AP World History-Exam #1

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1 AP World History-Exam #1 Section 1 of this examination contains 35 multiple-choice questions. Therefore, please be careful to fill in only the ovals that are preceded by numbers 1 through 35 on your answer sheet. After you have decided which of the suggested answers is best, COMPLETELY fill in the corresponding oval on the answer sheet. Give only one answer to each question. If you change an answer, be sure that the previous mark is erased completely. 1. This people invented writing: A Egyptians B Akkadians C Babylonians D Sumerians 2. Which of the following statements about the Enuma Elish is NOT true? A It probably dates to about 2000 B.C.E. B Humans were created by the gods out of earth and water C A rebelling god and goddess were destroyed by Marduk D It is the creation myth of the people of Akkad 3. Which village/city was created first? A Catal Huyuk B Jericho C Ban Po D Luoyang 4. Thomas Kuhn, author of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions: A is the foremost historiographer of the twentieth century B disagreed with Darwin's theory of evolution C thinks that science normally progresses through a slow accumulation of knowledge D takes a Marxist approach to change in scientific knowledge 5. Gilgamesh: A sought peace whenever possible B had no friends C was a ruler of a Sumerian city D ruled an empire larger than that of the Romans 6. The oldest hominid is thought to be: A Neanderthal man B Australopithecus ramidus C Homo habilis D Australopithecus afarensis

2 7. The Sumerians were finally conquered by: A Sargon of Akkad B Nefertiti of Egypt C Alexander the Great of Macedon D Hammurabi of Babylon 8. Homo sapiens: A has not changed anatomically for at least 100,000 years B first appeared in the archaeological record about 400,000 years ago C did not coexist with Neanderthal man D did not create culture until near the end of the last ice age 9. Homo first used fire about: A 5 million years ago B 1 million years ago C 200,000 years ago D 30,000 years ago 10. Which of the following people was NOT an important player in the development of evolutionary theory? A Jean Jacques Rousseau B Charles Darwin C Alfred Russel Wallace D Erasmus Darwin 11. Of the following early villages and village societies, which one rested its economic base substantially on hunting and gathering? A Jomon B Jericho C Ban Po D Ur 12. Charles Darwin argued that man: A descended from lower forms of life B was created by God as described in the book of Genesis C was bred for certain characteristics by extraterrestrial life forms D had reached the pinnacle of evolution and would not evolve further 13. Of the following, which is located farthest from the Fertile Crescent? A Tigris River B Persian Gulf C Jericho D eastern Iranian plateau

3 14. Ban Po: A had residents that domesticated pigs and dogs B had no significant defenses C had only one housing style D was based on hunting and gathering and trade 15. Which of the following is NOT an example of cultural change in the genus Homo? A development of sculpted stone tools B use of groups in hunting C increased amount of brain development after birth D sharing food 16. Of the following, which is the best reason why humans shifted from hunting and gathering to agriculture? A Agriculture was more productive B It was easier for political leaders to control a population that stayed in one place C Patriarchal leaders decreed it in order to better control women D By the time agriculture began, there had been recent and massive extinction of most game species 17. The first important non-agricultural skill developed by early villagers was: A basket weaving B pottery making C metallurgy D cloth production 18. Which type of writing occurred first? A pictographic writing B Assyrian writing C phonetic writing D cuneiform writing 19. Homo sapiens: A means "man with developed brain" B were first discovered in fossils in the late seventeenth century C had the smallest brain capacity of any hominid yet discovered D was a tool user 20. Most archaeologists and paleoanthropologists believe: A Homo erectus first appeared in western Europe B Homo erectus first appeared in Africa C Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens only on the African continent D Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens in several regions

4 21. Of the following regions, which has provided the fewest important early hominid finds? A western Europe B central Africa C Indonesian archipelago D South America 22. Which of the following statements about creation myths is NOT true? A All known creation myths have few significant differences B Creation myths explain the place of humans in the world C Creation myths explain the relationship between humans and gods D Many creation myths describe a relationship between humans and the rest of the world 23. Regarding theoretical calculations of the size of early groups of humans, scientists have: A usually disregarded modern examples of hunter-gatherers B determined that each individual needed a little less than two square miles of territory in order to provide all necessary food C decided that the most common group size was that of the single family, about five persons D determined that there needed to be about 475 or so people in a tribal group for successful intermarriage 24. Sumerian trade: A relied entirely on donkey caravan B never made significant use of the boat C extended as far as the Indus valley D primarily involved trading surplus Sumerian foodstuffs and products for gold and silver 25. Charles Darwin: A based his ideas on evolution on data he gathered while traveling in southeast Asia B refused to acknowledge that Alfred Russel Wallace had any useful ideas on evolution C acknowledged that there was a "Creator" D argued that teleology was an integral part of all life 26. Which of the following is NOT a reason put forth in the text for the disappearance of Neanderthals? A Neanderthals warred with each other and drove themselves to extinction B Homo sapiens sapiens destroyed the Neanderthals through violence C Homo sapiens sapiens out-competed Neanderthals for resources D Neanderthals interbred with Homo sapiens sapiens

5 27. In Sumerian times, the idea of legal identity and loyalty was based most fundamentally on: A religion B class C geography D clan 28. Popular preconceptions hold that, in comparison with early cities, pre-urban villages were all of the following, except: A more egalitarian B less warlike C closer to nature D more variegated into classes 29. Karl Marx blamed the first cities for creating this fundamental antagonism of human society: A conflict between priest and parishioner B conflict between man and woman C conflict between city and rival city D conflict between city and countryside 30. Regarding the hominid genetic record, it is NOT true that: A the significant study of the record began in the early 1950s B its study requires looking at the amount of similarity in the DNA of different hominids C study of mitochondrial DNA has led to controversial results D DNA studies have led some scientists to postulate that Homo sapiens emerged solely from Africa 31. Global migration of Homo sapiens sapiens: A began around 450,000 B.C.E. B was often spurred by major climate changes C first occurred in the Americas D was usually random 32. Geographer Paul Wheatley has argued that the most significant factor in the formation of the first cities was: A commercial relations B the ceremonial complex C the marketplace D the fortress 33. The bronze age: A preceded the Paleolithic Age B was a time of significant technological breakthroughs C was a time when little of relevance occurred D occurred before there were written records

6 34. The Code of Hammurabi included all of the following, except laws: A governing slavery B providing for public works C preventing compensation for personal damage D giving men more rights than women 35. Most experts think that innovative primary urbanization: A could not have happened without diffusive urbanization B occurred only in the fertile crescent C occurred only in Asia D must have begun after the practice of agriculture

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