 4 River Valley Civilizations. 2. UNDERSTAND the process to

More information

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter 5. Early Society in East Asia. 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Chapter 5 Early Society in East Asia 2011, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 1 The Yellow River Huang He Deposits fertile, light-colored soil Periodic flooding: China s sorrow 2011,

More information

CHINESE EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 4

CHINESE EMPIRE. AP World History Notes Chapter 4 CHINESE EMPIRE AP World History Notes Chapter 4 From 1100 BCE until the 200s CE --> 3 great dynasties ruled China = Zhou (JOH) = Qin (CHIN) = Han (HAHN) The Enduring Zhou Ruled China for more than 800

More information

The Civilizations of America

The Civilizations of America The Civilizations of America advanced societies were developing in isolation in the Americas While classical civilizations were developing in the Mediterranean & Asia Text Title During the Neolithic Revolution,

More information

Between what two rivers is Mesopotamia located? What river is associated with Egypt? Why do you think early man settled around rivers?

Between what two rivers is Mesopotamia located? What river is associated with Egypt? Why do you think early man settled around rivers? Between what two rivers is Mesopotamia located? What river is associated with Egypt? Why do you think early man settled around rivers? World History 1 Mr. Driskell Farmers need their villages near water

More information

Chinese Dynasties. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang. Key Details. Zhou. Warring States. Qin. Han. Name Hour

Chinese Dynasties. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang. Key Details. Zhou. Warring States. Qin. Han. Name Hour Chinese Dynasties Name Hour Use the readings to fill in the chart below with each dynasty s date and the key details of the period. Dynasty/ Time Period Shang Zhou Warring States Qin Han Key Details Shang

More information

How was life along the Yellow River both similar and different from life along the Nile River?

How was life along the Yellow River both similar and different from life along the Nile River? As in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and along the Indus River, Chinese civilization began within a major river valley. Modern China itself is a huge geographical expanse. Around 4000 BC, this huge area contained

More information

Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico in 1100s (central Mexico, including present day Mexico City).

Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico in 1100s (central Mexico, including present day Mexico City). Part One Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico in 1100s (central Mexico, including present day Mexico City). They wandered about looking for a home site until 1325. Aztecs finally settled on an island

More information

Ancient River Valley Civilizations

Ancient River Valley Civilizations Ancient River Valley Civilizations Mesopotamia People settled near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers around 3,500 BC Modern Day Farming in Mesopotamia Flood plains were very fertile and used for growing

More information

China in the Beginning

China in the Beginning China in the Beginning The fertile river valleys of China allowed villages and towns to flourish along their banks. The most important rivers were the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers which supported agricultural

More information

THE HUMAN LINEAGE: Features and bilingual activities.

THE HUMAN LINEAGE: Features and bilingual activities. THE HUMAN LINEAGE: Features and bilingual activities. Australopithecus. - 1-5 million years ago - Lived in Africa - Similar to chimpanzees - Walked on two feets - They used bones and branches Homo Habilis.

More information

Human Origins in Africa

Human Origins in Africa Name CHAPTER 1 Section 1 (pages 5 13) Human Origins in Africa BEFORE YOU READ In this section, you will read about the earliest humans. AS YOU READ Use the time line below to take notes on the earliest

More information

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt

Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt Chapter 4 Ancient Egypt People settled in Nile River Valley of Egypt around 3200 B.C. Water, fertile land and geography allowed the Egyptians to become rich, powerful, and unified. Egypt is referred to

More information

Geography of the Fertile Crescent

Geography of the Fertile Crescent Geography of the Fertile Crescent The Big Idea The valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were the site of the world s first civilizations. Main Ideas The rivers of Southwest Asia supported the growth

More information

WHI.02: Early Humans

WHI.02: Early Humans WHI.02: Early Humans In this space, you will create a visual representation of what you have learned in the notes that follow on pages 9-15. You will be graded on your use of space, color and perceived

More information

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest

Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Name Date Block Mesopotamia, Sumer and Babylon Webquest Directions: Answer the questions using www.mesopotamia.co.uk AND YOUR OWN background knowledge! Click on Mesopotamia, then Geography from the left

More information

1750 B.C. 975 B.C. 200 B.C. Meeting People Wu Wang (WOO WAHNG)

1750 B.C. 975 B.C. 200 B.C. Meeting People Wu Wang (WOO WAHNG) Chi hina s First Civilizationsili What s the Connection? In earlier chapters, you learned that many civilizations developed in river valleys. The civilizations of China also began in river valleys. However,

More information

Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary

Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary Beginning of Man Stone Age Vocabulary Paleolithic Era DEF: Old Stone Age CONNECT: Stone Age time tools were poorly made of stone Neolithic Era DEF: New Stone Age CONNECT: time tools were carefully made

More information

Tuesday, February 7, 17 THE SILK ROAD

Tuesday, February 7, 17 THE SILK ROAD THE SILK ROAD THE SILK ROAD The Silk Road was actually a network of smaller trade routes that reached over 4,000 miles across Asia. The Silk Road reached from Louyang (China) to Antioch (Syria). The Silk

More information

UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE

UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE UNIT 5: THE STONE AGE What is the origin of human beings? What is Prehistory? How many stages are there in Prehistory? What was life like in the Palaeolithic Age? What was life like in the Neolithic Age?

