Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa

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1 Journal A Journal What trade goods did West Africa supply to North Africa Journal B A. metal goods, salt, and cloth B. gold, cloth, and salt C. gold, slaves, and crops D. cloth, cattle hides, and metal goods 10 minute timer What was the primary outcome of trade for West Africa? Villages grew into cities that were centers of trade, education, and religion.

2 Happy Friday, November 3, 2017

3 Agenda Journal Correct Chapter 5 Test Study Questions Score and Turn In Weekly Note Packet West African Pictures Ch. 5 Test Homework Work on missing assignments

4 Ch.5 Test Review 1.Who were West Africans most loyal to? Kings or their family, kinship, clan and village? Family, kinship, clan and village 2.What trade was West African Villages mostly centered on? Farming 3.What was the outcome of trade for West Africa? Governed by kings; cities as centers for trade and centers for religion and education; population growth 4.What was the purpose of griots in Africa? Preserve history because there was no written language 5.What are the three vegetation zones of West Africa? Savannah (grasslands), Sahara (desert), forests(jungles)

5 6. How did kings of Ghana gain wealth? By taxing the trade 7. Why did Ghana kings keep traditional beliefs and mix them with Islamic beliefs? To keep authority over the throne 8. Who developed Timbuktu? Sundiata for trade and Mansa Musa for culture 9. What two types of people did Mansa Musa Bring back from his pilgrimage to Mecca? Architects and scholars 10. What did Muslim Leaders ask Sunni Ali to do? Drive Berbers out of Timbuktu

6 11. Where are the rainforests located on the African Continent? West Central Africa (in the southern regions of West Africa; below Sahara and Savannah) 12. How did Ghana s common people react to Islamic beliefs? Some kept their traditional values; some blended with Islam 13. How did Mansa Musa develop the Empire of Mali? His pilgrimage to Mecca encouraged people to travel to Mali and Timbuktu to Trade, brought back scholars and architects 14. What were Sundiata s accomplishments? Establishes Timbuktu as trade center. He was the first ruler of Mali, forms powerful army, he expanded the empire and reestablished trade routes, agricultural improvements

7 15. Who were Ghana s main converts to Islam? Upper class; people in the cities; kings 16. How did labor specialization affect the economy? Created wealth; diverse economy 17. As trade grew in West Africa what else grew as a result? Cities (like Timbuktu) became education, religious, and trade centers; population growth; empires 18. Who were Berbers? North African nomads who established trans-saharan trade routes

8 19. How is a kinship different from a clan? Clans are made up of multiple kinship groups; kinships include adoption, but clans only include blood or marriage. 20. What is labor specialization and what does it lead to? doing specific types of work by trained or knowledgeable workers; leads to population growth and diverse economies (cities) 21. What is the difference between the Sahara and the Savannah? Sahara=desert; Savannah=grasslands 22. Who were the Almoravids? a North African Islamic dynasty that tried to forcibly convert neighboring peoples, including those of Morocco, Spain, and Ghana

9 23. Where is Ghana located? in the savannah of West Africa, between the Sahara desert to the North and the forests to the south 24. How did the people of Ghana increase the value of the gold they traded? kept the location a secret; limited the amount traded 25. What was Askia Muhammad known for? bureaucratic government; spreading Islam 26. What empire became independent of Mali? Songhai

10 27. What was the city of Timbuktu known for? a center of trade, religion, and education on the Niger River. 28. What empire formed in the Southern part of Ghana s Empire and took over the salt and gold trade? Mali 29. What was a major business in Timbuktu? selling books

11 Note Packet Scoring Rubric Week of 10/30-11/03 Out of 15. Write final score on front Mon 10/30: 4 pts total; journal=1pt., Mali Builds on Ghana s Foundation Research Question Notes= 1pt, and summary=2pts Tues 10/31: 4 pts total; journal=1pt., Decline of Mali Research Question Notes= 1pt, and summary=2pts Wed 11/01: 4 pts total; journal=1pt., The Empire of Songhai Research Question Notes=1pt, and summary=2pt Thur 11/02: 2 pts total; journal=1pt., 5.3 Cornell Note Review #1-14= 1pt Fri 11/03: 1 pt total; journal=1pt. Complete Journal = All of the questions and answers are written for both Journal A and B Complete Notes includes the Title Complete Summary = At least 4 COMPLETE sentences beginning with main idea Incorrect or unscored notepackets will have additional points deducted, as well as out of order pages or unhighlighted pages.

12 Chapter 5 Test Scantron Heading Name: First and Last Date: 11/3/17 Period: Your period # Subject: Social Studies Test No.: Chapter 5 Test Begin 7.1: Reunifying China Vocab. Pg words due Tuesday

13

14 Vegetation Zones Desert, Savannah, Forest

15 Gold-Salt Trade SALT Berbers GOLD

16 Kinship groups formed the early government system

17 Ghana Empire [4c-11c] Gold Money, Ghana/Ivory Coast

18 Salt

19 Niger River

20 Camel Caravans

21 Great Mosque in Djenne

22 Timbuktu Rooftop, Mosque

23 Berbers: Touregs

24 Marketplace near the Niger River

25 Mosque in Gao

26 Distant Mosque at Djenne, Mali

27 Sundiata [ ] Lion Prince

28 Mansa Musa [r ]

29 Mansa Musa s Sankore Mosque

30 European Map

31 Songhai Empire [15c-16c] SALT GOLD

32 Sunni Ali [r ]

33 Askia Mohammed [r ]

34 West African Pottery

35 Askia Mohammed s Tomb [ ] Gao, Mali

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