More information

Ancient Egypt. Egyptian Government & Economy. Egyptian Art & Culture

Ancient Egypt. Egyptian Government & Economy. Egyptian Art & Culture Lexile 530L: Ancient Egypt A ncient Egypt was an important civilization in history. Ancient Egyptian civilization lasted nearly three thousand years. It was a powerful civilization and it is interesting

More information

Big Idea. The Ming Restore Chinese Rule

Big Idea. The Ming Restore Chinese Rule Big Idea The Ming Restore Chinese Rule Essential Question How did the Ming Dynasty gain and maintain power? Words To Know Ming Dynasty The Ming Dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644 A.D., during which

More information

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief.

Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. GHANA Many trade routes crossed the savanna through the region farmed by the Soninke people. The Soninke called their leader Ghana, or war chief. By the 700s, Ghana was a kingdom, and its rulers were growing

More information

Located in what is now partly Syria and Iraq

Located in what is now partly Syria and Iraq The Fertile Crescent A plain with rich topsoil carried down the Tigris and Euphrates River valleys with the spring floods. Bordered by the Zagros Mountains to the East, and the Syrian and Arabian Deserts

More information

The First People 5 million-5,000 years ago. Picture source: humanorigins.si.edu

The First People 5 million-5,000 years ago. Picture source: humanorigins.si.edu The First People 5 million-5,000 years ago Picture source: humanorigins.si.edu Terms to Know Prehistory Hominid Ancestor Tool Paleolithic Era Society Hunter-gatherers GROUP 1 STARTS HERE What you will

More information

The earliest written language. BCE The years before the year 0. The worship and belief in many gods. The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

The earliest written language. BCE The years before the year 0. The worship and belief in many gods. The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Rise of Civilizations & Mesopotamia Study Guide Test: Monday, November 19 Format: Matching, Multiple Choice, Free Response Notes: Rise of Civilization, Uruk Civilization Organizer, Ancient Mesopotamian

More information

The Aztec and the Spanish Unit Test

The Aztec and the Spanish Unit Test The Aztec and the Spanish Unit Test 4 1 2 3 5 1) Where on the map is the Aztec Empire located? a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) 5 2) Where on the map is Spain located? a) 1 b) 2 c) 3 d) 4 e) 5 Artifact #1 Artifact

More information

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America?

2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? 2.1 Why and how did humans first come to north America? Objective you are going to analyze 10 native cultures of North and South America. The Many Native groups in America had a wide variety of beliefs

More information

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent BC

Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent BC Chapter 3 Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent 7000-500 BC Lesson 1: Geography of the Fertile Crescent Rivers People settled near rivers because crops would grow here. Floods kept the soil fertile. The

More information

City-States in Mesopotamia

City-States in Mesopotamia CHAPTER 2 Section 1 (pages 29 34) City-States in Mesopotamia BEFORE YOU READ In the last chapter, you read about the earliest humans and the first civilization. In this section, you will learn more about

More information

It was during the Neolithic age that farmers emerged and changed the way people lived. This can be seen in Catalhoyuk.

It was during the Neolithic age that farmers emerged and changed the way people lived. This can be seen in Catalhoyuk. Mesopotamia The Worlds first cities began as farming villages in the Middle East. As they grew they began to trade with each other. Trade, like farming, became a very important source of wealth. Catalhoyuk

More information

1. Introduction enabled

1. Introduction enabled 1. Introduction Scientists have identified and studied five important groups of hominids. Like the hominids before them, early modern humans hunted and gathered their food. In this chapter, you'll read

More information

KEY. Chapter 2: The Stone Age and Early Cultures Section 1: The First People

KEY. Chapter 2: The Stone Age and Early Cultures Section 1: The First People KEY Chapter 2: The Stone Age and Early Cultures Section 1: The First People Big Idea Prehistoric people learned to adapt to their environment, to make simple tools, to use fire, and to use language. Scientists

More information

WARM-UP: HUNTER- GATHERERS. What is a hunter-gatherer? Who hunts? Who gathers? What is hunted? What is gathered? How will you get these things?

WARM-UP: HUNTER- GATHERERS. What is a hunter-gatherer? Who hunts? Who gathers? What is hunted? What is gathered? How will you get these things? WARM-UP: HUNTER- GATHERERS What is a hunter-gatherer? Who hunts? Who gathers? What is hunted? What is gathered? How will you get these things? PALEOLITHIC & NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION Societies Begin HOMOSAPIENS

More information

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism.

Standard Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. Standard 7.3.4: Standard 7.3.4 Objective: To learn that China increased contact with the outside world, but eventually withdrew to isolationism. The Mongol Empire Who were the Mongols? Nomadic peoples

More information

Chapter 2: Early Hominids

Chapter 2: Early Hominids Chapter 2: Early Hominids 2.1 Introduction (p.13) o Hominids: prehistoric humans o Paleoanthropologists: specialize in studying the earliest hominids (paleo means ancient ) o (1974) Donald Johanson, an

More information

Agriculture marked a dramatic change in how people lived together. They began dwelling in larger, more organized communities, such as farming

Agriculture marked a dramatic change in how people lived together. They began dwelling in larger, more organized communities, such as farming Agriculture marked a dramatic change in how people lived together. They began dwelling in larger, more organized communities, such as farming villages and towns. From some of these settlements, cities

More information

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT

GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT GEOGRAPHY OF THE FERTILE CRESENT The Land Between the Rivers: The first civilization in the fertile crescent was Mesopotamia. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. In Sumer, as in Egypt,

More information

Archaeologists Archaeologists are a type of They too study the culture and societies of people, only they study people

Archaeologists Archaeologists are a type of They too study the culture and societies of people, only they study people What is Prehistory? Before we can learn history, first we have to understand Man only learned to write years ago When stuff started to get written down, that s the start of Humans, and their ancestors,

More information

1. New Entry: Han Dynasty 2. What do you already know about Han China?

1. New Entry: Han Dynasty 2. What do you already know about Han China? 1. New Entry: Han Dynasty 2. What do you already know about Han China? EQ: How does the Han Dynasty fit into our model of a Classical Civilization? By the end of class are objectives are to: - describe

More information

Maya, Inca, Aztec. Notes

Maya, Inca, Aztec. Notes Maya, Inca, Aztec Notes Directions Ok. This homework is on you. ANYTHING YOU ADD TO YOUR NOTES MUST BE DONE IN A DIFFERENT COLORED WRITING UTENSIL 1. Reread the text and compare it to the information powerpoints;

More information

Lesson 1: Migration to the Americas

Lesson 1: Migration to the Americas Lesson 1 Summary Lesson 1: Migration to the Americas Use with pages 54 57. Vocabulary Ice Age a long period of extreme cold glacier a thick sheet of ice migrate to move theory an explanation for something

More information

The Qin and Han Dynasties

The Qin and Han Dynasties The Qin and Han Dynasties Four Chinese Dynasties Section Overview This section describes the first civilizations in China and how the geography of the region, especially its rivers, mountains, and deserts,

More information

Georgia and the American Experience. Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 3: The Land And Its Early People

Georgia and the American Experience. Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 3: The Land And Its Early People Slide 1 Georgia and the American Experience Chapter 3: The Land And Its Early People Study Presentation Slide 2 Georgia and the American Experience Section 1: How Did We Learn About the Earliest Peoples?

More information

The Aztec Empire: The Last Great Native Civilization in Mesoamerica

The Aztec Empire: The Last Great Native Civilization in Mesoamerica The Aztec Empire: The Last Great Native Civilization in Mesoamerica By History.com, adapted by Newsela staff on 08.20.17 Word Count 665 Level 790L An Aztec dancer poses for a photo during a ceremony celebrating

More information

The Stone Ages and Early Cultures 5,000,000 years ago 5,000 years ago

The Stone Ages and Early Cultures 5,000,000 years ago 5,000 years ago The Stone Ages and Early Cultures 5,000,000 years ago 5,000 years ago Section 1 P. 28-34 Prehistory - the time before writing Archaeologists & anthropologists do the research Hominids - early ancestors

More information

Unit Objectives. Describe the impact of farming on the development of early civilizations. Analyze the development of Egypt s empire

Unit Objectives. Describe the impact of farming on the development of early civilizations. Analyze the development of Egypt s empire Unit Objectives Describe the impact of farming on the development of early civilizations Analyze the development of Egypt s empire Describe the important events in the history of Israel Chapter 1 Test

More information

Plain Local 5 th Grade Social Studies SLO

Plain Local 5 th Grade Social Studies SLO Plain Local 5 th Grade Social Studies SLO Early Civilizations of Western Hemisphere 1. Short Answer: Describe two reasons why the Mayans designed their cities using this layout. Use the picture below to

More information